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  • Organization Development
    Instead of exercising authority by command and control these communities coordinate their roles and communicate their needs to achieve mutual goals The definition of a supply chain as a network of autonomous or semi autonomous business entities collectively responsible for procurement manufacturing and distribution activities associated with one or more families of related products captures this essence Not only are value networks typically between organizations but they are often transient

    Original URL path: http://jeffsutherland.org/oopsla98/marshall/sld003.htm (2016-04-27)
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  • Need for Interoperability
    Slide 4 of 22 Notes Systems from different suppliers need to interoperate in global supply chains

    Original URL path: http://jeffsutherland.org/oopsla98/marshall/sld004.htm (2016-04-27)
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  • Communication & Coordination
    continuous scheduling execution and evaluation of processes allocation and re allocation of resources and ongoing refinement of its purpose Management between units is by periodic coordination of mutual purpose and communication of shared events The primary need within a unit is for integration typically by sharing information in a database while that between units is for interaction typically by exchanging messages over networks One unit cannot simply instruct another to

    Original URL path: http://jeffsutherland.org/oopsla98/marshall/sld005.htm (2016-04-27)
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  • Coordination by Contract
    good contract defines the rights and obligations in every possible case including violation Just as a a contract has clauses that specify the courses of action in all situations a contract diagram represents it through its deontic states and the conditions which relate them This is a specialization of a state transition diagram where each state represents a particular situation and the transitions represent the policies applicable in that situation

    Original URL path: http://jeffsutherland.org/oopsla98/marshall/sld006.htm (2016-04-27)
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  • Communication by Speech Act
    been adapted and extended as a general model of communication amongst agents of any kind Content expresses the action and object s to which the speech act refers and its context describes its situation including the speaker addressee time location and circumstances of the message These concepts form messages which typically have a communication layer to define sender and receiver and if it is synchronous or asynchronous a message layer

    Original URL path: http://jeffsutherland.org/oopsla98/marshall/sld007.htm (2016-04-27)
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  • Using Business Protocols
    describe the concepts relationships and jargon of various domains Examples of message formats include EDIFACT and ANSI X12 for EDI Knowledge Query and Manipulation Language KQML for knowledge sharing and OAGIS messages for interaction of business applications Before a unit can communicate it must be able to locate the units s with which it wants to communicate and decide the appropriate kind of communication When received a directive message incurs

    Original URL path: http://jeffsutherland.org/oopsla98/marshall/sld008.htm (2016-04-27)
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  • Entity & Process
    to partition the aspects of an entity amongst different areas of interest The concept of an organization role is used both to partition a process for workflow and security purposes and to partition an entity for modeling purposes Note that

    Original URL path: http://jeffsutherland.org/oopsla98/marshall/sld009.htm (2016-04-27)
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  • Situation & Policy
    in terms of the policy and a process is scheduled to fulfill the obligation Note that an obligation is an objective that flows from a rule such as a law convention standard or contract It is typically incurred when a directive message in terms of a contract is sent from a customer to a supplier but may be created by a state of affairs that arises without such a message

    Original URL path: http://jeffsutherland.org/oopsla98/marshall/sld010.htm (2016-04-27)
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