archive-org.com » ORG » J » JOHNWYOUNG.ORG

Total: 445

Choose link from "Titles, links and description words view":

Or switch to "Titles and links view".
  • Astronaut John W. Young - Apollo 16 - "Apollo 16 Crew to Conduct 4 New Experiments on Mission"
    observations made from the Moon The first object to be photographed will be the Earth for a study of its upper atmosphere and magnetosphere and their interaction with the solar wind Results of the UV camera experiments will be used to evaluate the Moon as a future site for an astronomical observatory An experiment to record microbial response in a space environment will be carried in the CM Selected viruses bacteria and fungi none of them harmful to man will be carried in small cubes in a Microbial Ecology Evaluation Device MEED Following Mattingly s retrieval of the exposed film from service module Scientific Instrument Module SIM bay cameras during his EVA enroute to Earth the CSM s attitude will be changed so that the MEED will be exposed to direct sunlight for ten minutes to compare effects on the microbe cultures and study the possibility of mutations resulting from exposure to sunlight in space Another experiment called Biostak will involve the carrying of seeds and eggs in a packet to ascertain effects of cosmic rays in space It is a passive experiment the packet will not be touched during the mission Other lunar surface experiments include a passive seismic experiment similar to that carried on all previous lunar landing missions which when installed will complete the lunar surface seismic network and an active seismic experiment similar to that installed on the lunarsurface by the Apollo 14 crew Grenades placed on the surface by the Apollo 14 crew not as yet fired and those to be installed by Young and Duke will be fired later A lunar surface magnetometer improved over those carried by Apollos 12 and 15 a heat flow experiment similar to that carried by Apollo 15 but with an improved drill a lunar geology experiment similar to

    Original URL path: http://www.johnwyoung.org/as16/a16exp.htm (2016-04-29)
    Open archived version from archive


  • Astronaut John W. Young - Apollo 16 - "Young, Duke Utilize Rover Racetrack, Lunar Surface Training Area At KSC"
    said Larry Thompson Chief of Flight Crew Operations This breaks down to roughly about 150 hours they will spend here going through EVA training using our lunar module mockup and the outside facilities we have here About 200 hours is spent on field trips to various parts of the world to study different types of rock formations and the remainder is spent in detailed briefings given by some of our leading geologists When they get done you might say they just about have a degree in geology said Thompson The Lunar Surface Training Area includes simulated craters and is strewn with rocks and boulders to provide realism The racetrack is studded with boulders lengths of utility poles and assorted debris to give the Rover crew practice in making series of tight steering maneuvers Rocks are as rare as snowballs in this portion of Florida and the geological sites in the training area and along the traverse rouse were constructed with the aid of imported materials emplaced with the aid of a team of geologists from the U S Geological Survey The imported materials include Two train car loads of volcanic cinders and boulders from the Flagstaff Arizona area One train car load from California representative of the types of rocks to be found in lunar upland areas One dump truck load of granite and basalt rocks from quarries located in South Carolina and Georgia and Approximately 800 pounds of special breccia type rocks from an area near Austin Texas Breccia consists of sharp rock fragments embedded in a finegrained material The course includes three EVA stations gentle mock craters strewn with lunar debris The course and the geology stations are not designed as an actual duplication of the Descartes traverses said Maurice Walters a simulations engineer for the Manned Spacecraft

    Original URL path: http://www.johnwyoung.org/as16/a16rover.htm (2016-04-29)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Astronaut John W. Young - Apollo 16 - "Apollo 16 Crew Outlines Mission for KSC Team"
    mission to members of the KSC team in a memorandum distributed recently to Civil Service and prime contractor personnel The informal note signed by the three crewmen describes the Descartes landing site lunar traverses using the lunar rover lunar orbit science experiments using the service module s scientific module and the subsatellite to be left in lunar orbit As with all our missions to date wrote the crew it is more complicated than the last and therefore requires even more diligence on your part to assure the launch readiness of the vehicle spacecraft and support systems The crew is very much aware of your vital contributions to the success of this mission The KSC team has a great success record demonstrating outstanding excellence of performance and we are appreciative of the dedication and pride of workmanship that is a tradition with the launch team Attached is our mission emblem which we hope you will display with pride as a very important member of a team essential to the success of Apollo 16 Dale Pope Coordinator for the Manned Space Flight Awareness Program noted that a mission profile booklet outlining the mission and its objectives has also been placed in distribution

    Original URL path: http://www.johnwyoung.org/as16/a16out.htm (2016-04-29)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Astronaut John W. Young - Apollo 16 - "Apollo 16 Event timeline revealed"
    were long ago destroyed by natural events The astronauts are tentatively scheduled to begin the first of their three scientific expeditions on the Moon at about 8 18 p m CST March 21 four hours after touching down at the Descartes landing site Exploration of the Descartes area will complement data gathered from earlier Apollo missions by sampling from two distinctive lunar formations by placing another scientific experiment station on the lunar surface and by conducting a series of experiements from lunar orbit and during translunar and transearth flight This will be the fifth U S manned lunar landing The second and third lunar surface expeditions are tentatively planned to begin at about 6 48 p m and 6 13 p m CST on March 22 and 23 respectively Astronauts Young and Duke will ride the lunar roving vehicle on all three of the seven hour trips The lunar module is scheduled for lunar liftoff at 5 35 p m CST March 24 after 73 hours on the Moon Scientific experiments in the Apollo command service modules will be operated by Astronaut Mattingly during much of the 147 and one half hours of lunar orbital flight Mattingly will maneuver outside the Apollo spacecraft to retrieve films from the service module experiment bay at about 3 33 p m CST March 27 some 20 hours after beginning the return flight to Earth The planned splashdown point is about 9 South Latitude and 169 5 West Longitude in the Pacific Ocean at 3 14 p m CST March 29 Total mission duration is 291 hours and 11 minutes The Descartes landing site is about 9 degrees south and 15 5 degrees east of the center of the Moon as viewed from Earth Spacecraft Commander is Navy Captain Young who completed two Gemini

    Original URL path: http://www.johnwyoung.org/as16/a16time.htm (2016-04-29)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Astronaut John W. Young - Apollo 16 - "Apollo 16 home after busy trip"
    more than two and a half hours later the crew performed the translunar injection burn that headed them toward the moon Paint flaking from the ascent stage of Orion a lockup in Casper s navigation system and a balky steerable antenna on Orion were other pesky difficulties encountered before landing but they proved far less worrisome than the thrust vector control situation But once on the surface Young and Duke turned their attention to exploration The first extravehicular activity during which the lunar roving vehicle was assembled the Apollo lunar surface experiments package ALSEP deployed the U S flag raised and the solar wind composition experiments erected lasted 7 hours and 11 minutes The rover logged 4 2 kilometers of lunar travel and the explorers collected 41 pounds of rock and dust samples EVA Two lasted 12 minutes longer than the first and sample weight was exactly double Rover travel was 11 5 kilometers Young picked up a rock and made Earth bound scientists perk up with This is the first one I ve seen I really believe is crystalline The pair also scooped up a special sample from under a lunar boulder The third and final surface exploration was the shortest 5 hours and 40 minutes but perhaps the most spectacular When they reached North Ray Crater Young and Duke found it an awesome sight three quarters of a mile across and more than 200 yards deep the general vicinity spotted with massive boulders Collected samples weighed about 90 pounds bringing the three day total to 212 214 Distance covered in the rover totaled 27 1 kilometers about 16 8 miles And time on the three EVAs added up to 20 hours 14 minutes Mattingly was equally busy with his mapping After lunar liftoff televised by the remotely controlled

    Original URL path: http://www.johnwyoung.org/as16/25ago.htm (2016-04-29)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Astronaut John W. Young - Apollo 16 - "Apollo 16 Crew Ends Tour"
    Jr made 134 appearances in 36 cities in 20 states before audiences totaling 128 000 persons Their conviction at the end of the tour was that the majority of Americans are still with us and are amazed to learn how little we actually spend on our program In summarizing their experiences Gene Marianetti Astronaut Affairs Officer for NASA reported No crew in the Apollo program did more to inform and educate the American people of the importance of continuing with the exploration of outer space In my opinion it was a most worthwhile effort and by far the most successful domestic post flight appearance scheduling we have undertaken The three astronauts are a credit to this agency and to this country The crew appearances were made in the following cities Houston TX Washington DC Chicago IL Cape Kennedy FL Orlando FL Hialeah FL Charlotte NC Lancaster SC Columbia SC St Louis MO Twin Cities MN Hartford CT Bridgeport CT New York NY Boston MA Lowell MA Springfield MA New Brunswick NJ Louisville KY Knoxville TN Scranton PA Indianapolis IN Green Bay Ashwaubenon WI Huntsville AL Los Angeles CA Pasadena CA Edwards CA Moffett Field CA San Francisco CA Portland OR

    Original URL path: http://www.johnwyoung.org/as16/a16tour.htm (2016-04-29)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Astronaut John W. Young - Apollo 16 - Links
    lsda jsc nasa gov apollo apollo16 stm Goddard Space Flight Center Apollo 16 Pictures http xte gsfc nasa gov Images pretty pictures apollo html Mark Wade s Encyclopedia Astronautica Charlie Duke Biography http www friends partners org mwade astros duke htm Mark Wade s Encyclopedia Astronautica T K Mattingly Biography http www friends partners org mwade astros matingly htm Mark Wade s Encyclopedia Astronautica Apollo 16 Summary http www friends partners org mwade flights apollo16 htm Biographical Info Thomas K Mattingly II http liftoff msfc nasa gov academy history apollo 13 mattingly html USS Ticonderoga and Apollo 16 http home pacbell net lchevato apollo htm Astronaut recalls Apollo 13 http collegian ksu edu ISSUES v100 sp n088 cam Apollo speech ladd html Biography at a glance Charles Duke http nauts com astro duke duke html Apollo 16 Facts http www nasm edu APOLLO AS16 Apollo16 fact html Goddard Spaceflight Center Apollo 16 http nssdc gsfc nasa gov planetary lunar apollo16info html Kennedy Space Center History Apollo 16 http www ksc nasa gov history apollo apollo 16 apollo 16 html Apollo 16 by Donald B Ratsch translated to French by Jacques Poulet http www chucara com dossiers astro07 19980103 htm Charles

    Original URL path: http://www.johnwyoung.org/as16/as16links.htm (2016-04-29)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Astronaut John W. Young - "National Press Interviews Prime Crew Astronauts"
    conducted at Johnson Space Center Houston after conclusion of the sixth 54 1 2 hour Mission Simulation Test there Reporters at six different loca tions throughout the United States were linked to the Columbia s prime crew via television The major problems are now behind us and right now the vehicle is looking super down at the Cape Crippen said Both astronauts agreed that the Shuttle will put America into a whole new era of space operations with the potential of people working and living in space colonies Routine access to space with the Shuttle is very important to developing the kinds of science and technology Young said that will lead to the colonization of space Right now the vehicle is 10 years ahead of what any other country in the world can do Young said and it will enable us to do in space in five or ten years what it would take 20 to 30 years to do without it We think that the United States one of these days ought to have a permanently orbiting manned space station said Young and with this vehicle we ll be able to do it for one tenth of the cost it would take to do so without it As we move closer to launch in April the astronauts will continue numerous training exercises They will undergo another 54 1 2 hour Mission Simulation Test this month in conjunction with the Flight Readiness Firing at Kennedy Space Center Fla They will also continue at least weekly flights of their Shuttle Training Aircraft a modified Gulfstream II which they fly from landing strips at Edwards AFB Calif White Sands Missile Range N M and Kennedy Space Center Fla Crippen and Young will also practice simulations of Extra Vehicular Activity EVA with the

    Original URL path: http://www.johnwyoung.org/sts1/rockwell3.htm (2016-04-29)
    Open archived version from archive