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  • Astronaut John W. Young - "Thank Goodness for Computers!"
    the IBM 360 computer in the Mission Control Center Real Time Computer Complex twelve six minute computer runs were made toward determining the proper return trajectory for Apollo 13 Nine of these were transferred to the Return To Earth console for examination From these three were selected for return to earth candidates and two additional computer runs of two minutes each were made on these three before the final return to earth trajectory was chosen From the initial computer runs to the six two minute runs on the final return to earth candidates a total of 84 minutes of IBM 360 computer time was required to determine the initial return trajectory for Apollo 13 Previous calculations had determined that five seconds of IBM 7094 computer time was the equivalent of 86 man years of manual calculations Projecting further the UNIVAC 1108 is three times faster in computing than the IBM 7094 and the IBM 360 on which the computations were made for the Apollo 13 return trajectory is four times faster than the UNIVAC 1108 Based on these calculations 84 minutes of IBM 360 computer time is equal to 336 minutes of UNIVAC 1108 time This is equivalent to 1 008 minutes of IBM 7094 computer time Each minute of IBM 7094 time is the equivalent of 1 032 man years of manual calculations Then multiplying 1 008 minutes by 1 032 man years per minute brings the total man years of manual calculation to 1 040 256 This is how long it would have taken one man to calculate the correct trajectory for the burn of the Lunar Module Descent Propulsion System engine to place the Apollo 13 crew on a free return trajectory Had a desk calculator been used the time to figure the correct trajectory would have

    Original URL path: http://www.johnwyoung.org/sts1/thankcomp.htm (2016-04-29)
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  • Astronaut John W. Young - "National Press Interviews Prime Crew Astronauts"
    from media reps who listened to the conference at NASA centers in Washington D C Florida Alabama and California Young a veteran Gemini and Apollo astronaut and rookie astronaut Crippen described their mission as a very interesting one one which is designed to accomplish about 130 of the 170 test objectives of the orbital flight test program STS 1 4 Crippen in response to a newsman s query said the extended training time has given the opportunity to address and train for all contingency problems We are well prepared to handle anything and the extended time has given us that capability Crippen told the press Young heralded the Space Shuttle program as important to the future of the United States He said for the last 10 years he has given this a great deal of thought of how important the Shuttle is to the U S It Shuttle will revolutionize the way we do business on earth It will improve measurably the defensive capability of the country It will help develop science and technology I believe the Space Shuttle when we get it operational will do in 5 to 10 years what it would take us 20 to 30 years to do otherwise in science technology and development in space that we couldn t do if we did not have the Space Shuttle I believe we will do all those things and the sooner we do those things the better off this country is going to be Young said Both astronauts said if they get up and down safely they would consider their mission a success However they advised the media that there is a possibility the mission could be shortened from the planned 54 5 hour flight time due to minor technical problems Young answering a reporter s question

    Original URL path: http://www.johnwyoung.org/sts1/rockwell2.htm (2016-04-29)
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  • Astronaut John W. Young - "Hail Columbia! The Way It Was" - Part 1
    of the burn 1 minute 27 seconds Resulting orbit apogee 132 nautical miles perigee 57 nautical miles so Columbiais now in orbit Also Columbia weighed 4 and one half million pounds at launch She now weighs about 214 000 pounds SC Okay We re looking good the burn looked normal The OMS 1 burn PAO We have a report that the solid rocket boosters chutes worked okay Both solid rocket boosters in the water floating normally This is Shuttle Control Houston 49 min Mission Elapsed Time we have a report from the surgeon that Bob Crippen s heart rate at liftoff was 130 and John Young s heart rate ranged between 85 and 90 at liftoff PAO This is Shuttle Control at 59 min MET coming up on loss of signal through Yaragadee The next station to acquire will be Orroral Valley We had a report from the crew aboard Columbia that they performed the OMS 2 burn as programmed and are presently moving into OPS 2 the on orbit onboard computer program SC You re missing one fantastic sight Here comes the right door and boy that is really beautiful out there CAPCOM We appreciate the great view updates SC Roger that CAPCOM Right door now open SC We can see a little trash floating out of the payload bay but nothing really all that significant SC All the latches work just fine and the door looks like she s doing her thing CAPCOM Columbia Houston We are about 30 sec from TBA our port door is now closed SC OK I just got the right door closed All that came back nicely We are getting ready to latch it back up SC I can stop it up up here if you wish OK Doors all latched up beautiful We are getting ready to open them back up again CAPCOM Roger PAO That report from Bob Crippen SC OK what camera are y all looking at now do you know CAPCOM Roger we re looking out the forward camera SC OK we re we want to tell y all here we do have a few tiles missing off both of them off the starboard pod basically it got what appears to be 3 tile and some smaller pieces and off the port pod looks like I see one full square and looks like a few little triangular shapes that are missing and we are trying to put that on TV right now PAO Young also reported that the tiles on the wing or wings appeared to be intact Meanwhile JSC Engineering and Development Director Max Faget is in the Control Center and watched the television transmission of the missing tiles He reports that these are not critical tiles These tiles that are missing represent no hazard to the vehicle on the crew Dr Faget further states that the worst that can happen is that after landing a small patch of skin underneath the tiles may have to be replaced

    Original URL path: http://www.johnwyoung.org/sts1/hailcolumbia.htm (2016-04-29)
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  • Astronaut John W. Young - "Artists Record Columbia's Flight"
    to cover expenses The purpose of the agency s art program is to collect an archival history of the exploration of space Artists have been present at Cape Canaveral as astronauts suited up for their flights and were launched into space and they have been aboard recovery ships when the astronauts returned to Earth They have flown simultors to experience at least a taste of what it is like to fly in space Participating artists have ranged from traditionalists such as Peter Hurd and James Wyeth to modernists such as Robert Rauschenberg and Lamar Dodd The art produced varies from subjects closely seen and sharply delineated to those only sensed or imagined by the artist The renowned artists commissioned by NASA to record the flight of Columbia include Lamar Dodd Henry Casselli Robert McCall Arthur Shilstone Wilson Hurley Tom O Hara Jack Perlmutter Bill Robles and William Philips There is much precedent for artists to record historic events such as a space flight Artists have long recorded important events in American history including the settlement of the West the Civil War and World Wars I and II The work of artists who have participated in the NASA program has been

    Original URL path: http://www.johnwyoung.org/sts1/artists.htm (2016-04-29)
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  • Astronaut John W. Young - "Space Shuttle Columbia is a winner!"
    heat A television camera filming the opening of the doors noted a few missing low temperature tiles on the Orbital Maneuvering System OMS pods These pods located on each side of Columbia s aft section housed the 600 pound thrust OMS engines and the smaller Reaction Control engines Mission Control in Houston Texas later told the crew that the missing tiles were not a problem For the first flight the crew was extremely busy checking out the working of all the spacecraft systems and subsystems In addition they gave several television reports from space and showed viewers what it was like to travel in a weightless condition This vehicle is performing like a champ radioed commander John W Young a moonwalk veteran who was on his fifth voyage in space Echoed Crippen We ve got something here that s really going to mean something to this country and to the whole world Most spectacular was the approach to and landing on a dry lakebed at Edwards Air Force Base in California An airborne camera picked up Columbia following its fiery reentry into the Earth s atmosphere and resultant communications black out The spacecraft was just a speck over the Pacific Ocean at approximately 135 000 feet traveling near Mach 10 As Columbia came flashing down the predesigned corridor over the California central valley more television cameras picked it up along with its four T 38 chase planes Entering the Edwards area just under Mach 2 at about 70 000 feet Columbia swung across the lakebed into half of a figure eight loop turn down into its approach The landing on Tuesday April 14 at 1 21 p m EST was perfect After touchdown the spaceship rolled just under 9 000 feet to a stop Immediately the landing team hooked up

    Original URL path: http://www.johnwyoung.org/sts1/winner.htm (2016-04-29)
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  • Astronaut John W. Young - "Astronauts Thank Thousands Who Built Spacecraft"
    the Columbia They were met with warm weather and an even warmer response from thousands of enthusiastic Rockwell employees many of whom had labored years to see STS 1 concluded so successfully It is estimated that 5000 6000 well wishers turned out at the Downey facility and that another 1700 2000 visited the Palmdale welcome home ceremony The performance of the Columbia during its first flight couldn t have been better and John Young commander of the STS 1 mission made his feelings known about that performance upon first taking the podium It was a perfect flight he said Perfect The Thermal Protection System took less heat than was forecast Young said the spacecraft used less power than planned and the fuel cells worked even better than everybody thought they would Young spoke of the tremendous pride and enthusiasm he had seen all across America for the Columbia and its first flight and he said You all have to be doubly proud of it for doing so much to make that possible And I thank you Astronaut pilot Robert Crippen was quick to praise the families involved with getting the Columbia airborne Most of us here have been working on it for quite a few years he said and put a lot of our heart and soul into it that means a lot of late hours at night it means working on weekends and it means bringing work home sometimes and that s pretty hard to take for the families sometimes You put a lot into it and you deserve as much congratulations as the people who actually did the design and the work We really appreciate that Crippen said The astronauts comments were received with marked enthusiasm as the talks were punctuated throughout with applause and warm laughter Afterwards

    Original URL path: http://www.johnwyoung.org/sts1/rockwell.htm (2016-04-29)
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  • Astronaut John W. Young - STS-1 - "Astronauts Thank NSTL Test Team During May Visit"
    the Main Propulsion Test Article MPTA testing allowed their flight to be as uneventful as it was Young described the ascent phase of STS 1 in detail commenting What a ride it was He described it as a smooth glassy ride with a soft smooth shutdown not at all like the Saturn Young went on to say that we now have a vehicle lots of people can ride a vehicle that can do a lot for America and a vehicle the American people can be proud of Crippen described the entire flight as perfect He stated We couldn t even make it look hard Both praised the performance of Columbia during their flight with super machine flies like a champ fun to fly superb during landing wanted to stay up longer Both crew members received mementos of their visit to NSTL Bill Trott MPT resident manager presented each astronaut with a plaque The plaques had MPTA and SSME team patches attached with engraved plates bearing the astronauts name and the inscription Official Member of the NSTL Space Shuttle TestTeam May 8 1981 John Young commented Look what it says From Swamp to Space Now that s my kind of motto

    Original URL path: http://www.johnwyoung.org/sts1/nstl.htm (2016-04-29)
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  • Astronaut John W. Young - STS-1 - Links
    www ksc nasa gov shuttle missions sts 1 mission sts 1 html Mark Wade s Encyclopedia Astronautica Bob Crippen Biography http www friends partners org mwade astros crippen htm Mark Wade s Encyclopedia Astronautica STS 1 Summary http www friends partners org mwade flights sts1 htm The Space Shuttle by John F Graham http www space edu projects book chapter19 html 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

    Original URL path: http://www.johnwyoung.org/sts1/sts1links.htm (2016-04-29)
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