archive-org.com » ORG » K » KLOSI.ORG

Total: 353

Choose link from "Titles, links and description words view":

Or switch to "Titles and links view".
  • KLOSI News - KLOSI - The Brexit lottery
    option would be a public enquiry with a large representative jury selected by lot Public inquiries have on the whole a good track record the Hutton Inquiry being praised for its balanced and open proceedings The problem was the lack of democratic participation as there was no jury to determine the outcome The inquiry verdict BBC guilty was left to a Lord Justice who had cut his teeth in Northern Ireland s jury free Diplock courts and whose conclusions were coloured by his anti media prejudice The Leveson Inquiry can be criticised along similar lines but its main flaw was the continental examining magistrate inquiry protocol Although the press was on trial again there was no counsel for the defence and Leveson decided the outcome himself with a little help from Hacked Off How different both inquiries might have been if they had followed standard Anglo Saxon judicial procedure adversarial exchanges followed by a jury verdict Why not adopt this approach as an alternative to a referendum There is nothing new about the juristic approach to policy making In 403 BC the Athenians the inventors of democracy established a system of legislative courts and every new law had to run the gauntlet of adversarial debate in front of a jury of several hundred citizens selected by lot The decision of the jury was deemed to represent the considered view of the entire citizen body Although Aristotle was hostile to democracy he praised this wisdom of crowds concluding that under the right conditions the many hoi polloi judge certain matters better than individuals or groups of experts The truth of his claim was demonstrated mathematically in 1785 by the Marquis of Condorcet in his Jury Theorem which proved that a jury is increasingly likely to converge on the right answer as its numbers increase assuming balanced advocacy secret voting and a minimal competence threshold And there is a wealth of modern research showing that the cognitive diversity produced by large randomly selected juries is the best way to decide important issues Election by contrast selects people of similar backgrounds lawyers Oxbridge PPEs and policy wonks who are often victims of groupthink But referendums as Mandelson pointed out are a shot in the dark Random selection generates a mini public that represents the entire population descriptively a sample of just a few hundred would proportionately reflect the age gender political leanings and socio economic composition of the country And this is not just a matter for classicists political theorists and statisticians Stanford University s James Fishkin has conducted practical experiments with decision making by citizen juries for over twenty years Fishkin s Deliberative Polls show that ordinary citizens can competently judge complex issues after receiving balanced advocacy and deliberating for a couple of days The success of these experiments has led Fishkin to claim that the microcosm offers a proxy for what would happen if everyone discussed the issues and weighed competing arguments under similarly favourable conditions So why not just provide

    Original URL path: http://www.klosi.org/news/klosi_news_oponion/7582.html (2016-04-26)
    Open archived version from archive

  • KLOSI News - KLOSI - Living Free and Equal
    to the IMF s annual meeting former Fund official Ashoka Mody sizes up the best thinking about its post crisis challenges Such differences have taken root for a variety of reasons These include vertical inequalities like skewed income distribution as well as horizontal inequalities such as those that exist within groups because of factors like race gender and ethnicity and those that form between communities owing to residential segregation Many people face different simultaneous forms of discrimination and the degree of exclusion they suffer is a result of the interaction among them A combination of vertical and horizontal inequalities can generate extreme exclusion and marginalization which in turn perpetuates intergenerational poverty and inequality Fortunately the world has become increasingly aware of inequality s pernicious effects on democracy economic growth peace justice and human development It has also become clear that inequality erodes social cohesion and increases the risk of violence and instability Ultimately economic and social policies are two sides of the same coin Besides the moral argument for reducing inequality there is also an economic argument If inequality continues to rise higher growth will be needed to eradicate extreme poverty than if the economic gains were more evenly distributed High levels of inequality are also correlated with the possibility of political capture by elites who defend their interests by blocking egalitarian reforms The problem with inequality is not only that it obstructs the pursuit of collective goals and the common good it also erects structural barriers to development for example through meager or regressive taxation and underinvestment in education health or infrastructure Growth alone cannot guarantee equal access to public goods and high quality services deliberate policies are required Recent history in Latin America the most unequal region in the world provides a good example of what is possible when such policies are put in place The region made significant gains in social inclusion during the first decade of this century through a combination of economic dynamism and sustained political commitment to fighting poverty and inequality as interdependent problems Thanks to these efforts Latin America is the only region in the world that managed to reduce poverty and inequality while continuing to grow economically More than 80 million people have joined the middle class which for the first time has surpassed the poor as the largest segment of the region s population To be sure some have argued that this was made possible by favorable external conditions including high commodity prices which supported economic expansion However evidence from the World Bank s LAC Equity Lab confirms that growth explains only part of Latin America s social gains the rest was due to redistribution through social spending Indeed progressive policies were at the heart of the economic expansion itself a new generation of better educated workers entered the labor force earning higher salaries and reaping the dividends of social spending The largest wage increases occurred in the lowest income brackets Now that Latin America has entered a period of slower

    Original URL path: http://www.klosi.org/news/klosi_news_society/7581.html (2016-04-26)
    Open archived version from archive

  • KLOSI News - KLOSI - Democracy matters, but how?
    The topic of conversation yesterday was the new report on this experience Democracy Matters One of the fascinating things about listening to the different politicians responding to the Assemblies was just how differently they framed what the Assemblies were about as well as what more of this kind of participation could achieve in the future Much of my research has considered the different ways that we frame the idea of public participation In particular it examines how these frames are related to different conceptions of democracy and public administration and it seemed as though the alternative ways the Assemblies were framed were linked to the politicians differing views about the broader political system For Dominic Grieve Conservative the Assemblies were important for politicians in taking stock of informed public opinion They were contrasted to the snap judgements that are captured by opinion polling and the constituency letters that MPs receive which are difficult to give a lot of weight to given the unrepresentativeness of those who write them In this view the Assemblies were akin to the Deliberative Polling that James Fishkin has popularised They provide information but politicians retain the right to use that information how they see fit in making policy decisions For Graham Allen Labour and Caroline Lucas Green Party the Assemblies were one component in creating something approaching a social movement around constitutional reform As Caroline Lucas put it participation is not about giving power but enabling people to take power The aim was to build bottom up pressure in order to drive into action a sclerotic political system that has failed to reform and is fast approaching a crisis of legitimacy In contrast for Lord Tyler Liberal Democrat the Citizens Assemblies were more of an opportunity for politicians and citizens to work collaboratively together to solve a pragmatic problem of politics that has so far proved intractable Each of these frames are quite different from that which characterised the British Columbia Citizens Assembly on electoral reform which provides a mirror to our English counterparts In British Columbia citizens were tasked with solving the problem independently of politicians precisely because political parties vested interest in a voting system that most benefited them had rendered the problem intractable in the legislature The Assembly produced recommendations that were then voted on by citizens in a referendum The way that citizen participation initiatives interact with elected representatives in large part determines how successfully they influence the policy process Yet each of these four frames entails quite a different model for thinking about that interaction In the first case politicians don t take part in discussion but they can be trusted to listen carefully to the outcomes and weigh up this information alongside all the other relevant information when making their decisions In the second case perhaps some vanguard politicians get involved with the public but the public is placed in an oppositional relation to the majority of politicians that make up the status quo They don t trust them

    Original URL path: http://www.klosi.org/news/klosi_news_oponion/7580.html (2016-04-26)
    Open archived version from archive

  • KLOSI News - KLOSI - UK and the EU: Better off out or in?
    year by 2030 That is assuming the UK carried out widespread deregulation after its exit and managed to strike favourable trade deals The think tank adds A far more realistic range is between a 0 8 permanent loss to GDP in 2030 and a 0 6 permanent gain in GDP in 2030 in scenarios where Britain mixes policy approaches The Centre for Economic Performance at the London School of Economics says the worst case scenario is a 6 3 to 9 5 reduction in GDP a loss of a similar size to that resulting from the global financial crisis of 2008 09 The best case according to their analysis is a loss of 2 2 of GDP although it does not take into account as wide a range of factors as the Open Europe study What about immigration Leave campaigners say Britain would regain full control of its borders UKIP wants to see a work permit system introduced so that EU nationals would face the same visa restrictions as those from outside the EU which it says would reduce migration numbers This would create job opportunities for British workers and boost wages as well as easing pressure on schools hospitals and other public services they say Remain campaigners say Britain might have to agree to allow free movement of EU migrants as the price of being allowed access to the free market In any case pro EU campaigners argue immigration from the rest of the EU has been good for Britain s economy The UK s growth forecasts are based in part on continued high levels of net migration The Office for Budget Responsibility says the economy relies on migrant labour and taxes paid by immigrants to keep funding public services Would Britain save money in membership fees The UK is one of 10 member states who pay more into the EU budget than they get out only France and Germany contribute more In 2014 15 Poland was the largest beneficiary followed by Hungary and Greece Calculating how much EU membership costs the UK is not straightforward The EU financial year runs from 1 January to 31 December whereas the UK s runs from 1 April to 31 March meaning there are different figures in circulation The UK also gets an annual rebate and money back in the form of regional development grants and payments to farmers among other things According to the latest Treasury figures the UK s net contribution for 2014 15 was 8 8bn nearly double what it was in 2009 10 To put that in context it is about 1 4 of total public spending slightly less than the energy and climate change department s annual budget The National Audit Office using a different formula which takes into account EU money paid directly to private sector companies and universities to fund research and measured over the EU s financial year shows the UK s net contribution for 2014 was 5 7bn Leave campaigners say The UK

    Original URL path: http://www.klosi.org/news/klosi_news_politics/7579.html (2016-04-26)
    Open archived version from archive

  • KLOSI News - KLOSI - Brexit and the Balance of Power
    in terms of sovereignty on the contrary it would lose its vote and influence over the terms of its participation in the single market Meanwhile rival financial centers such as Paris and Frankfurt would seize the chance to establish rules that would help them win back business from London Another complication is political the rise of nationalism in Scotland and the effect of Brexit on the survival of the United Kingdom In 2014 Scotland voted in its own referendum to remain in the UK but the nationalists won almost all of Scotland s seats in the general election eight months later With Scottish opinion much more pro European than in England many believe that Brexit would lead to another referendum on independence Cameron could be remembered as the prime minister who helped break up the UK and possibly Europe In the United States President Barack Obama s administration has stated clearly its belief that Britain and Europe are both stronger together Illusions of a special relationship with the US replacing the influence of Europe are mistaken But the British people will weigh whether to support Brexit and an American hand on the scale could be counter productive At the same time in the words of Douglas Alexander the former Labour shadow foreign secretary since the end of World War II America has been the system operator of international order built on a strong stable Transatlantic Alliance supported by the twin pillars of NATO and the EU If Britain leaves the EU America s closest ally would be marginalized and the whole European project at risk of unraveling at precisely the time new economic and security threats confront the West It is no wonder that Vladimir Putin s Kremlin would welcome Brexit and meddles in European countries domestic politics to try to weaken the EU The geopolitical consequences of Brexit might not appear immediately The EU might even temporarily pull together But there would be damage to Europe s sense of mission and its soft power of attraction Ensuring financial stability and managing immigration would be much more difficult as well In addition to a revival of Scottish separatism Britain s inward turn in recent years could accelerate And over the longer run the effects on the global balance of power and the liberal international order in which Britain has a strong national interest would be negative When it acts as an entity Europe is the largest economy in the world and its population of nearly 500 million is considerably larger than America s 325 million It has the world s largest market represents 17 of world trade and dispenses half of the world s foreign assistance It also has 27 universities ranked in the top 100 worldwide and its creative industries contribute about 7 to its GDP American per capita income is higher but in terms of human capital technology and exports Europe is very much an economic peer In terms of military expenditure Europe is second only to the

    Original URL path: http://www.klosi.org/news/klosi_news_politics/7578.html (2016-04-26)
    Open archived version from archive

  • KLOSI News - KLOSI - Leksioni që morëm nga Panama Papers
    zbuluan të ardhurat dhe parajsat fiskale të 140 politikanëve dhe zyrtarëve duke përfshirë 12 presidentë të mëparshëm dhe aktualë monarkë dhe kryeministra Ato tregojnë se si kanë qarkulluar paratë dhe janë fshehur nga të paktën 33 persona dhe kompani që SHBA i ka vendosur në listën e zezë për biznes të jashtëligjshëm me terroristë ose shitës droge Shumat e përfshira janë të mëdha gjithashtu edhe emrat Miqtë e Vladimir Putin presidentit të Rusisë kanë qarkulluar rreth 2 miliardë nëpërmjet një rrjeti firmash offshore dhe bankash deklaron SHNGI Kunati i presidentit të Kinës fëmijët e kryeministrit të Pakistanit dhe kushërinjtë e diktatorit të Sirisë të gjithë kanë bërë biznes me Mossack Fonseca Kështu pati bërë dhe i ati i kryeministrit të Britanisë David Cameron Firma ligjore e mohon këtë keqbërje po ashtu dhe klientët e saj Dhe faktikisht ka shumë arsye legjitime për të përdorur parajsat fiskale dhe llogaritë bankare Kur dy firma përtej kufijve vendosin të krijojnë një marrëdhënie së bashku shumica vendosin të veprojnë në një territor neutral Dhe zakonisht qytetarët e vendeve të paqëndrueshme kërkojnë vende të sigurta për të ruajtur kursimet e tyre Por kompanitë offshore përdoren dhe për të vjelë taksat dhe për të fshehur pasuritë e jashtëligjshme Duke parë të dhënat që ka publikuar SHNGI ICIJ është e habitshme se sa të pasur janë bërë disa monarkë dhe të afërm të politikanëve Të bijat e presidentit të Azerbajxhanit kontrollojnë miniera ari Një nip i presidentit të Afrikës Jugore Jacob Zuma ka mbyllur kontrata për vajin me Republikën Demokratike të Kongos ku Afrika e Jugut ka dërguar më shumë se 1000 trupa paqeruajtës Qytetarët e thjeshtë janë të inatosur Zuma u përball me akuza dhe procedura këtë javë mbi keqpërdorimin e fondeve publike duke ndërtuar një pallat për veten e tij dhe duke mos i kthyer paratë Protesta të furishme kanë detyruar kryeministrin e Islandës të japë dorëheqjen pasi e shoqja u zbulua se kishte investime në parajsat fiskale Korrupsioni e bën botën më të varfër dhe më të pabarabartë Kur politikanët vjedhin ata reduktojnë sasinë e fondeve publike të mbetura për rrugë e shkolla Kur ata mbështesin kontrata të tilla të miqve të tyre ata mashtrojnë taksapaguesit dhe stepin firmat e ndershme për të investuar në vend Gjithë këto rritje të zvarritura Pastrimi i parajsave fiskale nuk do ta mbyllë çështjen Përgjegjësia kryesore bie mbi qeveritë ndërkombëtare të cilat duhet të rrisin transparencën financiare dhe sigurinë kundër devijimeve Por do të ndihmonte nëse kleptomanët do të ishin më pak të aftë të fshihnin sekretet e tyre Gërmimi në kanalin e korrupsionit Shumë skema shfaqen në Panama Papers që përfshijnë kompani anonime guaskë pronarët e të cilave fshihen mbas të punësuarve Mjete të tilla janë të njohura si makina arratie për vjelësit e taksave pastruesit e parave dhe zyrtarët e korruptuar Është koha që dritaret e tyre të mbyllen duke krijuar regjistra qendrorë për përfitimin që janë të hapura për zyrtarët e taksave forcat ligjore dhe publikun Penalizimi për mashtrimin e regjistrimit të një kompanie duhet

    Original URL path: http://www.klosi.org/news/klosi_news_oponion/7577.html (2016-04-26)
    Open archived version from archive

  • KLOSI News - KLOSI
    or email address provided during registration If your username or email address exist in our database you will receive instructions how to reset your password Username E mail Return to Login Most Popular Most E mailed Two Little Soldiers Kabllogramet e Wikileaks Another chapter in the slow death of politics Liqenet e Lures Poeti disident Havzi Nela Nuancë Zhvirgjërimi i syve An Interview with Poet Mariko Sumikura Pse kandidoj për njësinë bashkiake nr 3 Intervistë ekskluzive me poetin dhe publicistin e njohur Bujar Plloshtani Popular tags beauty brexit britain data education europë Europe europës eurozone france government interviste Japan kohëbrengë Kosova kriza London nobel prize ohër twitter View all tags Latest comments rushessay on 23 April 2016 11 27 21 Great to know about this interesting blog really this klosi blog has been updating about news really best to know about news file style Keep bestessays on 23 April 2016 10 28 22 I am getting best points and information about klosi news really very useful and helpful for all thank you keep it up Every one can term paper essays url here on 07 March 2016 10 37 37 This blog just has a picture by which we can

    Original URL path: http://www.klosi.org/news/search.html (2016-04-26)
    Open archived version from archive

  • KLOSI News - KLOSI - * * *
    ruler of shadows And on the threshold e en then sternly his gift he recalled Venus could never heal the wounds of the beauteous stripling That the terrible boar made in his delicate skin Nor could his mother immortal preserve the hero so godlike When at the west gate of Troy falling his fate he fulfilled But she arose from the ocean with all the daughters of Nereus And o er her glorified son raised the loud accents of woe See where all the gods and goddesses yonder are weeping That the beauteous must fade and that the perfect must die Even a woe song to be in the mouth of the loved ones is glorious For what is vulgar descends mutely to Orcus dark shades The Flowers Ye offspring of the morning sun Ye flowers that deck the smiling plain Your lives in joy and bliss begun In Nature s love unchanged remain With hues of bright and godlike splendor Sweet Flora graced your forms so tender And clothed ye in a garb of light Spring s lovely children weep forever For living souls she gave ye never And ye must dwell in endless night The nightingale and lark still sing In your tranced ears the bliss of love The toying sylphs on airy wing Around your fragrant bosoms rove Of yore Dione s daughter 6 twining In garlands sweet your cup so shining A pillow formed where love might rest Spring s gentle children mourn forever The joys of love she gave ye never Ne er let ye know that feeling blest But when ye re gathered by my hand A token of my love to be Now that her mother s harsh command From Nanny s 7 sight has banished me E en from that passing touch

    Original URL path: http://www.klosi.org/news/klosi_news_literature/7575.html (2016-04-26)
    Open archived version from archive



  •