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  • Special Collections
    Books Entire Journal Issues Conference Proceedings ICCF individual papers ICCF 9 Proceedings ICCF 10 Proceedings U S Navy Cold Fusion Research Video Introduction LIBRARY Summary Detail Summary without border Details without border Most recent without border Publications without border JCMNS index without border Most recent Publications J Condensed Matter Nucl Sci index Direct access to Library folder Library Guide Special Collections This section includes 2004 DoE Review Papers relating to the December 2004 review of cold fusion conducted by the Department of Energy DoE Office of Science including the DoE s official report the evaluations by anonymous referees responses to the report and papers submitted to the DoE during the review BARC Studies In Cold Fusion This book was published by the Bhabha Atomic Research Center BARC Trombay India in December 1989 This Collection includes a selection of papers from the book and papers published elsewhere by BARC researchers Books and proceedings A list of the full length books ICCF conferences and proceedings available for download here ICCF 9 Proceedings Several papers from the Ninth International Conference on Cold Fusion which was held May 19 24 2002 at Tsinghua University Beijing China ICCF 10 Proceedings Tenth International Conference on Cold

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  • 2004 DoE Review
    be willing to evaluate such proposals fairly Nevertheless like the ERAB Panel report the reviewers recommended well designed proposals be submitted by individuals This recommendation should be taken seriously if for no other reason than to test the intent of the recommendation We will have to wait and see what the DoE does next when proposals are actually submitted before we can judge the value of this review effort This could be a big step forward The 18 reviewers comments are more thoughtful and scientific than the summary report by the DoE but they still lack objectivity and clarity in our opinion For example reviewer 7 writes The paper by Iwamura et al presented at ICCF10 Ref 47 in DOE31 does an exhaustive job of using a variety of modern analytical chemistry methods to identify elements produced on the surface of coated Pd cold fusion foils The analytical results from a variety of techniques such as mass spectroscopy and electron spectroscopy are very nice It seems difficult at first glance to dispute the results However the Japanese workers conclude not that the elements in question are constituents from the interior of the Pd that migrated to the surface but that they are the products of sequential nuclear reactions in which changes of atomic number and atomic mass of 4 and 8 are preferred From a nuclear physics perspective such conclusions are not to be believed The reviewer rejects the results based on nuclear theory it is not to be believed but then proposes an alternative explanation based on the anomalous element diffusing from the palladium interior The anomalous element could not migrate from the interior of the palladium because Deuterium atoms flowing from the surface to the interior would cause diffusion of the anomalous element away from the surface not toward the surface Mass spectroscopy done at various depths shows that the anomalous element was not present in the palladium The element that was originally on the surface disappears at the same rate as the anomalous element appears The isotopes of the anomalous element are unnatural and the isotope shifts are exactly what are expected should the missing element transmute into the new element Since the initial element disappears if migration is the cause of the change we have to postulate that the element applied to the surface migrates toward the interior while the anomalous element migrates in the opposite direction toward the surface Such explanations are mere handwaving and violate as many expected behaviors as does cold fusion but in a different field of science This kind of reasoning is typical of most reviews In any case the reviewer has missed the main point Iwamura s data certainly justifies further study The proposed theories regardless of their source including the reviewer s own hypothesis are irrelevant Material Submitted to the DoE Before the review panel convened five researchers wrote a paper for the DoE Hagelstein P L et al New Physical Effects in Metal Deuterides This paper has 130 References including several in our Library which are listed below Items with hyperlinks are included in the library References in New Physical Effects in Metal Dueterides 1a b Fleischmann M S Pons and M Hawkins Electrochemically induced nuclear fusion of deuterium J Electroanal Chem 1989 261 p 301 and errata in Vol 263 1c Fleischmann M et al Calorimetry of the palladium deuterium heavy water system J Electroanal Chem 1990 287 p 293 2 Jones S E et al Observation of cold nuclear fusion in condensed matter Nature London 1989 338 p 737 3 Storms E Calorimetry 101 for Cold Fusion Methods Problems and Errors 2004 LENR CANR org 4 Pons S and M Fleischmann Calorimetry of the Palladium Deuterium System in The First Annual Conference on Cold Fusion 1990 University of Utah Research Park Salt Lake City Utah National Cold Fusion Institute p 1 5 Gozzi D et al Multicell Experiments for Searching Time Related Events in Cold Fusion in Second Annual Conference on Cold Fusion The Science of Cold Fusion 1991 Como Italy Societa Italiana di Fisica Bologna Italy 6 McKubre M C H et al Isothermal Flow Calorimetric Investigations of the D Pd System in Second Annual Conference on Cold Fusion The Science of Cold Fusion 1991 Como Italy Societa Italiana di Fisica Bologna Italy 7 Not in database 8 McKubre M C H et al Calorimetry and Electrochemistry in the D Pd System in The First Annual Conference on Cold Fusion 1990 University of Utah Research Park Salt Lake City Utah National Cold Fusion Institute p 20 9 Kunimatsu K et al Deuterium Loading Ratio and Excess Heat Generation During Electrolysis of Heavy Water by Palladium Cathode in a Closed Cell Using a Partially Immersed Fuel Cell Anode in Third International Conference on Cold Fusion Frontiers of Cold Fusion 1992 Nagoya Japan Universal Academy Press Inc Tokyo Japan 10 Hasegawa N et al Observation of Excess Heat during Electrolysis of 1 M LiOD in a Fuel Cell Type Closed Cell in Fourth International Conference on Cold Fusion 1993 Lahaina Maui Electric Power Research Institute 3412 Hillview Ave Palo Alto CA 94304 11 McKubre M C H and F L Tanzella Materials Issues of Loading Deuterium into Palladium and the Association with Excess Heat Production in The Seventh International Conference on Cold Fusion 1998 Vancouver Canada ENECO Inc Salt Lake City UT 12 Bertalot L et al Analysis of Tritium and Heat Excess in Electrochemical Cells With Pd Cathodes in Second Annual Conference on Cold Fusion The Science of Cold Fusion 1991 Como Italy Societa Italiana di Fisica Bologna Italy p 3 13 Koonin S E and M Nauenberg Calculated fusion rates in isotopic hydrogen molecules Nature London 1989 339 p 690 14 Bockris J and A K N Reddy Modern electrochemistry an introduction to an interdisciplinary area 1970 New York Plenum Press 15 Pons S et al Method and Apparatus for Power Generation 1990 WO 90 10935 1990 16 Bertalot L et al Power Excess Production in Electrolysis Experiments at ENEA Frascati in 5th International Conference on Cold Fusion 1995 Monte Carlo Monaco IMRA Europe Sophia Antipolis Cedex France See ICCF5 Part 1 p 34 17 Storms E Some Thoughts on the Nature of the Nuclear Active Regions in Palladium in Sixth International Conference on Cold Fusion Progress in New Hydrogen Energy 1996 Lake Toya Hokkaido Japan New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization Tokyo Institute of Technology Tokyo Japan 18 Storms E Relationship Between Open Circuit Voltage and Heat Production in a Pons Fleischmann Cell in The Seventh International Conference on Cold Fusion 1998 Vancouver Canada ENECO Inc Salt Lake City UT 19 Swartz M R and G M Verner Excess Heat from Low Electrical Conductivity Heavy Water Spiral Wound Pd D2O Pt and Pd D2O PdCl2 Pt Devices in Tenth International Conference on Cold Fusion 2003 Cambridge MA in print 20 Pons S and M Fleischmann The Calorimetry of Electrode Reactions and Measurements of Excess Enthalpy Generation in the Electrolysis of D2O Using Pd based Cathodes in Second Annual Conference on Cold Fusion The Science of Cold Fusion 1991 Como Italy Societa Italiana di Fisica Bologna Italy p 349 21 Fleischmann M The Experimenters Regress in 5th International Conference on Cold Fusion 1995 Monte Carlo Monaco IMRA Europe Sophia Antipolis Cedex France See ICCF5 Part 1 p 152 22 Miles M et al Thermal Behavior of Polarized Pd D Electrodes Prepared by Co deposition in The 9th International Conference on Cold Fusion Condensed Matter Nuclear Science 2002 Beijing China Tsinghua University Tsinghua Univ Press 23 Cravens D Factors Affecting Success Rate of Heat Generation in CF Cells in Fourth International Conference on Cold Fusion 1993 Lahaina Maui Electric Power Research Institute 3412 Hillview Ave Palo Alto CA 94304 See ICCF4 Vol 2 p 18 1 24 Storms E Some Characteristics of Heat Production Using the Cold Fusion Effect Trans Fusion Technol 1994 26 4T p 96 25 Not in database 26 McKubre M C H et al Excess Power Observations in Electrochemical Studies of the D Pd System The Influence of Loading in Third International Conference on Cold Fusion Frontiers of Cold Fusion 1992 Nagoya Japan Universal Academy Press Inc Tokyo Japan 27 McKubre M C H et al Development of Advanced Concepts for Nuclear Processes in Deuterated Metals TR 104195 1994 Electric Power Research Institute 28 Takahashi A et al Anomalous Excess Heat by D2O Pd Cell Under L H Mode Electrolysis in Third International Conference on Cold Fusion Frontiers of Cold Fusion 1992 Nagoya Japan Universal Academy Press Inc Tokyo Japan 29 Aoki T Y Kurata and H Ebihara Study of Concentrations of Helium and Tritium in Electrolytic Cells with Excess Heat Generations in Fourth International Conference on Cold Fusion 1993 Lahaina Maui Electric Power Research Institute 3412 Hillview Ave Palo Alto CA 94304 30 Storms E A Study of Those Properties of Palladium That Influence Excess Energy Production by the Pons Fleischmann Effect Infinite Energy 1996 2 8 p 50 31 De Marco F et al Progress Report on the Research Activities on Cold Fusion at ENEA Frascati in Sixth International Conference on Cold Fusion Progress in New Hydrogen Energy 1996 Lake Toya Hokkaido Japan New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization Tokyo Institute of Technology Tokyo Japan p 145 32 Takahashi A et al Neutron Spectra from D2O Pd Cells with Pulsed Electrolysis in Anomalous Nuclear Effects in Deuterium Solid Systems AIP Conference Proceedings 228 1990 Brigham Young Univ Provo UT American Institute of Physics New York p 323 33 Takahashi A et al Neutron Spectra and Controllability by PdD electrolysis Cell With Low High Current Pulse Operation in Second Annual Conference on Cold Fusion The Science of Cold Fusion 1991 Como Italy Societa Italiana di Fisica Bologna Italy p 93 34 Bockris J D Hodko and Z Minevski The Mechanism of Deuterium Evolution on Palladium Relation to Heat Bursts Provoked By Fluxing Deuterium Across the Interface in Second Annual Conference on Cold Fusion The Science of Cold Fusion 1991 Como Italy Societa Italiana di Fisica Bologna Italy p 337 35 Yamaguchi E and T Nishioka Direct Evidence for Nuclear Fusion Reactions in Deuterated Palladium in Third International Conference on Cold Fusion Frontiers of Cold Fusion 1992 Nagoya Japan Universal Academy Press Inc Tokyo Japan See ICCF3 Part 1 p 179 36 Sugiura H and E Yamaguchi Calorimetric Analysis of the Excess Heat Generated from Pd D and Pd H by the In vacuo Method in The Seventh International Conference on Cold Fusion 1998 Vancouver Canada ENECO Inc Salt Lake City UT p 366 37 Yamaguchi E and H Sugiura Excess Heat and Nuclear Products from Pd D Au Heterostructures by the In vacuo Method in The Seventh International Conference on Cold Fusion 1998 Vancouver Canada ENECO Inc Salt Lake City UT p 420 38 Bartolomeo C et al Alfred Coehn and After The Alpha Beta and Gamma of the Palladium Hydrogen System in Fourth International Conference on Cold Fusion 1993 Lahaina Maui Electric Power Research Institute 3412 Hillview Ave Palo Alto CA 94304 See ICCF4 Vol 4 p 19 1 39 Celani F et al High Power µs Pulsed Electrolysis Using Palladium Wires Evidence for a Possible Phase Transition Under Deuterium Overloaded Conditions and Related Excess Heat in 5th International Conference on Cold Fusion 1995 Monte Carlo Monaco IMRA Europe Sophia Antipolis Cedex France See ICCF5 Part 1 p 57 40 Celani F et al New Kinds of Electrolytic Regimes and Geometrical Configurations to Obtain Anomalous Results in Pd M D Systems in Sixth International Conference on Cold Fusion Progress in New Hydrogen Energy 1996 Lake Toya Hokkaido Japan New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization Tokyo Institute of Technology Tokyo Japan p 93 41 Preparata G Everything Thing You Always Wanted to Know About Cold Fusion Calorimetry in Sixth International Conference on Cold Fusion Progress in New Hydrogen Energy 1996 Lake Toya Hokkaido Japan New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization Tokyo Institute of Technology Tokyo Japan p 93 42 McKubre M C H et al Concerning Reproducibility of Excess Power Production in 5th International Conference on Cold Fusion 1995 Monte Carlo Monaco IMRA Europe Sophia Antipolis Cedex France See ICCF5 Part 1 p 17 43 Tian J et al Anomalous heat flow and its correlation with deuterium flux in a gas loading deuterium palladium system in The 9th International Conference on Cold Fusion Condensed Matter Nuclear Science 2002 Tsinghua Univ Beijing China Tsinghua Univ Press 44 Bockris J et al Triggering of Heat and Sub Surface Changes in Pd D Systems in Fourth International Conference on Cold Fusion 1994 Lahaina Maui Electric Power Research Institute 3412 Hillview Ave Palo Alto CA 94304 45 Li X Z et al PROGRESS IN GAS LOADING D Pd SYSTEM The feasibility of a self sustaining heat generator in Tenth International Conference on Cold Fusion 2003 Cambridge MA LENR CANR org 46 Iwamura Y M Sakano and T Itoh Elemental Analysis of Pd Complexes Effects of D2 Gas Permeation Jpn J Appl Phys A 2002 41 p 4642 47 Iwamura Y et al Low Energy Nuclear Transmutation In Condensed Matter Induced By D2 Gas Permeation Through Pd Complexes Correlation Between Deuterium Flux And Nuclear Products in Tenth International Conference on Cold Fusion 2003 Cambridge MA LENR CANR org 48 Letts D and D Cravens Laser Stimulation Of Deuterated Palladium Past And Present in Tenth International Conference on Cold Fusion 2003 Cambridge MA LENR CANR org 49 Cravens D and D Letts Practical Techniques In CF Research Triggering Methods in Tenth International Conference on Cold Fusion 2003 Cambridge MA LENR CANR org 50 Passell T O Charting the Way Forward in the EPRI Research Program on Deuterated Metals in 5th International Conference on Cold Fusion 1995 Monte Carlo Monaco IMRA Europe Sophia Antipolis Cedex France See ICCF5 Part 2 p 603 51 Passell T O Evidence for Lithium 6 Depletion in Pd Exposed to Gaseous Deuterium and Hydrogen in The 9th International Conference on Cold Fusion Condensed Matter Nuclear Science 2002 Tsinghua Univ Beijing China Tsinghua Univ Press 299 52 Not in database 53 Not in database 54 Case L C Catalytic Fusion of Deuterium into Helium 4 in The Seventh International Conference on Cold Fusion 1998 Vancouver Canada ENECO Inc Salt Lake City UT 55 Miles M et al Correlation of excess power and helium production during D2O and H2O electrolysis using palladium cathodes J Electroanal Chem 1993 346 p 99 56 Bush B F and J J Lagowski Methods of Generating Excess Heat with the Pons and Fleischmann Effect Rigorous and Cost Effective Calorimetry Nuclear Products Analysis of the Cathode and Helium Analysis in The Seventh International Conference on Cold Fusion 1998 Vancouver Canada ENECO Inc Salt Lake City UT 57 Botta E et al Search for 4He Production from Pd D2 Systems in Gas Phase in 5th International Conference on Cold Fusion 1995 Monte Carlo Monaco IMRA Europe Sophia Antipolis Cedex France 58 Botta E et al Measurement of 4He Production from D2 Gas Loaded Pd Samples in Sixth International Conference on Cold Fusion Progress in New Hydrogen Energy 1996 Lake Toya Hokkaido Japan New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization Tokyo Institute of Technology Tokyo Japan 59 Qiao G S et al Nuclear Products in a Gas Loading D Pd and H Pd System in The Seventh International Conference on Cold Fusion 1998 Vancouver Canada p 314 60 Gozzi D et al Excess Heat and Nuclear Product Measurements in Cold Fusion Electrochemical Cells in Fourth International Conference on Cold Fusion 1993 Lahaina Maui Electric Power Research Institute 3412 Hillview Ave Palo Alto CA 94304 See ICCF4 Vol 1 p 2 1 61 Bockris J et al Tritium and Helium Production in Palladium Electrodes and the Fugacity of Deuterium Therein in Third International Conference on Cold Fusion Frontiers of Cold Fusion 1992 Nagoya Japan Universal Academy Press Inc Tokyo Japan See ICCF3 Part 1 p 231 62 Liaw B Y P L Tao and B E Liebert Recent Progress on Cold Fusion Research Using Molten Salt Techniques in Second Annual Conference on Cold Fusion The Science of Cold Fusion 1991 Como Italy Societa Italiana di Fisica Bologna Italy p 92 63 Sakaguchi H G Adachi and K Nagao Helium Isotopes from Deuterium Absorbed in LaNi5 in Third International Conference on Cold Fusion Frontiers of Cold Fusion 1992 Nagoya Japan Universal Academy Press Inc Tokyo Japan See ICCF3 Part 2 p 527 64 Morrey J R et al Measurements of helium in electrolyzed palladium Fusion Technol 1990 18 p 659 65 Arata Y and Y C Zhang Helium 4He 3He within deuterated Pd black Proc Jpn Acad Ser B 1997 73 p 1 66 Not in database 67 Lipson A G et al Evidence for DD Reaction and a Long Range Alpha Emission in Au Pd PdO D Heterstructure as a Result of Exothermic Deuterium Deposition in 8th International Conference on Cold Fusion 2000 Lerici La Spezia Italy Italian Physical Society Bologna Italy p 231 68 Lipson A G et al In Situ Charged Particles And X Ray Detection In Pd Thin Film Cathodes During Electrolysis In Li2SO4 H2O in The 9th International Conference on Cold Fusion Condensed Matter Nuclear Science 2002 Beijing China Tsinghua University Tsinghua Univ Press 69 Miles M Correlation Of Excess Enthalpy And Helium 4 Production A Review in Tenth International Conference on Cold Fusion 2003 Cambridge MA LENR CANR org 70 McKubre M C H et al Energy Production Processes In Deuterated Metals 1998 EPRI Palo Alto 71 Cellucci F et al X Ray Heat Excess and 4He in the Electrochemical Confinement of Deuterium in Palladium in Sixth International Conference on Cold Fusion Progress in New Hydrogen Energy 1996 Lake Toya Hokkaido Japan New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization Tokyo Institute of Technology Tokyo Japan 72 Del Giudice E et al Production of excess enthalpy in the electrolysis of D2O on Pd cathodes in The 9th International Conference on Cold Fusion Condensed Matter Nuclear Science

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  • BARC Studies In Cold Fusion
    K Iyengar A2 Preliminary Results of Cold Fusion Studies Using a Five Module High Current Electrolytic Cell M G Nayar SK Mitra P Raghunathan M S Krishnan S K Malhotra D G Gaonkar S K Sikka A Shyam and V Chitra A3 Observation of Cold Fusion in a Ti SS Electrolytic Cell M S Krishnan S K Malhotra D G Gaonkar M G Nayar A Shyam and S K Sikka A4 Multiplicity Distribution of Neutron Emission in Cold Fusion Experiments A Shyam M Srinivasan S B Degwekar and L V Kulkarni A5 Search for Electrochemically Catalysed Fusion of Deuterons in Metal Lattice T P Radhakrishnan R Sundaresan J Arunachalam V Sitarama Raju R Kalyanaraman S Gangadharan and P K Iyengar A6 Tritium Generation during Electrolysis Experiment T P Radhakrishnan R Sundaresan S Gangadharan B K Sen T S Murthy A7 WITHDRAWN A8 Verification Studies in Electrochemically Induced Fusion of Deuterons in Palladium Cathodes H Bose L H Prabhu S Sankarnarayanan R S Shetiya N Veeraraghavan P V Joshi T S Murthy B K Sen and K G B Sharma A9 Tritium Analysis of Samples Obtained from Various Electrolysis Experiments at BARC T S Murthy T S Iyengar B K Sen and T B Joseph A10 Material Balance of Tritium in the Electrolysis of Heavy Water M S Krishnan S K Malhotra and S K Sadhukhan A11 Technique for Concentration of Helium in Electrolytic Gases for Cold Fusion Studies K Annaji Rao PART B D 2 GAS LOADING EXPERIMENTS B1 Search for Nuclear Fusion in Gas Phase Deuteriding of Titanium Metal P Raj P Suryanarayana A Sathyamoorthy and T Datta B2 Deuteration of Machined Titanium Targets for Cold Fusion Experiments V K Shrikande and K C Mittal B3 Autoradiography of Deuterated Ti and Pd Targets for Spatially Resolved Detection of Tritium Produced by Cold Fusion R K Rout M Srinivasan and A Shyam B4 Evidence for Production of Tritium via Cold Fusion Reactions in Deuterium Gas Loaded Palladium M S Krishnan S K Malhotra D G Gaonkar V D Nagvenkar and H K Sadhukhan PART C THEORETICAL PAPERS C1 Materials Issues in the So Called Cold Fusion Experiments R Chidambaram and V C Sahni C2 Remarks on Cold Fusion B A Dasannacharya and K R Rao C3 The Role of Combined Electron Deuteron Screening in D D Fusion in Metals S N Vaidya and Y S Mayya C4 A Theory of Cold Nuclear Fusion in Deuterium Loaded Palladium Swapan K Ghosh H K Saidhukhan and Ashish K Dhara C5 Fracture Phenomena in Crystalline Solids A Brief Review in the Context of Cold Fusion T C Kaushik M Srinivasan and A Shyam Acknowledgement Other papers by authors from BARC Chindarkar A R et al Observation of Anomalous Emissions of High Energy 1 MeV Charged Particles When 5 keV Protons Impinge on Palladium and Titanium Foils Trans Fusion Technol 1994 26 4T p 197 Degweker S B and M Srinivasan A simple dead time method for measuring the fraction of bunched neutronic emission

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  • Books and Proceedings
    in printed books Still others are out of print ICCF 3 4 5 and 14 are available here with all of the papers gathered together in single or mult volume books ICCF 3 and 5 were printed in a single volume but it is uploaded here in two parts to keep the file size managable Numbers 3 4 and 5 are made from scanned images of the original books so the quality is degraded somewhat ICCF14 is assembled from the electronic files submitted by the authors Most of the papers from ICCF 9 10 11 and 12 are available separately They have listed in Special Collections devoted to these conferences Some individual papers from ICCF1 and other conferences are available as shown in the lists below this table ICCF Conference Proceedings ICCF Date Proceedings title Proceedings availability 1 March 1990 The First Annual Conference on Cold Fusion Out of print 2 July 1991 The Science of Cold Fusion Proceedings of The II Annual Conference on Cold Fusion Out of print 3 October 1992 Third International Conference on Cold Fusion Frontiers of Cold Fusion Out of print Book available here in two parts Part 1 p 1 252 Part 2 p 253 698 Individual papers are indexed below 4 December 1993 Two versions were published A single volume from the American Nuclear Society ANS Transactions of Fusion Technology Fourth International Conference on Cold FusionFour volumes from the Electric Power Research Institute EPRI Proceedings Fourth International Conference on Cold Fusion Volume 1 Plenary Session PapersProceedings Fourth International Conference on Cold Fusion Volume 2 Calorimetry and Materials PapersProceedings Fourth International Conference on Cold Fusion Volume 3 Nuclear Measurements PapersProceedings Fourth International Conference on Cold Fusion Volume 4 Theory and Special Topics Papers The ANS version is out of print The EPRI volumes are here Volume 1 Volume 2 Volume 3 Volume 4 Individual papers available below 5 April 1995 Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Cold Fusion Out of print Book available here in two parts Part 1 p 1 200 Part 2 p 201 640 6 October 1996 Sixth International Conference on Cold Fusion Progress in New Hydrogen Energy Out of print 7 April 1998 The Seventh International Conference on Cold Fusion ICCF 7 Out of print Some papers available below 8 May 2000 Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Cold Fusion Listed at Amazon com as Out of Print Limited Availability Some papers available below 9 May 2002 Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Cold Fusion Condensed Matter Nuclear Science Out of print Most papers in ICCF9 Special Collection 10 August 2003 Condensed Matter Nuclear Science Proceedings Of The 10th International Conference On Cold Fusion Listed at Amazon com Most papers in ICCF10 Special Collection 11 October 2004 Condensed Matter Nuclear Science Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Cold Fusion Listed at Amazon com Most papers below 12 December 2005 Condensed Matter Nuclear Science Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Cold Fusion Listed at Amazon com

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  • ICCF-9 Proceedings
    Cold Fusion Research Video Introduction LIBRARY Summary Detail Summary without border Details without border Most recent without border Publications without border JCMNS index without border Most recent Publications J Condensed Matter Nucl Sci index Direct access to Library folder Library Guide ICCF 9 Proceedings The Ninth International Conference on Cold Fusion was held May 19 24 2002 at Tsinghua University Beijing China Several papers from it are in our library

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  • ICCF-10 Proceedings
    transmutations have also been confirmed in tests with one of the best instruments in the world at Probion Analysis Inc in France This is described in one of Iwamura s papers published in the Japanese Journal of Applied Physics The abstract and URL for this paper are here One of the most notable presentations at ICCF 10 was made by F Gordon of the SPAWAR Systems Center U S Navy Polarized D Pd D2O System Hot Spots and Mini Explosions We are pleased to present the PowerPoint slides from this presentation Gordon also showed a short dramatic computer video from the IR detector showing that the excess heat originates in hot spots in the cathode We hope this video can be made available either at the Navy website or here at LENR CANR org An exciting paper and PowerPoint slides from Letts and Cravens describe laser stimulated cold fusion See also the photographs below and the paper from Cravens ICCF 10 began with an informal but intense one day Short Course on LENR on August 25 Here are detailed PowerPoint slides presented during the Course by M McKubre showing some of the most remarkable cold fusion results on record and some of the most precise conventional water based calorimeters in the world Please note Some of the figure in papers by Takahashi et al did not convert correctly into Acrobat format The text in the figures was missing This problem has been corrected Please download the papers again We apologize for the inconvenience Abstracts Here are the ICCF 10 Abstracts in Acrobat PDF format 1 5 MB Abstracts are sorted by the principal author s last name Here is a list of the abstracts submitted for ICCF 10 A Brief Summary of Papers Submitted to ICCF 10 Top Photos from the Conference Three excess heat experiments were shown in live demonstrations at ICCF10 including two on August 26 in a laboratory at MIT that was open to the public A cell in a precision calorimeter was shown by Mitchell Swartz and Gayle Verner at MIT An excess heat cell and a blank control cell was shown by John Dash and his students also at MIT This experiment was conducted by high school students working at the Portland State University Low Energy Nuclear Laboratory A cell located in Texas was demonstrated over an Internet video link by Dennis Cravens and Dennis Letts during their lectures Description of Dash Experiment A control cell containing two platinum foil electrodes and an electrolyte containing sulfuric acid and light water is connected in series to an experimental cell containing a platinum foil anode a palladium foil cathode and an electrolyte containing sulfuric acid and heavy water After passing current for several hours the experimental cell is found to produce up to four watts of excess thermal power in comparison to the control cell Excess heat is produced in about 75 of the experiments Evidence of localized concentrations of silver is found on most of the

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  • U.S. Navy Cold Fusion Research
    in 8th International Conference on Cold Fusion 2000 Lerici La Spezia Italy Italian Physical Society Bologna Italy DOWNLOAD Chubb S R Nuts and Bolts of the Ion Band State Theory in Tenth International Conference on Cold Fusion 2003 Cambridge MA LENR CANR org DOWNLOAD Chubb S R Impact of Boundary Effects Involving Broken Gauge Symmetry on LENR s in Tenth International Conference on Cold Fusion 2003 Cambridge MA LENR CANR org DOWNLOAD Chubb T A and S R Chubb Deuteron Fluxing and the Ion Band State Theory in The 9th International Conference on Cold Fusion Condensed Matter Nuclear Science 2002 Beijing China Tsinghua Univ Press DOWNLOAD Dominguez D D P L Hagans and M A Imam The effect of microstructure on deuterium loading in palladium cathodes in Sixth International Conference on Cold Fusion Progress in New Hydrogen Energy 1996 Lake Toya Hokkaido Japan New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization Tokyo Institute of Technology Tokyo Japan DOWNLOAD Hagans P L D D Dominguez and M A Imam Surface composition of Pd cathodes in Sixth International Conference on Cold Fusion Progress in New Hydrogen Energy 1996 Lake Toya Hokkaido Japan New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization Tokyo Institute of Technology Tokyo Japan DOWNLOAD Hubler G K Anomalous Effects in Hydrogen Charged Palladium A review PowerPoint slides Surf Coatings Technol 2007 DOWNLOAD Melich M E and W N Hansen Some Lessons from 3 Years of Electrochemical Calorimetry in Third International Conference on Cold Fusion Frontiers of Cold Fusion 1992 Nagoya Japan Universal Academy Press Inc Tokyo Japan DOWNLOAD Melich M E and W N Hansen Back to the Future The Fleischmann Pons Effect in 1994 in Fourth International Conference on Cold Fusion 1993 Lahaina Maui Electric Power Research Institute 3412 Hillview Ave Palo Alto CA 94304 DOWNLOAD Miles M K H Park and D E Stilwell Electrochemical Calorimetric Studies of the Cold Fusion Effect in The First Annual Conference on Cold Fusion 1990 University of Utah Research Park Salt Lake City Utah National Cold Fusion Institute DOWNLOAD Miles M and B F Bush Calorimetric Principles and Problems in Pd D2O Electrolysis in Third International Conference on Cold Fusion Frontiers of Cold Fusion 1992 Nagoya Japan Universal Academy Press Inc Tokyo Japan DOWNLOAD Miles M et al Correlation of excess power and helium production during D2O and H2O electrolysis using palladium cathodes J Electroanal Chem 1993 346 p 99 DOWNLOAD Miles M and K B Johnson Anomalous Effects in Deuterated Systems Final Report 1996 Naval Air Warfare Center Weapons Division DOWNLOAD Miles M and K B Johnson Electrochemical insertion of hydrogen into metals and alloys Infinite Energy 1996 1 5 6 p 68 DOWNLOAD Miles M Correlation Of Excess Enthalpy And Helium 4 Production A Review in Tenth International Conference on Cold Fusion 2003 Cambridge MA LENR CANR org DOWNLOAD Miles M NEDO Final Report Electrochemical Calorimetric Studies Of Palladium And Palladium Alloys In Heavy Water 2004 University of La Verne DOWNLOAD Mosier Boss P A and S Szpak The Pd n

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  • Video
    the right kind of metal and good techniques the amount of hydrogen in the metal gradually rises When it reaches 90 atoms and other conditions are met bingo the cold fusion reaction turns on The right kind of metal A discussion of good cathode material can be found in Storms How to Produce the Pons Fleischmann Effect This graph shows an exponential increase in power when the ratio of hydrogen atoms to palladium atoms exceeded 90 A Toyota lab also saw the exponential increase above 90 The exponential increase graphs are from the following papers McKubre M C H Cold Fusion LENR One Perspective on the State of the Science in 15th International Conference on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science 2009 Rome Italy ENEA Kunimatsu K et al Deuterium Loading Ratio and Excess Heat Generation During Electrolysis of Heavy Water by Palladium Cathode in a Closed Cell Using a Partially Immersed Fuel Cell Anode in Third International Conference on Cold Fusion Hundreds of other researchers have seen the same effect Another factor that makes the cold fusion effect turn on is electrical current density The higher it gets the more intense the cold fusion reaction becomes when there is a reaction that is If there is no reaction in the first place because for example the ratio of hydrogen to palladium doesn t get above 90 raising the current does no good Simultaneous Series Operation of Light Heavy Water Cells Excess Power vs Current Density Click to enlarge For bulk palladium with the electrochemical technique most researchers agree that control factors include loading current density flux and stimulus See McKubre s empirical expression on p 3 in the One Perspective paper listed above Some researchers think that very low reactions may occur at a loading ratio is below 90 but they are too small to detect It is not clear whether high loading is necessary for gas loading and other techniques We ve learned a lot since the Fleischmann and Pons announcement in 1989 and we know what now must be done But knowing how to do something doesn t make it easy We have to learn more With enough research scientists may learn to control cold fusion and make it safe reliable and cost effective But it s going to take thousands of hours of research and millions of dollars of high precision equipment Basic research is expensive The equipment shown in the first two photographs is used at Mitsubishi Heavy Industry Inc and the Japanese SPring 8 National Synchrotron Laboratory to detect host metal transmutations The third photograph shows a helium detector at the Italian National Agency for New Technologies ENEA used to detect helium Information about it is shown here We thank Dr McKubre of SRI Dr Iwamura of Mitsubishi the researchers at the ENEA and many other researchers for granting permission to use these photographs graphs and data in the video and the LENR CANR org website These and other photos and graphs can be seen at the Look at Experiments page However if this pans out it will reduce the cost of energy worldwide to practically zero saving several billion dollars per day This might happen as quickly as microcomputers replaced mainframe computers or the speed at which the Internet expanded after 1990 It can happen quickly because it requires no distribution infrastructure and it calls for only a few changes to most core technology In other words a cold fusion powered car would not need a gas station because you could run it for a year with a spoonful of fuel costing a few cents But that is information for another video another day As noted above the fuel might either be ordinary hydrogen or heavy hydrogen deuterium Deuterium fusion yields 69 million megajoules per kilogram The average U S passenger car travels 11 766 miles per year 18 936 kilometers burning 532 gallons of gasoline 2 014 liters Source Annual Energy Review 2002 2003 Energy Information Administration U S Department Of Energy p 61 The burning fuel generates 70 000 megajoules of raw heat It converts 14 000 megajoules of this heat into vehicle propulsion So this would take roughly 1 g of heavy water per year which would cost roughly 0 10 Or it might work a gram of ordinary water which costs essentially nothing To learn more about the potentially groundbreaking research surrounding cold fusion please visit LENR org Thank you LENR org is a shortcut that leads here to LENR CANR org Research surrounding cold fusion is an awkward way to express the fact that many other interesting phenomena have been revealed by the research such as host metal transmutatations tritium production and possible light water reactions The effect has been reported with other metals including nickel and titanium It has been achieved by other techniques such as gas loading proton conductors and ion beam loading However this brief video covers only a few aspects of the original Fleischmann Pons technique with palladium electrochemistry Many other papers books videos and video lectures are available covering cold fusion in detail Chinese Version of Script 冷聚变简介 张武寿 译 Translated by Wu Shou Zhang 优酷视频网址 http v youku com v show id XOTU0OTkyMTY0 html 腾讯视频网址 http v qq com page e d k e0153f7ajdk html 关于冷聚变的基本信息 可参阅张武寿 凝聚态核科学的实验研究 1989年3月23日 当两位化学家宣布在实验室中实现冷聚变后世界震惊了 马丁 弗莱希曼 Martin Fleischmann 英国首席电化学家之一 和他的同事斯坦利 庞斯 Stanley Pons 时任犹他大学化学系主任 报告他们在室温下可用试管产生核反应 从那时到如今已有几十家大型实验室进行了数百次重复冷聚变的实验 都报道在相似条件下得到相似的结果 但到底什么是冷聚变 我们如何知道它是真的 冷聚变是一种不用化学燃料但能产生热量的核反应 冷聚变已经约略达到核裂变堆堆芯的温度与功率密度 与大多数其他核反应不同 冷聚变不产生危险的贯穿辐射 因为它在核过程 而非化学过程 中消耗的是氢 氢比最好的化学燃料 诸如汽油和石蜡 产生的能量高百万倍以上 氢燃料几乎是免费的 冷聚变装置尺寸紧凑 相对简单且物美价廉 他们独立自足 在尺寸 形状和价格上类似于镍镉电池 他们一点都不像庞大的核反应堆 因此冷聚变能的成本会很低 如果研究者们能学会控制冷聚变并可随时启动 它就会变成实用的能源 可以提供亿万年的无尽能量 因为它不产生二氧化碳 所以还可消除全球变暖的威胁 大多数冷聚变反应池仅产少于1瓦的低热 但有些也产高热 这里是不同实验室的124组结果 按功率从高到低分组 只有少数产生了高功率 大多数少于20瓦 1996年 在丰田公司位于欧洲的 IMRA研究实验室 一系列反应池产生了30至100瓦很容易检测的热量 他们持续产热数周 远远超过任何化学装置可持续的时间 丰田装置的核心尺寸相当于一个生日蛋糕蜡烛 一个这样的蜡烛以100 W的功率燃烧并可在7分钟内烧完 而一个丰田装置放出100 W但持续了30天 即比蜡烛寿命长千倍 它放出的能量也比最好的化学燃料高千倍 但是 如果试验有如此的前途 并能达到如此高的能量密度且运行如此之久 为什么冷聚变没有成为实用的能源 原因是冷聚变只能在某些罕见的条件下发生 即使是专家们也很难实现这些条件 这就像做法式蛋奶酥 如果你忘了加入蛋清 即使你把温度调合适 其他一切做得再对也不成 但如果达到了恰当条件 反应总会发生 美国 斯坦福国际研究院 SRI International 与意大利新技术 能源与经济可持续发展机构 ENEA 已能获得所有的关键条件 并在多次实验中实现了冷聚变反应 对专家而言 把氢充入钯中到60 的氢钯原子比并不难 这只需几天的功夫 但要想引发冷聚变效应 这还不够高 你得把原子比继续提高 而愈高也愈难 但利用合适的金属与合理的技术 金属中的氢含量就可以不断提高 当原子比达到90 并能满足其他条件时 好了 冷聚变反应就会发生 本图显示出当氢钯原子比超过90 时功率指数增长的情形 一家丰田实验室也观察到高于90 后的指数增长 数百个其他学者也观察到相同的效应 另一个启动冷聚变反应的因素是电流密度 即冷聚变出现后 电流密度愈高 反应也愈强烈 如果起初没有反应 如因为氢钯原子比未达到90 仅提高电流密度也无任何用处 自从1989年弗莱希曼和庞斯的声明以后我们已经学会了很多东西 并且我们知道现在必须着手的事项 但知易行难 我们必须了解更多 随着研究的深入 科学家们能学会控制冷聚变并使它安全 可靠且经济地运行 但这需要长时间的探索以及昂贵的高精尖设备 基础研究总是代价不菲 不管怎样 如果研发成功 它会把世界能源成本降到几乎为零 每天节约几十亿美元 这一切发生的可能会像微机取代大型机 或像1990年代后互联网的扩展一样快 因为它不需要配置基础设施 仅在最核心技术上做些许改变 所以它会快速发展 换句话说 冷聚变驱动的汽车不用加油站 因为你只需一汤匙燃料就够汽车运行一年 所需只有几美分 但这已是另一个视频的内容 我们会适时发布 如想了解更多围绕冷聚变的潜在突破性研究 敬请访问LENR org 谢谢 Dutch Version of Script Op 23 maart 1989 schokten twee chemici de wereld toen zij aankondigden dat zij koude kernfusie in een laboratorium hadden gerealiseerd Martin Fleischmann één van Engelands leidende electrochemici en zijn collega Stanley Pons destijds voorzitter van de afdeling scheikunde van de Universiteit van Utah deelden mede dat zij in staat waren om een nucleaire reactie op kamertemperatuur in een reageerbuis op te wekken Sindsdien is koude kernfusie nagedaan in honderden experimenten in tientallen grote laboratoria Allen meldden vergelijkbare resultaten onder vergelijkbare omstandigheden Maar wat is koude kernfusie en hoe weten we dat het echt is Koude kernfusie is een nucleaire reactie die warmte opwekt zonder brandstof langs chemische weg te verbranden Koude kernfusie heeft temperaturen en energie dichtheden bereikt ongeveer net zo hoog als de kern van een kernenergie centrale die middels kernsplitsing werkt In tegenstelling tot andere nucleaire reacties produceert het géén gevaarlijke doordringende straling Omdat de waterstof in een nucleair proces wordt gebruikt i p v een chemisch proces wekt de waterstof miljoenen keren meer energie op dan de beste brandstoffen zoals benzine en paraffine De grondstof waterstof is nagenoeg vrij beschikbaar en koude kernfusie apparaten zijn klein relatief eenvoudig en goedkoop Ze zijn zelfstandig met de grootte vorm en kosten van een NiCad accu Ze zijn niet te vergelijken met de gigantische centrales voor kernsplitsing Dus de kosten van de energie d m v koude kernfusie zouden laag zijn Zodra onderzoekers leren om koude kernfusie te beheersen en op verzoek te laten plaats vinden kan het wellicht een praktische bron van energie worden Het biedt een onuitputbare bron van energie voor miljarden jaren Het zou ook de dreiging voor het milieu kunnen wegnemen omdat er geen kooldioxide wordt gemaakt De meeste koude kernfusie reactors produceren weinig warmte minder dan één Watt maar enkele zijn veel heter Hier zijn 124 tests van verschillende laboratoria gegroepeerd van veel naar weinig geproduceerde energie Slechts enkelen hebben veel energie geproduceerd De meesten wekten minder dan 20 Watt op In 1996 in het IMRA wetenschappelijk laboratorium van Toyota in Europa heeft een serie reactors 30 tot 100 Watt opgewekt wat eenvoudig was waar te nemen Ze bleven gedurende weken warmte opwekken wat veel langer is dan met een apparaat langs chemische weg mogelijk is De kern van de Toyota reactor was ongeveer zo groot als een kaarsje van een verjaardagstaart Een kaarsje met een vermogen van 100 Watt gebruikt al zijn grondstof in 7 minuten Echter één van de Toyota apparaten werkte continue gedurende 30 dagen Dat is duizenden keren langer dan een kaarsje Het produceerde duizenden keren meer energie dan de beste brandstof Dus aangezien de testen zo veel belovend waren en in staat waren om zo een hoge energiedichtheid te bereiken en zo lang te blijven werken Waarom is koude kernfusie dan niet een praktische bron voor energie geworden Omdat koude kernfusie reacties uitsluitend nagemaakt kunnen worden onder zeldzame omstandigheden die moeilijk zijn te bereiken zelfs voor experts Het is zoals het maken van een soufflé Als je vergeet om het eiwit aan de soufflé toe te voegen zelfs als je de juiste temperatuur instelt en alles verder goed doet dan krijg je nog geen soufflé Maar wanneer de juiste omstandigheden zijn gemaakt dan zal de reactie altijd plaats vinden SRI International en het Italiaanse agentschap voor Nieuwe Techniek waren in staat om alle kritische factoren juist te krijgen en realiseerden de koude kernfusie reactie in verschillende tests Het is voor een expert niet moeilijk om de verhouding van waterstof atomen ten opzichte van palladium atomen op ongeveer 60 te krijgen Dit kost enkele dagen Maar het is niet hoog genoeg om een koude kernfusie reactie op te starten Je moet hoger gaan en hoe hoger je gaat des te moeilijker wordt het Maar met het juiste soort metaal en de juiste technieken stijgt de hoeveelheid waterstof in het metaal geleidelijk Wanneer het 90 atomen bereikt en de juiste omstandigheden zijn ook aanwezig dan bingo de koude kernfusie reactie gaat van start Deze grafiek toont een exponentiële stijging in energie wanneer de verhouding van waterstof atomen ten opzichte van palladium atomen 90 overschrijdt Een Toyota laboratorium zag ook de exponentiële toename boven de 90 Honderden andere pers hebben hetzelfde effect waargenomen Een andere factor die het koude kernfusie effect doet optreden is de electrische stroomdichtheid Hoe hoger die wordt des te meer intens de koude kernfusie reactie wordt vooropgesteld dat er een reactie plaats vindt Indien er in de eerste plaats geen reactie plaats vindt omdat bijvoorbeeld de verhouding van waterstof ten opzichte van palladium niet boven de 90 komt dan heeft het verhogen van de stroomdichtheid geen enkele zin We zijn veel te weten gekomen sinds de aankondiging van Fleischmann en Pons in 1989 en we weten nu wat gedaan moet worden Maar weten hoe iets te doen maakt het daarmee nog niet eenvoudig We moeten nog meer te weten komen Door meer onderzoek te doen kunnen onderzoekers leren om koude kernfusie te beheersen veilig betrouwbaar en rendabel te maken Maar het gaat duizenden uren onderzoek en miljoenen euro s voor hoge precisie apparatuur kosten Standaard onderzoek is duur Echter als dit doorzet zal het de kosten voor energie wereldwijd naar praktisch nul terugbrengen en enkele miljarden euro s per dag besparen Dit zou zo snel kunnen gebeuren zoals computers de plaats van mainframes overnamen of zoals de snelheid waarmee het Internet sinds 1990 groeide Het kan zeer snel plaats vinden omdat het geen infrastructuur voor de distributie nodig heeft en het maar enkele wijzigingen in de meeste basis technologie vereist In andere woorden een koude kernfusie aangedreven auto zou géén tankstation nodig hebben omdat hij gedurende een jaar kan rijden op een lepel grondstof die maar een paar centen zou kosten Maar dat is informatie voor een andere video voor een andere keer Om meer te weten te komen over het wellicht baandoorbrekende onderzoek omtrent koude kernfusie bezoek ook de site LENR org Dank u French Version of Script Courte Introduction à la Fusion Froide La Société Française de Science Nucléaire dans la Matière Condensée SFSNMC a pour objet de regrouper tous les francophones intéressés par la Fusion Froide De nombreux chercheurs participent à ce sujet enthousiasmant mais jusqu à présent les informations étaient le plus souvent en anglais Cette association permet à toutes les personnes de langue française de se retrouver et échanger dans leur langue D autres objectifs sont portés par cette association comme la tenue d un site Internet d un forum de discussion et de conférences régulières Ainsi les membres ont la possibilité de mieux connaitre les dernières avancées dans le domaine des réactions nucléaires à basse énergie et de pouvoir participer à son développement Venez rencontrer les acteurs de cette science vous impliquer dans les réflexions les travaux et participer à l émergence cette nouvelle technologie www sfsnmc org Script Le 23 Mars 1989 deux chimistes ont stupéfié le monde quand ils ont annoncé qu ils avaient réalisé la fusion froide dans un laboratoire Martin Fleischmann l un des principaux électrochimistes de Grande Bretagne et son collègue Stanley Pons alors président du département de chimie de l Université d Utah ont indiqué qu ils étaient en mesure de créer une réaction nucléaire à la température ambiante dans un tube à essai Depuis lors la fusion froide a été produite par des centaines d expériences dans une douzaine de laboratoires toutes relatant des résultats similaires dans des conditions similaires Mais qu est ce que la fusion froide et comment pouvons nous savoir c est vrai La fusion froide est une réaction nucléaire qui produit de la chaleur sans brûler de carburant chimique La fusion froide a atteint des températures et des densités de puissance à peu près aussi élevées que le coeur d une centrale nucléaire Contrairement à la plupart des autres réactions nucléaires elle ne produit pas de rayonnement ionisant dangereux Parce qu elle consomme de l hydrogène dans un processus nucléaire plutôt que d un processus chimique l hydrogène génère des millions de fois plus d énergie que les meilleurs carburants chimiques tels que l essence et la paraffine L hydrogène est un carburant pratiquement gratuit et les dispositifs de fusion froide sont de petite taille relativement simple et peu coûteux Ils sont autonomes à peu près de la taille de la forme et du coût d une batterie au nickel cadmium Ils ne sont pas comme les centrales nucléaires gigantesques Ainsi le coût de l énergie avec la fusion froide serait faible Si les chercheurs peuvent apprendre à contrôler la fusion froide et la faire se produire à la demande elle pourrait devenir une source courante d énergie fournissant une énergie inépuisable pour des milliards d années Elle pourrait également éliminer la menace du réchauffement climatique car elle ne produit pas de dioxyde de carbone La plupart des réacteurs à fusion froide produisent peu de chaleur moins d un watt mais quelques uns ont été beaucoup plus chaud Voici 124 essais de différents laboratoires classés de la plus haute puissance à la plus faible Seuls quelques uns ont produit beaucoup de puissance La plupart ont produit moins de 20 watts En 1996 le laboratoire de recherche de Toyota de l IMRA en Europe une série de réacteurs a produit entre 30 et 100 watts ce qui fut facile à détecter Ils ont continué à produire de la chaleur pendant des semaines bien plus longtemps que n importe quel dispositif chimique aurait pu faire Le coeur du réacteur de Toyota était de la taille d une bougie de gâteau d anniversaire Une bougie allumée à 100 watts consomme la totalité du carburant en 7 minutes alors que l un des dispositifs de Toyota ont fonctionné à 100 watts en continu pendant 30 jours C est à dire des milliers de fois plus longtemps que la bougie Il a produit des milliers de fois plus d énergie que le meilleur carburant chimique Donc si les tests étaient si prometteurs et ont pu atteindre une telle densité de puissance et fonctionner si longtemps Pourquoi est ce que la fusion froide n est pas devenue une source courante d énergie Parce que les réactions de fusion froide ne peuvent être reproduites que dans des conditions spéciales qui sont difficiles à obtenir même pour les experts C est comme cuisiner un soufflé Si vous oubliez de mettre les blancs d œufs dans le soufflé même si vous réglez correctement la température et faire tout le reste correctement vous n obtiendrez pas de soufflé Mais lorsque les bonnes conditions sont réalisées la réaction se déclenche SRI International et l Agence italienne pour les nouvelles technologies ont été en mesure d obtenir exactement tous les facteurs critiques et de réaliser la réaction de fusion froide dans plusieurs tests Il n est pas difficile pour un expert d atteindre un rapport d atomes d hydrogène aux atomes de palladium d environ 60 Cela prend quelques jours Mais cela ne suffit pas pour déclencher la reaction de fusion froide Vous devez aller plus haut et plus vous allez haut plus il est difficile de l obtenir Mais avec le bon type de métal et de bonnes techniques la quantité d hydrogène dans le métal monte progressivement Quand il atteint 90 atomes et les autres conditions sont remplies bingo la réaction de fusion froide démarre Ce graphique montre une augmentation exponentielle de la puissance lorsque le rapport des atomes d hydrogène aux atomes de palladium a dépassé 90 Un laboratoire Toyota a également vu l augmentation exponentielle au dessus de 90 Des centaines d autres chercheurs ont observé le même effet Un autre facteur qui permet à la fusion froide de démarrer est la densité de courant électrique Plus elle est élevée et plus la réaction de fusion froide se produit en fait quand il y a une réaction Si il n y a pas de réaction parce que

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