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  • History: United States of America
    to Political Affairs in 1945 in accord with the world Communist movement that was seeking a continuation of the WWII alliance with the West The Daily Worker 1923 1958 Fight Against War and Fascism 1933 1939 The Daily Worker was the daily newspaper the Communist Party U S A As the direct descendant of the The Ohio Socialist The Toiler and other communist journals the The Daily Worker became the central organ of the U S Section of the Communist International the Communist Party USA The launching of The Daily Worker represented the organizational and political consolidation of the various strands of pro Bolshevik communism in the United States One of the longest running leftwing periodicals with the same name in U S history Published in broadsheet format until the 1950s when it became a tabloid size journal Fight Against War and Fascism newspaper was the American League Against War and Fascism an organization formed in 1933 by the Communist Party USA and pacifists united by their concern as Nazism and Fascism rose in Europe In 1937 the name of the group was changed to the American League for Peace and Democracy The newspaper folded along with the organization when the Hitler Stalin Pact was signed in 1939 Good Morning 1919 1922 Health Hygiene 1935 1938 Good Morning was an American left wing humor magazine published from 1919 to 1922 by the cartoonist Art Young Other contributors included Ellis Jones Samuel Roth and Mabel Dwight The first issue appeared on 8 May 1919 with Young collaborating with Ellis Jones The magazine s slogan was A Weekly Burst of Humor Satire and Fun With Now and Then A Fleeting Beam of Wisdom Though established as a weekly Good Morning found survival hard After a hiatus from July to October 1919 Young now without Jones re established the magazine as a semi monthly With its slogan now To Laugh That We May Not Weep the magazine kept its independent whimsical leftist slant Health Hygiene Publication launched with support from the Communist Party USA in 1935 to give a leftist perspective on issues surrounding health care in America It was sub headed as The Magazine of the Daily Worker Medical Advisory Board Industrial Organizer 1941 Industrial Union Bulletin Industrial Worker 1907 1913 The Industrial Organizer the continuation of the Northwest Organizer which ended in Auguast of 1941 was the voice of the most militant section of the U S working class in the late 1941 The Trotskyist lead Local 544 CIO was under attack by both Daniel Tobin the boss of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters and the FDR government who saw Local 544 CIO as a threat to labor peace they were trying to impose on the northern Central States Much of the paper is is devoted to defending the Local from these attacks are well as reports on other militant actions by the working class during this period The Industrial Union Bulletin and the Industrial Worker were newspapers published by the Industrial Workers of the World IWW Representing the socialist and revolutionary syndicalist views of early industrial organizing these papers chronicalled the fierce sometimes armed class struggles of the pre WWI period during the height of America s industrial oligarchical period The IWW was the most radical trade union in U S History International Socialist Review 1900 1918 Labor Age 1929 1933 Monthly magazine published in Chicago Illinois by Charles H Kerr Co Loyal to the Socialist Party of America throughout the entire course of its existence the International Socialist Review after 1908 was recognized as one of the primary voices of the party s left wing It defended the concept of revolutionary socialism against those who would reduce the Socialist Party to a party of simple reform championd the Industrial Workers of the World consistently fought against the expansion of militarism and provided a vehicle for the leaders of the Zimmerwald Left to relay their ideas to an American audience Labor Age was a left labor monthly magazine published by the Labor Publication Society from 1921 1933 It succeeded the Socialist Review journal of the Intercollegiate Socialist Society Labor Age aligned with the League for Industrial Democracy and during 1929 33 the magazine was affiliated with the Conference for Progressive Labor Action with A J Muste playing a prominent role Other important figures associated with Labor Age were James Maurer Harry W Laidler and Louis Budenz The magazine advocated industrial unionism economic planning and the nationalization of industries It was also a major promoter of the workers education movement Labor Defender 1926 1930 Labor Herald 1922 1924 The Labor Defender was a monthly magazine the International Labor Defense founded by Communist Party leaders James P Cannon but included a variety of supporters from other currents like Eugene V Debs and Upton Sinclair The ILD began with a discussion between James P Cannon and Big Bill Haywood in Haywood s room in Moscow in 1925 Cannon recalls that the old fighter who was exiled from America with a 20 year old sentence handing over him was deeply concerned about the persecution of workers in America The ILD was set up with this mind and the Labor Defender it s monthly pictorial The Labor Herald was the official organ of the Trade Union Educational League TUEL Established by William Z Foster in 1920 as a means of uniting radicals within various trade unions for a common plan of action The group was subsidized by the Communist International via the Communist Party of America from 1922 The organization did not collect membership dues but instead ostensibly sought to both fund itself and to spread its ideas through the sale of pamphlets and circulation of a monthly magazine After several years of initial success the group was marginalized by the unions of the American Federation of Labor which objected to its strategy of boring from within existing unions in order to depose sitting union leaderships Labor Unity 1927 1934 The Liberator 1918 1924 Labor Unity was the official organ of the Trade Union Unity League TUEL The TUUL was an industrial union umbrella organization of the Communist Party of the United States CPUSA between 1929 and 1935 The group was the American affiliate to the Red International of Labor Unions It was the result of the Communist International s Third Period policy which dictated that affiliated Communist Parties pursue a strategy of dual unionism and thus abandon attempts to bore from within existing trade unions The Liberator was a monthly magazine established by Max Eastman and his sister Crystal Eastman in 1918 to continue the work of The Masses which was shut down by the wartime mailing regulations of the US Government It was a journal which combined astute radical political coverage of events of the day fine art poetry and some of the best left wing political cartoons in the history of American journalism The Masses 1911 1917 The New Review 1913 1917 The Masses was a graphically innovative magazine of socialist politics published monthly in the United States from 1911 until 1917 when federal prosecutors brought charges against its editors for conspiring to obstruct conscription It was succeeded by The Liberator and then later The New Masses It published reportage fiction poetry and art by the leading radicals of the time such as Max Eastman John Reed Dorothy Day and Floyd Dell The stunning cover art set the standard for all magazines of the day This journal s purpose was make known the intellectual achievements of Marx and his successors to the awakened self conscious proletariat on the toilsome road that leads to its emancipation In practice it proved to be a theoretical magazine by intellectuals for intellectuals This was in 1913 Never intending to be ideologically homogeneous the trend of The New Review over the three and a half years of its existence was from Center to Left The magazine was active in attempting to make sense of the hot button issues of syndicalism and mass action in 1913 maintaining a sympathetic posture It provided a forum for the writing of two of the principals of left wing New York literary artistic magazine The Masses Max Eastman and Floyd Dell It dealt extensively with the issues of feminism American intervention in Mexico the growth of militarism and the role of the International Socialist movement in the war New International and New Internationalist 1917 1918 New Justice 1919 1920 This was the first overly pro communist journal inspired by the Bolshevik wing of the February Revolution in Russia in March of 1917 Representing the views of the Socialist Propaganda League of America a wing of the increasingly pro Bolshevik Left Wing of the Socialist Party this journal was edited by Louis C Fraina It merged into other more overtly pro Communist journals in 1918 Short lived revolutionary communist journal published by the Friends of the Russian Revolution out of Los Angeles Like many soon to be communist journals that sprung up on an ad hoc basis by left wing members of the Socialist Party of America and IWW this journal lasted less than and year and was folded into other communist periodicals of the Communist movement founded in 1919 The New Majority 1923 New Masses 1926 1948 The New Majority was published by the Chicago Federation of Labor as the organ of the Federated Farmer Labor Party in the United States The Party was target of a takeover by the new Workers Communist Party it was basically destroyed by this internecine battle between the unionists of the CFL and the WP New Masses was the continuation of Workers Monthly representing the same political line of that of the Communist Party USA and the artists sensibilities of the art of Masses The Liberator and Workers Monthly Northwest Organizer 1936 1941 The Organizer 1934 1940 The Northwest Organizer was published by the Teamsters Joint Council in Minneapolis Minn from 1936 through the middle of August 1941 The Trotskyist lead Local 544 AFL was the main force behind the Northwest Organizer and the Teamsters union throughout the upper midwest during this period The Local had gone an organizing drive for the entire upper Mississippi Missouri valley and the paper was launched in the main as the tribune of this organizing drive Newspaper of the fighting Teamsters Local 574 during the Minneapolis Teamsters Strikes in the summer of 1934 It was produced varyingly daily and weekly depending on the class struggle during the summer strike wave that year It chronicles the 3 large strikes that year that turned Minneapolis around from being a non union open shop town to a completely union town The paper was edited by James P Cannon Teamsters Local 574 was organized by and politically lead by Trotskyists of the Communist League of America the U S Section of the International Left Opposition The Ohio Socialist 1918 1920 Listing of Trotskyist Journals 1928 Newspaper of the Ohio Socialist Party it represented the Left Wing of the Socialist Party of the America The newspaper reflected the strong anti war positions of the mostly immigrant Cleveland working class and the Ohio Socialist became the tribune for this sentiment throught Ohio and other parts of the eastern Mid West Strong supporters of Eugene V Debs it s editors and readers became supporters of the newly founded Communist Labor Party in 1919 It merged The Communist to become The Toiler as the main weekly of the new communist movement All U S Trotskyist periodicals are located in the newspaper section of the Encyclopedia of Trotskyism On Line ETOL We have full runs of The Militant and The New Militant 1928 1936 Socialist Appeal 1937 Labor Action 1936 8211 1937 and many others Listing of Maoist New Communist and Anti Revisionist Papers 1946 A full listing of the post WWII Anti Revisionist movement Maoist Hohxite New Communist Movement etc is maintained in an extensive page in the Encyclopedia of Anti Revisionism On Line EROL The Revolutionary Age 1918 1919 Revolutionary Age 1929 1932 The Revolutionary Age was an American Marxist newspaper edited by Louis C Fraina and published from November 1918 until August 1919 Originally the publication of Local Boston Socialist Party the paper evolved into the de facto national organ of the Left Wing Section of the Socialist Party which battled for control of the Socialist Party throughout the spring and summer of 1919 With the establishment of the Left Wing National Council in June 1919 the paper was moved from Boston to New York City and thus gained status as the official voice of the nascent American communist movement The publication was terminated in August 1919 replaced by the official organ of the new Communist Party of America a weekly newspaper known as The Communist It should be pointed out that there were several perhaps a dozen various communist factional newspapers that arose during the rise of the Socialist Party s pro Bolshevik revolutionary wing Each them were nuanced slightly in how they supported the Russian Revolution and what needed to be done to build a pro Bolshevik wing inside the Socialist Party or as the case was split to form a new Communist Party Revolutionary Age was the twice monthly journal of the Communist Party Majority Group associated with the International Right Opposition and N Bukharin in the U S S R The paper started publicaction within a few months of The Militant the paper of the Left Opposition Jay Lovestone was the best known leader of this Right Opposition organization The journal ran for 2 years when it morphed into Workers Age in early 1932 Socialist Review 1934 1937 Known previously as American Socialist Quarterly Socialist Review wast the official magazine of the Socialist Party of America in the 1930s and 1940s Starting out as American Socialist Quarterly the name changed to Socialist Review in September 1937 Even with the name Quarterly in it s title the magazine was monthly starting from Volume 5 No 1 in March of 1936 The journal reflected the dominent Militant tendency that was composed of of the center leadership of the SPA whose main leader was Norman Thomas though he was not formally part of this caucus in the Party There was both a growing left wing lead by the American supporters of the movement for the Fourth International lead by former CPUSA member James P Cannon and grouped around the weekly periodical Socialist Appeal There was also the right wing tendency associated with the magazine New Leader inside the SPA We have only narrow listing of years for the magazine below 1934 through most of 1937 The Socialist World 1920 1926 Sojourner Truth 1969 1985 The Socialist World was the descendent of The Socialist Appeal published in Chicago as an official periodical of the Socialist Party of America and edited by Eugene V Debs It ceased publishing in August of 1926 and was merged with The New Leader a SPA publication out of New York City The Sojourner Truth Organization according to historian Michael Staudenmaier was an American revolutionary group based largely in Chicago during the 1970 s and 1980 s STO as it is commonly known created a small but vibrant political tendency around the concepts of challenging dual consciousness opposing white supremacy supporting extra union organizing in factory settings defending anti imperialist and national liberation struggles and building an internal culture of intellectual rigor and sophistication This section contains the mass paper Insurgent Worker it s theoretical journal Urgent Tasks and variety of pamphlets and subject indexes Southern Worker 1930 1937 Soviet Russia Pictorial 1923 The Southern Worker was a newspaper the Communist Party set up in Birmigham Alabama in the Deep South of the U S Designed to spread organize workers inthe CP it directly confronted the racism of Jim Crow segration Starting in the middle of the Third Period during this ultra left period between 1928 and 1935 This paper became a major exponent of the Black Belt Theory that raised the demand of a Black Nation in the heart of the South Soviet Russia Pictorial was the monthly magazine of the friends of Soviet Russia FSR The FSR was formally established in the United States on august 9 1921 as an offshoot of the American labor alliance for trade relations with Soviet Russia It was launched as a mass organization dedicated to raising funds for the relief of the extreme famine that swept Soviet Russia in 1921 both in terms of food and clothing for immediate amelioration of the crisis and agricultural tools and equipment for the reconstruction of Soviet agriculture In 1924 it was merged with Workers Monthly and the Labor Herald to become The Liberator The Toiler 1919 1922 Voice of Labor 1923 1924 The Toiler was a weekly regional transitional publication of the American Communist movement Although little known the paper occupied a significant place between its state oriented Socialist Party predecessor The Ohio Socialist and its well known national Communist successor The Daily Worker Some 113 issues were produced on the road from Point A to Point B a trip which took more than three years The transitional nature of this publication reflected the ongoing fationalism in the communist movement during the consoldiation of the movement into one national party instead of the previous two parties the Communist Labor Party and the Communist Party of America The paper was published out of Cleveland Ohio as was its predecessor The Ohio Socialist but moved to New York City and became the main central public labor organ of the United Communist Party and then the merged CP On its masthead read Official Organ of the Communist Labor Party of Ohio The Toiler was edited by Elmer T Alison The size of the paper varied all the way from large broadsheet down to journal size before it merged with Workers Council paper and became The Worker which then going daily became the Daily Worker Voice of Labor was published by

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  • Black Panther Party
    10 000 children every day before they went to school The Black Panther To Feed Our Children A few months later J Edgar Hoover publicly states that the Panthers are the greatest threat to the internal security of the country In Chicago the outstanding leader of the Panthers local Fred Hampton leads five different breakfast programs on the West Side helps create a free medical center and initiates a door to door program of health services which test for sickle cell anemia and encourage blood drives for the Cook County Hospital The Chicago party also begins reaching out to local gangs to clean up their acts get them away from crime and bring them into the class war The Parties efforts meet wide success and Hampton s audiences and organised contingent grow by the day On December 4th at 4 00 a m in the morning thanks to information from an FBI informant Chicago police raid the Panthers Chicago apartment murdering Fred Hampton while he sleeps in bed He is shot twice in the head once in the arm and shoulder while three other people sleeping in the same bed escape unharmed Mark Clark sleeping in the living room chair is also murdered while asleep Hampton s wife carrying child for 8 months is also shot but survives Four panthers sleeping in the apartment are wounded while one other escapes injury Fred Hampton was 21 years old when he was executed Mark was 17 years old According to the findings of the federal grand jury Ninety bullets were fired inside the apartment 1 came from a Panther Mark who slept with a shotgun in his hand All surviving Panther members were arrested for attempted murder of the police and aggravated assault Not a single cop spent a moment in jail for the executions Fred Hampton I am a Revolutionary In the summer of 1969 the alliance between the Panthers and SNCC begins ripping apart One of the main points of dispute is the inclusion of whites in the struggle for minority liberation a dispute which is pushed into an open gun fight at the University of California in Los Angeles against the group US led by Maulana Karenga which leaves two Panthers dead In September in the government s court house Huey Newton is convicted of voluntary manslaughter and sentenced to 2 to 15 years in prison by 1970 the conviction is appealed and overturned on procedural errors On November 24 1968 Kathleen and Eldridge Cleaver flee the US visit Cuba and Paris and eventually settle in Algeria Earlier in the year Cleaver published his famous book Soul on Ice By the end of the year the party has swelled from 400 members to over 5 000 members in 45 chapters and branches with a newspaper circulation of 100 000 copies In 1969 Seale is indicted in Chicago for protesting during the Democratic national convention of last year The court refuses to allow Seale to choose a lawyer As Seale repeatedly stands up during the show trial insisting that he is being denied his constitutional right to counsel the judge orders him bound and gagged He is convicted on 16 counts of contempt and sentenced to four years in prison While in jail he would be charged again for killing a cop in years past a trial that would end in 1971 with a hung jury In March 1970 Bobby Seale publishes Seize The Time while still being held in prison the story of the Panthers and Huey Newton On April 2 1970 in New York 21 Panthers are charged with plotting to assassinate police officers and blow up buildings On May 22nd Eight members including Ericka Huggins are arrested on a variety of conspiracy and murder charges in New Haven Connecticut Meanwhile Chief of staff David Hilliard is on trial for threatening President Richard Nixon The party does little to separate its legal and illegal aspects and is thus always and everywhere under attack by the government In 1971 the Panther s newspaper circulation reaches 250 000 On Huey Newton s release from prison he devotes more effort to further develop the Panther s socialist survival programs in black communities programs that provided free breakfasts for children established free medical clinics helped the homeless find housing and gave away free clothing and food FBI forgery provacation chemical war In March 1970 the FBI begins to soe seeds of factionalism in the Black Panthers in part by forging letters to members Eldridge Cleaver is one of their main targets living in exile in Algiers they gradually convince him with a steady stream of misinformation that the BPP leadership is trying to remove him from power Cleaver recieved stacks of forgered FBI letters from supposed party members criticising Netwon s leadership and asking for Cleaver to take control An example of such a forged letter written using the name of Connie Matthews Newton s personal secretary I know you have not been told what has been happening lately Things around headquarters are dreadfully disorganized with the comrade commander not making proper decisions The newspaper is in a shambles No one knows who is in charge The foreign department gets no support Brothers and sisters are accused of all sorts of things I am disturbed because I myself do not know which way to turn If only you were here to inject some strength into the movement or to give some advice One of two steps must be taken soon and both are drastic We must either get rid of the supreme commander or get rid of the disloyal members Huey is really all we have right now and we can t let him down reglardless of how poorly he is acting unless you feel otherwise Cleaver receives similarly forged letters across the spectrum from groups outside the Panthers to Panthers themselves from rank and file members to Elbert Big Man Howard editor of the Black Panther The split comes when Newton

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  • History of Afghanistan
    1919 1996 Washington s Secret War Against Afghanistan by Phillip Bonosky Chapter 3 1985 You had read in the press that you would find Kabul choked with Russian tanks and you were prepared to find them but found none except when pushing through the tangled uncontrolled traffic you broke into Revolutionary Square and there it was that minimal Russian tank Revolutionary Afghanistan by Beverley Male 1982 A history of the

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  • History of the Algerian Workers
    in to demands for free elections French settlers unsuccessfully tried again to overthrow General de Gaulle including terrorist attacks in Paris while their genocidal war against the FLN and Algerians continued Open Letter from Henri Maillot 4 April 1956 Appeal of the FLN to Our Israelite Compatriots 1 October 1956 Save Djamila Bouhired April 1958 Minutes of a Meeting between the FLN and the PCF 30 May 1958 Manifesto of the 121 published by French independent Leftists Aug 1960 The 121 La Vérité des Travailleurs 111 December 1960 Ben Bella s response Letter of the FLN to the Harkis 14 July 1960 Declaration of the Michel Pablo and Sal Santen Support Committee November 1960 A First Hand Account of Torture by Omar Hamadi 5 December 1960 Principles and Refusing Army Service La Vérité des Travailleurs November 1960 li The Algerian Revolution is Six Years Old La Vérité des Travailleurs November 1960 Letter of the French Federation of the FLN 10 October 1961 The Massacre of 17 October 1961 Appeal to the French 22 October 1961 To the Israelites of Algeria FLN ALN General Staff 1962 The Crémieux Decree declaring the Jews native to Algeria to be French citizens 1870 See Algeria and the defeat of French Humanism The Arab Revolution Michael Pablo November 1958 Preface June 1959 and Alain Krivine on Algeria 1956 62 My Discovery of Algeria by Henri Alleg In March of 1962 a cease fire was established by July a nation wide referendum was held with the Algerian people voting overwhelmingly for independence with presidential elections scheduled for September Chronology of the Algerian Struggle for Independence 1501 1913 1914 1944 1945 1957 1958 1960 1961 1962 These chronologies come from a politically conservative source and some of the facts are misrepresented but nevertheless they are very comprehensive and help to put date on events Independence 1962 1991 The eight year war of independence extracted a heavy one sided toll One hundred thousand French settlers and soldiers had died while over one million Algerian civilians and guerrillas were executed and killed Ahmed Ben Bella with the support of Colonel Houari Boumedienne the National Liberation Army chief of staff was elected the first president of Algeria in 1962 Algeria was declared an Arab Islamic socialist state with a single party political system the FLN Economic centralized planning began private industry was nationalized and land reform began The liberation of women from their former constraints began in earnest while Islam and Arabic were recognized as the essential spiritual force of the revolution only Muslims were allowed to serve as president of the Republic while freedom of religion was allowed to all A tremendous amount of power was vested in the single person of the president however and grass roots democratic organisations essentially did not exist A constitution was passed by popular referendum in 1963 to this effect 1963 Constitution of Algeria In 1965 Defence Minister Houari Boumedienne broke the electoral process and staged a bloodless coup which imprisoned Ben Bella

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  • History of the Argentina
    The Twenty Fundamental Truths of Justicialism Juan Perón 1950 Speech to the Descamisados on October 17 1951 Eva Perón Letter from John William Cooke to Perón The Montoneros The Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias Fuerzas Armadas Peronistas Why We Are Peronists 1969 FAP to the People 1973 Argentine Trotskyism The History of Argentine Trotskyism From Revolutionary History Liborio Justo and Argentinian Trotskyism From Revolutionary History Resolutions of the Fifth Congress of the

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  • Australian History
    Reds in Sydney the supporters of the Andrade Bookshop and the Victorian Labor College in Melbourne and Russian Emigrés It failed in its bid to remain inside the Labor Party and became marginalised until the Third Period of ultra militancy and the Great Depression when they led the Unemployed Workers Movement and the Shop Stewards Movement When Hitler invaded Europe the CPA adopted a pro War line and it came out of the War a very large party in control of the trade unions Poetry Militant by Bernard O Dowd 1909 Value of Literature to a Young Nation by Bernard O Dowd 1918 Breakers of men torturing the IWW twelve IWW Prisoners Release Committee 1920 How Labour Governs Vere Gordon Childe 1923 The Future of Australian Literature Vance Palmer 1935 Dawn to Dusk Ernest Lane 1939 Are Women Paid Men s Rates Council of Action for Equal Pay 1942 Marxism and the individual Hewlett Johnson 1943 The First Hundred Years of Strikes in Australia 1820 1920 JP Walker 1945 Why Arena September 1963 Archives of Australian Marxists Guido Baracchi 1887 1975 Wilfred Burchett 1911 1983 Vere Gordon Childe 1892 1957 Gilbert Giles Roper 1905 1974 Eugene Kamenka 1928 1995 Bob

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  • Marxist History
    wing of the Revolution and put forward Communist demands Published by Thomas Wooler The Founding of the London Corresponding Society by Thomas Hardy 1799 The Regulations of the London Corresponding Society 1792 The Black Dwarf 1817 The Laws Privileges Proceedings and Usage of Parliament Thomas Erskine May 1844 The Luddies and the Combination Laws 1795 1845 During the Industrial Revolution workers organisation was repressed with the utmost brutality Despite this the British workers organised themselves and eventually forced the Combination Laws to be repealed in 1824 New Combination Laws were brought in however in 1825 The Chartists 1830s 1840s The Chartists were the first representatives of the proletariat to enter the political arena in their own right as workers Their demands were for basic democracy and the right to organise Condition of the Working Class in England Engels 1845 In this early work Engels describes the conditions in the factories of industrial Britain The picture Engels paints using such resources as reports by the Factory Inspectors is horrific International Workingmen s Association 1864 72 The First International was headquartered in London bring English Trades Council leaders and European revolutionaries together with the mass membership of trades unions and radical political

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  • Canada's Revolutionary History
    against British rule teh development of 20th Century Quebec nationalism and the documents of the Front de Libération du Québec The Socialist History Project mirror Comprehensive collections of documents and reminiscences of the Canadian socialist and workers movement from the

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