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  • Revolutionary France
    the founder of anarchism See the Anarchism Subject Archive including James Guillaume Ravachol Mikahil Bakunin though Russian did much of his work in France Marx Engels Letters on France Writings of Marx Engels on France The Paris Commune of 1871 When the workers of Paris seized power in 1871 this was the first working class revolution in history to succeed in gaining power albeit for only a few weeks See The Paris Commune History Archive including Timeline of Events in the M I A History Archive Overview of the Commune in the M I A Encyclopedia The Civil War in France includes Marx s major writings on these events History of the Paris Commune of 1871 was written by Henri Lissagaray a participant in the Commune and translated by Eleanor Marx Escape from Post Commune France is a personal account of her experiences by Jenny Marx Marx s French sons in law Despite Marx s personal dislike of Frenchmen all three of his daughters fell in love with French men Jenny Marx married Charles Longuet Laura Marx married Paul Lafargue and at age 16 Elenaor fell in love with Henri Lissagary but was forbidden by Marx to marry him later marrying the Englishman Edward Aveling See the Paul Lafargue Archive The First International in France When the First International was founded in 1864 its contacts in France were Proudhonists who wanted to confine the International to study groups reading the works of Proudhon Later the French section expanded and was a participant in the Commune See First International History Archive After the fall of the Paris Commune France became the centre of opposition to Marx within the International from Anarchists See The Conflict with Bakunin French Philosophy French philosophy has continued to be a vital current of radical ideas It s principal figures in the twentieth century were The French Swiss structural linguist Ferdinand de Saussure 1857 1913 who has been so influential in 20th century French philosophy The sociologist Emile Durkheim 1858 1917 is the main non Marxist source for modern sociology The structural anthropologist Claude Lévi Strauss b 1908 regarded himself as a Marxist The Russian French interpreter of Hegel Alexander Kojève 1902 1968 first introduced the idea of a struggle for recognition and the Hegelian psychologist Jean Hyppolite founded French Hegelianism one of the fore runners of postmodern theory The Phenomenologist Maurice Merleau Ponty 1908 1961 Existentialist and radical critic of Marxism Jean Paul Sartre 1905 1980 founder of modern women s movement Simone de Beauvoir 1908 1986 the first theorist of the National Liberation Movement the French Algerian Frantz Fanon were all strongly influenced by Marxist ideas The psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan 1901 1981 literary critic Roland Barthes 1915 1980 post structuralist Michel Foucault 1926 1984 postmodern Hegelian philosopher Jacques Derrida b 1930 represent a dominant anti Marxist stream of French philosophy Anarchism in France Anarchism can be said to have originated in France though Spain would have a claim as well See the following Pierre Joseph

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  • The History of the German Revolution: 1918-1923
    The Hamburg Revolution by Heinrich Laufenberg 1919 Factory Organizations or Trade Unions by Fritz Wolffheim 1919 Programme of the KAPD by Kommunistische Arbeiter Partei Deutschlands 1920 Appeal to the Proletariat of Germany by Kommunistische Arbeiter Partei Deutschlands 1920 Report on the Political Situation by Alexander Schwab 1920 World Revolution and Communist Tactics by Anton Pannekoek 1920 The Revolution is not a Party Affair by Otto Rühle 1920 The Infantile Disorder and the Third International by Franz Pfemfert 1920 Open Letter to Comrade Lenin by Herman Gorter 1920 Lenin s Infantile Disorder and the Third International by Franz Pfemfert 1920 The Lessons of the March Action by Herman Gorter 1921 From the Bourgeois to the Proletarian Revolution by Otto Rühle 1924 Origins of the Movement for Workers Councils in Germany by G I K 1938 The German Revolution by Paul Mattick 1983 posthumous Russian and Comintern Writers Report On Our Organisation Founding Congress Of The KPD Spartakus by Hugo Eberlein 1918 To Comrades Paul Levi Clara Zetkin Eberlein And The Other Members Of The Cc Of The Communist Party Of Germany Letter To The Central Committee Of The Communist Party Of Germany Regarding The Split by V I Lenin 1919 On The Appeal Of The German Independents by V I Lenin 1919 To the Communist Comrades Who Belonged to the United Communist Party of Germany And Have Now Formed a New Party by V I Lenin 1919 Reply To The Letter Of The Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany Draft Or Theses Of The R C P s by V I Lenin 1920 Letter To The German and the French Workers Regarding The Discussion On The Second Congress Of The Communist International by V I Lenin 1920 A Letter to German Communists by V I Lenin 1921 Paul Levi and Some

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  • The Greek Civil War
    the war The defeat of the communists during the civil war by no means resolved the class conflict in the country and instead signalled the start of 25 years of repression the KKE remained outlawed communists continued to be persecuted and sent into labor camps while their children were designated as orphans and sent to church schools for re education Although some who fled into Albania and neighboring areas were eventually allowed to return to Greece the ethnic Macedonians both guerillas and civilians in Greece who were forced to flee their birthplaces to avoid the repression of the Greek government are still being denied re entry into Greece to this day despite the fact that they are legally Greek citizens These restrictions effectively culminate an extensive campaign of ethnic assimilation which has been implemented by the Greek ruling class The ethnic Macedonians who fled Greece during the civil war period are the last ethnic political refugees of the era having withstood a period of exile spanning over half a century The hard right wing officers of the counter revolution were given the right to intervene in the political arena founding organisations for protection of the country against the communist threat This culminated in the 1967 coup and an ensuing 7 year right wing dictatorship which was fostered by U S support U S intervention in the country s affairs continues in the present Documents Before the War 1940 1945 Open Letter of the General Secretary of the KKE Nikos Zachariadis October 31 1940 The KKE had been banned in 1936 by the Metaxas regime As such much of the KKE leadership had been imprisoned by the onset of Italian aggression toward Greece Zachariadis wrote this letter from jail urging unity with the Metaxas government in efforts of defeating the common enemy of the Greek people The Last Great Speech of Aris Velouchiotis 1945 Last Letter of Aris Velouhiotis to the Central Committee of the KKE 24 March 1945 Velouchiotis was one of the leaders of Greek People s Liberation Army ELAS and a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Greece Following Greece s victory over the fascists at the end of World War II he refused to surrender his weapons to the new government and returned to the mountains to organize a new revolutionary force He was killed in battle with governement forces shortly thereafter The Civil War 1946 1949 Articles from Fourth International Civil War in Greece February 1945 Greece October 1945 The Plebescite in Greece November 1946 Gabriel s Cartoons from Daily Worker 1946 Greek Chorus March 12 1946 And don t send any wreaths May 7 1946 Coming Back September 3 1946 Bulletin of the American Council for a Democratic Greece January 1947 full document as 10 2 MB pdf Selected articles as HTML EAM Message EAM Appeals to United Nations Record of Greek Government Guerilla Army Issues Communique Murder Inc in Greece pamphlet by Olive Sutton April 1948 Written prior to the

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  • The Hungarian Revolution of 1956
    1956 from M I A Glossary of Events Revolution and Counter Revolution in Hungary by Raya Dunayevskaya 1956 Hungarian Tragedy by Peter Fryer 1956 Revolution In Hungary and The Crisis Of Stalinism Statement by US SWP 1956 Revolution and Counter

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  • Marxism and Anti-Imperialism in India
    Call September October November and December 1973 This booklet offers a brief but comprehensive rationale for Socialist Revolution as the immediate stage of Revolution in the post Independence India as advocated by the Revolutionary Socialist Party of India and some other groups as opposed to various forms of Democratic Revolution as espoused by the CPI CPIM CPIML CPI Maoist and such other offshoots from the official communist movement in India This remains an important ongoing debate in the Indian context The Swing Back A critical survey of the devious zig zags of CPI political line by Tridib Chaudhuri 1947 1950 Origins of the Revolutionary Socialist Party RSP by Buddhadeva Bhattacharya 1982 This work is something of an historical document which traces the trajectory of the evolution of the leading section of militant nationalism into a Marxist current The work focuses upon a specific chapter and aspect of India s Freedom Movement its complex and evolving relationship with Marxism in terms of the genesis of a political party swearing by Revolutionary Marxism Leninism called the RSP the Revolutionary Socialist Party Spring Thunder Over India 1967 People s Daily Sushital Roy Choudhuri Ranadive Tries To Deceive 1967 Trotskyist Writings on India A Voice from Peasant India Jadunandan Sharma New International 1939 The Classes of India and Their Political Roles Fourth International March 1942 Britain s Reactionary Role in India Fourth International April 1942 A Transitional Program for India Fourth International October 1942 Petty Bourgeois Radicalism on The Struggle in India Felix Morrow Fourth International 1942 International Notes India News from the Bolshevik Leninist Party Their View of the Struggle Fourth International July 1943 Trotskyism in India Fourth International October 1944 The Present Political Situation in India Fourth International October 1944 Gandhi on the Road to Betrayal Fourth International October 1944 The August 1942 Struggle Fourth International October 1944 The Famine in India I The Food Crisis by S Krishna Menon for Fourth International October 1944 The Famine in India II War and the Food Crisis by JKL for Fourth International 1944 International Notes India Fourth International April 1945 International Notes India The Coining Compromise The Future of the Congress Socialist Party Fourth International July 1945 Bolshevik Leninist Party of India Resolution on Pakistan New International 1946 Trotskyism in India from International Trotskyism by Robert J Alexander Critiques of Gandhism Present Events in India by N December 1921 The Debacle of Gandhism by Evelyn Roy 1922 The End of Gandhi by R Palme Dutt 1922 India Past Present and Future Book Review Labour Monthly 1922 Mahatma Gandhi Revolutionary or Counter Revolutionary A Reply to Romain Rolland and Henri Barbusse by Evelyn Roy 1923 On Non Violence and the Masses by MN Roy November 10 1923 Who is this Gandhi by Shapurji Saklatvala 1930 To Young Political Workers by Bhagat Singh February 2 1931 The Sino Indian War 1962 The Himalayan Adventure India China War of 1962 Causes and Consequences by Suniti Kumar Ghosh 2002 Selections from The Sino Indian Boundary Question Statement of

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  • Marxism in Japan
    1859 1933 Sen Katayama Archive Kawakami Hajime 1879 1946 Biography Marxist Political Economy as a Science 1928 Yamakawa Hitoshi 1880 1958 Biography A change of course for the proletarian movement Kuruma Samez 1893 1982 Kuruma Samez Archive Tsushima Tadayuki 1901 1979 Understanding Labor Certificates on the Basis of the Theory of Value 1956 Mita Amakasu Sekisuke 1906 1975 Method of Capital 1974 Sakata Shoichi 1911 1970 Theoretical Physics and Dialectics

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  • Jews, Marxism and the Worker's Movement
    was nearly Extinguished 1900 The Position of the Bund in the Party 1903 The Nationalisation of Jewish Schools 1913 Anti Jewish Pogroms 1919 The Russian Revolution and the Comintern On the Jewish Question Frumkina at the Second Congress of the Communist International 1920 The Problem of Nationalities from Trotsky s History of the Russian Revolution The White Guards Trotsky 1919 concerns anti semitism of the White Army Poltava Kiev and Odessa from My Disillusionment in Russia by Emma Goldman Concerns fate of Jews in the Ukraine during the Civil War Karl Marx and Frederick Engels An Introduction to Their Lives and Work Chapter 2 by David Riazanov 1927 Discusses contribution of Jews to the formation of Communism By Ber Borochov The National Question and the Class Struggle 1905 By K Boris The Jewish Proletariat in Russia Ten Years of the Bund October 1907 The Electoral Manifesto of the Jewish Bund October 1907 4 000 Stocking Workers in Wilno and Witebsk Russia on Strike May 1908 May Day in Russia Manifesto of the Bund May 1908 On the Jewish Problem Trotsky 1934 Thermidor and Anti Semitism Trotsky 1938 The Naftali Botwin Company Spain 1938 The Jewish Question A Marxist Interpretation Abram

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  • Marxism and Anti-Imperialism in Latin America
    ticket Full Biography C L R James 1901 1989 West Indian Afro Caribbean Lucid dialectician historian novelist playwright Stressed the importance of non white workers to the revolutionary movement foresaw the civil rights movement decades before it got underway Full Biography Guillermo Lora 1922 2010 Bolivian Trotskyist active in the Revolutionary Workers Party POR since the early 1940s and is its best known leader In the 1960s when many sought to follow the example of Che Guevara and engage in guerrilla warfare Lora led a POR faction generally referred to as POR Masas that maintained its focus on the labor movement Lora lead the POR or his fraction of it for more than 60 years Toussaint Louverture 1743 1803 An ex slave abolitionist and accomplished military commander he of the leaders of the Haïtian Revolution Along with Jean Jacques Dessalines another leader of the Revolution L Ouverture is considered as one of the fathers of the Haitian nation Jose Carlos Mariategui 1894 1930 Peruvian Indigenist and Marxist jornalist and writer He promoted the establishment of the General Confederation of Peruvian Workers CGTP and founded the Communist Party He edited various working class newspapers and the influential journal Amauta Full Biography Carlos Marighela 1911 1969 Brazillian revolutionary who led the National Liberation Action ALN His tactics inspired the Italian Red Brigades the German Red Army Faction and the Provisional Irish Republican Army Expelled from the Brazilian Communist Party for pro Cuban sympathy Executed by police Nahuel Moreno 1924 1987 Argentinian Trotskyist Leader of the Liga Internacional de Trabajadores LIT and of Movement for Socialism MAS in Argentina among the largest revolutionary currents in Latin America which remained oriented to the urban working class after the Cuban Revolution and opposed guerillaism A Sampling of Latin American Writers and Political Leaders in their

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