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  • Selected Marxist Writers
    create the Spartacus League and later the German Communist Party Critical of the Soviet government Executed by the German government Full Biography If the proletariat wins in this long and arduous battle the most capable groups of capitalists will have served during the period of incubation of the new economic system as capitalist experts and thus against their will they will have labored for the benefit of the working classes Nikolai Bukharin 1888 1938 One of the youngest but also the most active theoreticians of the Bolsheviks who made the Russian Revolution he was also an important architect of the Bolsheviks economic policies Full Biography Vladimir Lenin 1870 1924 Helped create the Bolshevik party Led the Soviets to power in the Russian Revolution Elected to the head of the Soviet government until 1922 when ill health confined him to bed Created the Communist International Created the theory of Imperialism emphasised the importance of the political party as vanguard in the revolution Full Biography Complete victory over capitalism cannot be won unless the proletariat and following it the mass of working people in all countries and nations throughout the world voluntarily strive for alliance and unity Alexandra Kollontai 1872 1952 Bolshevik Revolutionary Led the Workers Opposition which opposed party control of trade unions and believed in industrial unionism First woman ambassador in history Proponent of free love she wrote extensively on women s and other social issues Full Biography We are surrounded by the world we have inherited from the dark and repressive past The shackles of the family of housework of prostitution still weigh heavily on the working woman Working women must put all their energies into making Russia a truly communist society Despite the fact that a split is inevitable between the various political organizations basing themselves on the working class the United Front grows out of the urgent need to secure for the working class the possibility of a united front in the struggle against capitalism Leon Trotsky 1879 1940 First Menshevik later Bolshevik Revolutionary As commissar of war led the Red Army to defeat the Entente in their invasion of Soviet Russia Helped create the Left Opposition to overthrow Stalin and stop the monstrous attrocities he d soon commit Created the theory of the Permanent Revolution and the Fourth International Assassinated by the Soviet government Full Biography If it is true that parties are only the nomenclature for classes it is also true that parties are not simply a mechanical and passive expression of those classes but react energetically upon them in order to develop solidify and universalize them Antonio Gramsci 1891 1937 Helped create the Italian Communist Party Arrested in 1926 for his revolutionary activities and sentenced by a fascist court to 20 years imprisonment Theorized key concepts such as hegemony base and superstructure organic intellectuals and war of position Full Biography Gramsci s Major Works Currently Unavailable Georg Lukács 1885 1971 Hungarian philosopher writer and literary critic Commissar for Culture and Education in Hungary s

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  • Marxists Internet Archive Library, Complete Index of Writers
    Also joined the Left Opposition in 1923 expelled from the party in 1928 and briefly imprisoned Exiled in 1933 Biography Antonio Gramsci 1891 1937 50 Helped create the Italian Communist Party Arrested in 1926 for his revolutionary activities and sentenced by a fascist court to 20 years imprisonment Theorized key concepts such as hegemony base and superstructure organic intellectuals and war of position Biography Palmiro Togliatti 1893 1964 10 A leader of the Italian CP regarded as the founder of Euroccommunism Biography Josip Broz Tito 1892 1980 5 Yugoslav communist participated in the October Revolution and built a partisan army during World War Two which won national liberation for Yugoslavia and united the country Broke with Stalin over the Post War settlement and took an independent line Biography Andreu Nin 1892 1937 5 Founder of Communist Party and in 1935 of the POUM in Spain Biography José Carlos Mariátegui 1894 1930 5 Peruvian Professor Self educated Historian of European Marxism and movements in South America Biography 1919 Horses dying from hunger in the roadway pedestrians wan and inflated scurvy typhus cold hunger treason expectation Soviets in Bavaria Soviets in Hungary the Internationale sung by two thirds of Europe Victor Serge Henk Sneevliet 1883 1942 5 Dutch communist early organiser for the Comintern founding member of Communist Party in Indonesia Biography Tan Malaka 1897 1949 15 Indonesian Communist briefly became the Chairman of Indonesian Communist Party in 1921 before being exiled by the Dutch for the next 21 years A prominent figure in the Indonesian national liberation movement and workers movement Biography Guido Baracchi 1887 1975 5 A founder of the Australian CP member of ECCI joined Trotskyists 1939 Biography Wallter Ulbricht 1893 1973 5 A founder of the German CP and leader of the DDR until 1971 Eugen Samuilovich Varga 1879 1964 5 Hungarian communist Marxist Economist of the early Comintern Isaak Illich Rubin 1886 1937 5 Russian Marxist Economist See Also James Cannon Karl Korsch Georg Lukács Sylvia Pankhurst Josef Stalin 1879 1953 800 General Secretary of Soviet Communist Party from 1917 till his death in 1953 Responsible for the murder of the entire Bolshevik leadership and the consolidation of bureaucratic rule in the USSR Biography Otto Ville Kuusinen 1881 1964 5 Finnish Communist and Comintern leader under Stalin Georgi Dimitrov 1882 1949 20 Long standing leader of Bulgarian C P Biography Vyacheslav Molotov 1890 1986 Soviet leader who succeeded Stalin Biography Nikita Khrushchev 1894 1971 5 Leader of Soviet Union who denounced Stalin in 1956 and tried to reform Soviet society Biography Dmitry Manuilsky 1883 1959 5 Functionary in the Comintern and foreign service Lavrenti Beria 1899 1953 5 Close associate of Stalin leader of Secret police 1938 till Stalin s death Biography Georgy Malenkov 1902 1988 5 Soviet politician succeeded Stalin as Chairman of the Council of People s Commissars of the USSR from 1953 1955 Nikolai Bulganin 1895 1975 5 Soviet politician and minister in the Red Army Succeeded Malenkov as Chairman of the Council of People s Commissars of the USSR from 1955 1958 Mikhail Suslov 1902 1982 5 Soviet politician and member of the Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party Maurice Thorez 1900 1964 5 Post World War Two leader of the French Communist Party Biography Louis Aragon 1897 1982 5 French Communist Poet Biography Georges Politzer 1903 1942 5 French Marxist philosopher Biography Moissaye J Olgin 1878 1939 5 A leader of the Jewish Bund and later leading member of the CPUSA Biography William Z Foster 1881 1961 10 Trade unionist and leader of the Communist Party of the USA Biography Dolores Ibárruri 1895 1989 5 Leader of the Spanish Communist Party during the Civil War Biography Luiz Carlos Prestes 1898 1990 5 Leader of the Brazilian Communist Party Nikos Zachariadis 1903 1973 5 Leader of the Greek Communist Party during World War Two and the Greek Civil War Enver Hoxha 1908 1985 5 Leader of Albanian CP followed separate foreign policy anti Khrushchev anti Mao and pro Stalin Biography The final victory of socialism in the first country to emancipate itself is impossible without the combined efforts of the proletarians of several countries and the unfolding of the world revolution will be the more rapid and thorough the more effective the assistance rendered by the first socialist country to the workers and laboring masses of all other countries British Communist Party The CPGB History Archive includes a number of writers who were members of the Communist Party of Great Britain including R Page Arnot Thomas Bell B F Bradley Emile Burns J R Campbell Helen Crawfurd Clemens Dutt Benjamin Fineberg Ralph Fox Will Gallacher John Gollan Wal Hannington Arthur Horner J F Horrabin Albert Inkpin T A Jackson Monty Johnstone James Klugmann J T Walton Newbold Arthur MacManus Eden Cedar Paul William Paul Marjorie Pollitt R W Postgate Stewart Purkis Tom Quelch Bert Ramelson Andrew Rothstein Theodor Rothstein William Rust Shapurji Saklatvala Beth Turner Ellen Wilkinson Tom Wintringham and others as well as fellow travellers such as Hewlett Johnson J T Murphy 1888 1965 120 Founding member of the CPGB and noted figure in Comintern and RILU matters who moved the resolution expelling Trotsky from the Comintern in 1927 Biography Harry Pollitt 1890 1960 General Secretary of CPGB from 1929 till 1956 apart from 1940 when he opposed Stalin Hitler Pact Biography R Palme Dutt 1896 1974 Member of the Independent Labour Party before joining the Communist Party in 1920 Dutt was a member of the Executive Committee of the CPGB from 1923 until 1965 Biography J D Bernal 1901 1971 15 Popularised Marxism Wrote a 4 volume history of science from a Marxist perspective Biography Christopher Caudwell 1907 1937 5 English philosopher and writer won to Marxism in the 1930s and died fighting for the Republican cause in Spain in 1937 Wrote classic Marxist analyses of literature and art Biography Christopher Hill 1912 2003 5 English Marxist historian Biography Wilfred Burchett 1891 1973 Australian journalist documented US imperialist crimes expecially in S E Asia Australian government removed his Australian citizenship Pietro Secchia 1901 1977 Popular Italian communist on the left of the PCI and a historian Biography Tim Buck 1891 1973 A leader of the Canadian Communist Party trade unionist and agitator especially among the unemployed during the Depression loyal supporter of the Soviet line Biography Fred Rose 1907 1983 Canadian trade unionist Communist and Member of Parliament Biography Huberto Alvarado 1927 1974 Guatemalan poet and Communist leader Biography Bill Bland 1916 2001 New Zealand born communist supporter of Enver Hoxha in Britain Biography Soviet Philosophers and Scientists Writers scientists philosophers teachers in the Soviet Union were obliged to develop their ideas in terms of the official orthodox Marxist dogma Most of these writers cannot properly be described as Marxists but nevertheless their work has contributed in some way or another to our understanding of Marxism I V Michurin 1855 1935 Soviet scientist who carried out groundbreaking research in genetics Biography N A Semashko 1874 1949 Architect of Soviet Health System Biography Vitaly Vygodsky 1928 1998 Soviet political economist Biography Alexander Spirkin Anton Makarenko 1888 1939 Soviet educationalist who promoted development of virtues of discipline and collectivism Biography Sergey Ivanovich Vavilov 1891 1951 Soviet Scientist T D Lysenko 1898 1976 Promoted theory of inheritance of acquired characteristics as the official Communist Party line in biology Biography Soviet Marxism Despite the suppression of Trotskyism and the impossibility of open political discussion in Stalin s Soviet Union a few Russians continued the development of Marxism in Psychology Medicine Law and the Sciences This non political Marxism only dared to show its political colours after Stalin s death Evgeny Pashukanis 1891 1937 10 Foremost exponent of the Marxist approach to Law Biography Valentin Voloshinov 1895 1936 5 Soviet linguist associate of Mickhail Bakhtin Biography Evald Ilyenkov 1924 1979 5 Soviet philosopher Charted the materialist development of Hegel s dialectics Wrote extensively on dialectics the Metaphysics of Positivism and The Dialectics of the Abstract and Concrete in Marx s Capital Biography V A Lektorsky 192 5 Soviet psychologist who wrote on foundations of subjectivity A I Meshcheryakov 1923 1974 5 Soviet psychologist who developed education of deaf blind children Feliks Mikhailov 1930 2006 5 Soviet philosopher who challenged simplistic ideas of subjectivity Lev Vygotsky 1896 1934 10 Soviet Psychologist who founded the Cultural Historical Activity Theory CHAT school of human development Biography Alexander Luria 1902 1977 5 The creator of neuropsychology Soviet Psychologist who made advances in cognitive psychology the processes of learning and forgetting and mental retardation Charted the way in which damage to specific areas of the brain affect behavior Biography Alexei Leont ev 1904 1979 5 Soviet Psychologist who developed his own theory of activity which linked social context to development Biography Daniil El konin 1904 5 Soviet Psychologist who developed cultural historical activity theory in the field of childhood development Western Marxism As it became clear that the world revolution had not spread beyond Soviet Russia the Communist Parties still exercised great influence particularly in the workers movement but some Marxists turned to the unique problems of fighting capitalism in advanced capitalit countries where revolution was no longer on the immediate agenda Georg Lukács 1885 1971 10 Hungarian philosopher writer and literary critic Commissar for Culture and Education in Hungary s short lived Socialist government 1919 Helped lead the Hungarian uprising of 1956 against Stalinist repression Created Marxist theory of aesthetics that opposed political control of artists defended humanism elaborated alienation Biography Roman Rosdolsky 1898 1967 5 Polish Marxist political economist Biography JBS Haldane 1892 1964 10 British geneticist biometrician physiologist and popular advocate of science Fellow traveller of the British CP Samez Kuruma 1893 1982 5 Japanese Marxist economist who wrote on the history of political economy and Marx s theory of crisis and money edited the 15 volume Marx Lexikon zur Politischen Ökonomie Biography Marxism in Japan The French Left Jules de Gaultier 1858 1942 5 French philosopher Biography Jean Paul Sartre 1905 1980 10 Existentialist philosopher who played an important role in the non Communist Party Left in post World War Two France existentialist later attracted to Marxism Biography André Gorz 1923 2007 5 Austrian and French social philosopher A supporter of Jean Paul Sartre s existentialist version of Marxism After the May 68 student riots he became more concerned with political ecology Paul Nizan 1905 1940 5 French writer and Communist Party militant friend of Jean Paul Sartre resigned CP afer Stalin s pact with Hitler killed near Dunkirk in 1940 Biography Louis Althusser 1918 1990 10 Criticised Marxism from the standpoint of Structuralism Biography Lucien Sève 1926 5 French philosopher who has written on personality and ethics member of CC of French Communist Party Biography Guy Debord 1931 1994 5 Situationist of the 1960s generation who developed ideas about the society of the spectacle Valued by the Autonomists Biography Benny Lévy 1945 2003 5 French Marxist variously Maoist and follower of Althusser Trotskyist Gauche Prolétarienne Islamist and assistant to Jean Paul Sartre before returning to the study of the Talmud Biography Karl Korsch 1886 1961 5 German Left Communist who wrote one of the founding documents of Western Marxism expelled from the Comintern Became pessimistic about the prospects for socialism by the end of World War Two but was later to become a supporter of Mao Biography Friedrich Adler 1879 1960 5 Secretary of the Austrian Social Democratic Party from 1911 to 1916 and a founder of the 2 International Biography The Frankfurt School Henryk Grossman 1881 1950 5 Polish Jewish Communist Marxist Political economist Walter Benjamin 1892 1940 5 Critic of degeneration of art under capitalism Biography Max Horkheimer 1895 1973 5 Long term leader of the Frankfurt Institute from 1930 theorised Fordist mass production society Biography Leo Lowenthal 1900 1993 5 Philosopher who wrote on literary theory Biography Erich Fromm 1900 1980 5 German born U S psychoanalyst and social philosopher who explored the interaction between psychology and society By applying Freudian principles to social problems Fromm helped show the way to a psychologically balanced sane society Biography Theodor Adorno 1903 1969 5 Philosopher who studied the effects of mass culture and fascism on European society Biography Herbert Marcuse 1898 1979 5 Last member of the original Frankfurt School reached a broader audience in the 1960s with his critique of consumer society and the containment of opposition Biography Jürgen Habermas 1929 5 Leader of second generation of the Frankfurt School theorised the idea of networks as opposed to Party and class and initiated study of procedural ethics Biography Socialist Party of Great Britain Jack Fitzgerald 1872 1929 20 Founding member of the SPGB Biography Edgar Hardcastle 1900 1995 50 The son of a founding member of the SPGB joined the party in 1922 Biography Pieter Lawrence 1932 2007 10 Australian born Journalist for the Socialist Standard Biography Trotskyism After the victory of Hitler in Germany Leon Trotsky concluded that the Third International was dead for the purposes of revolution and launched the Fourth International with his supporters in countries around the world Trotskyism became an opposition force in the workers movement everywhere James Cannon 1890 1974 100 American IWW organiser later helped create the US Communist Party In the 1920s became a Trotskyst and helped create the US Socialist Workers Party Biography Pandelis Pouliopoulos 1900 1943 10 Greek Trotskyist Lead mass movements of veterans and defended workers in court Wrote extensively about Trotsky Shot dead by fascists while in prison Biography Chen Bilan 1901 1971 5 Early member of Chinese CP a founder of Trotskyism in China Frank Glass 1901 1988 5 South African communist who travelled to China and wrote extensively on China as a Trotskyist Ante Ciliga 1898 1992 5 Croatian Communist and one of the founders of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia KPJ lived in the Soviet Union from 1926 to 1935 sympathizer of the Left Opposition Max Shachtman 1904 1972 20 American Communist Party then helped create the American Trotskyist movement Left the SWP and joined the Socialist Party Biography James Burnham 1905 1987 20 American Trotskyist who broke with Trotsky with a concept of bureaucratic collectivism later writing about the managerial revolution George Novack 1905 1992 10 American Trotskyist and writer on Marxist philosophy Biography Felix Morrow 1906 1988 5 American Trotskyist wrote a classic eye witness history of the Spanish Revolution After the WWII understood that Capitalism would recover and dominate the world and that Socialism had a long struggle ahead Biography Joseph Hansen 1910 1979 10 A leader of the US SWP 40s 60s advocate for Cuban revolution George Rawick 1929 1990 5 American Trotskyist Susan Green 5 American Trotskyist member of Workers Party Harry Braverman 1920 1976 10 US Trotskyist in 1930s editor of Monthly Review Press from 1967 Biography Peter Camejo 1939 2008 5 Member of US SWP advocate of turn to undustry expelled 1980 Walter Held 1910 1941 5 German Jew expelled from the Communist Party for supporting Leon Trotsky fled to France and later Norway he was eventually assassinated by a Stalinist agent Biography Pierre Frank 1906 1984 10 French Trotskyist a founder of the International Left Opposition in 1928 later a leader of the LCR Biography Michel Pablo 1911 1996 5 International Secretary of Fourth International after WWII Minister in Ben Bella s Socialist government of Algeria Developed theory of centuries of deformed workers states Biography David Korner Barta 1914 1976 5 Romanian trotskyist active in France from 1936 In 1939 he broke with the IVth International groupings in France and founded the Groupe Communiste IVéme Internationale latter renamed Union Communiste Trotskyste Today s Lutte Ouvriére group claims to stand in the continuity of Barta s UC T Biography Ross Dowson 1915 2008 50 Leading figure in Canadian Trotskyism for 57 years Juan Posadas 1912 1981 5 Argentine Trotskyist Gerry Healy 1913 1989 5 British Trotskyist Brian Pearce 1917 1989 20 British Trotskyist historian and translator Geoff Pilling 1940 1997 5 British Trotskyist economist Daniel Bensaid 1946 2010 5 Student leader in France May 68 later a leader of the LCR more recently the NPA one of the most prominent theoreticians of 4th International after death of Ernest Mandel Biography Celia Hart Santamaria 1963 2008 20 Cuban Trotskyist Liborio Justo 1902 2003 10 Argentine Trotskyist founder of the Revolutionary Workers League Also known by the pseudonyms of Quebracho and Lobodon Garra Gilbert Giles Roper 1905 1974 5 Australian Trotskyist Biography Bob Gould 1937 2011 5 Australian Trotskyist Biography Ted Grant 1913 2006 100 South African born British Trotskyist a founder and long term leader in the Militant Tendency within the Labour Party until expelled from the Labour Party in 1983 and after Biography Peter Hadden 1950 2010 10 The leading theoretician of the Irish Militant group later the Socialist Party and the CWI Biography Hugo Dewar 1908 1980 5 English Trotskyist a member of the Balham Group Biography Daniel Norman 1913 5 Rumanian born English Journalist and Trotskyist Biography Grandizo Munis 1912 1989 10 Spanish Trotskyist Biography Pierre Broué 1926 2005 5 French Trotskyist leader and historian Biography Abram Leon 1918 1944 5 Jewish socialist and Historian became a leading Belgian Trotskyist during World War II Biography Ernest Mandel 1923 1995 100 Belgian Trotskyist founder and leader of United Secretariat of the Fourth Intenrational renowned as Marxist Economist Biography Nahuel Moreno 1924 1987 5 Argentinian Trotskyist Leader of the Liga Internacional de Trabajadores LIT and of Movement for Socialism MAS in Argentina among the largest revolutionary currents in Latin America which remained oriented to the urban working class after the Cuban Revolution and opposed guerillaism Ken Tarbuck 1930 1995 5 British Trotskyist International Socialist Tendency Just as it became necessary to discard the slogan of the democratic dictatorship of the proletariat and peasantry after the Bolshevik Party had existed for 14 years so has it now become necessary to renounce the theory of Russia as a degenerated workers state Tony Cliff 1917 2000 50 Palestinian Jewish Trotskyist developed critique of Stalinist Russia as a form of bureaucratic state capitalism laid the basis of the theory of deflected permanent revolution and the permanent arms economy founder of International Socialist Tendency Biography Duncan Hallas 1925 2002 40 British Trotskyist founder member of the International Socialist Tendency and leader of the British Socialist Workers Party Biography Brian Manning 1927 2004 5 English Marxist historian of the English Revolution student of Christopher Hill associated with the New Left in the 1950s and early 1960s later joined Irish SWP Biography Raymond Challinor 1929 2011 60 British Trotskyist Marxist historian and a founder member of the International Socialist Tendency Michael Kidron 1930 2003 10 A leading theoretician of the British Socialist Review Group and its successor the International Socialists also an editor of several publications including Pluto Press Jim Higgins 1930 2002 10 British postal worker and trade unionist a founder of the ISO Biography Peter Sedgwick 1934 1983 50 Theorist of the British ISO in the 1950s translator and editor of Victor Serge Biography Paul Foot 1937 2004 100 Trotskyist and prominent investigative journalist in Britain member of International Socialists Chris Harman 1942 2009 600 British activist journalist and historian Biography David Widgery 1947 1992 10 British cultural critic anti fascist agitator and Marxist writer Biography Bassem Chit 1979 2014 10 Lebanese Marxist activist associated with the International Socialist Tendency Albert Vera Weisbord 1900 1977 50 American Socialists leaders of the Communist League of Struggle Biography Hal Draper 1914 1990 20 American Marxist journalist and labor activist Founder of the Socialist Workers Party Fourth International in 1938 later founded the International Socialist party Stopped associating with Trotskyism after the 1960s Biography See also Leon Trotsky Evelyn Reed Neville Alexander Baruch Hirson and others Left Communism A number of Marxists especially in Europe and the US not only rejected Stalinism but rejected the whole project of building socialism through state power These were Marxists not Anarchists and they remain a force to this day Herman Gorter 1864 1927 5 Dutch socialist and poet opposed WWI became an advocate of ultra left within Comintern Leading supporter of the KAI Biography Julian Borchardt 1868 1932 5 German left Social Democrat associated with the Bremen Radical Left but never joined the KPD Anton Pannekoek 1873 1960 30 Dutch astonomer Helped form a Marxist party in the Netherlands Member of the German Social Democratic party Biography Cajo Brendel 1915 2007 5 Dutch Left Communist A central figure in the Council Communists movement second generation and a Pannekoek sympathiser Otto Rühle 1874 1943 5 German Left Communist who voted with Karl Liebknecht against the war credits and was a founding member of the German Communist Party Biography Panaït Istrati 1884 1935 5 Rumanian writer after visiting Moscow became critical of the Comintern Biography Eugene Lanti 1879 1947 5 French supporter of Esperanto and anti nationalism Biography John Keracher 1880 1958 5 Scottish American socialist educator founding member of the CPUSA and later the Proletarian Party Keracher was also a journalist and agitator Biography Sylvia Pankhurst 1882 1960 5 British Left Communist and Suffragette Biography Amadeo Bordiga 1889 1970 5 Italian Communist was expelled from Comintern as an ultra left later leading an independent Marxist Party in Italy Biography Jacques Camatte 5 French political economist follower of Bordiga Onorato Damen 1893 1979 5 Italian Left communist Biography Marceau Pivert 1895 1958 5 French communist trade unionist and anti militarist Biography Lucien Laurat 1898 1973 5 Austrian communist joined SFIO in 1930s Biography Paul Mattick 1903 1942 60 German Left Communist later lived in the U S Main exponent of Council Communism and opponent of idea of Revolution being led by a political party Biography Arrigo Cervetto 1927 1995 5 Italian Marxist active in trade unions after WW2 built Lotta Comunista an independent communist current in Italy Biography Bernard Reichenbach 1888 1975 5 German Left Communist member of the Executive Committee of the Comintern and of the KAPD acted as their delegate to the Third Congress of the Third International Franz Pfemfert 1879 1954 5 German Left Communist journalist editor of Die Aktion Marxist Humanism Although Marxist Humanism first appeared as a break away form orthodox Trotskyism in the 1960s many intellectuals in Eastern Europe and in the Communist Parties in Britain and the US embraced a Humanist Marxism emphasising human agency rather than structural determinism and iron laws of history and so on CLR James 1901 1989 30 West Indian Afro Caribbean Lucid dialectician historian novelist playwright Stressed the importance of non white workers to the revolutionary movement foresaw the civil rights movement decades before it got underway Biography Raya Dunayevskaya 1910 1987 30 American Russian Trotskyst Humanist Secretary to Trotsky translated many Marx Engels and Lenin Critiqued Lenin s theory of the Party being the vanguard Biography Martin Glaberman 1918 2001 20 American autoworker and life long supporter of Raya Dunayevskaya and C L R James Biography Maurice Brinton 1923 2005 15 British libertarian socialist prominent neurologist and the intellectual leader of Solidarity U K It is with this problem of agency in mind that I have been studying for several years now the cultural apparatus the intellectuals as a possible immediate radical agency of change C Wright Mills 1962 C Wright Mills 1916 1962 5 American Communist initiated the New Left in the U S Biography Marshall Berman 1940 2013 5 American Marxistm Humanist and Urbanist from New York Biography Ernst Bloch 1885 1997 5 German Marxist Humanist Philosopher Franz Jakubowski 1912 1970 5 Polish Marxist Philosopher Z A Jordan d 1978 5 Polish Marxist Philosopher Cornelius Castoriadis 1922 1997 5 Greek philosopher economist and psychoanalyst Co founder of the Socialisme ou Barbarie group Perhaps better known by his pseudonyms Pierre Chaulieu and Paul Cardan Claude Lefort 1924 2010 5 French philosopher and activist One of the founding members of Socialisme ou Barbarie later formed Informations et Liaison Ouvrières Maximilien Rubel 1905 1996 5 French sociologist Marxist humanist and with T B Bottomore a prolific publisher and translator Biography Sebastiano Timpanaro 1923 2000 5 Italian philologist philosopher and Marxist Biography John Saville 1916 2009 5 Marxist historian dissident Communist in 1956 set up The Reasoner with E P Thompson Biography E P Thompson 1924 1993 5 English Marxist historian and humanist Biography Ralph Miliband 1924 1994 10 English Marxist political critic and humanist Biography Marcel Liebman 1929 1986 5 Belgian Marxist contributor to and later co editor of The Socialist Register Joe McCarney 1941 2007 5 English Hegelian Marxist Biography Eugene Kamenka 1928 1995 5 Australian Marxist elaborated ethical foundations of Marxism The Praxis Group Rudi Supek 1913 1993 5 Croatian Marxist sociologist Marxist Humanist in Praxis group Biography Gajo Petrovi 1927 1993 5 Marxist Humanist one of the main theorists in the Praxis Group and long time editor of the journal Praxis Biography Mihailo Markovi 1927 2010 5 Serbian Marxist philosopher one of the first and fiercest critics of the Stalinist philosophical theses in Yugoslavia led return to study of Marx s critical method in the mid 1960s Biography Market Socialists Workers Self Management Deng Xiaoping 1904 1997 Former longstanding leader of the Chinese Communist Party purged as a capitalist roader during the Cultural Revolution but returned to power after Mao s death and led the gradual return of China to capitalism Biography Branko Pribicevic 1928 2003 5 Political scientist member of the Central Committee of the League of Communists of Serbia Biography Ota Šik 1919 2004 Czech dissident who became Deputy Prime Minister during the Prague Spring advocating a Third Way between capitalism and communism in exile became more of a social democrat of the Western variety Biography See also Eurocommunism by Manuel Azcárate New Worker Communist Currents Mansoor Hekmat 1951 2002 5 Iranian Marxist Built the Worker Communist Party of Iran Filemon Lagman 1953 2001 5 Phillipino Communist Led the split in the Communist Party of the Philippines in 1991 over strategy of guerilla warfare Advocated the orientation to the workers movement combining parliamentary and extra parliamentary means of struggle The Latin American Left Salvadore Allende 1908 1973 Leader of the Chilean Socialist Party and President of Chile in 1973 when he was overthrown by a US organised coup Biography Guerilla Marxism Some Marxists in countries where open political debate was impossible turned instead to military struggle as a form of political organisation retiring to the countryside and basing themselves on the peasantry rather than the urban working class Che Guevara 1928 1967 10 International Revolutionary Helped create and maintain the Cuban Revolution Creatively tried to establish socialism in Cuba worked tirelessly to create revolutions throughout Africa and South America Created the guerilla foco theory building a revolutionary movement through militant resistance instead of party building Biography The road is long and in part unknown We recognize our limitations We will make the human being of the 21st century we ourselves Che Guevara Hamid Ashraf 1946 1976 5 A leader of the People s Fedayeen Guerilla Organization of Iran Biography Carlos Marighella 1911 1969 5 A Brazillian revolutionary who led the National Liberation Action ALN His tactics inspired the Italian Red Brigades the German Red Army Faction Expelled from the Brazilian Communist Party for pro Cuban sympathy Executed by police Schafik Jorge Handal 1930 2006 5 General Secretary of the Communist Party of El Salvador and guerrilla commander in the Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front FMLN in the 1980s Biography Juan Gelman 1930 2014 5 A leader of the Montoneros in Argentina in the 1970s Maoism In the early 1960s divisions opened up within the Comintern with a current sympathetic to the Mao Zedong as opposed to the Soviet leader Khrushchev developing a distinct philosophical and political line emphasising the role of the peasantry Mao Zedong 1893 1976 100 Became leader of the Chinese Communist Party during the Long March in 1937 and led China to its Revolution in 1949 and remained its supreme leader until his death in 1976 Biography Lin Biao 1907 1971 Firm supporter of Mao during the Cultural Revolution leader of the Red Army Biography Zhou Enlai 1898 1976 10 Most respected of the old generation of leaders of the Chinese Communist Party Biography Peng Zhen 1902 1997 Longstanding leader of the Chinese Communist Party denounced during the Cultural Revolution but survived and returned to leadership as one who opposed restoration of the market Biography The revolutionary war is a war of the masses only mobilizing the masses and relying on them can wage it Shibdas Ghosh 1923 1976 5 A founder of the Marxist Leninist Socialist Unity Centre of India Siraj Sikder 1944 1975 5 Bengali intellectual and revolutionary He helped found the Proletarian Party of East Bengal and took part in guerrilla warfare Zhu De 1886 1976 Longstanding leader of the CCP denounced during the Cultural Revolution but later rehabilitated Biography Li Lisan 1899 1967 5 Early leader of Chinese CP regarded as ultra leftist denounced during Cultural Revolution and committed suicide Biography Liu Shaoqi 1902 1969 10 Longstanding leader of the Chinese Communist Party who was denounced during the Cultural Revolution as a capitaist roader and died in prison Biography Zhang Chunqiao 1917 2005 Part of the core leadership of China s Cultural Revolution Worked closely with Mao s wife Jiang Qing Hua Guofeng 1920 Led China after the Cultural Revolution after out manoeuvering Gang of Four in a power struggle later in 1976 Deng Xiaoping s policies of reform began to take shape during Hua s tenure and by 1980 leadership had shifted to Deng Hua remains a member of the CC Biography Naxalites Charu Mazumdar 1918 1972 20 A founder of the pro Chinese Communist Party of India Marxist Leninist died in police custody Biography Vinod Mishra 1947 1998 10 Longstanding leader of the Communist Party of India Marxist Leninist Liberation Biography National Liberation Particularly in the decades after the end of World War Two communists were in the leadership of national liberation struggles the leaders of these struggles developed a distinct approach to socialist theory Ho Chi Minh 1890 1969 30 Longstanding leader of the Vietnamese national liberation movement set up a guerilla base in the countryside in 1944 going on to defeat the French in 1954 but dying before final victory over the US invasion in 1975 Biography Truong Chinh 1907 1988 5 Deputy to Ho Chi Minh from 1941 to 1957 and after 1958 the leading theorist of the Vietnamese Communist Party Võ Nguyên Giáp 1911 2013 5 Outstanding General and leader of the Vietnamese liberation movement Pham Van Dong 1906 2000 5 Leader of the Vietnamee Army in the wars against both the French colonial forces and the US invaders Foremost theorist of protracted warfare Biography Le Duan 1908 1986 5 Led Communist forces in South Vietnam after French withdrawal in 1954 and was First Secretary of North Vietnam Communist Party from 1959 After Ho Chi Minh s death in 1969 became Party leader Biography Pedro Albizu Campos 1891 1965 lt 5 Leader of Puerto Rican Nationalism Biography Kim Il Sung 1912 1994 5 Founding head of state of Democratic People s Republic of Korea Bhagat Singh 1907 1931 10 Leader of the militant and socialist wing of the Independence Movement in India hanged by the British in 1931 Biography Marxism and Anti Imperialism in India George Padmore 1902 1959 30 West Indian CPUSA and Comintern 1927 1935 became leading advocate of Pan Africanism Biography Harry Haywood 1898 1985 5 Leader of CPUSA and Comintern Supported Mao and was expelled from the CPUSA Biography Lu Xun 1881 1936 20 One of modern China s most prominent and influential writers His work frequently promoted radical change through criticism of antiquated cultural values and repressive social customs Biography Messali Hadj 1898 1974 5 Algerian communist and founder of the modern Algerian nationalist movement supporter of the Russian Revolution Biography A national culture under colonial domination is a contested culture whose destruction is sought in systematic fashion It very quickly becomes a culture condemned to secrecy Frantz Fanon 1925 1961 5 West Indian born French Algerian doctor and intellectual whose works addressed the problems of developing national consciousness in the oppressed people an inspiration for the US Civil Rights movement as much as in Black Africa Biography Paulo Friere 1921 1997 5 Brazilian educator member of the Workers Party Fidel Castro 1927 10 Leader of the Cuban Revolution and President of Cuban Republic Biography Cuban History Archive Cheddi Jagan 1918 1997 5 Maoist and union leader who was elected President of Guyana Biography African Liberation Movement The struggle against colonialism in Africa to create independent socialist states brought forward several generations of heoric fighters who contributed to the development of Marxist ideas Kwame Nkrumah 1909 1972 5 Nkrumah was the force behind the movement for independence of Ghana then British West Africa first president of independent Ghana in 1957 His 1965 Neocolonialism the last stage of imperialism introduced the concept of neocolonialism Biography Govan Mbeki 1910 2001 5 Life long activist for the African National Congress and the South African Communist Party Biography Brian Bunting 1920 5 Journalist Cental Committee member of the South African CP natives representative in Parliament before being banned and fleeing to Britain Biography Joe Slovo 1926 1995 5 Leader of the South African Communist Party in 1991 till his death in 1995 leading SACP after the collapse of the USSR to the final overthrow of apartheid Biography Baruch Hirson 1921 1999 5 South African Trotskyist Organiser for Workers International League participated in the armed struggle imprisoned but went into exile in 1973 Biography Neville Alexander 1936 2012 10 South African Trotskyist and world renowned linguist Julius Nyerere 1922 1999 5 Pan Africanist socialist and leader of Tanzanian independence struggle and its first President Biography Amilcar Cabral 1924 1973 10 Lead of independence struggle in Guinea Bissau assassinated by Portuguese agents Biography Patrice Lumumba 1925 1961 5 Leader of independence movement in the Congo executed by Belgian colonial police despite U N calls for his release Biography Black Liberation From the 18th century up to the present people of colour have resisted oppression by white capitalist powers and have developed a distinct current of revolutionary socialist thinking Toussaint Louverture 1743 1803 10 The Black Jacobin who led a slave rebellion in Haiti in 1800 and created the first Black Republic inspired by the French Revolution Biography I don t believe in fighting today in any one front but on all fronts In fact I m a Black Nationalist Freedom Fighter Islam is my religion but I believe my religion is my personal buisness The economic philosophy of Black Nationalism only means that we should own and operate and control the economy of our community John Brown 1800 1859 5 American slave abolitionist who aimed to build an emancipation army hanged after a shoot out with Robert E Lee Malcolm X 1925 1965 5 audio US Black Muslim leader assassinated in 1965 Biography Black Panther Party 1966 1998 See Also George Padmore C L R James Frantz Fanon and Angela Davis The French Revolution The leaders of the French Revolution were the first to develop modern social theory and laid the basis for the modern socialism Rousseau traced the origins of inequality to private property and Babeuf is credited with being the first Communist The socialist ideas from the French Revolution are one of the sources of Marxism Julien La Mettrie 1709 1751 5 Militant atheist Biography Jean Jacques Rousseau 1712 1778 It has been said that the French Revolution put Rousseau s philosophy into practice in particular his idea of the Social Contract Although he died 20 years before the Revolution he was its principle theorist Biography Jean Paul Marat 1743 1793 10 Leader of the left wing of the Revolution inspired the execution of royalist prisoners which launched the second radical phase of the Revolution his murder set off the Great Terror Biography Robespierre 1758 1794 10 Leader of the Jacobins and instigator of the Great Terror Robespierre was the ultimate moralist His

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  • History Archive
    Black Panther Party and their revolutionary struggle to overturn the U S system of racial and working class oppression and the Civil Rights Movement documents of early Marxist parties and labor history Further this archive contains a time line of U S Military History since World War II relations with the USSR presidential elections and links to our Malcolm X John F Kennedy archives Afghanistan 1851 89 Algeria 1945 This archive contains resources on U S military involvement in Afghanistan the CIA s successful overthrow of the Afghani government and the Soviet response In 1962 Algeria became independent from foreign rule for the first time in over a millennium At the outset of the revolution a course towards worker s emancipation was proclaimed Just three years later however the military overthrew the elected government of Ben Bella and assumed supreme control over governmental affairs Argentina 1970 1973 Australia 1888 Documents of the Left Peronist groups Marxism and radicalism generally in Australia from the 1880s to recent times Britain 1216 Canada 1837 The Magna Carta the English Revolution the Chartists Social Democracy and the British Communist Party Includes the mirror of the Canadian Socialist History Project with documents from the history of the Canadian workers and Socialist movement and the Quebec independence struggle Dominican Republic 1965 Haiti 1791 1804 Documents of the People s Revolt of 1965 Documents of the first independent Black Republic Indonesia 1920 1965 Iraq 1968 1973 Documents from the Communist Party of Indonesia and other communist socialist parties in Indonesia Documents of the Ba ath Socialist Party Spain 1934 1939 Turkey 1922 Documents art and writers of the Spanish Revolution Kemal Ataturk and his following Capitalism 1776 Contains the The White Book of Capitalism Democracy A history of the crimes committed by democratic nations This archive also

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  • Marxist Internet Subject Archive
    Materialism Abstracts and links to over 30 books documents and letters written by Marx and Engels each uniquely highlighting different aspects of the materialist conception of history Famous Quotes Famous quotes from Hegel Marx Engels Lenin Trotsky Mao and other communists with links to the context on the Marxists Internet Archive The only source on the internet of genuine sourced Marxist quotations In addition you get a randomly selected Quote of the Day from one of the collections for you to ponder Selected Marxist Writers The works of 18 pre World War Marxists who together provide a broad base of Marxist thinking shared across most of the differing currents of communism of the present time Karl Marx Frederick Engels Paul Lafargue Karl Kautsky George Plekhanov Clara Zetkin Daniel De Leon Vladimir Lenin Nikolai Bukharin Leon Trotsky Alexandra Kollontai James Connolly Rosa Luxemburg José Carlos Mariátegui Antonio Gramsci M N Roy Paul Mattick Georg Lukács Karl Korsch George Padmore and Hal Draper Currents of Communism The Bolsheviks Index to biographies and the writings of the party that made the Russian Revolution almost all of whom were dead 20 years after the Revolution Eurocommunism Index to works and criticisms of the Eurocmmunist currrent which arose in the Communist Parties in Europe in the 1970s Frankfurt School Index to works and Biographies of members of the Frankfurt School or Institute for Social Research set up in 1922 as a Communist University The International Socialists Index to the writings of leaders of the International Socialists a Marxist current which emerged from the Trotskyist movement in Britain in the 1950s Left Communism Index to the writings of Council Communists and other currents of Left Wing Communism active mainly in Europe after the Russian Revolution Marxist Humanism The Marxist Humanists mostly intellectuals and writers who reacted against the simplistic and objectivist Marxism of the Stalinist governments of Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union from the 1960s in particular The Praxis Group Writings of the members of the Praxis Group an opposition group which crticised the Communist Party of Yugoslavia from a Marxist Humanist perspective beginning in 1964 The S P G B Writings of members of the Socialist Party of Great Britain founded in 1904 by members expelled from the SDF on charges of impossibilism The Comintern and After Index to the Writings of Stalin and the most notable figures in leadership of the Comintern during the Stalin era around the world Syndicalism and Anarchism Links to all the main writers and organisers of the anarchist movement from its founders in the 19th century such as Proudhon and Bakunin plus articles by Marx Trotsky c on anarchism Trotskyism The Encyclopedia of Trotskyism On Line ETOL is a complete documentation of the history and ideas of the international Trotskyist movement centering on Leon Trotsky 1879 1940 and continuing to this day with historical documents on thousands of individuals and hundreds of groups and publications Utopian Socialism Utopian visions from Plato s Republic to Charles Fourier s Phalanstery

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  • Encyclopedia of Marxism
    X Y Z Portrait Gallery Events Periodicals About To submit a definition ask questions or send corrections and comments contact Andy Blunden All material in this Encyclopedia is protected by the Creative Commons License Copyleft 1999 2008 Search the Encyclopedia

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  • Beginners Guide to Marxism by Marxists Internet Archive 2009
    politics Marx s Philosophy These two works were written by Marx just at the beginning of his political career Theses on Feuerbach Idealism and Materialism from The German Ideology Socialism Utopian and Scientific was written by Engels 35 years later in an effort to popularise Marx s ideas Utopian Socialism Dialectics Historical Materialism Marx s Critique of Political Economy This is a speech Marx gave to leaders of the International Workingmen s Association in 1865 which explains how he saw the workings of capitalism Value Price and Profit But you should also try to read the Chapter 1 of Capital Marx s major book Marx s Politics This is a speech by Marx on the Paris Commune when workers seized control of Paris in 1871 The Paris Commune And you absolutely must read The Communist Manifesto the main document stating the principles of Marxism published in 1848 You may continue your studies by reading the biographies and main works of writers on the Selected Marxist Writers Index Or browse the wide variety of Marxists and other revolutionaries listed on the Marxists Internet Archive Library which lists hundreds of Marxists who have worked at different times in different countries and with

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  • MIA Introduction

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  • Marxists Internet Archive Updates
    February 2016 Added to the Herbert Solow Archive A Letter on the Hitler Boycott as Harry Strang 1933 F W I U Fortress Collapses as Harry Strang 1934 The Mystery of Van der Lubbe Dead Men Tell No Tales as Henry Strang 1934 The Unpleasant Task of O Piatnitsky and How Lenin Is Used to Help Him as Harry Strang 1934 The Daily Worker and the Hotel Strike 1933 Troyanovsky 1916 and 1934 as Harry Strang 1934 Thanks to Einde O Callaghan Marty Goodman the Riazanov Library 10 February 2016 Added to the Tom Stamm Archive in the Encyclopaedia of Trotskyism On Line ETOL The Recovery Program of the Socialist Party 1934 Workers Oppose Mendieta Regime 1934 Here and There with the United Front 1934 Significance of Taxi Drivers Strike Analyzed 1934 Thanks to Einde O Callaghan Marty Goodman the Riazanov Library 10 February 2016 Added to the Arne Swabeck Archive in the Encyclopaedia of Trotskyism On Line ETOL An Open Letter to the American Workers Party 1934 War Sparks Fly in Far East Powers Arm 1934 Heading Straight for Another World War 1933 Lewis Triumphs at Mine Convention 1934 One Year of Roosevelt s New Deal 1934 Thanks to Einde O Callaghan Marty Goodman the Riazanov Library 10 February 2015 Added to the Jack Weber Louis Jacobs Archive in the Encyclopaedia of Trotskyism On Line ETOL March of Events column 1934 March of Events column 1934 March of Events column 1934 Thanks to Einde O Callaghan Marty Goodman the Riazanov Library 10 February 2016 Added to the John g Wright Joseph Vanzler Archive in the Encyclopaedia of Trotskyism On Line ETOL The Right Wing and Labor Party 1933 Thanks to Einde O Callaghan Marty Goodman the Riazanov Library 9 February 2016 Added to the Amadeo Bordiga Archive In Janitzio Death is not Scary 1961 Thanks to Conor Murray 9 February 2016 Added to the French Revolution Sylvain Maréchal Archive Sylvain Maréchal Precursor and Artisan of the Republican Calendar Thanks to Mitchell Abidor 8 February 2016 Added to the Encyclopedia of Anti Revisionism On Line EROL To U S Anti Revisionism First Wave 1946 1956 Added a new sub section Coverage of Late 1940s Anti Revisionists in the Trotskyist Press CP Expels Two Editors Of New Masses Labor Action Editorial The Case of McKenney and Minton Wm Dunne Expelled By Stalinist Party by Carl Davis Profound Crisis Inside the Communist Party Revealed In Wave Of Expulsions For Leftist Opposition Labor Action Editorial Rank and File Dissent in the CP CP Leaders Expel 11 More On the Group Recently Expelled from the Communist Party Ex CPers Indict Their Party as Anti Socialist by Carl Davis Ex CPers Expose Stalinist Party Role as Strikebreaker by Carl Davis New Opposition in Stalinist Party Why McKenney Minton Quit CP Part 1 by Carl Davis Why McKenney Minton Quit CP Part 2 by Carl Davis Expulsions Fail To End CP Crisis Opposition Hits CP Anti Socialism Internal Cracks in a Totalitarian Structure Critical Opposition Rises

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