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  • Biography of Peter Petroff by Ted Crawford
    BSP not to appear publicly as his wife was German and he would as a foreigner have been very vulnerable As it was some people in the government wanted to send him back to Russia where he would have been shot He was arrested in Scotland in January 1916 and was sentenced for not telling the police of his movements Released on appeal he was immediately interned in February 1916 and sent back in London in Islington After the fall of the Tsar a whole number of letters and petitions from Socialist and Labour bodies were sent to the Home Secretary calling for his release as he had not been convicted of anything Irma was held under even worse conditions in another camp but the touching letters that passed between them were copied by the security services and have survived in the National Archives unknown until released very recently Petroff and his wife were deported to Russia at the beginning of 1918 being exchanged for minor British diplomats in a package with Chicherin the future Foreign Minister of the USSR Petroff went on to play a part in the negotiations at Brest Litovsk Alone he walked out to meet and halt the German Army waving a white flag while Trotsky and others waited in the rear In his Open Letter to Lenin John MacLean in The Socialist of 20 January 1921 said of Petroff In Russia take your advice from Peter Petroff Petroff is the only Russian who knows the working class movement intimately in London and Glasgow Until his imprisonment in 1916 Petroff stayed with me and worked with MacDougall and me to build up the mass movement that is now beginning to manifest itself in Scotland Petroff is the only marxist in Russia then that has any real comprehension of the situation here and can fully explain this letter to you Remember that it was left to me to start the movement in 1917 for the release of Petroff and Tchitcherin and that it was on Petroff s advice you in Russia made me Consul for Scotland Later he was active in the Civil War and after that received a minor appointment in the Soviet Foreign Office both the Petroffs having positions in the Soviet Embassy in Berlin In 1921 Peter fell out with the Russian party leadership and left the country with Irma to her homeland Germany They worked as economists for the Russian Trade mission attached to the Soviet Embassy in Berlin and did not leave the RCP until 1925 After 1925 he worked as a journalist in Germany but he was bitterly denounced by the British CP as a renegade in their letters to one another As the situation worsened in the 1930s he called for the unity of the left against the Nazis When Hitler came to power they escaped in hair raising conditions along with their two young daughters leaving all their possessions behind and fled first to France and then to Britain

    Original URL path: https://www.marxists.org/archive/petroff/biography.htm (2016-02-12)
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  • Helmut Wagner Archive
    Helmut Wagner Archive Marxists Writers Helmut Wagner Marxists Internet Archive Helmut Wagner 1904 1989 1934 Theses on Bolshevism 1939 Bolshevism Archive maintained by Jonas Holmgren Marxist Writers Archive MIA

    Original URL path: https://www.marxists.org/archive/wagner/index.htm (2016-02-12)
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  • Eugene V. Debs Internet Archive
    June 9 1898 excerpt t 1898 Prison Labor Speech 1898 1900 1902 Martin Irons Martyr 1900 Outlook for Socialism in the United States 1900 Speech to the First Annual Convention of the Social Democracy of America June 9 1898 excerpt Speech at Canton Ohio 1900 The Vital Issue 1900 Competition vs Cooperation Speech delivered at Central Music Hall Chicago IL Sept 29 1900 1900 This speech launched the 1900 candidacy of Eugene Debs for President of the United States under the banner of the Social Democratic Party of America Debs takes aim at the Republican and Democratic parties calling the former the party of big capital and the latter the party of petty capital and asserting no fundamental difference between the two both being for continuation of the wage system of capitalism even if they disagreed on the question of imperialism To this was opposed the new Socialist organization representing the working class and declaring in favor of collective ownership of the means of production as the only possible solution to unemployment and chronic economic stagnation Debs holds up radical abolitionists William Lloyd Garrison Wendell Phillips and Elijah Lovejoy as role models noting that in their time they were subjected to severe criticism and physical attack only to be acknowledged as heroes by a later generation Debs appeals for support in the voting booth declaring that It is infinitely better to vote for freedom and fail than to vote for slavery and succeed He sees wage slavery as a comparable modern evil to the chattel slavery defeated by the abolition movement and argues that only socialism provides an escape professing absolute confidence in achieving a socialist future The July Convention 1901 Socialists Who Would Emasculate Socialism 1901 Mission of the Socialist Party Speech at Coliseum Hall Arena Denver CO May 26 1902 1902 We Must Gain Possession of the Tools of Trade Speech at Butte Auditorium Butte Montana June 16 1902 How I Became a Socialist 1902 Stopped the Blacklist 1902 The Western Labor Movement 1902 PDF version What s the Matter with Chicago 1902 1903 1904 Auguries for the New Year E V Debs Writes of His Late Tour 1903 On the Color Question 1903 The Negro In The Class Struggle 1903 PDF version The Negro and His Nemesis 1904 The Socialist Party the Working Class 1904 The Federal Government and the Pullman Strike Eugene V Debs Reply to Grover Cleveland s Magazine Article 1904 To The Socialist and Its Readers 1904 The Ideal Labor Press 1904 Labor Day Greeting 1904 Apostrophe to Liberty 1904 Unionism and Socialism 1904 PDF version of original pamphlet here 1905 The Coming Union 1905 PDF version Childhood 1905 Revolutionary Unionism 1905 Class Unionism 1905 pdf version here Berger and His Opponents 1905 Industrial Unionism 1905 Speech to the IWW Founding Convention 1905 Growth of the Injunction 1905 The Industrial Convention 1905 PDF version Craft Unionism 1892 Berger and His Opponents 1905 The Industrial Workers The Convention and Its Work 1905 Winning a World 1905 1906 Arouse ye slaves 1906 PDF version Open Letter to President Roosevelt 1906 You Railway Men 1906 PDF version of original pamphlet The Growth of Socialism 1906 The Socialist Party and the Trade Unions Contribution to a Symposium in The Worker 1906 Railway Employees and the Class Struggle 1906 PDF A Glimpse into the Future 1906 PDF 1907 John Brown Americ s Greatest Hero 1907 Mother Jones 1907 Roosevelt s Labor Letters 1907 Roosevelt and His Regime 1907 Revolution 1907 Looking Backward 1907 December 2 1859 1907 The Red Flag 1907 PDF Thomas McGrady 1907 1908 Railroad Employees and Socialism 1908 A Short Speech Amongst Friends Girard Kansas May 21 1908 Unity and Victory 1908 The Issue 1908 The Socialist Party s Appeal 1908 Letter to Frank Bohn National Secretary Socialist Labor Party 1908 Notes of a Labor Agitator Progress by Prohibition Great Achievements Open Letter to the Members of the Socialist Party May 17 1908 Campaign Speech in Kansas City Missouri September 2 1908 extract Statement in Reply to Samuel Gompers Press Release Distributed September 4 1908 Open Letter to Readers of the Appeal to Reason September 5 1908 Statement to the Watsonville Pajaronian September 11 1908 Campaign Speech at Spokane Washington September 16 1908 Said By Debs Quotations from Speeches Made on the 1908 Campaign Trail Statement to the New Ulm Review Sept 20 1908 Remarks to Children in Trenton Ohio Sept 29 1908 Socialist Ideals Socialist Party leader Gene Debs completely conflates philosophical and economic materialism in this article for B O Flower s liberal monthly magazine The Arena As Socialism pays chief attention to the bread and butter problem it has been called materialistic says Debs Rather it is really the most idealistic movement of the centuries So idealistic is it in its aims that while having no specific religious tendency or purpose it partakes somewhat of the nature of a religious movement and awakens something of a religious enthusiasm among its adherents Debs calls Socialism an extension of the ideal of democracy into the economic field and remarks that unlike the founders of the democratic movement of 1776 we do not need like them to resort to arms but may use the democracy they bestowed on us as a means for obtaining further democracy In Debs vision a simple change of ownership of productive machinery from private to public hands would result in productive labor for all wanting it at any time a banishing of want from the earth and education homes and income for all Moreover Debs promises that under Socialism the mind and soul will flourish as will literature and art fear of war will vanish a new divinity will emerge in religion and domestic bliss will reign triumphant This Plot Must Be Foiled Conspiracy to Murder Mexican Comrades Now Imprisoned in This Country by Order of Diaz by Eugene V Debs Oct 17 1908 American Socialist icon Gene Debs looks beyond American borders to rise to the defense of Mexican revolutionaries imprisoned by the country s military strongman Porfirio Díaz Debs alleges the existence of a satanic international conspiracy between the Roosevelt and Díaz governments to capture and execute Mexican revolutionaries in exile Juan Sarabia Ricardo Flores Magón Antonio I Villarreal Librado Rivera and L Gutierrez de Lara He explicitly likens the situation faced by the Mexican radicals to that recently faced by Big Bill Haywood Charles Moyer and George Pettibone of the Western Federation of Miners These comrades have been engaged in a peaceful agitation in behalf of their wretched and suffering countrymen Forced into exile by the ruling class they came to the United States but they soon found that their dream of security was a delusion and a snare declares Debs Debs calls upon the American working class to arouse to stop this dastardly international conspiracy of capitalists to murder labor leaders who can not be silenced in any other way 1909 Susan B Anthony A Reminiscence 1909 Industrial Unionism 1909 Fred Warren Convicted by a Packed Jury 1909 Trial and Conviction of Fred D Warren Summary of the Celebrated Case Liberty of the Press the Issue Two Years in the Federal Courts and the Motive Behind It 1909 Women Comrad and Equal 1909 PDF 1910 Industrial Unionism A Letter to Tom Mann 1910 PDF version A Letter from Debs on Immigration 1910 PDF version The Little Lords of Love 1910 Working Class Politics Extracts of a Campaign Speech for Local Cook Co SPA at Riverview Park Chicago Sept 18 1910 1910 The Fred D Warren Case Speech at Orchestra Hall Chicago IL Jan 14 1910 by Eugene V Debs excerpt In this 1600 word excerpt from a speech delivered in support of jailed Appeal to Reason editor Fred Warren Socialist Party leader Gene Debs takes aim at the judiciary declaring the jurist in the case John C Pollock to be infamous and corrupt Debs recounts the story of his own jailing in 1895 and the way in which the judge in the case abruptly terminated the case upon discovery that the association of railroad general managers had met with officials of the Pullman Corporation in order to crush the employees in the Pullman service and to destroy the American Railway Union The whole of the 131 member federal bench and the 9 members of the Supreme Court owe their positions to corporate service Debs contends Citing the poverty and misery produced by capitalism Debs calls for his listeners to unite behind the principles of industrial unionism in the shop and joint political action at the ballot box 1911 The Secret of Efficient Expression 1911 Help Help Help 1911 Danger Ahead 1911 PDF version Labor s Struggle For Supremacy 1911 The Eight Hour Work Day 1911 Mexico 1911 The Crime Of Craft Unionism 1911 1912 The McNamara Case and the Labor Movement 1912 This is Our Year But Two Parties And But One Issue 1912 The Socialist Party s Appeal 1912 Political Appeal to American Workers 1912 Capitalism and Socialism 1912 A Message to the Children 1912 A Contrast Presented by Presidential Candidates of the Socialist Labor Party and the Socialist Party 1912 The Fight for Freedom 1914 The Socialist Party s Appeal 1914 Telegram Read at the Funeral of Julius Augustus Wayland Girard Kansas Nov 13 1912 1912 Pioneer Women in America 1912 The Results of the 1912 Election A Statement 1912 1913 1914 The Rights of Working Women Socialist Party publicist Eugene Debs takes aim at Cardinal James Gibbons and other members of the conservative Catholic hierarchy for an address in opposition to woman suffrage Gibbons and his peers are deemed by Debs to be pious agents of the master class who admonish their subjects to obey their masters and be content with their lot Moreover Cardinal Gibbons Archbishop Ireland and other high priests have not only declared against the right of women to vote but they have announced their opposition to the initiative and referendum the recall and every other measure that has to do with democracy and self government Debs declares These gentlemen in gowns speak for Wall Street for the plutocracy the ruling class They traffic in the ignorant reverence of the masses At heart they hold the common people in contempt They pretend to be chosen of God and to be his representatives on earth a pious invention that has served in every age to keep the ignorant masses at their mercy Blind obedience is not religious duty but debasing slavery says Debs and he urges working women to end their passivity and submission and to insist upon their rights The day of awakening is at hand Debs pronounces The workers of all the world are breaking away from kingcraft and priestcraft and swelling the conquering hosts of the international army of emancipation 1913 The Old Umbrella Mender 1913 The Coppock Brothers Heroes of Harper s Ferry 1914 Jesus the Supreme Leader 1914 On the Death of Daniel De Leon 1914 American Socialist Forerunner of Powerful Revolutionary Press 1914 The Gunmen and the Miners 1914 The Butte Affair Reviewed Eugene Debs rushes to the defense of Charles Moyer and the Western Federation of Miners in the wake of the bombing of the Butte Miners Union hall in Butte Montana ostensibly by dissidents in the union Debs castigates the bombers as attempted assassins who had participated in a treasonable cowardly and disgraceful plot in the service of the mine owners who intended to rupture the organized labor movement Debs notes that the WFM is the most fully democratic of unions and if Moyer was the head of a self perpetuating machine as some had charged then the rank and file have themselves to blame and they but add crime to stupidity when they blow up the union with dynamite to destroy the alleged machine To charges that the bombers were associated with the IWW Debs notes that it should not be forgotten that the workers at Lawrence and at Akron were most basely betrayed sold out and treacherously delivered to their enemies by IWW Judases who while passing as industrial unionists were at the same time on the payrolls of the detective agencies in the service of the corporations Debs predicts a return of the Butte Miners Union as a united militant progressive union in the aftermath of the bombing and disruption 1915 Industrial and Social Democracy 1915 Louis Tikas Ludlow s Hero and Martyr 1915 Peace on Earth 1915 Socialist Sunday School 1915 The Social Spirit 1915 My Ideal April 3 1915 Short piece of Socialist enthusiasm by Indiana SPA publicist Gene Debs Not a particularly important piece on the face of it this is most interesting for its opening line My ideal is a thinker in overalls and for a bit of unconscious reflection on the price paid in his own life for his activism Debs writes Whittier the Quaker poet once said that any great cause is bitterly opposed in its incipient stages This has always been an established fact It is easy for a person to be a nobody and drift along with the flow of the tide But it takes a bit of courage to step out and join the despised minority Debs notes that united force of the working class is absolutely essential for its triumph calls the wage system the final form of servitude and professes a belief in the imminence of the fall of capitalism and wage slavery 1915 Open Letter on Poverty Aug 7 1915 The flame of moral indignation burns white and hot in the breast of Terre Haute Indiana s most famous Socialist four time Presidential candidate Eugene Debs as he fumes in this letter to his local newspaper Local ministers it seems had advised their parishoners against providing money or sustinance to the so called unworthy poor a position which Debs found to be hypocritical morally repugnant callous and brutal Debs asks such Christian gentlemen whether the great Teacher they profess to follow ever made any discrimination between the worthy poor and the unworthy poor Rather Debs declars Jesus Christ sprang from the poor himself lived his life with the poor and moreover when he made any distinction among them it was wholly in favor of the unworthy poor by forgiving them much because they had suffered much He did not condemn them to starvation and suicide upon the hypocritical pretext that they were unworthy but he did apply the lash of scorpions without mercy to those self righteous and eminently respectable gentlemen who robbed the poor and then despised them for their poverty who made long prayers where they could be see of men while they devoured widows houses and bound burdens upon the backs of their victims that crushed them to the earth Debs declares that if he himself were consigned to misery as were so many I too would probably get drunk as often as I had the chance He insists that the poor should no more be blamed for their situation than if he were the victim of cancer or epilepsy In Debs vision Socialism would bring about a new democracy in which men will be brothers war will cease poverty will be a hideous nightmare of the past and the sun of a new civilization will light the world 1915 War and Hell or Peace and Starvation Aug 14 1915 Socialist publicist Gene Debs argues that the options facing the working class under the rule of capitalism are not war and death vs peace and prosperity but rather war and death vs unemployment and starvation He quotes an AP press report dealing with the dire situation faced by families in Southern Ohio mining country owing to the closure of the mines Debs bitterly observes that in large measure the suffering miners have nobody but themselves to blame as the overwhelming majority of them have helped perpetuate the broken economic system with their own votes belong ing to the same capitalist party their masters do and cast ing their votes with scrupulous fidelity to perpetuate the boss ownership of the mine in which they work and their own exclusion and starvation at their master s will Debs waxes sarcastic Blessed be the private ownership of the mines for without it the miners and their wives would lose their individuality their homes would be broken up their morality destroyed their religion wiped out and they would be denied forever the comfort and solace of poverty and starvation Workers power is needed to change the situation in Debs view When the miners themselves control the mines once they have learned how to control themselves they will not lock themselves out and starve themselves and their loved ones to death The bosses lose their power and along with it their jobs when the workers find theirs 1915 My Political Faith Aug 28 1915 Debs revisits and expands a piece published in 1913 called Labor the Life of the Race to expound his millennial political philosophy The emancipation of labor is essential to the freedom of humanity Debs declares For centuries across many societies those who have toiled have been exploited and abused by parasitical masters There can be no morals in any society based upon the exploitation and consequent misery of the class whose labor supports society Debs pronounces There can be no freedom while workers are in fetters Competition has engendered the spirit of selfishness jealousy and hate while the cooperative future will lead to the practice of mutual kindness and mutual aid Debs indicates poverty ignorance disease and crime will disappear in the new society of universal prosperity The rulers are few and the workers many Debs observes When the workers realize the power that is inherent in themselves when they cut loose from capitalist parties and build up their own when they vote together against the capitalist instead of voting for the capitalist there will be a change He urges the brawny armed millions of workers to

    Original URL path: https://www.marxists.org/archive/debs/index.htm (2016-02-12)
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  • Constance Markievicz Internet Archive
    Franchise Oct 1922 Conditions of Women in English Jails June 1923 The Fianna June 1923 Larkin the Fianna and the King s Visit July Aug 1923 Memories of the King s Visit 1911 Aug 1923 Mr Arthur Griffith and the Sinn Féin Organisation June 1924 Fianna Éireann and the 1921 Treaty Aug 1924 Oration on the Second Anniversary of Murder of Fianna Cole and Colley June 1925 Wolfe Tone s

    Original URL path: https://www.marxists.org/archive/markievicz/index.htm (2016-02-12)
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  • Antonio Labriola Archive
    In Memory of the Communist Manifesto Part 2 Historical Materialism chapters I VII Part 2 Historical Materialism chapters VIII XII 1897 Socialism and Philosophy Chapters I III Chapters IV VI Chapters VII X Appendix Texts transcribed by Rob Ryan in

    Original URL path: https://www.marxists.org/archive/labriola/index.htm (2016-02-12)
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  • M.I.A. Library: August Palm
    To the Public 25 September 1885 To the Social Democrats of Sweden 25 September 1885 The Labor Issue 25 September 1885 Program of Swedish Social Democracy 1885 Statue of August Palm in Helsingborg Photograph of August Palm Archive maintained by

    Original URL path: https://www.marxists.org/archive/palm-august/index.htm (2016-02-12)
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  • Glossary of Organisations: Me
    believed that Socialism should only be achieved firstly through a bourgeois revolution via reformism following this revolution they felt the working class and peasantry would then be able to revolt against the bourgeois and establish Socialism After the successful bourgeois revolution of February 1917 most Mensheviks joined the provisional government strongly subscribing to the theory of Stagism After the October Revolution the Mensheviks opposed the Soviet government primarily through bureaucratic

    Original URL path: https://www.marxists.org/glossary/orgs/m/e.htm (2016-02-12)
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  • Vera Zasulich
    Writers Vera Zasulich Vera Zasulich 1851 1919 Biography Writings The Russian Strikers 30 January 1897 International Notes Russia 8 February 1897 The Working Class Movement in Russia 1 May 1897

    Original URL path: https://www.marxists.org/archive/zasulich/index.htm (2016-02-12)
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