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  • Glossary of People: Zi
    was one of the founders of the first Marxist group in the Russian workers movement the Emancipation of Labour group 1885 which began the struggle against the Narodniki for the creation of a proletarian revolutionary party Zasulich was commissioned by the Emancipation of Labour group to translate a number of Marx s works into Russian With Lenin and Plekhanov she was a member of the editorial board of Iskra After the split in the Russian Social Democratic Party she soon went over to the Mensheviks During WWI she was a social chauvinist She held a hostile attitude to the Soviet government The first important attempt was that made by the student Vera Zasulich who shot at General Trepov in 1878 A monster trial had just taken place in which 193 defendants accused of revolutionary activities had appeared before the judges of St Petersburg Out of 770 arrested seventy had died in prison during the preliminary investigation which had taken several years The trial which was a complete farce ended with ninety four acquittals thirty six deportations and one sentence of ten years hard labour Meanwhile Trepov the St Petersburg Chief of Police had a student who was in prison beaten

    Original URL path: https://www.marxists.org/glossary/people/z/a.htm (2016-02-12)
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  • Julius Martov Internet Archive
    of the All Russian Social Democratic Workers Party 1907 The Lesson of the Events in Russia 1918 Marx and the Dictatorship of the Proletariat June July 1918 Down with the Death Penalty 1919 Decomposition or Conquest of the State 1919

    Original URL path: https://www.marxists.org/archive/martov/index.htm (2016-02-12)
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  • Gregory Bienstock by Paul Flewers
    Japan in the Pacific 1939 Four Hundred Years of Russian Foreign Policy 1939 Stalin s Renversement Des Alliances 1939 Lenin as Philosopher 1939 Stalin 1940 Church and God Manhood in

    Original URL path: https://www.marxists.org/archive/bienstock/index.htm (2016-02-12)
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  • Gregory Bienstock by Paul Flewers
    in Odessa in 1921 22 and was then arrested and deported from Soviet territory He was a contributor to the Mensheviks paper the Sotsialistichesky Vestnik under the name G Osipov Bienstock settled in Germany and became active in the German Social Democratic Party in Berlin Somewhat oddly whilst he stood on the right wing of the Mensheviks he adhered to the left wing of the SPD joined the Zukunft grouping and at one point sought a personal meeting with Trotsky He also held a keen interest in mysticism and eastern religion as can be seen in at least one of the six essays reproduced below Bienstock wrote several books and pamphlets including Deutschland und die Weltwirtschaft Dietz Berlin 1931 Volk und Sozialdemokratie Die innen und aussenpolitischen Erfolge der Sozialdemokratischen Partei Deutschlands Dietz Berlin 1932 Deutschland und Frankreich Eine Europäische Auseinandersetzung Werk und Wirtschaft Berlin 1932 Kampf um die Macht Zur neuen Politik der Sozialdemocratie Laubsche Berlin 1932 Zwischen den Weltkriegen Zentralstelle fur das Bildungswesen Prague 1934 Europa und die Weltpolitik Die Zonen der Kriegsgefahr Graphia Karlsbad 1936 The Struggle For The Pacific Allen and Unwin London 1937 available on line at http www questia com provided a foreword to B

    Original URL path: https://www.marxists.org/archive/bienstock/biography.htm (2016-02-12)
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  • Engelbert Pernerstorfer
    from the Amsterdam Congress Sozialistische Monatshefte 8 9 694 698 1905 Friedrich Schiller Eulogies on the 100th Anniversary of Schiller s Death Vienna I Brand 1905 National and international considerations Sozialistische Monatshefte 9 8 645 653 1907 8 The Struggle Der Kampf 1 1 1907 Art and the Worker Der Kampf 1 1907 Going to court Sozialistische Monatshefte 11 9 720 724 1908 9 Thoughts on workers education Der Kampf 2 94 1909 The question of nationality in Austria in R Broda ed Documents on Progress International Review vol 2m 7 11 840 846 1910 The Parliament of Everyone s Right to Vote in Austria Sozialistische Monatshefte 14 16 18 1012 1017 1911 From Schönerer to Wolf Der Kampf 4 May 1911 The value of a classical education Sozialistische Monatshefte 15 18 20 1186 1196 1912 From young days Der Strom 2 98 1912 Meaning and bias Sozialistische Monatshefte 16 18 20 1150 1154 1913 1914 A new Utopian Der Kampf 7 88 1914 Professor Fr W Förster as a Christian Ethicist 1915 The Danneberg Type Volkstribune 28 Apr 1915 Hermann Stegemann Das literarische Echo 17 1157 1164 1916 Introduction to Jean Jaures Fatherland and Proletariat Diederichs Jena 1916 Nationalism

    Original URL path: https://www.marxists.org/archive/pernerstorfer/index.htm (2016-02-12)
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  • M.I.A. Library: Gabriel Deville
    Biography Works The Materialistic Conception of History 1883 Socialism Revolution and Internationalism 1893 The State and Socialism 1895 The People s Marx A Popular Epitome of Karl Marx s Capital

    Original URL path: https://www.marxists.org/archive/deville/index.htm (2016-02-12)
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  • M.I.A. Library: Enrico Ferri
    Enrico Ferri 1856 1929 Biography Works Socialism and religious beliefs 1894 The political quarter of an hour in Italy 1897 Criminal Sociology 1899 Socialism and Modern Science Darwin Spencer Marx 1900 Clericalism and Socialism 1902 The Revolutionary Method 1902 Marxism

    Original URL path: https://www.marxists.org/archive/ferri/index.htm (2016-02-12)
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  • Glossary of People: Fe
    Criminal Sociology regarded as a basic text of modern criminology Other of his books are Socialism and Positive Science 1894 and The Positive School of Criminology 1901 See Enrico Ferri Archive Feodorovna Alexandra Alix 1872 1918 Princess of Hesse Darmstadt grand daughter of Queen Victoria of England Became Czarina in 1894 by marriage to Czar Nicholas II In her last years she became involved in the Rasputin scandals Executed with husband and family 1918 Feuerbach Ludwig 1804 1872 As a member of the Young Hegelians Feuerbach criticised what he called Hegel s reduction of Man s Essence to Self consciousness and went on to prove the connection of philosophical idealism with religion In rejecting Hegel s philosophy and advocating materialism criticising religion and idealism Feuerbach emphasised the individual purely biological nature of man He saw thought as a purely reflective contemplative process and in his understanding of history remained an idealist Nevertheless his critique of Hegel s idealism laid the basis for Marx and Engels work Two years before his death he joined the German Social Democratic Party founded by Marx but he was not politically active Both Marx and Engels were strongly influenced by Feuerbach though they thoroughly critiqued him for inconsistent materialism Theses on Feurbach M German Ideology and Ludwig Feuerbach and The End of Classical German Philosophy and others Engels wrote in the latter work the main body of the most determined Young Hegelians was by the practical necessities of its fight against positive religion driven back to Anglo French materialism This brought them into conflict with the system of their school While materialism conceived nature as the sole reality nature in the Hegelian system represents merely the alienation of the absolute idea so to say a degradation of the idea At all events thinking and its thought product the idea is here the primary nature the derivative which only exists at all by the condescension of the idea And in this contradiction they floundered as well or as ill as they could Then came Feuerbach s Essence of Christianity With one blow it pulverised the contradiction in that without circumlocutions it placed materialism on the throne again Nature exists independently of all philosophy It is the foundation upon which we human beings ourselves products of nature have grown up Nothing exists outside nature and man and the higher beings our religious fantasies have created are only the fantastic reflection of our own essence The spell was broken the system was exploded and cast aside and the contradiction shown to exist only in out imagination was dissolved One must oneself have experienced the liberating effect of this book to get an idea of it Enthusiasm was general we all became at once Feuerbachians In the Principles of the Philosophy of the Future Feuerbach puts his philosophical position concisely and comprehensively into one work The first section includes Feuerbach s interpretation of the history of philosophy up to Hegel The second section is probably the best Feuerbach s

    Original URL path: https://www.marxists.org/glossary/people/f/e.htm (2016-02-12)
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