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  • The Wine of the Ragpickers | Musée historique de l'environnement urbain
    wind flaps rattling at its glassy frame In the mired labyrinth of some old slum Where crawling multitudes ferment their scum With judge like nods a rag picker comes reeling Bumping on walls like poets without feeling And scorning cops now vassals of his state Begins on glorious subjects to dilate Takes royal oaths dictates his laws sublime Exalts the injured and chastises crime And spreading his own dais on the sky Is dazzled by his virtues starred on high Yes these folk badgered by domestic care Ground down by toil decrepitude despair Buckled beneath the foul load that each carries The motley vomit of enormous Paris Come home vat scented trailing clouds of glory Followed by veteran comrades battle hoary Whose whiskers stream like banners as each marches Flags torches flowers and steep triumphal arches Rise up for them in magic hues and burn Since through this dazzling orgy they return While drums and clarions daze the sun above With glory to a nation drunk with love Thus Wine through giddy human life is rolled Like Pactolus a stream of burning gold Through man s own throat his exploits it will sing And reign by gifts as best befits

    Original URL path: http://www.mheu.org/en/timeline/ragpickers-wine.htm (2016-04-28)
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  • July 13, 1793: Murder of Marat by Charlotte Corday | Musée historique de l'environnement urbain
    Painted in 1860 in the middle of the Second Empire this picture seeks above all to offend no one Charlotte Corday can be seen as the symbol of France as a victim of the Terror hence the map or as a poor irresponsible foolish young woman Yet the painting is above all Baudry s tribute to David it represents the same scene in an identical setting and with the same furniture the wooden box used as a table the board across the bathtub covered with a green cloth but seen from another angle Only the knife is different And on this point Baudry is right the police report mentions an ebony rather than an ivory handle The artist Born into a humble family in La Roche sur Yon in 1828 his father was a cobbler Paul Baudry won a scholarship to study at the Beaux Arts in Paris in 1844 He won the Prix de Rome in 1850 on his fifth attempt which he shared with Bouguereau There would be nothing much to say about this Neoclassical artist a lover of Raphael Michelangelo and Italian Renaissance painting had he not become one of the staunchest opponents of Manet and later

    Original URL path: http://www.mheu.org/en/timeline/murder-marat-corday.htm (2016-04-28)
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  • The Turkish Bath | Musée historique de l'environnement urbain
    rest of his life The light the placing of the shadows the rhythm of the areas of color the abandoning of perspective in favor of space defined by the bodies all this seemed to him astonishingly modern Indeed the art of Ingres is both modern and classical He structures space in an unusual way distorts the human form cheats and constantly deceives the eye And his drawing skill is one of the finest in the history of painting pure rounded and with an extraordinary sensuality that seems almost to clothe the nakedness of the women he paints here odalisques in the bath The artist Born in Montauban in 1780 Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres was the son of a painter entered the art academy in Toulouse at the age of eleven and the studio of David in Paris at fifteen He won the Prix de Rome in 1801 and left for Italy where he was influenced by the art of the Renaissance particularly the painting of Raphael He remained in Rome from 1806 to 1820 then spent four years in Florence He sent his paintings to Paris but they were not well received by the public It was not until a

    Original URL path: http://www.mheu.org/en/timeline/turkish-bath-ingres.htm (2016-04-28)
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  • The Stove in the Workshop | Musée historique de l'environnement urbain
    kettle pot heating on the stove while the back of the painting in progress leans against it The first person to own this picture was Emile Zola a childhood friend of the painter The artist Born in Aix en Provence in the Var region of France in 1839 Paul Cézanne a friend of Emile Zola quickly abandoned his law studies to devote himself to painting In Paris where he moved

    Original URL path: http://www.mheu.org/en/timeline/stove-workshop.htm (2016-04-28)
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  • A Metropolitan Railway Station on a Race Day | Musée historique de l'environnement urbain
    mheu Back to the timeline Previous Next The Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race A Metropolitan Railway Station on a Race Day Date 1872 Artist Unknown Technique engraving Photo credit TfL from the London Transport Museum collection View this work in

    Original URL path: http://www.mheu.org/en/timeline/metro-station-race-day.htm (2016-04-28)
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  • Clearing work for the Paris Opera House; razing Butte des Moulins | Musée historique de l'environnement urbain
    the Urban Environment Friends of the mheu Back to the timeline Previous Next Clearing work for the Paris Opera House razing Butte des Moulins anonymous 1867 black white photograph Roger Viollet View this work in the exhibition The Street Contact

    Original URL path: http://www.mheu.org/en/timeline/hausman-opera-paris.htm (2016-04-28)
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  • Susanna | Musée historique de l'environnement urbain
    position is reminiscent of Moreau s female study for Delilah The two elders are hidden behind a wall In another drawing we see the same figures approaching Susanna who is defended by Daniel in the final judgment No more expressions of lust in Moreau It is the second half of the 19th century and bourgeois order prevails Sensuality is banned The twinkle in the eye of the viewers of centuries past has faded Moreau himself called another of his paintings Chaste Susanna Et les enfants de chœur se masturbaient tout tristes sang Brassens The artist Gustave Moreau is an unclassifiable painter Born in Paris in 1826 the son of an architect he had poor health and entered the Ecole Royale des Beaux Arts only in 1846 He failed twice at the Prix de Rome was influenced by Théodore Chasseriau the neoclassical painter who was a pupil of Ingres and traveled several times to Italy where he copied the masters This background was to lend his art a slightly academic slightly Carpaccio style Italian slightly romantic symbolist religious touch unusual in its desire to escape from reality Moreau exhibited several times in the Salons with mixed results Napoleon III liked his

    Original URL path: http://www.mheu.org/en/timeline/susanna-moreau.htm (2016-04-28)
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  • Le chiffonnier (The Ragpicker) | Musée historique de l'environnement urbain
    particular by Menippus which the French ragpicker resembles very closely Manet adored Velázquez s painting it is true but Napoleon III had also just married a beautiful Spanish woman Spain was in fashion and the Frenchman was hungry for success and recognition Yet the naturalism of his painting once again shocked the public and of course filled Emile Zola with enthusiasm He had championed Manet at the 1866 Salon had become his friend and had his portrait painted by him in 1868 The artist Edouard Manet s father Auguste Manet was a senior civil servant at the Ministry of Justice His mother née Fournier was a diplomat s daughter It was into this bourgeois environment that Edouard Manet was born at 5 Rue Bonaparte on January 23 1932 He was a mediocre pupil an impudent boy who spent his time caricaturing his teachers Auguste wanted his son to study law but Edouard chose the navy and embarked on a training ship bound for Brazil at the age of 16 However upon failing his entrance exams to naval college on his return he decided to become a painter In 1849 Manet entered the studio of Thomas Couture He remained there for six years during which time he learnt about painting copied masterpieces at the Louvre Titian Rubens traveled Holland Italy Germany Central Europe and yet did not manage to win over his master He exhibited his first painting at the 1859 Salon the Buveur d absinthe The Absinthe Drinker influenced by Velázquez of whom Manet later wrote in a letter to Baudelaire that he was the greatest painter there ever was This was to be his first snub the painting was rejected on the grounds of its triviality the naturalism and its unfinished appearance The second snub was a genuine scandal

    Original URL path: http://www.mheu.org/en/timeline/philosopher.htm (2016-04-28)
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