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  • The MHEU | It's a dirty job...
    that was driven into your brothers heads It will soon strike yours Thus they went off in a quarrelsome spirit Then the king inflamed at their insults ordered his men to throw on their heads as they went rotted horse dung chips hay and straw covered with filth and the stinking refuse from the city And they were badly fouled and went off amid unmeasured insult and abuse Extract from History of the Franks by Gregory of Tours 6 th century translated by Ernest Brehaut A wide range of edicts regulations and contracts were drawn up in an attempt to address the matter without ever doing so successfully Refuse collectors They remove the refuse that the domestic broom pushes into a corner the broom is however limp and insufficient and the collectors scour the city It requires quick feet to nimbly slip between their shovel and cart Should you take too long or falter in your stride the refuse collector s shovel empties in your pocket The cart carries a blackish slurry which undulates in a frightening manner should things get out of hand then the half open cart is quick to share in detail all that it has received wholesale Shovel broom man cart and horse are all the same color as if they all seek to stamp the same color on each passer by Moral putridity goes hand in hand so to speak with the infection of the gutter Oh if only the refuse collector s shovel could lift into that same cart all those filthy souls who infest society and carry them out beyond the city walls what a wonderful thing that would be and what precious help to the police Those bourgeois citizens asked to sweep their doorstep either fail to do so or do so only slackly The police had set up the refuse collectors with the responsibility of requesting a small contribution from each household but the bourgeois who fears the tiniest of taxes because he knows from experience that such levies only grow and gain frills refuses to pay We will likely have to wait until these recalcitrant folk are up to their necks in filth before they cry for mercy Only then will they submit to the good graces of the refuse collection system something I cannot help but deem necessary Extract from Louis Sébastien Mercier s Tableaux de Paris 1783 Free translation from the French 750 cubic meters of waste were collected every day in Paris in the year 1780 The use of cess pools was made mandatory in 1539 and although the law required all Parisian property owners to connect their homes to the sewer system in 1894 this photograph shows that even by the 1930s the city was still relying on its cesspit emptiers Street sweepers an early morning in the 20s Day dawned on the avenue while the ragpickers assigned to this section of road were skillfully rummaging through the last trashcans with their hooks Then the municipal

    Original URL path: http://www.mheu.org/en/street/dirty-job.htm (2016-04-28)
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  • The MHEU | A virtual exhibition of the ragpickers
    Bibliography Sitography Partners Soyez mheu Friends of the mheu The Ragpickers Collecting garbage and sorting it for recycling A pretty topical issue Yet this is a very old occupation which saw its heyday in the 19 th century and was

    Original URL path: http://www.mheu.org/en/ragpickers/ (2016-04-28)
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  • The MHEU | A virtual exhibilition of bathing
    may naturally associate the bath with keeping clean it has not always been that way there was a time when immersing the body was even thought to be dangerous From mythology to hygiene the pleasures and the dangers here is

    Original URL path: http://www.mheu.org/en/bathing/ (2016-04-28)
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  • The MHEU | Contact
    information submit suggestions or discuss other matters Surname First Name Email Message Reason for contacting us To suggest a theme for an exhibition To suggest a piece of artwork Other Send Random work Utopia Aztec cities Urban transportation Montgomery Fire Vulcan s forges Fire The Candelabra s luster Ragpickers Bad times for the rag and bone men Fire Heating the artist s workshop Fire Caught in the cross fire Fire

    Original URL path: http://www.mheu.org/en/contact.htm (2016-04-28)
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  • mheu | Credits
    the Urban transportation exhibition Charles Jousselin Hélène Frouard editorial team exhibition commissioners Olivier Linden Web Design and infography Internet project Project management François Mellan Oonops Our thanks to Satoko Aida Tokyo Digital Museum Dave Alexander Giselle Arteaga Johnson Norton Simon Museum Frédérique Aubailly Charvillat TF1 International Eugénie Bachelot Prévert Elise Borgobello Carlotta Films Leona Bowman London Transport Museum Federica Brivio et David Galley l agence photo Scala Archives Justin Choulochas Inès Clouzot Sonia Cochard SACEM Fabien Coeur Holly Frisbee Philadelphia Museum of Art Holger Gehrmann agence Artothek Isabelle Godineau Fondation Le Corbusier Joshua Hickman Beloit College Simporé Inoussa Gérald Jamsin Leclercq HF6 Jean Baptiste Ledoux Ville de Dunkerque Michèle Leinen et Muriel Mantopoulos Musée des beaux arts de Nancy Clémentine Lepecq Epithète Films Jean Yves de Lépinay Forum des Images Alain Leprince La Piscine à Roubaix Annick Lesage and her team agence photo de la RMN Danielle McCarthy agence Alex Mc Lean Stéphane Mahot Makiko Delphine Maubert Moulinsart SA Sophie Morlon INA Nick Nicholson National Gallery of Australia Pascale Paulet Pathé Distribution Michel Ravassard photothèque de l Unesco Anne Remlinger Fatras Michèle Riesenmey agence Roger Viollet Michael Rohde de metrobits Stephan Saks New York Public Library Luc Schuiten Anne Simeon

    Original URL path: http://www.mheu.org/en/credits.htm (2016-04-28)
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  • Musée historique de l'environnement urbain | Les amis du mheu.
    environnement urbain et son histoire Vous pouvez également devenir fan du m heu sur Facebook et y poster des oeuvres en complément des expositions thématiques N hésitez pas à signer notre livre d or et pour toute autre question sur le mheu contactez nous Votre nom Votre prénom Votre courriel Votre message Vous souhaitez nous proposer une nouvelle œuvre nous proposer un nouveau thème d exposition nous signaler une correction

    Original URL path: http://www.mheu.org/fr/amis-mheu.htm (2016-04-28)
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  • Musée historique de l'environnement urbain | Le musée virtuel
    est cette histoire ou plutôt ces histoires que le m heu se propose de vous raconter en vous présentant des expositions thématiques regroupant des œuvres de natures diverses peintures photographies gravures chansons textes littéraires ou historiques extraits de films de fiction ou documentaires Chacun de ces parcours subjectifs est organisé de façon à naviguer au fil de l histoire des thèmes abordés Etes vous m heu Le m heu est destiné aux curieux comme aux passionnés d art ou d histoire aux jeunes comme aux seniors En parcourant les salles du musée des notices vous en apprendront plus sur les œuvres présentées et leurs auteurs La collection permanente s enrichira périodiquement par la mise en ligne de nouvelles expositions thématiques N hésitez pas à commenter les écrans à apporter des précisions ou votre point de vue sur les oeuvres et les textes à signer le livre d or Par ailleurs nous avons mis en place un groupe Mheu sur Facebook dans lequel vous découvrirez des oeuvres complémentaires aux expositions et surtout où vous pourrez poster les vôtres Toute l équipe du m heu vous souhaite de bonnes balades interactives au fil de ces 5 expos et espère que vous y

    Original URL path: http://www.mheu.org/fr/musee-virtuel/ (2016-04-28)
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  • Le mheu | Les transports urbains
    des villes a rendu indispensable l organisation de transports urbains En retour l extension des réseaux de transport génère un afflux de population d activité et d échanges tel qu ils en deviennent un facteur de croissance important La mobilité

    Original URL path: http://www.mheu.org/fr/transports/ (2016-04-28)
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