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  • Forget Nuclear
    for instant use Heavily nuclear dependent regions are particularly at risk because drought a serious safety problem or a terrorist incident could close many plants simultaneously Nuclear plants have an additional disadvantage for safety they must instantly shut down in a power failure but for nuclear physics reasons they can t then be quickly restarted During the August 2003 Northeast blackout nine perfectly operating U S nuclear units had to shut down Twelve days of painfully slow restart later their average capacity loss had exceeded 50 percent For the first three days just when they were most needed their output was below 3 percent of normal The big transmission lines that highly concentrated nuclear plants require are also vulnerable to lightning ice storms rifle bullets and other interruptions The bigger our power plants and power lines get the more frequent and widespread regional blackouts will become Because 98 99 percent of power failures start in the grid it s more reliable to bypass the grid by shifting to efficiently used diverse dispersed resources sited at or near the customer Also a portfolio of many smaller units is unlikely to fail all at once its diversity makes it especially reliable even if its individual units are not The sun doesn t always shine on a given solar panel nor does the wind always spin a given turbine Yet if properly firmed both windpower whose global potential is 35 times world electricity use and solar energy as much of which falls on the earth s surface every 70 minutes as humankind uses each year can deliver reliable power without significant cost for backup or storage These variable renewable resources become collectively reliable when diversified in type and location and when integrated with three types of resources steady renewables geothermal small hydro biomass etc existing fuelled plants and customer demand response Such integration uses weather forecasting to predict the output of variable renewable resources just as utilities now forecast demand patterns and hydropower output In general keeping power supplies reliable despite large wind and solar fractions will require less backup or storage capacity than utilities have already bought to manage big thermal stations intermittence The myth of renewable energy s unreliability has been debunked both by theory and by practical experience Large Subsidies to Offset High Financial Risk The latest U S nuclear plant proposed is estimated to cost 12 24 billion for 2 2 3 0 billion watts many times industry s claims and off the chart in Figure 1 above The utility s owner a large holding company active in 27 states has annual revenues of only 15 billion Such high and highly uncertain costs now make financing prohibitively expensive for free market nuclear plants in the half of the U S that has restructured its electricity system and prone to politically challenging rate shock in the rest a new nuclear kilowatt hour costing say 16 cents levelized over decades implies that the utility must collect 27 cents to fund its first year of operation Lacking investors nuclear promoters have turned back to taxpayers who already bear most nuclear accident risks and have no meaningful say in licensing In the United States taxpayers also insure operators against legal or regulatory delays and have long subsidized existing nuclear plants by 1 5 per kilowatt hour In 2005 desperate for orders the politically potent nuclear industry got those subsidies raised to 5 9 per kilowatt hour for new plants or 60 90 percent of their entire projected power cost Wall Street still demurred In 2007 the industry won relaxed government rules that made its 100 percent loan guarantees for 80 percent debt financing even more valuable worth one utility s data revealed about 13 billion for a single new plant But rising costs had meanwhile made the 4 billion of new 2005 loan guarantees scarcely sufficient for a single reactor so Congress raised taxpayers guarantees to 18 5 billion Congress will be asked for another 30 billion in loan guarantees in 2008 Meanwhile the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office has concluded that defaults are likely Wall Street is ever more skeptical that nuclear power is as robustly competitive as claimed Starting with Warren Buffet who just abandoned a nuclear project because it does not make economic sense the smart money is heading for the exits The Nuclear Energy Institute is therefore trying to damp down the rosy expectations it created It now says U S nuclear orders will come not in a tidal wave but in two little ripples a mere 5 8 units coming online in 2015 16 then more if those are on time and within budget Even that sounds dubious as many senior energy industry figures privately agree In today s capital market governments can have only about as many nuclear plants as they can force taxpayers to buy The Micropower Revolution While nuclear power struggles in vain to attract private capital investors have switched to cheaper faster less risky alternatives that The Economist calls micropower distributed turbines and generators in factories or buildings usually cogenerating useful heat and all renewable sources of electricity except big hydro dams those over ten megawatts These alternatives surpassed nuclear s global capacity in 2002 and its electric output in 2006 Nuclear power now accounts for about 2 percent of worldwide electric capacity additions vs 28 percent for micropower 2004 07 average and probably more in 2007 08 An even cheaper competitor is end use efficiency negawatts saving electricity by using it more efficiently or at smarter times Despite subsidies generally smaller than nuclear s and many barriers to fair market entry and competition negawatts and micropower have lately turned in a stunning global market performance Micropower s actual and industry projected electricity production is running away from nuclear s not even counting the roughly comparable additional growth in negawatts nor any fossil fuelled generators under a megawatt see Figure 4 9 The nuclear industry nonetheless claims its only serious competitors are big coal and

    Original URL path: http://miriam-english.org/files/ForgetNuclear/ForgetNuclear.html (2016-04-25)
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  • that somewhere around is a program that runs on a PDP 10 but you see I haven t been everywhere in this attic myself so I can t be sure where it is Where possible source code is given and the clever programer may be able to convert the codes given here to his own machine PUBLIC DOMAIN We have made every effort to include only programs that are in the Public Domain or those that have been released by the author One problem in trying to maintain an archive such as this is that many programs are thrown in over the transum and one never knows for sure where they came from or who owns them If you locate a program that sneaked in please let us know and we will remove it You should also take standard procedures to avoid introducing viruses into your computer system by checking all programs you download carefully And while we are on the subject of ownership we make an earnest plea to all commercial venders with classic programs that are no longer bringing in big bucks to allow us to store their programs here for access by all I have a tear in my eye when I think of a generation of students that has never stared at the computer screen and read the opening lines from Zork with which this introduction began Just thinking about these words sends shivers down my spine or are these shivers caused by the damp cold atmosphere up here in the attic Would the owner of Zork Ractor and Puppy Love even consider letting us have a copy Like CocaCola some products become so famous and such an integral part of the culture that they transend private ownership GOOD TASTE In a attic We really have not censored the programs that have been submitted Some are a bit lively agressive well let s admit it naughty If ELIZA can give advice surely it is not surprising that she can give spicy advice I am grateful to the guy who gave me a copy of the adult version of ELIZA that he runs on his bulletin board Please don t feel offended If you aren t old enough to reach the keyboard yet don t go get a chair ORGANIZATION OF THE ATTIC Finding your way around the attic can be a bit confusing at first It is rather like a twisty turny maze or was that a turny twisty maze This section will explain what you can expect On each level of the attic you will find a ReadMe file and a directory called DropBox The ReadMe file will contain an extension such as ReadMe Adventure so you can download more than one and keep them straight They will help you decide whether it is worthwhile downloading the information located at this level It may also give you valuable information telling the download mode Binary MacBinary or Text and the size of the files The DropBox

    Original URL path: http://miriam-english.org/files/ai_attic/PleaseReadMeFirst.txt (2016-04-25)
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  • If you can get the doll through the barrier to land in the container of blocks on the other side they will be knocked around illustrating multiple collisions being computed in realtime Press r to reload Fire as many times as you want Esc quits If you load this into Blender instead of blenderplayer then you ll need to start the action by moving your mouse over the main image

    Original URL path: http://miriam-english.org/files/blender/7_Ragdoll_High_Jump-instructions.txt (2016-04-25)
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  • use the arrow keys to move Esc quits

    Original URL path: http://miriam-english.org/files/blender/Radiosity-instructions.txt (2016-04-25)
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  • on for your convinience There s even some basic SHAPE keys for you to make CuteBEAR express himself Check out these under the SHAPES menu in F9 Editmesh When you keep posing rotations can get slightly off therefor deformations will end up looking weird if you posed CuteBEAR in too many awkward positions so to reset these you can Press Alt R to Clear rotations on the selected bones Press Alt S to Clear Scale values on the selected bones Press Alt G to Clear rotations To clear everything eg rotations just press A until the whole set of bones is selected and then do the ctrl R thing CuteBEAR comes with basic shading lightning you may modify the character as you please but if you decide to distribute the modified character remember to include the copyright notice readme txt and credit me for the base character while crediting yourself for the additions You should also include a copy of the ORIGINAL model with your new distribution You may NOT add further copyrights to your own additions All copyrights to this character remains with Tommy Helgevold The character where created for the Blender community promotional and educational purposes only Please read the Readme txt for further information about it Enjoy Best wishes Tommy Changes to v0 03 0 04 Now there s shape keys check it out in your Shapes menu under F9 Editmesh Adjust the sliders and select the various keys by pressing the icon with the two arrows adjust the sliders to apply facial deformations AND add your OWN keys Changes to v0 02 0 03 Joint stiffness has now been added to arms as well Arms have gotten new limits and I ve opened for impossible limits in the middle joints because it simply animates better wrong

    Original URL path: http://miriam-english.org/files/blender/cuteBear-Instructions.TXT (2016-04-25)
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  • for the model or base model If you decide to use CuteBear in your personal Images for display on public forums or any other personal usage excluding commercial usage you must credit Tommy Gard Helgevold for the model Base model If you want to use CuteBear for a commercial product ad campaign or anything commercial at all you must obtain a license for this with me contact me at the adress at the bottom of this copyright notice for further instructions All Blender users are free to enjoy this character and use it at their will to non commercial purposes only By rendering and using CuteBear you agree to not use this character for any seedy purposes such as pornography racial hatred or hate crimes of any kind You also agree on holding Tommy Gard Helgevold free from any liability regarding the origin or and use of this character Tommy Gard Helgevold also have the rigths to withdraw this license for any purpose at any given time This doesn t take away your right to use the characters for your animation tests learning purposes etc BLENDER FOUNDATION rights The Blender Foundation have extended rights of usage with this character This

    Original URL path: http://miriam-english.org/files/blender/cuteBear-README.txt (2016-04-25)
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  • press ALT A to run the anim directly inside Blender Alternatively you can render the anim and play that as a sequence of images

    Original URL path: http://miriam-english.org/files/blender/walk_anim.txt (2016-04-25)
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  • w accelerate a turn left s turn right 1 close view 2 far view 3 distant view Esc quits

    Original URL path: http://miriam-english.org/files/blender/webskategirl_bullet-instructions.txt (2016-04-25)
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