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  • El Museo de arte Thyssen-Bornemisza - (Paseo del Prado, 8, Madrid-España)
    in history as a painter of German society portraits in the interwar period His style which came close to the movement known as Neue Sachlichkeit New Objectivity created pictures that capture the mood of the period As a child Schad received a rich cultural and artistic upbringing which fostered his interest in painting and music He did not complete his higher secondary education and in 1913 enrolled at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Munich where he remained for barely a half year After leaving art school he settled in the artists district of Schwabing and produced his first woodblock prints in an Expressionist style which criticised the bourgeois way of life and were published in magazines such as Die Aktion and Die Weissen Blätter Following the outbreak of the First World War Schad obtained a medical report exempting him from military service and moved to Zurich where he lived until 1920 There he came into contact with the Dadaist circles and began to experiment with the collage technique and his schadographs photographs produced without a camera by printing objects on photo sensitive paper When the war ended he went to live in Italy which marked a turning point in his career His contact with the classical masters and the pessimism of the war s aftermath brought about a change in his views on art and he began to paint in a realistic sober style emphasising man s alienation and isolation in society The subjects of his still life paintings were given the same treatment After five years in Italy Schad passed through Vienna later settling in Berlin in 1928 His artistic activity progressively decreased when Hitler came to power and he did not take up painting again until 1943 when he moved to Aschaffenburg and was commissioned to copy

    Original URL path: http://www.museothyssen.org/en/thyssen/ficha_artista/512 (2016-02-13)
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  • El Museo de arte Thyssen-Bornemisza - (Paseo del Prado, 8, Madrid-España)
    Schaffner was a German painter and designer of medals The date of his birth is known from a drawing for a self portrait medal of 1522 in which the artist s age is stated to be forty four He is first documented in Ulm in the workshop of Jörg Stocker where he trained As Stocker s apprentice Schaffner worked on the execution of the Saint Martin Altarpiece for Ennetach of 1496 on which his name appears on the painting of Christ with the Cross Hohenzollern princely collection Sigmaringen Around 1500 Schaffner travelled to Augsburg the most important artistic centre in Germany at that date There he studied the work of Hans Holbein the Elder Hans Burgkmair and Dürer s graphic output His first masterpiece is the Wettenhausen Altarpiece of 1515 of which eight panels survive in the Schaezlerpalast Augsburg Based on a series of prints by Dürer they reveal a use of colour typical of Augsburg painters and the marked influence of Schäufelein Over the following years Schaffner s workshop in Ulm received numerous commissions for altarpieces including one of 1521 for Lucas Hutz which is now the main altarpiece in Ulm cathedral and the second so called Wettenhausen Altarpiece of 1523 to 1524 for the church of that monastery Alte Pinakothek Munich In 1526 Schaffner was made painter to the city of Ulm Schaffner also executed portraits although few examples have survived The best known is that of Graf Wolfgang van Oettingen of 1508 Alte Pinakothek Munich His activities as a designer of medals are much more extensively documented and a significant group of medals survived dated between 1522 and 1530 primarily portrait busts of Ulm aristocrats Search Advanced search Featured Products Catalogue of the Madrid Realists exhibition Spanish Hardcover Add to Basket Catalogue for the Madrid Realists exhibition

    Original URL path: http://www.museothyssen.org/en/thyssen/ficha_artista/513 (2016-02-13)
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  • El Museo de arte Thyssen-Bornemisza - (Paseo del Prado, 8, Madrid-España)
    Sponsors Friends Volunteers The Museum in Private Corporate Events Press Tourism Professional Channel About Thyssen History Staff Jobs Transparency h Home Attributed to Christop Biography and Works Author Attributed to Christoph Scheller Born Dead Active in Memmingen between 1501 and 1530 Date Works Biography Listen Scheller was a sculptor active in Memmingen and a regular collaborator with the Strigel family workshop His only securely documented work is the altarpiece for the Veitskappelle in the Liebfrauenkirche in Schwaz Austria of 1511 It was Albrecht Miller who first associated Scheller with the sculptures for the altarpieces that Berhnard Strigel executed at the end of his career demonstrating that both artists were working in Memmingen at the same time While the attribution to Scheller of the two saints in the Thyssen Bornemisza collection is not unanimously accepted the style of the central figure in the Saint Vitus Altarpiece in the Veitskapelle and Saint Anthony in the Thyssen Bornemisza collection is clearly comparable Scheller s style is characterised by his manner of depicting the draperies using large areas of colour broken by small sharp folds He also deployed a distinctive approach to the faces which have broad features and prominent cheekbones with the hair arranged in thick locks Scheller did not have a wide repertoire of images and used the same figure type on repeated occasions Search Advanced search Featured Products Catalogue of the Madrid Realists exhibition Spanish Hardcover Add to Basket Catalogue for the Madrid Realists exhibition Spanish Paperback Add to Basket Go to the shop Recommended artists Anonymous German Artist active in Konstanz Active in Konstanz ca 1430 French Master Anonymous Francia English Anonymous Artist Anonymous Netherlandish Artist active in Antwerp Active in Antwerp ca 1525 Anonymous German Artist active in Westphalia Active in Westphalia early 15th Century Recommended works Saint Sabinus

    Original URL path: http://www.museothyssen.org/en/thyssen/ficha_artista/514 (2016-02-13)
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  • El Museo de arte Thyssen-Bornemisza - (Paseo del Prado, 8, Madrid-España)
    with Oskar Kokoschka is regarded as the greatest exponent of Austrian Expressionism He began studying art in 1906 at the Akademie für Bildenden Künste in Vienna under Christian Griepenkerl and dropped out in 1909 to form the Neukunstgruppe along with other young painters such as Anton Peschka The group s manifesto written by Schiele advocated the individuality of the artist and resulted in its splitting up after only a short time During these early years Schiele felt a keen attraction for the modernist Jugendstil and particularly for the work of Gustav Klimt whom he had met in 1907 He showed his work to the Viennese public at the Internationale Kunstschau of 1909 where he came into contact with his first and most important patrons such as the critic Arthur Roessler whose portraits he later painted A notable feature of Schiele s oeuvre which was centred on representing the human figure was his obsession with painting self portraits in which he transgressed the cultural and moral conventions of the day in his analysis of his body He was also interested in portraying the diverse facets of sexuality which led his art to be branded as pornography on many occasions This forced him to change residence in 1911 serve a spell in prison in 1912 and have a few of his works publicly burned Starting in 1911 he produced series of urban landscapes depicting among other places his mother s town of birth Krumau now part of the Czech Republic In these works his art tended towards simplification and even to abstraction as can also be seen in his later depictions of trees At the beginning of 1910 Schiele began to establish closer contacts outside Austria and took part in various exhibitions The recognition of his work gradually improved his dire financial

    Original URL path: http://www.museothyssen.org/en/thyssen/ficha_artista/515 (2016-02-13)
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  • El Museo de arte Thyssen-Bornemisza - (Paseo del Prado, 8, Madrid-España)
    an apprentice in an inlay workshop from 1903 to 1905 while attending the Kunstgewerbeschule in Stuttgart In 1906 he won a scholarship to study at the city s Kunstakademie and after a spell in Berlin from 1911 to 1912 he returned to the academy where he became a follower of Adolf Hölzel a pioneer of abstraction There he made the acquaintance of Willi Baumeister who would be a lifelong friend Otto Meyer Amden and Johannes Itten among others Schlemmer s art progressively tended towards the schematisation of his figures which became a figurative variant of Constructivism Schlemmer was wounded several times during the First World War Back at the Kunstakademie in 1919 he attempted to reform the educational system and to persuade the academy to hire Paul Klee as a lecturer However he failed in both attempts He exhibited his paintings and sculptures at Der Sturm gallery in Berlin and at the Galerie Arnold in Dresden and in 1920Walter Gropius offered him a teaching post at the Bauhaus where he strove to convey the idea of the total work of art through his various classes on mural painting drawing from life sculpture theatre and dance His Triadisches Ballet one of his best known works which became a symbol of reform in dance and theatre set design was first performed in 1922 Schlemmer taught at the Staatliche Akademie in Breslau from 1929 until its closure in 1932 Following a brief period in Berlin he settled in Switzerland with the idea of returning to Germany when the National Socialist regime eased its harsh cultural policy However the inclusion of his paintings in the Entartete Kunst Degenerate Art exhibition in 1937 completely dashed all his hopes Nevertheless he decided to return to Germany where unable to practise his profession he worked in various

    Original URL path: http://www.museothyssen.org/en/thyssen/ficha_artista/516 (2016-02-13)
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  • El Museo de arte Thyssen-Bornemisza - (Paseo del Prado, 8, Madrid-España)
    24 Biography Listen The painter Rudolf Schlichter pursued his artistic career in interwar Germany Closely connected with the circles of communist and revolutionary intellectuals he first embraced Dadaism and was later stylistically linked to the realist movement known as Neue Sachlichkeit New Objectivity He studied at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Stuttgart and at the Staatliche Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Karlsruhe where he was taught by Wilhelm Trübner As with many other painters of his generation his training was interrupted by the eruption of the First World War and his work was heavily marked by his experiences during this period In 1919 Schlichter played a part in establishing the Gruppe Rih which advocated fighting against bourgeois life and democratising culture in order to tear down social barriers Soon afterwards he moved to Berlin to become a member of the Novembergruppe and the city s Dada movement He became increasingly involved in politics and collaborated in founding the Rote Gruppe an association of communist artists in 1924 In 1925 he took part in the Neue Sachlichkeit exhibition in Mannheim which later gave its name to the movement From about 1927 political themes began to gradually disappear from Schlichter s works in parallel with his return to Catholicism In 1932 he moved to Rottenburg and began to write his autobiography which was published in two volumes and removed from circulation by the National Socialist Government in 1933 His clashes with the new regime did not end here he was temporarily expelled from the Reichskammer der Bildenden Künste and imprisoned for three months in 1938 After a spell in Stuttgart he settled permanently in Munich where he died in 1955 The works painted during the last years of his life were marked by a pessimism linked to Surrealism Search Advanced search Featured Products Catalogue

    Original URL path: http://www.museothyssen.org/en/thyssen/ficha_artista/517 (2016-02-13)
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  • El Museo de arte Thyssen-Bornemisza - (Paseo del Prado, 8, Madrid-España)
    Title Sea Snails Year 1953 Biography Listen Karl Schmidt was one of the leading members of the first German Expressionist movement in painting At the Chemnitz School he coincided with Erich Heckel and in 1905 followed his footsteps by moving to the city of Dresden to study architecture and paint as a self taught artist Together with Heckel Ernst Ludwig Kirchner and Fritz Bleyl he established the Expressionist group Die Brücke The Bridge in 1905 with the intention of seeking a new pictorial language to break with the past At this point the young Karl Schmidt added his birthplace to his surname becoming Schmidt Rottluff During the summers of 1907 and 1912 he went to Dangast to paint with Heckel and in 1911 he followed his colleagues to Berlin where he spent the rest of his life Schmidt Rottluff fought on the Russian front during the First World War When the Nazis came to power his recognition faded and he came to be considered a degenerate artist in 1937 He was expelled from the Reichskammer der Bildenden Künste his paintings were removed from museums and he was banned from exhibiting his work During these years of forced exile he spent long periods by Lake Leba in east Pomerania where he produced many watercolours His studio was destroyed during the Second World War and much of his work was lost In 1947 he was hired as a lecturer at the Hochschule für Bildende Künste in West Berlin where he greatly influenced the new generations of painters In 1964 he was the main promoter of the Brücke Museum in Berlin which opened in 1967 with works donated by the members of Die Brücke His Expressionistic style of vigorous brushstrokes and vibrant colours evolved from an early period influenced by Van Gogh towards

    Original URL path: http://www.museothyssen.org/en/thyssen/ficha_artista/518 (2016-02-13)
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  • El Museo de arte Thyssen-Bornemisza - (Paseo del Prado, 8, Madrid-España)
    Heinrich Schönfeld Title Salomon and the Queen of Sheba Year ca 1639 48 Biography Listen Son of a goldsmith from Biberach an der Riss Schönfeld probably first trained in the city of Memmingen in the workshop of the Sichelbein family of painters His first documented work is a drawing of Diana dated 1626 Staatsgalerie Stuttgart which clearly reveals his early interest in classical antiquity In 1633 the artist was in Rome where he formed part of the Schildersbent association of northern artists resident in the city In Italy Schönfeld s work was influenced by the Italianate Dutch landscape painters particularly Cornelis van Polenburgh and Herman van Swanevelt while Poussin s classicising style was of particular importance for his formation In 1638 the artist moved to Naples where he remained for almost ten years There he encountered the animated colourful compositions of Salvator Rosa Anielle Falcone Domenico Gargiulo and Bernardo Cavallino which notably influenced his work One of Schönfeld s finest works of this period is The Rape of Proserpine Schaezlerpalast Augsburg a painting that reveals the clear influence of Jacques Callot In 1651 Schönfeld is documented in Germany and in 1652 he became a citizen of Augsburg where he remained for the rest of his life Over the following years he was extremely active in various Bavarian cities and in northern Austria His first important commission came from the Archbishop of Salzburg for whom he painted various works for the cathedral all in situ In 1667 Schönfeld is documented in Munich where he executed a decorative scheme on the subject of the Emperor Trajan in situ In the last twelve years of his career he focused on religious compositions Search Advanced search Featured Products Catalogue of the Madrid Realists exhibition Spanish Hardcover Add to Basket Catalogue for the Madrid Realists

    Original URL path: http://www.museothyssen.org/en/thyssen/ficha_artista/519 (2016-02-13)
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