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  • El Museo de arte Thyssen-Bornemisza - (Paseo del Prado, 8, Madrid-España)
    the most significant chapters in modern art history the invention of Cubism He started out by learning the trade of painter and decorator in Le Havre following the family tradition In 1900 he moved from Normandy to Paris where he studied for a time at the Académie Humbert alongside Francis Picabia and Marie Laurencin and made his debut as a landscape painter In the French capital he had the opportunity to view the work of André Derain and Henri Matisse at the Salon d Automne in 1905 He spent the summer of 1906 in Antwerp with Othon Friesz and that autumn he headed for L Estaque following in Cézanne s footprints There his palette became progressively brighter due to the influence of the young Fauves with whom he exhibited at the Salon des Indépendants in 1907 That year he met the dealer Daniel Henry Kahnweiler and Guillaume Apollinaire introduced him to Pablo Picasso Viewing Les Demoiselles d Avignon caused his painting to take a new turn From then until 1914 Picasso and Braque worked in close collaboration and laid the groundwork for the new Cubist language Towards 1912 in an attempt to avoid the loss of contact with the visible world into which Cubism had evolved Braque began to paint certain areas in trompe l oeil fashion imitating marble or wood and returning to the trade of house painter and decorator he had learned from his father He later went one step further by pasting labels pieces of wallpaper and real newspaper cuttings onto his compositions These papiers collés became another of the revolutionary novelties Braque and Picasso introduced into modern art Braque fought in the war and like Apollinaire suffered a head wound although without the tragic consequences of his friend He remained faithful to the Cubist aesthetic until

    Original URL path: http://www.museothyssen.org/en/thyssen/ficha_artista/94 (2016-02-13)
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  • El Museo de arte Thyssen-Bornemisza - (Paseo del Prado, 8, Madrid-España)
    to a wealthy Protestant family Nothing is known of his early years and initial training except that on the death of his father in 1607 the family moved to Hoorn Breenbergh is next mentioned in a judicial document that locates him in Amsterdam in 1619 and refers to him for the first time as a painter Breenbergh belonged to the group of Italianate painters that travelled to Rome in their youth where he is documented in late 1619 There he made contact with the painter Paul Bril with whom Breenbergh stated that he studied for seven years copying large numbers of his works Breenbergh was a founder member of the Schildersbent the association of northern artists resident in Rome and received the nickname of Het Fret The Ferret Numerous drawings of Roman landscapes date from this period They depict classical ruins and buildings and are clearly influenced by the work of the painters Paul Bril and Cornelis Poelenburgh The precise date of Breenbergh s return to Holland is not known but he is documented in Amsterdam in 1633 the year that he married Rebecca Schellingwou Breenbergh was most active in the 1630s and his work reveals a series of innovations that would mark the start of his mature period He began to introduce mythological and biblical figures into his landscapes and to favour Old Testament scenes clearly influenced by Pieter Lastman and other artists of the generation prior to Rembrandt Breenbergh remained in Amsterdam until his death in 1657 During the last fifteen years of his life his output notably diminished and from 1652 he devoted his energies to commercial activities His later works are far removed from his simple early Italian views and landscapes and are notable for their monumental compositions and expressive figures Search Advanced search Featured Products

    Original URL path: http://www.museothyssen.org/en/thyssen/ficha_artista/95 (2016-02-13)
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  • El Museo de arte Thyssen-Bornemisza - (Paseo del Prado, 8, Madrid-España)
    his native city with Ulrich Apt the Elder in whose workshop he is documented from 1493 In 1500 before moving permanently and as an independent master to Augsburg Breu made a trip to Austria during which he executed altarpieces for the Stiftekirche in Zwettl the monastery at Aggsbach and the church at Melk These early works which are among the first examples of the Danube School reveal an interest in nature and the depiction of landscape as well as the painting of Jan Polack and Martin Schongauer and Dürer s prints In 1502 Breu was back in Augsburg where he established his own workshop and hired apprentices among them his brother Klaus Breu is noted for his versatility as a painter producing religious and history paintings decorative frescoes and designs for prints and stained glass His most important commissions came from the Fugger family in Augsburg for whom he executed the decoration of the wings of the organ in their family chapel in the church of Saint Anne in situ and the frescoes on the rear façade of the Fuggerhaus of which some fragments have survived We also know that Breu participated along with Ulrich Apt the Elder and other artists on the exterior decoration of the Town Hall of Augsburg now lost Breu s late works reveal an interest in Mannerism and use a bold vibrant colour range more exaggerated expressions and pronounced folds in the drapery of his figures Also notable from this period are the works that the artist produced for Duke William IV of Bavaria The Story of Lucretia and The Battle of Zama both Alte Pinakothek Munich On his death in 1537 his son pupil and assistant Jörg Breu II took over the direction of the workshop Search Advanced search Featured Products Catalogue of the

    Original URL path: http://www.museothyssen.org/en/thyssen/ficha_artista/96 (2016-02-13)
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  • El Museo de arte Thyssen-Bornemisza - (Paseo del Prado, 8, Madrid-España)
    employment as a clerk in a dry goods store in Boston and during this time he may have studied art at the Lowell Institute Bricher s earliest known painting is dated 1856 In 1858 he opened a studio at Newburyport That year while sketching at Mount Desert ME he met the artists Charles Temple Dix and William S Hasetine who gave him profitable advice By 1859 Bricher had a studio in Boston and may have studied with William H Titcomb In 1866 he made a trip West along the Upper Mississippi L Prang and Company Boston published its first chromolithograph after a landscape by Bricher the same year eventually the firm would purchase and publish over twenty of the artist s works He married Susan A Wildes apparently for only a brief time in 1868 and moved to New York City He began exhibiting at the National Academy of Design where he was elected an Associate in 1879 and at the American Water Color Society where he was elected a member in 1873 In August 1871 Bricher was sketching at Niagara Falls He probably made his first trip to Grand Manan Island Canada in 1874 Bricher may have travelled to England as several works exhibited late in 1876 and 1877 are of English subjects In 1876 he exhibited at the Philadelphia Centennial After 1878 perhaps influenced by the large display of European art at the Centennial the human figure became for a few years more important in his work George Walter Vincent Smith became a major patron acquiring more than fifteen works by the artist Bricher was among a group of twenty two artists from the New York Artists Fund Society who made a two week sketching excursion along the Erie Canal to Niagara Falls in 1880 In 1881 he

    Original URL path: http://www.museothyssen.org/en/thyssen/ficha_artista/97 (2016-02-13)
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  • El Museo de arte Thyssen-Bornemisza - (Paseo del Prado, 8, Madrid-España)
    a gardener He began his studies aged 11 in Utrecht with the stained glass painter Jan Verbuch He continued his training in France first in Arras with Pieter Mathys and a year and a half later in Paris where he is documented in the workshop of Chamu one of the leading stained glass painters in France On his return to the Low Countries Van Bronchorst settled in Utrecht where he acquired citizenship in 1622 and married Catalijntje van Noort in 1626 During this period the artist worked as an independent master undertaking small commissions for private clients such as coats of arms and other heraldic motifs In the late 1620s he started to receive lessons in painting in the studio of the Caravaggesque painter Gerrit van Honthorst Initially Van Bronchorst produced prints based on works by Cornelis van Poelenburgh then later started to execute his own drawings focusing on oil painting from the mid 1630s In 1639 he is registered in the painters guild in Utrecht Van Bronchorst s early works reveal the influence of Flemish painting as well as that of the Utrecht Caravaggisti His compositions are characterised by a certain theatricality derived from Rubens while the marked contrasts of light and the use of a cool palette looks to the work of Honthorst and Ter Brugghen From 1647 Van Bronchorst who continued to work as a stained glass designer began to receive major commissions such as the decoration of the windows for the Neuwe Kerk and the Oude Kerk in Amsterdam In 1650 he moved to that city where he lived until his death and where he was involved in the most important decorative projects of the day including the new Town Hall and the Stadhuis now the Royal Palace Two of his sons Johannes and Gerrit van

    Original URL path: http://www.museothyssen.org/en/thyssen/ficha_artista/72 (2016-02-13)
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  • El Museo de arte Thyssen-Bornemisza - (Paseo del Prado, 8, Madrid-España)
    born in 1503 in Monticelli a small town near Florence From the outset of his career he was known as Bronzino a nickname whose origins are unknown He first trained as a painter with Raffaellino del Garbo and then with Pontormo who became not only his teacher and most important artistic reference but also a close friend for life During the early years of his career Bronzino collaborated with Pontormo on easel paintings and decorative fresco cycles such as the one for the church of Santa Felicità in Florence In 1539 Bronzino was involved in the decorations to celebrate the marriage of Duke Cosimo I de Medici and Eleonora of Toledo and at that point was appointed court painter to the Duke Bronzino produced religious and mythological paintings but was particularly outstanding as a portraitist Rather than depicting every detail of the sitter s appearance Bronzino focused on aspects such as social position the elegance of the pose and the restraint and bearing of his models In his portraits elements such as the rich brightly coloured materials jewels gleaming armour and complex hairstyles all acquire great importance through their decorative merit and ability to suggest power and wealth Among the finest portraits by the artist are Cosimo de Medici in Armour and Eleanora of Toledo and her Children both Galleria degli Uffizi Florence and Ludovico Capponi Frick Collection New York Bronzino was a poet as well as a painter He achieved fame and renown in his own lifetime in addition to the respect of his contemporaries and was one of the most influential figures in the Accademia del Disegno which he cofounded in 1563 as well as in the city s intellectual circles His most important followers include Alessandro Allori whom Bronzino both taught and supported Search Advanced search Featured

    Original URL path: http://www.museothyssen.org/en/thyssen/ficha_artista/98 (2016-02-13)
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  • El Museo de arte Thyssen-Bornemisza - (Paseo del Prado, 8, Madrid-España)
    house of the painter Barent van Someren The following year he is mentioned in an official document of the city of Haarlem in relation to the society of rhetoricians known as De Wijngaardranken According to the 17th century writer on art Houbraken Brouwer was a pupil of Frans Hals a statement that has not been proven and he may in fact have trained with his father a painter of tapestry cartoons in Oudenaarde It is not known when Brouwer left Haarlem but in 1631 he is registered as a master in the guild of Saint Luke in Antwerp From that year onwards Brouwer is repeatedly mentioned in documents in that city principally in relation to fiscal matters Between 1633 and 1643 he was in prison possibly for debt as well as for political reasons The year that he was set free he joined the rhetoricians chamber in Antwerp known as De Violieren Brouwer died at the early age of 32 in the outbreak of plague that struck Antwerp in 1638 The chronology of the artist s work is difficult to establish as only two of his works are dated While at the end of his life he produced various landscapes he primarily focused on genre scenes in particular scenes of ordinary people engaged in leisure activities This subject was frequently painted in the 16th century reaching its maximum peak of splendour with Pieter Brueghel the Elder Brouwer however translated these exterior scenes to the interiors of inns filling the space with large figures seen drinking playing cards quarrelling and fighting His paintings are characterised by their refined technique and precise delicate brushstrokes of an almost transparent type painted in successive layers The figures which are completely integrated into the settings are painted with a sense of space around them and

    Original URL path: http://www.museothyssen.org/en/thyssen/ficha_artista/99 (2016-02-13)
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  • El Museo de arte Thyssen-Bornemisza - (Paseo del Prado, 8, Madrid-España)
    Fees Location Services Ac Activities Follow and reserve the activities Studies of the Collection Open Windows Restoration Educathyssen Educational Programmes Apps Community Mobile apps social media Online Shop Book Publications Gifts Support the Museum Sponsors Friends Volunteers The Museum in Private Corporate Events Press Tourism Professional Channel About Thyssen History Staff Jobs Transparency h Home Follower of Adriaen Br Biography and Works Author Follower of Adriaen Brouwer Born Dead Oudenaarde 1605 06 Antwerp 1638 Date Works Author Follower of Adriaen Brouwer Title Smoker Year Search Advanced search Featured Products Catalogue of the Madrid Realists exhibition Spanish Hardcover Add to Basket Catalogue for the Madrid Realists exhibition Spanish Paperback Add to Basket Go to the shop Recommended artists Follower of Adriaen Brouwer Oudenaarde 1605 06 Antwerp 1638 Francesco Maffei Vicenza 1605 Padua 1660 Jan Jansz Treck Amsterdam 1605 6 1652 Giovanni Francesco Grimaldi Bologna 1606 Rome 1680 Jan Davidsz de Heem Utrecht 1606 Amberes 1683 4 Recommended works The Nativity and other Episodes from the Childhood of Christ Pietro da Rimini Saint Jerome in the Desert BartolomeoMontagna The Descent from the Cross Master of Forlì Portrait of Thomas Cromwell Attributed to HansHolbein The Annunciate Angel The Crucifixion with the Virgin and

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