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  • Blackstripe Topminnow in Focus
    Fundulus notatus Pygmy Killifish Leptolucania ommata Least Killifish Heterandria formosa Comanche Springs Pupfish Cyprinodon elegans Central Longear Sunfish Lepomis megalotis Christmas Darter Etheostoma hopkinsi Orangethroat Darter Etheostoma spectabile Banded Darter Etheostoma zonale Everglades Pygmy Sunfish Elassoma evergladei Gulf Coast Pygmy Sunfish Elassoma gilberti Hogchoker Trinectes maculatus Word in Focus Schreckstoff Fish in Focus Blackstripe topminnow Fundulus notatus Blackstripe topminnow Fundulus notatus Garold W Sneegas and Aquatic Kansas Images This member

    Original URL path: http://nanfa.org/fif/bstopmin.shtml (2016-02-01)
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  • Pygmy Killifish in Focus
    along the mid body line The females also have two conspicuous spots one at the base of the tail and one at about the mid body line These dark spots are highlighted by a lighter colored ring on the outside In contrast the male has a very small dark spot at the base of the tail The Pygmy Killifish is an excellent candidate for the nano tank with live plants or even better a larger tank with live plants Care for this killie is rather basic and simple In my experience they adapt well to most water conditions but since they are from highly acidic dark water environments that would be the best for them I have rather hard alkaline water and I ve kept groups of this fish for two years in these conditions The Pygmy Killifish comes from dark vegetated waters It is most often found in amongst very green dense submergent plant growth or underneath algae mats They can be very concentrated in some areas especially in the spring I have caught up to 100 killies in one scoop of the dip net I have kept them in one gallon jugs up to 30 gallon planted tanks Good water quality is a must but the fish do not like a strong current Sponge or box filters set with a low air flow are probably best for a Pygmy Killifish tank One of the best display tanks I ever had was a 30 gallon tank heavily planted with Java Fern and Java Moss a large piece of drift wood and some Giant Salvinia I kept a group of approximately 80 Pygmy Killifish along with Elassoma okefenokee Swamp Darters and Heterandia formosa The tank had a dark background and dark gravel All of the fish thrived and looked great

    Original URL path: http://nanfa.org/fif/leptolucania.shtml (2016-02-01)
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  • Least Killifish in Focus
    adapts easily to most water types and constantly breeds The Least Killifish is one of the two smallest vertebrate animals in the United States Actually the male may be the smallest vertebrate animal in the entire word I ve caught the Least Killifish in several types of water I ve caught them in hard clear alkaline water in the Florida Everglades region dark acidic tannin stained water in the Okefenokee region of Georgia and some brackish influenced drainage ditches in Carolina Though in the book Fishes of Okefenokee Swamp by Laerrn and Freeman 1986 the authors state that the Least Killifish is not found in the swamp or its immediate drainage I often catch them in an outflow from the park by the southern entrance to the National Wildlife Refuge in Folkston GA outside of the park boundaries The Least Killifish of course is much more common east and west of Okefenokee Swamp I keep mine in the hard alkaline water straight from the tap I add a little dechlorinator and a little dissolved aquarium salt I have found that with the Least Killifish or with any of my wild livebearers that the addition of a little salt seems to keep them in better health and prevents fin clamping The Least Killifish is another fish often found in dense plant growth or along the edges of plant growth usually in relatively shallow water They are social and often travel in large groups There is one spot in Georgia where I often catch hundreds with little effort in very shallow water over the sand bottom of a boat launch My aquarium set ups for Least Killifish are very basic in form and function I filter the tanks with sponge filters set with a low air flow only The females drop fry

    Original URL path: http://nanfa.org/fif/heterandria.shtml (2016-02-01)
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  • Male Comanche Springs pupfish in Focus
    Lepomis megalotis Christmas Darter Etheostoma hopkinsi Orangethroat Darter Etheostoma spectabile Banded Darter Etheostoma zonale Everglades Pygmy Sunfish Elassoma evergladei Gulf Coast Pygmy Sunfish Elassoma gilberti Hogchoker Trinectes maculatus Word in Focus Schreckstoff Fish in Focus Male Comanche Springs pupfish Cyprinodon elegans Comanche Springs pupfish Cyprinodon elegans Garold W Sneegas and Aquatic Kansas Images Nikonos II 35mm Hydro Photo T1 close up lens f 16 1 60 Ikelite Ai Ms substrobes Fujichrome Velvia Water 76 F This image was taken on March 17 1996 at 12 30pm at the San Solomon Spring pool in Balmorhea State Park Reeves Co TX The Comanche Springs pupfish Cyprinodon elegans originally inhabited Comanche Springs located at Fort Stockton but has since become extinct at this site A refugium consisting of canals and a large spring fed pool was constructed in 1975 at Balmorhea State Park to provide a permanent habitat for the Comanche Springs pupfish and the Pecos gambusia Gambusia nobilis The canals and pool are fed from San Solomon Springs at a rate of 22 26 million gallons of water a day After the water leaves the park it is available for human consumption by the surrounding population The park is also a popular

    Original URL path: http://nanfa.org/fif/comanche.shtml (2016-02-01)
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  • Longear Sunfish in Focus
    serracanthus Pirate Perch Aphredoderus sayanus Redfin Pickerel Esox americanus Mudminnows Umbra limi Umbra pygmaea Northern Studfish Fundulus catenatus Spotfin Killifish Fundulus luciae Blackstripe Topminnow Fundulus notatus Pygmy Killifish Leptolucania ommata Least Killifish Heterandria formosa Comanche Springs Pupfish Cyprinodon elegans Central Longear Sunfish Lepomis megalotis Christmas Darter Etheostoma hopkinsi Orangethroat Darter Etheostoma spectabile Banded Darter Etheostoma zonale Everglades Pygmy Sunfish Elassoma evergladei Gulf Coast Pygmy Sunfish Elassoma gilberti Hogchoker Trinectes maculatus Word in Focus Schreckstoff Fish in Focus Longear sunfish Lepomis megalotis Longear sunfish Lepomis megalotis Garold W Sneegas and Aquatic Kansas Images Nikonos II 35mm Hydro Photo T1 close up lens f 16 1 60 Ikelite Ai Ms substrobes Fujichrome Velvia This image of a spawning pair of longear sunfish Lepomis megalotis was taken on August 7 1994 in a tributary of Mill creek Wabaunsee Co KS at 10 30 AM The longear sunfish inhabits a range from the Florida Panhandle to southern Texas up through the Gulf drainages of the Appalachian Mountains to the Great Lakes and St Lawrence River Longear sunfish prefer rocky headwater pools of small creeks and rivers However they may also be found in rocky clear water impoundments They make an excellent aquarium fish and

    Original URL path: http://nanfa.org/fif/longear.shtml (2016-02-01)
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  • Christmas Darter in Focus
    eat it Increasing a darter s hunting prowess is the curious ability to move their heads almost as if they had necks Their eyes are also very capable of moving so as to be better able to focus on objects The fish will slowly and carefully prowl the streambed searching out insects in the substrate rocks and other objects Upon finding a prospective meal the darter sneaks up as closely as possible often turning or lowering its head slightly establishes a visual lock on its target arches its back and pounces The prey is inhaled so rapidly it can be hard to see happen A less often employed yet still common feeding approach is a mad dash in a beeline toward a distant prey item The target must be worth it though the added energy expended and the degree to which the darter exposes itself means that not just any prey will be chased down in this manner Christmas Darter habitat Little River McCormick County SC Photo by Matt Knepley Common water willow Justicia americana A frequently occurring but not required indicator of Christmas Darter habitat Photo by Matt Knepley Christmas Darters are a true southern specialty Anyone looking for them in the wild will need to stay in the southeast as only South Carolina and Georgia can claim them as native South Carolina specimens reside in streams of the Savannah River drainage from Oconee County south to the Fall Line near the Edgefield Aiken county border They appear to be most common in Abbeville McCormick and Edgefield counties Their territory in Georgia is somewhat larger occupying major portions of the Altamaha Ocmulgee Oconee Ogeechee and Savannah River basins in the central eastern part of the state Searches in these areas in water moving over shallow rocky bottomed riffles and runs with a close proximity to small to moderate amounts of varying aquatic vegetation are the most likely to be successful While they do like an appreciable current they appear to avoid the most tumultuous waters Pounding whitewater is not to their liking The Christmas Darter is a very rewarding animal for those who enjoy keeping fishes in aquariums Not only are they pretty and peaceful but they also exhibit some interesting behaviors as well E hopkinsi will become quite tame in short order They are curious fish taking active notice not only of events in their aquarium home but also in what is happening in the world outside their tank They often approach the glass to watch the people watching them It is quite humorous to observe a Christmas Darter approach the aquarium glass crane its head and train its eyes on its caretaker They have such personality and just enough differences in their patterns that it does not take an aquarist long to be able to distinguish individual animals Christmas Darters are quick to associate their keepers with food This allows the aquarist ample opportunity to view their sneak and pounce feeding approach Small frozen mysis shrimp frozen

    Original URL path: http://nanfa.org/fif/christmas.shtml (2016-02-01)
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  • Orangethroat darter in Focus
    Sunfish Elassoma evergladei Gulf Coast Pygmy Sunfish Elassoma gilberti Hogchoker Trinectes maculatus Word in Focus Schreckstoff Fish in Focus Orangethroat darter Etheostoma spectabile Orangethroat darter Etheostoma spectabile Garold W Sneegas and Aquatic Kansas Images Nikonos II 35mm Hydro Photo T1 close up lens f 16 1 60 Ikelite Ai substrobe Fujichrome Velvia This image of two displaying male orangethroat darters with a female above beginning to burrow underneath a rock

    Original URL path: http://nanfa.org/fif/orangeth.shtml (2016-02-01)
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  • Banded darter in Focus
    Lepomis megalotis Christmas Darter Etheostoma hopkinsi Orangethroat Darter Etheostoma spectabile Banded Darter Etheostoma zonale Everglades Pygmy Sunfish Elassoma evergladei Gulf Coast Pygmy Sunfish Elassoma gilberti Hogchoker Trinectes maculatus Word in Focus Schreckstoff Fish in Focus Banded darter Etheostoma zonale Banded darter Etheostoma zonale Garold W Sneegas and Aquatic Kansas Images Nikonos II 35mm and Hydro Photo T2 close up lens 1 60 sec at f 16 Ikelite Ai and Ms

    Original URL path: http://nanfa.org/fif/bandedd.shtml (2016-02-01)
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