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  • upgrading
    an upgrade it is essential to read the release information and upgrading notes in one of the INSTALL files this is the official description of the upgrade procedure with platform specific information and important details It can be found in the root directory of the NetBSD release on the install CD or on the FTP server It is advisable to print the INSTALL document out It is available in four formats txt ps more and html Performing the upgrade The following section provides an overview of the binary upgrade process Most of the following sysinst dialogs are similar to those of the installation process More verbose descriptions and explanations of the dialogs are available in Example installation After selecting the installation language and the keyboard type the main menu appears Choosing option b Upgrade NetBSD on a hard disk will start the the upgrade process Starting the upgrade This dialog will request permission to continue with the upgrade At this point nothing has been changed yet and the upgrade can still be cancelled This is a good time to ask yourself whether you have made a backup and if you know for certain that you will be able to restore from it Continuing the upgrade After choosing to continue with Yes the next dialog will ask you to specify the hard disk with the NetBSD system that shall be upgraded If more than one disk is available a list of the disks will be displayed Choosing the hard drive The system used for the example has only one hard disk available wd0 The following dialog provides a menu to choose the installation type The choices are Full installation Minimal installation or Custom installation Choosing the distribution filesets At this point sysinst will perform a check of the file system to ensure its integrity File system check The next step is to choose which type of bootblocks to install Choosing bootblicks The next dialog will ask how much information should be displayed during the extraction of the distribution sets Upgrade process verbosity level The following dialog asks for the install method of choice and provides a list of possible options The install medium contains the new NetBSD distribution sets You will be prompted for different information depending on which option you choose For example a CD ROM or DVD install requires you to specify which device to use and which directory the sets are in while an FTP install requires you to configure your network and specify the hostname of an FTP server More details can be found in Choosing the installation media Install medium sysinst will now unpack the distribution sets replacing your old binaries After unpacking these sets it runs the postinstall script to clean up various things If no problems occur you are done If postinstall produces errors you will have to manually resolve the issues it brings up See postinstall s man page for more information You should also read the remarks in INSTALL about upgrading as

    Original URL path: http://wiki.netbsd.org/guide/upgrading/ (2016-02-01)
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  • veriexec
    access type is enforced only in strict level 2 IPS mode and above The access types you can use are DIRECT INDIRECT and FILE DIRECT DIRECT access means that the file is executed directly and not invoked as an interpreter for some script or opened with an editor Usually most programs you use will be accessed using this mode ls tmp ls is the executed file cp foo tmp bar cp is the executed file rm foo rm is the executed file INDIRECT INDIRECT access means that the file is executed indirectly and is invoked to interpret a script This happens usually when scripts have a shebang magic as their first line For example if you have a script with the following as its first line bin sh And you run it as script sh Then bin sh will be executed indirectly it will be invoked to interpret the script FILE FILE entries refer to everything which is not or should not be an executable This includes shared libraries configuration files etc Everything you want to have monitored Examples Some examples for Veriexec signature file entries bin ls MD5 dc2e14dc84bdefff4bf9777958c1b20b DIRECT usr bin perl MD5 914aa8aa47ebd79ccd7909a09ed61f81 INDIRECT etc pf conf MD5 950e1dd6fcb3f27df1bf6accf7029f7d FILE Veriexec allows you to specify more than one way to access a file in an entry For example even though usr bin perl is mostly used as an interpreter it may be desired to be able to execute it directly too usr bin perl MD5 914aa8aa47ebd79ccd7909a09ed61f81 DIRECT INDIRECT Shell scripts using magic to be executable also require two access types We need them to be DIRECT so we can execute them and we need them to be FILE so that the kernel can feed their contents to the interpreter they define usr src build sh MD5 e80dbb4c047ecc1d84053174c1e9264a DIRECT FILE To make it easier to create signature files and to make the signature files themselves more readable Veriexec allows you to use the following aliases Alias Expansion PROGRAM DIRECT INTERPRETER INDIRECT SCRIPT DIRECT FILE LIBRARY FILE Sample scripts for generating fingerprints are available in usr share examples veriexecctl After you ve generated a signatures file you should save it as etc signatures and enable Veriexec in rc conf veriexec YES Strict levels Since different people might want to use Veriexec for different purposes we also define four strict levels ranging 0 3 and named learning IDS IPS and lockdown modes strict level 0 is the learning mode In this level Veriexec will act passively and simply warn about any anomalies Combined with verbose level 1 running the system in this mode can help you fine tune the signatures file This is also the only strict level in which you can load new entries to the kernel strict level 1 is the IDS mode Intrusion Detection System Mode Now Veriexec will deny access to files with a fingerprint mismatch This mode suits mostly to users who simply want to prevent access to files which might ve been maliciously modified

    Original URL path: http://wiki.netbsd.org/guide/veriexec/ (2016-02-01)
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  • x
    doesn t work try values like Microsoft IntelliMouse or Logitech See mousedrv 4 for more information The keyboard Even if you have already configured your keyboard for wscons see wscons you need to configure it for X as well at least if you want to use a non US layout An easy solution is to use the XKB protocol to specify the keyboard type and layout Here is an example that shows how to use a German keyboard Section InputDevice Identifier Keyboard0 Driver kbd Option XkbRules xorg Option XkbModel pc105 Option XkbLayout de Option XkbOptions ctrl nocaps EndSection If you wish to change the repeat rate of your keyboard you can set it with the AutoRepeat option which takes two arguments delay and rate respectively The following example sets the initial delay to 200 milliseconds and the repeat rate to 30 per second Option AutoRepeat 200 30 If X is already running the keyboard repeat rate can be changed with the xset 1 command xset r 200 30 You can also run this command in your xinitrc file See below Customizing X for more information The monitor If X does not run at the resolution you think it should first run xrandr and see if the resolution you want is listed If your preferred resolution is listed in that command s output you can change resolutions with e g xrandr s 1680x1050 If your preferred resolution is not listed or you have issues with flickering you may need to manually specify your monitor s horizontal and vertical frequencies These can be set with the HorizSync and VertRefresh directives in the Monitor section An example is provided below Section Monitor Identifier Monitor0 VendorName Monitor Vendor ModelName Monitor Model HorizSync 30 83 VertRefresh 56 75 EndSection Possible values for your specific monitor can often be found in the manual sometimes even on the monitor itself The video card Normally your video card will be automatically detected In the event that this autodetection fails all available drivers can be found in usr X11R7 lib modules drivers Replace X11R7 with X11R6 if you use a port that has not yet switched to X Org The driver can be set with the Driver directive in the Device section as shown below Section Device Identifier Card0 Driver intel EndSection Starting X You can start X with the following command startx If your basic X server configuration is correct you are left in the X environment with the default window manager twm If you want a more advanced window manager or desktop environment many are available in pkgsrc See Other window managers or desktop environments for information about adding and changing window managers Customizing X One of the first things you will want to do is to change the programs that run when X is first started The easiest way to do this is to copy the default xinitrc file to your home directory and modify it or create a simple new one from scratch For example

    Original URL path: http://wiki.netbsd.org/guide/x/ (2016-02-01)
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  • hackathon
    upgrade notes for when the sets are on usr PR 43314 pc relative relocations are off by 1 size on vax PR 44159 startx xinit fails PR 45155 there are no usb stick installer images PR 45439 gcc generates out of range branch insn for m68k PR 45573 internal compiler error when building f2c on sparc64 PR 45620 MAKEDEV failures remains unoticed in miniroot build PR 45628 acpicpu 4 changes between 5 99 55 and 5 99 56 break amd64 PR 45816 Screen corruption in German sysinst install PR 45854 vnode clean list corruption PR 45974 kernfs mount point directory listing is empty Should be fixed PR 37726 request documentation of 2147 second limit on adjtime 2 PR 19774 ddb can be entered twice and then you can t get out fixed PR 36526 ddb 4 doesn t document ddb commandonenter fully nor correctly PR 36227 TRYEMULROOT related doc issues about absolute symlinks PR 38141 lookup vfs busy acquire rwlock recursively now transient unmount failures PR 38889 Crash on open mmap close of block device PR 45694 update by build sh doesn t complete because of unwriteable dev PR 38265 sometimes kern directory can not be read PR 33642 Sometimes creating new users and then chowning directories for them leads to a panic PR 32844 unix domain sockets documentation is incomplete and see 38993 PR 22522 connect 2 may fail with EINVAL PR 38668 fast ipsec ipv6 ans socket locking doesn t play well together PR 6536 wsconsctl metaesc setting is undocumented PR 9725 GNU autoconf mmap test causes panic in hp300 based m68k pmap code PR 34100 keyboard not working on my Compaq Presario V2658US notebook PR 39275 HEAD amd64 kernel hang at uhub5 at usb5 vendor 0x1002 EHCI PR 32830 sd 4 contains incorrect incomplete information PR 42596 getopt long 3 manual does not mention and leading character in optstring parameter PR 41891 our pthread doesn t like wine 1 1 27 PR 20272 No daily checks for disk quotas PR 8282 PSD for make not in sync with program and manpage PR 41652 newfs neither respects nor updates the block and frag sizes in disklabel PR 26835 cgd conf handled incorrectly in case cgd on cgd PR 28624 cgdconfig with no keygen entry fails silently PR 36243 cgdconfig manual page correction document n flag add V to g case omit n in g case PR 14578 sh 1 doesn t explain emacs editing mode PR 35227 bin sh does not clean up zombies under certain circumstances PR 36532 fix for a core dump in bin sh dotrap PR 40554 operator incorrectly documented in sh 1 man page PR 32591 cap mkdb 1 does not update properly db files PR 34890 ldd 1 receives SIGSEGV when called for certain files PR 29719 confusing passwd 1 warning w short password and PAM PR 11223 POSIX 2 ps G not supported committable patch PR 37288 su fails if home on nfs without root privileges PR 18936 syslogd should call initgroups

    Original URL path: http://wiki.netbsd.org/hackathon/ (2016-02-01)
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  • how netbsd boots on x86
    fdisk 8 to mark one of the MBR partitions as active Disk read error No operating system PBR magic number was wrong Invalid CHS read CHS vs LBA check selected LBA reads but BIOS does not support them MBR is read by the BIOS and then validated checked for magic number 0xaa55 at the end If validation fails BIOS may print evil error message and or try next boot device otherwise BIOS passes control to MBR Unless it was compiled with NO BANNER MBR displays its banner NetBSD MBR Boot Next it checks if CHS or LBA addressing must be used in further BIOS I O calls Since partition table entry stores both linear and CHS address linear address is computed from CHS address and if it matches stored linear address MBR will use CHS addressing LBA addressing will be tried otherwise even if it is not supported by BIOS PBR is then loaded from 1st sector of active partition or if boot selector was compiled into this MBR it may be loaded from another partition or disk Stage 1 Partition Boot Record bootxx PBR source sys arch i386 stand bootxx pbr S bootxx source sys arch i386 stand bootxx bootxx S combined PBR bootxx binaries usr mdec bootxx Error messages 2 or Disk read B or Not a bootxx image phase 1 bootstrap s magic number was wrong P or No NetBSD partition L or Invalid CHS read see above PBR loads phase 1 bootstrap bootxx from next 15 sectors on disk validates and runs it bootxx displays its banner NetBSD machine filesystem Primary Bootstrap and tries to load phase 2 bootstrap boot2 from several locations start of MBR partition or start of MBR partition RAIDframe offset or start of partition a in disklabel bootxx error messages Boot failed

    Original URL path: http://wiki.netbsd.org/how_netbsd_boots_on_x86/ (2016-02-01)
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  • htdocs migration
    financial resolutions gallery advocacy flyer sschumacher flyer events in Action presentations press xplanet mirrors mailinglists people groups ports diverse ports releases diverse releases releng support hardware security To be done Those which are not yet transformed are these index html about index html changes index html community index html contrib org index html contrib index html developers index html developers cvs repos index html developers features index html developers pkgsrc index html developers releng index html docs index html docs bsd lite2 index html docs bsd index html docs bsd net2 index html docs kernel profiling index html docs kernel index html docs kernel pseudo index html docs misc smbprint index html docs network ipsec index html docs network ipv6 index html docs network isdn index html docs network netboot rbootd index html docs network netboot index html docs network pppoe index html docs pkgsrc index html docs power mgmt index html docs research index html docs rump index html docs software index html donations index html errors index html foundation index html foundation press index html gallery advocacy index html gallery index html gallery events usenix2001 index html gallery events index html gallery events usenix2002 index html gallery events usenix2003 index html gallery events usenix2004 index html gallery in Action index html gallery presentations index html gallery xplanet index html mailinglists index html mirrors torrents index html mirrors index html people index html people groups index html ports arm index html ports arm26 index html ports arm32 index html ports hpcmips index html ports ibmnws index html ports mac68k booter manual index html ports mac68k index html ports mac68k faq index html ports mac68k info index html ports mac68k theobald index html ports macppc index html ports macppc SystemDisk tutorial index html ports newsmips index html ports pc532 index html ports pdp10 index html ports playstation2 index html ports pmppc index html ports s390 index html ports sh3 index html releases formal 0 8 index html releases index html releases formal 0 9 index html releases formal 1 0 index html releases formal 1 1 index html releases formal 1 2 index html releases formal 1 3 sun3x index html releases formal 1 3 index html releases formal 1 4 index html releases formal 1 5 index html releases formal 1 6 index html releases formal 2 0 index html releases formal 3 index html releases formal 4 index html releases formal 5 index html releases formal 6 index html releng index html sites index html support hardware index html support index html support security index html Already done Those are the index files already transformed by GCi students and not yet in the wiki docs current index html docs network nsps index html docs internals en index html ports xen index html docs x index html docs puffs index html docs network index html Those are single files which were also done by GCi students docs bootcd html http ftp netbsd org pub NetBSD NetBSD 5 1 2

    Original URL path: http://wiki.netbsd.org/htdocs_migration/ (2016-02-01)
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  • ikiwiki
    report guide Report a bug Query bug database Security Community Blogs Mailing lists List archives Developers Browse source Cross reference Release engineering Projects list Ports History Emulators Packages Browse packages Release engineering Wiki Home Edit Comment Source History New RecentChanges NetBSD Wiki ikiwiki This wiki is powered by ikiwiki Currently running version 3 20150614 Some documentation on using ikiwiki formatting wikilink subpage pagespec directive markdown openid searching templates Add a

    Original URL path: http://wiki.netbsd.org/ikiwiki/ (2016-02-01)
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  • OpenID
    allows you to have one login that you can use on a growing number of websites If you have an account with some of the larger web service providers you might already have an OpenID Directory of OpenID providers To sign in to this wiki using OpenID just enter it in the OpenID field in the signin form You do not need to give this wiki a password or go

    Original URL path: http://wiki.netbsd.org/ikiwiki/openid/ (2016-02-01)
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