archive-org.com » ORG » N » NONRESISTANCE.ORG

Total: 381

Choose link from "Titles, links and description words view":

Or switch to "Titles and links view".
  • Non-Resistance Asserted - Table of Contents
    1850 1900 POST 1900 TOLSTOY U S AUTHORS SITE MAP NON RESISTANCE ASSERTED AND NO CONCORD BETWEEN CHRIST AND BELIAL by Daniel Musser Table of Contents TITLE PAGE PREFACE TRANSCRIBER S NOTES NON RESISTANCE ASSERTED Part 1 Part 2 Part

    Original URL path: http://www.nonresistance.org/docs_htm/~Nonresistance_Asserted/NRA_contents.html (2016-04-28)
    Open archived version from archive


  • What I Believe - Chapter 1
    and definite precepts of Christianity they must have been expressed in this sermon and therefore in those three chapters of St Matthew s gospel I sought the solution of my doubts Many and many a time I read over the sermon and every time I felt the same emotion on reading the texts about turning my cheek to the one who strikes me giving up my cloak to him who takes my coat being at peace with all men and loving my enemies and yet there remained in me the same feeling of dissatisfaction The words of God were not as yet clear to me They seemed to enjoin an impossible self denial that annulled life itself and therefore it seemed to me that such self denial could not be the requirement on which man s salvation depended But then if that were not the express condition of salvation there was nothing fixed and clear I not only read the Sermon on the Mount but the rest of the gospels and various commentaries upon them Our theological explanations tell us that in the teachings of the Sermon on the Mount an indication is given of the perfection after which man must strive that man being full of sin cannot attain this perfection by his own unaided strength and that the salvation of a man lies in faith prayer and the gifts of the grace of God but these explanations did not satisfy me Why should Christ have given to us such clear and good precepts applicable to us all if He knew beforehand that the keeping of them was impossible by man in his own unaided strength On reading over these precepts it always seemed that they applied to me and that I was morally bound to obey them I even felt convinced that I could immediately and from that very hour do all that they enjoined I wished and tried to do so but as soon as any difficulty arose in the way of my keeping them I involuntarily remembered the teaching of the Church that man is weak and can do no good thing by himself and then I became weak I had been told that it was necessary to believe and to pray but I felt that my faith was weak and that I could not pray I had been told that it was necessary to pray for faith for that faith without which prayer is of no avail I was told that faith comes through prayer and that prayer comes through faith which to say the least was certainly bewildering Such statements commended themselves neither to reason nor experience After much useless study of the works that have been written in proof of the divinity or non divinity of this doctrine and after many doubts and much suffering I was left alone with the mysterious Book in which the doctrine of Christ is taught I could not interpret it as others did I could not abjure

    Original URL path: http://www.nonresistance.org/docs_htm/Tolstoy/~What_I_Believe/WIB_chap01.html (2016-04-28)
    Open archived version from archive

  • What I Believe - Table of Contents
    PRE 1800 1800 1850 1850 1900 POST 1900 TOLSTOY U S AUTHORS SITE MAP WHAT I BELIEVE by Leo Tolstoy Table of Contents Title Page Preface Chapter 6 Introduction Chapter 7 Chapter 1 Chapter 8 Chapter 2 Chapter 9 Chapter

    Original URL path: http://www.nonresistance.org/docs_htm/Tolstoy/~What_I_Believe/WIB_contents.html (2016-04-28)
    Open archived version from archive

  • The Kingdom of God Is Within You - Chapter 1
    and to practice every possible cruelty It is time to dismiss all these false sentimentalities It is the truest means of forgiving injuries and loving enemies If we only do it in the spirit of love nothing can be more Christian than such murder In another pamphlet entitled How many Men are Necessary to Change a Crime into a Virtue he says One man may not kill If he kills a fellow creature he is a murderer If two ten or a hundred men do so they too are murderers But a government or a nation may kill as many men as it chooses and that will not be murder but a great and noble action Only gather the people together on a large scale and a battle of ten thousand men becomes an innocent action But precisely how many people must there be to make it so That is the question One man cannot plunder and pillage but a whole nation can But precisely how many are needed to make it permissible Why is it that one man ten a hundred may not break the law of God but a great number may And here is a version of Ballou s catechism composed for his flock CATECHISM OF NON RESISTANCE Q From where is the word non resistance derived A From the command Do not resist evil Matt 5 39 Q What does this word express A It expresses a lofty Christian virtue enjoined on us by Christ Q Ought the word non resistance to be taken in its widest sense that is to say as intending that we should not offer any resistance of any kind to evil A No it ought to be taken in the exact sense of our Savior s teaching that is not repaying evil for evil We ought to oppose evil by every righteous means in our power but not by evil Q What is there to show that Christ enjoined non resistance in that sense A It is shown by the words he uttered at the same time He said You have heard it was said of old An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth But I say to you do not resist evil But if someone strikes you on the right cheek turn him the other also and if one will go to law with you to take your coat from you give him your cloak also Q Of whom was he speaking in the words You have heard it was said of old A Of the patriarchs and the prophets contained in the Old Testament which the Hebrews ordinarily call the Law and the Prophets Q What utterances did Christ refer to in the words It was said of old A The utterances of Noah Moses and the other prophets in which they admit the right of doing bodily harm to those who inflict harm so as to punish and prevent evil deeds Q Quote such utterances A Whoever sheds man s blood by man shall his blood be shed Gen 9 6 He who strikes a man so that he dies shall be surely put to death And if any mischief follows then you shall give life for life eye for eye tooth for tooth hand for hand foot for foot burning for burning wound for wound and stripe for stripe Ex 21 12 23 25 He who kills any man shall surely be put to death And if a man causes a blemish in his neighbor as he has done so shall it be done to him breach for breach eye for eye and tooth for tooth Lev 24 17 19 20 Then the judges shall make diligent inquisition and if the witness proves to be a false witness and has testified falsely against his brother then shall you do to him as he had thought to have done to his brother And your eye shall not pity but life shall go for life eye for eye tooth for tooth hand for hand and foot for foot Deut 19 18 21 Noah Moses and the Prophets taught that he who kills maims or injures his neighbors does evil To resist such evil and to prevent it the evil doer must be punished with death maiming or some physical injury Wrong must be opposed by wrong murder by murder injury by injury and evil by evil Thus taught Noah Moses and the Prophets But Christ rejects all this I say to you as it is written in the Gospel do not resist evil do not oppose injury with injury but rather bear repeated injury from the evil doer What was permitted is forbidden When we understand what kind of resistance they taught we know exactly what resistance Christ forbade Q Then the ancients allowed the resistance of injury by injury A Yes But Jesus forbids it The Christian has in no case the right to put to death his neighbor who has done him evil or to do him injury in return Q May he kill or maim him in self defense A No Q May he go with a complaint to the judge that he who has wronged him may be punished A No What he does through others he is in reality doing himself Q Can he fight in conflict with foreign enemies or disturbers of the peace A Certainly not He cannot take any part in war or in preparations for war He cannot make use of a deadly weapon He cannot oppose injury to injury whether he is alone or with others either in person or through other people Q Can he voluntarily vote or furnish soldiers for the government A He can do nothing of that kind if he wishes to be faithful to Christ s law Q Can he voluntarily give money to aid a government resting on military force capital punishment and violence in general A No unless the money is destined for some special object right in itself and good both in aim and means Q Can he pay taxes to such a government A No He ought not voluntarily to pay taxes but he ought not to resist the collecting of taxes A tax is levied by the government and is exacted independently of the will of the subject It is impossible to resist it without having recourse to violence of some kind Since the Christian cannot employ violence he is obliged to offer his property at once to the loss by violence inflicted on it by the authorities Q Can a Christian give a vote at elections or take part in government or law business A No Participation in election government or law business is participation in government by force Q Wherein lies the chief significance of the doctrine of non resistance A In the fact that it alone allows of the possibility of eradicating evil from one s own heart and also from one s neighbor s This doctrine forbids doing that whereby evil has endured for ages and multiplied in the world He who attacks another and injures him kindles in the other a feeling of hatred the root of every evil To injure another because he has injured us even with the aim of overcoming evil is doubling the harm for him and for oneself it is begetting or at least setting free and inciting that evil spirit which we should wish to drive out Satan can never be driven out by Satan Error can never be corrected by error and evil cannot be vanquished by evil True non resistance is the only real resistance to evil It is crushing the serpent s head It destroys and in the end extirpates the evil feeling Q But if that is the true meaning of the rule of non resistance can it always be put into practice A It can be put into practice like every virtue enjoined by the law of God A virtue cannot be practiced in all circumstances without self sacrifice privation suffering and in extreme cases loss of life itself But he who esteems life more than fulfilling the will of God is already dead to the only true life Trying to save his life he loses it Besides generally speaking where non resistance costs the sacrifice of a single life or of some material welfare resistance costs a thousand such sacrifices Non resistance is Salvation Resistance is Ruin It is incomparably less dangerous to act justly than unjustly to submit to injuries than to resist them with violence less dangerous even in one s relations to the present life If all men refused to resist evil by evil our world would be happy Q But so long as only a few act thus what will happen to them A If only one man acted thus and all the rest agreed to crucify him would it not be nobler for him to die in the glory of non resisting love praying for his enemies than to live to wear the crown of Caesar stained with the blood of the slain However one man or a thousand men firmly resolved not to oppose evil by evil are far more free from danger by violence than those who resort to violence whether among civilized or savage neighbors The robber the murderer and the cheat will leave them in peace sooner than those who oppose them with arms and those who take up the sword shall perish by the sword but those who seek after peace and behave kindly and harmlessly forgiving and forgetting injuries for the most part enjoy peace or if they die they die blessed In this way if all kept the ordinance of non resistance there would obviously be no evil or crime If the majority acted thus they would establish the rule of love and good will even over evil doers never opposing evil with evil and never resorting to force If there were a moderately large minority of such men they would exercise such a salutary moral influence on society that every cruel punishment would be abolished and violence and feud would be replaced by peace and love Even if there were only a small minority of them they would rarely experience anything worse than the world s contempt and in the meantime the world though unconscious of it and not grateful for it would be continually becoming wiser and better for their unseen action on it And if in the worst case some members of the minority were persecuted to death in dying for the truth they would have left behind them their doctrine sanctified by the blood of their martyrdom Peace then to all who seek peace and may overruling love be the imperishable heritage of every soul who obeys willingly Christ s word Do not resist evil Adin Ballou For fifty years Ballou wrote and published books dealing principally with the question of non resistance to evil by force In these works which are distinguished by the clearness of their thought and eloquence of exposition the question is looked at from every possible side and the binding nature of this command on every Christian who acknowledges the Bible as the revelation of God is firmly established All the ordinary objections to the doctrine of non resistance from the Old and New Testaments are brought forward such as the expulsion of the moneychangers from the Temple and so on and arguments follow in disproof of them all The practical reasonableness of this rule of conduct is shown independently of Scripture and all the objections ordinarily made against its practicability are stated and refuted Thus one chapter in a book of his considers non resistance in exceptional cases and he owns in this connection that if there were cases in which the rule of non resistance were impossible to apply it would prove that the law was not universally authoritative Quoting these cases he shows that it is precisely in them that the application of the rule is both necessary and reasonable There is no aspect of the question either on his side or on his opponents which he has not followed up in his writings I mention all this to show the unmistakable interest that such works ought to have for men who make a profession of Christianity and because one would have thought Ballou s work would have been well known and the ideas expressed by him would have been either accepted or refuted but such has not been the case The work of Garrison the father in his foundation of the Society of Non resistants and his Declaration even more than my correspondence with the Quakers convinced me of the fact that the departure of the ruling form of Christianity from the law of Christ on non resistance by force is an error that has long been observed and pointed out and that men have labored and are still laboring to correct Ballou s work confirmed me still more in this view But the fate of Garrison still more that of Ballou in being completely unrecognized in spite of fifty years of obstinate and persistent work in the same direction confirmed me in the idea that there exists a kind of tacit but steadfast conspiracy of silence about all such efforts Ballou died in August 1890 and there was an obituary notice of him in an American journal of Christian views Religio philosophical Journal August 23 In this laudatory notice it is recorded that Ballou was the spiritual director of a parish that he delivered from eight to nine thousand sermons married one thousand couples and wrote about five hundred articles but there is not a single word said of the object to which he devoted his life even the word non resistance is not mentioned Precisely as it was with all the preaching of the Quakers for two hundred years and too with the efforts of Garrison the father the foundation of his society and journal and his Declaration so it is with the life work of Ballou It seems just as though it did not exist and never had existed We have an astounding example of the obscurity of works that aim at expounding the doctrine of non resistance to evil by force and at confuting those who do not recognize this commandment in the book of the Czech Helchitsky which has only lately been noticed and has not hitherto been printed Soon after the appearance of my book in German I received a letter from Prague from a professor of the university there informing me of the existence of a work never yet printed by Helchitsky a Czech of the fifteenth century entitled The Net of Faith In this work the professor told me Helchitsky expressed precisely the same view as to true and false Christianity as I had expressed in my book What I Believe The professor wrote to me that Helchitsky s work was to be published for the first time in the Czech language in the Journal of The Petersburg Academy of Science Since I could not obtain the book itself I tried to make myself acquainted with what was known of Helchitsky and I gained the following information from a German book sent me by the Prague professor and from Pypin s history of Czech literature This was Pypin s account The Net of Faith is Christ s teaching which ought to draw man up out of the dark depths of the sea of worldliness and his own iniquity True faith consists in believing God s Word but now a time has come when men mistake the true faith for heresy and therefore it is for the reason to point out what the true faith consists in if anyone does not know this It is hidden in darkness from men and they do not recognize the true law of Christ To make this law plain Helchitsky points to the primitive organization of Christian society the organization that he says is now regarded in the Roman Church as an abominable heresy This primitive Church was his special ideal of social organization founded on equality liberty and fraternity Christianity in Helchitsky s view still preserves these elements and it is only necessary for society to return to its pure doctrine to render unnecessary every other form of social order in which kings and popes are essential the law of love would alone be sufficient in every case Historically Helchitsky attributes the degeneration of Christianity to the times of Constantine the Great whom the Pope Sylvester admitted into the Christian Church with all his heathen morals and life Constantine in his turn endowed the Pope with worldly riches and power From that time forward these two ruling powers were constantly aiding one another to strive for nothing but outward glory Divines and ecclesiastical dignitaries began to concern themselves only about subduing the whole world to their authority incited men against one another to murder and plunder and in creed and life reduced Christianity to a nullity Helchitsky denies completely the right to make war and to inflict the punishment of death every soldier even the knight is only a violent evil doer a murderer The same account is given by the German book with the addition of a few biographical details and some extracts from Helchitsky s writings Having learned the drift of Helchitsky s teaching in this way I awaited all the more impatiently the appearance of The Net of Faith in the journal of the Academy But One year passed then two and three and still the book did not appear It was only in 1888 that I learned that the Printing of the book which had been begun was stopped I obtained the proofs of what had been printed and read them through It is a

    Original URL path: http://www.nonresistance.org/docs_htm/Tolstoy/~Kingdom_of_God/KOG_chap01.html (2016-04-28)
    Open archived version from archive

  • The Kingdom of God Is Within You - Table of Contents
    by believers Chapter 4 Christianity misunderstood by men of science Chapter 5 Contradiction between our life and our Christian conscience Chapter 6 Attitude of men of the present day to war Chapter 7 Significance of compulsory service Chapter 8 Doctrine of non resistance to evil by force must inevitably be accepted by men of the present day Chapter 9 The acceptance of the Christian conception of life will emancipate men

    Original URL path: http://www.nonresistance.org/docs_htm/Tolstoy/~Kingdom_of_God/KOG_contents.html (2016-04-28)
    Open archived version from archive

  • On Patriotism - Table of Contents
    ON PATRIOTISM by Leo Tolstoy TABLE OF CONTENTS TITLE PAGE PREFACE 1 CHAPTER 1 2 CHAPTER 2 3 CHAPTER 3 4 CHAPTER 4 5 CHAPTER 5 6 CHAPTER 6 7 CHAPTER 7 8 CHAPTER 8 9 CHAPTER 9 10 CHAPTER

    Original URL path: http://www.nonresistance.org/docs_htm/Tolstoy/~On_Patriotism/OP_contents.html (2016-04-28)
    Open archived version from archive

  • On Patriotism - Chapter 1
    proceeded uninterruptedly from the two squadrons and from the private vessels The caps of the sailors and the hats and handkerchiefs of the public were all thrown up triumphantly in honor of the dear guests On all sides on the water and on the shore there boomed one common call Long live Russia Long live France In conformity with naval law Admiral Avelán and the officers of his staff landed in order to greet the local authorities On the quay the chief marine staff of France and the superior officers of the port of Toulon met the Russian sailors There ensued a universal friendly handshaking accompanied by the boom of cannon and the ringing of bells A band of marine music played the hymn God save the Czar drowned by the thunderous shouts of the public Long live the Czar Long live Russia These exclamations blended into one mighty sound which drowned the music and the salvos from the guns Eye witnesses declare that at this moment the enthusiasm of the innumerable mass of people reached its highest limits and that it is impossible to express in words with what sensations the hearts of all those present were filled Admiral Avelán with bared head and accompanied by Russian and French officers directed his steps to the building of the Marine Office where the French minister of marine affairs was waiting for him In receiving the admiral the minister said Kronstadt and Toulon are two places that bear witness to the sympathy between the Russian and the French nations You will be met everywhere as dear friends The government and all of France welcome you upon your arrival and that of your companions who represent a great and noble nation The admiral replied that he was not able to express all his gratitude The Russian squadron and all of Russia he said will remember the reception you have given us After a short conversation the admiral saying goodbye to the minister thanked him a second time for the reception and added I do not want to part from you before pronouncing those words which are imprinted in all Russian hearts long live France Rural Messenger 1893 No 41 Such was the meeting at Toulon The meeting and the celebrations in Paris were more remarkable still Here is the way the meeting in Paris was described in the newspapers All eyes were directed to the Boulevard des Italians whence the Russian sailors were to appear Finally the boom of a whole hurricane of exclamations and applause was heard in the distance The boom grew stronger and more audible The hurricane was apparently approaching A mighty motion took place on the square Policemen rushed forward to clear a path toward the Cercle Militaire but this was by no means an easy task There was an incredible crush and pressure in the crowd Finally the head of the procession appeared in the square At the same moment a deafening shout Vive la Russie vive

    Original URL path: http://www.nonresistance.org/docs_htm/Tolstoy/~On_Patriotism/OP_chapter01.html (2016-04-28)
    Open archived version from archive

  • THE SLAVERY OF OUR TIME - Table of Contents
    SITE MAP THE SLAVERY OF OUR TIME by Author s Name TABLE OF CONTENTS TITLE PAGE INTRODUCTION 1 CHAPTER 1 2 CHAPTER 2 3 CHAPTER 3 4 CHAPTER 4 5 CHAPTER 5 6 CHAPTER 6 7 CHAPTER 7 8 CHAPTER

    Original URL path: http://www.nonresistance.org/docs_htm/Tolstoy/~Slavery_of_Our_Time/SOT_contents.html (2016-04-28)
    Open archived version from archive



  •