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  • Statement of Support for a Full and Fair Farm Bill | OEFFA News
    while disaster response support for producers who have suffered up to three years of extreme drought and heat was eliminated In the 2002 and 2008 Farm Bills Congress gradually adopted a set of programs to build the foundation for a new food system This emerging food system a small but growing portion of overall US Farm and Food Policy has the potential to enhance equity for our nation s diverse producers and farmworkers secure a future in agriculture for new entry farmers and rural urban and tribal communities and provide fresh local food for all consumers The Agriculture Committees December 31 agreement continued 2013 support for these critical programs which ranged from Outreach and Assistance for Socially Disadvantaged Farmers and Ranchers to Beginning Farmer Development Rural Development Specialty Crop Organic and Urban Agriculture and others including a deep surprise cut in the SNAP Supplemental Nutrition Assistance education program All of this funding was zeroed out as the Farm Bill extension was attached to the fiscal cliff bill that has now become law We thank the Agriculture Committee leadership and members for their efforts to achieve balance Beginning immediately we pledge to work with the incoming Agriculture Committees to complete a full and fair Farm Bill that mitigates disasters protects natural resources provides equity and inclusion constructs a new and economically viable future for agriculture and rural communities and assures healthy food for all consumers Rural Coalition National Family Farm Coalition Ohio Ecological Food and Farm Association Post navigation Open Letter to Grant Pingree Waiver Author and Rancher to Keynote Ohio s Largest Sustainable Food and Farming Conference Nicolette Hahn Niman to Explore Connections between American Diet and Industrial Agriculture Archives Select Month February 2016 January 2016 December 2015 November 2015 October 2015 September 2015 August 2015 July 2015 June 2015

    Original URL path: http://www.oeffa.org/news/?p=980 (2016-02-17)
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  • Organic farmers and consumers will be hurt by congressional inaction that let the farm bill lapse: letter to the editor | OEFFA News
    Program NOCCSP which stopped accepting applications after Oct 31 Organic farmers are required to pay an annual fee for certification The NOCCSP gives farmers the opportunity to offset those costs by up to 750 per year Without this low cost program we are likely to see the number of enrollments to organic certification programs in Ohio slow and re enrollments decline Being organically certified helps consumers know that their food is held to the standards set by the National Organic Program which approximately one third of Ohio s organic operations utilize The loss of such a program could have devastating effects on the growing organic movement but all hope is not lost Congress can replenish funding by voting in its current lame duck session to reauthorize the farm bill A call to your congressmen can help make this a reality Shane Richmond Granville Post navigation Tomatoes make way to Harding Ohio s Largest Sustainable Food and Farm Conference Online Registration Now Open Archives Select Month February 2016 January 2016 December 2015 November 2015 October 2015 September 2015 August 2015 July 2015 June 2015 May 2015 April 2015 March 2015 February 2015 January 2015 December 2014 November 2014 September 2014 August

    Original URL path: http://www.oeffa.org/news/?p=958 (2016-02-17)
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  • Tomatoes make way to Harding | OEFFA News
    this was the first delivery to Warren he said the co op has also served Austintown Youngstown Girard Boardman Springfield Labrae and Badger schools The food co op is helpful both to schools and farmers because it serves as an intermediary and helps provide fresh produce that is grown locally to schools while helping farmers wrap up the season after their stands close said Melissa Miller marketing manager for the Lake to River Food Cooperative The variety of produce offered by the co op assists local schools in providing more nutritious ingredients in their school lunches helping them comply with the stricter dietary guidelines initiated this year Postlethwait said The federal meal program guidelines signed into law by President Barack Obama as part of the Healthy Hunger Free Kids Act of 2010 require schools to offer healthier food choices to students such as lower calorie and lower fat foods It s a challenge to change the mindset of the students meal patterns Postlethwait said adding that students have been very receptive to the fresh salads and they recently made salsa from tomatoes grown at school The tomatoes delivered Tuesday were the first of three shipments to be delivered within the next two weeks and will primarily be used for salsa in nacho and burrito lunches at the high school Postlethwait said apples also will be purchased from the co op in the winter months Editor s Note The Lake To River Food Cooperative s L2R 75 000 grant was provided by the Farmers Market Promotion Program FMPP in the Farm Bill The FMPP provides grants to community supported agriculture programs CSAs farmers markets and farm markets to develop marketing information and business plans support innovative market ideas and educate consumers L2R s FMPP funding supports the group s efforts to

    Original URL path: http://www.oeffa.org/news/?p=953 (2016-02-17)
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  • Area farmers finding number of ways to bring people back to the land | OEFFA News
    trap What I want to share with people is what real food is said Jorgensen who grew up on a Michigan dairy farm My degree s in nursing So my focus is on health and sharing the process of growing healthy food Jorgensen raises sheep which provide wool pelts and meat She keeps bees producing several herb infused raw honeys She grows fruits vegetables and herbs and sells them to local food companies and restaurants But hosting events from school tours to organization dinners to weddings does balance the budget she said Her Sunday Supper series features seasonal produce and meats grown on her farm or other farms just outside of Columbus prepared by local chefs and served in a barn or sunflower field Dinner tickets usually sell for between 58 and 75 I want to provide a place for people to be nourished said Jorgensen who sees herself as a steward not an owner of the land It warms my heart and soul to see people come out to the farm Visitors to Orchard Hill Bed Breakfast can feed the animals including donkeys pot bellied pigs llamas and alpacas while staying at the 1850 farmhouse near Granville The latest count is 72 if you count all the chickens and other fowl said Don Jones who owns the B B with Andrew Kohn The three suites at Orchard Hill go for between 95 and 155 a night Jones and Kohn feature local foods and products including Gambier Gold honey and Tilton Hollow goat milk soap at their B B Kohn makes jams which are served to lodgers and sold online and at a few local stores The B B operators cooperate with local shop keepers and wineries to create package deals Wineries can be a hook to attract well heeled tourists said Donniella Winchell executive director of the Ohio Wine Producers Association Slate Run Vineyard in Canal Winchester doesn t do tours but it does offer wine tastings and use of its weinhaus for events of up to 125 people Owner Keith Prichard charges between 150 and 550 for weinhaus rental he said At Soine Vineyard in Powell volunteers do much of the grape picking in exchange for a good meal and glass of wine said co owner Sandy Sainey Mockingbird Meadows between Plain City and Marysville connects visitors with healing herbs sustainable beekeeping homesteaders dinners and the spirit of the farm said co owner Dawn Combs Combs and her husband Carson Combs recently hosted a troop of Girl Scouts from Bailey Elementary School in Dublin for herbal facials and a tour of the couple s biodiverse farm We like to do things with the girls twice a month said Tala Rogers of Dublin one of the moms at the facial table A lot of our girls are familiar with dairy farms This is an herb farm so they re learning how to use herbs for health and beauty Dawn Combs infuses honey from the farm s bees with herbs

    Original URL path: http://www.oeffa.org/news/?p=917 (2016-02-17)
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  • A Simple Fix for Farming | OEFFA News
    re afraid to tell Monsantoabout agency supported research that demonstrates a decreased need for chemicals A conspiracy theorist might note that the journals Science and Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences both turned down the study It was finally published in PLOS One I first read about it on the Union of Concerned Scientists Web site Rosie Gainsborough Debates about how we grow food are usually presented in a simplistic black and white way conventional versus organic The spectrum that includes conventional on one end and organic on the other is not unlike the one that opposes the standard American diet with veganism In farming you have loads of chemicals and disastrous environmental impact against an orthodox even dogmatic method that is difficult to carry out on a large scale But seeing organic as the only alternative to industrial agriculture or veganism as the only alternative to supersize me is a bit like saying that the only alternative to the ravages of capitalism is Stalinism there are other ways And positioning organic as the only alternative allows its opponents to point to its flaws and say See We have to remain with conventional The Marsden Farm study points to a third path And though critics of this path can be predictably counted on to say it s moving backward the increased yields markedly decreased input of chemicals reduced energy costs and stable profits tell another story one of serious progress Nor was this a rinky dink study the background and scientific rigor of the authors who represent the U S D A s Agricultural Research Service as well as two of the country s leading agricultural universities are unimpeachable When I asked Adam Davis an author of the study who works for the U S D A to summarize the findings he said These were simple changes patterned after those used by North American farmers for generations What we found was that if you don t hold the natural forces back they are going to work for you THIS means that not only is weed suppression a direct result of systematic and increased crop rotation along with mulching cultivation and other nonchemical techniques but that by not poisoning the fields we make it possible for insects rodents and other critters to do their part and eat weeds and their seeds In addition by growing forage crops for cattle or other ruminants you can raise healthy animals that not only contribute to the health of the fields but provide fertilizer The same manure that s a benefit in a system like this is a pollutant in large scale confined animal rearing operations where thousands of animals make manure disposal an extreme challenge Perhaps most difficult to quantify is that this kind of farming more thoughtful and less reflexive requires more walking of the fields more observations more applications of fertilizer and chemicals if when and where they re needed rather than on an all inclusive schedule You substitute producer knowledge

    Original URL path: http://www.oeffa.org/news/?p=912 (2016-02-17)
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  • Door opens for Ohio meatpackers: Federal program lets state-inspected shops ship beyond borders | OEFFA News
    up a tremendous opportunity for small producers said Bob Ehart senior policy and science adviser for the National Association of State Departments of Agriculture Great Lakes Smoked Meats in Lorain is among the first companies to participate in the new program in Ohio The maker of smokies and wieners as well as kielbasa chorizo and andouille sausages has been waiting for months for the program to begin A grocery store chain outside Philadelphia has wanted to buy smokies from Great Lakes for years but the Ohio inspected processor wasn t allowed to ship to Pennsylvania Now the Lorain company expects to begin shipping its smoked meat sticks to the chain s 300 stores in more than 30 states said Kim Kordeleski Gonzalez office manager of the nine employee meat processor We are ready to go she said Why didn t Great Lakes go the federal inspection route rather than wait for years for the so called interstate meat rule to take effect The federal requirements are so high for small companies Kordeleski Gonzalez said And Great Lakes wanted to keep the daily personalized attention from its state meat inspector The Ohio Farm Bureau Federation and several other groups have been working on getting the rule passed for years For some meat processors the rule addresses a fairness issue Many Ohio consumers buy meat from other countries inspected by the foreign equivalent of a state inspector Yet state inspected processors in the United States were prohibited from selling to consumers in neighboring states If you do a good job and you have a good product you should be able to sell your product anywhere said John Grimes an Ohio State University Extension beef coordinator and associate professor Farmers who produce specialty meats such as bison or grass fed beef also can

    Original URL path: http://www.oeffa.org/news/?p=900 (2016-02-17)
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  • Sustainable Agriculture in the News | OEFFA News | Page 5
    Garcia says More than 4 000 pounds of tomatoes came out of just one greenhouse Last fall they planted 1 000 pounds of garlic which this summer will yield perhaps five times that Squash greens of all kinds onions strawberries herbs potatoes the list goes on Organic certification requires detailed record keeping of every input seed soil amendments pest control planting dates and output The Business of Farming Think about the business model for a moment About 22 tillable acres Garcia and Seibert have a nearby property with 15 acres under cultivation The expenses of organic seed soil amendments and pest management Two highly limited sales channels a single farmers market stand and a handful of restaurant accounts A seasonal production cycle How in the world can anyone make even a bare bones living raising vegetables organically The secret says Seibert no debt By purchasing their land outright the latest parcel at auction for a favorable price buying used equipment and a secondhand greenhouse deconstructed moved and rebuilt by Doug and keeping their staff to a minimum two full time summer employees Seibert and Garcia have withstood the variability of weather and the volatility of expenses They haven t raised their market prices since 1991 To be sure the couple have a huge soft investment in the farm namely in their own labor Farming organically or not is a 24 7 venture pretty much year round The couple seems content to take no more than they need maintaining a simple lifestyle and even managing to put away a bit of money to buy a small farm property in Washington State near Seibert s grown son They have a tidy nest egg what s left of any profit is reinvested in the farm We ve never had a losing season Garcia says Our worst season we each got about 365 It s never been about the money Seibert says What it is about though is satisfying customers and being good stewards of the land Standing in an open field behind a large triple greenhouse her salt and pepper hair in two braids Garcia says she and Seibert never for a minute considered farming conventionally I read Silent Spring she says I saw what happened in Bhopal India How many clues do people need At 59 she s a veteran of organic agriculture Wary of the dangers of agri chemicals and dismayed by the conventional teachings of the Delaware Valley College of Science and Agriculture where she spent a year Garcia began organically farming a few acres in Adams County in her early 20s That farm was near Peach Mountain reputed to be Ohio s second or third largest peak depending on you you ask and it lent its name to the current operation Neither Garcia nor Seibert come from farm families Seibert 62 is a Cincinnati native who attended Wilmington College where he lived off campus in a shack with a big garden His early career as a machinist comes in handy someone s gotta build the hoop houses and keep the tractor running In a large greenhouse and several smaller structures Seibert and Garcia start nearly all their crops from seed then transplant directly into the ground in hoop houses or open beds In addition to the salad mix and Garcia s gladiolus which Peach Mountain is well regarded for and a whole host of organic produce the farm sells vegetable and herb plants Until a few years ago Garcia also grew bedding plants for retail sale while that was profitable business the work was exhausting and the two decided to scale back Fooling Mother Nature On a cool May morning rows of healthy tomato plants reach nearly four feet high in a greenhouse The farm uses a clever rope and pulley system to corral the vines As the tomato plants grow taller the rope is lowered so the heavy bottom stems coil on the ground containing the plants and keeping the tomatoes in easy reach for harvesting Growing tomatoes under cover is expensive Seibert says because the close conditions are heaven for aphids which must be controlled by introducing insects that feed on them In a creekside field near the main farm Garcia picks flowers to arrange for a weekend wedding Rows and rows of hardneck garlic planted by hand in the fall are already sprouting their springtime curlicue scapes Seibert walks past a patch of cilantro that he let go to seed as a bee pasture the tall spindly plants are recognizable only by their strong scent and they re humming with insects Seibert and Garcia use plants like clover vetch and field peas for all season cover to add nutrients to the soil I don t like bare ground Seibert says You want that microbiology going on in the soil all the time Organic farming is a carefully managed ecosystem and while it tries to work within the natural order of things it s also a constant battle against nature They tried raising chickens a couple of years ago Garcia says but the raccoons systematically picked off the flock She points to a bed of lettuce that s speckled with maple sproutlings thanks to the huge trees that frame the farm Mother Nature wants to take over all the time she says We try to have a lot of crop diversity but in the end farming isn t all that compatible with nature Trial and error and sharing knowledge help Seibert and Garcia in this constant struggle to both sustain and control natural forces Their success with the former and generosity with the latter have earned the two recognition and admiration from their fellow farmers In February OEFFA awarded them the Stewardship Award its highest honor Growers throughout the region cite Seibert as a mentor People ask me questions all the time and I m always happy to share what we ve learned Seibert says Market Ecosystem On a warming Saturday morning there s a line at the Peach Mountain Organics booth at the Yellow Springs farmers market Seibert has pulled up a panel truck full of produce customers snatch up salad mix and other seasonal goodies This single market pulls in three fifths of Peach Mountain Organics annual revenue When we first started farmers markets were at the bottom of a downward trend Seibert says They ve taken a calculated risk by investing in a single retail venue rather than participating in multiple markets or launching a CSA program which they feel would compete with their Yellow Springs presence We do one market and we do a big deal he says We spend two days getting ready for Saturday Customers are loyal to Peach Mountain because of their organic high quality product Like the environment a farmers market is its own ecosystem with vendors working in concert to draw big crowds that benefit everyone Too few farmers and customers don t come too little variety and the farmers compete Seibert and Garcia are always evaluating what to grow in what quantity and how much to bring to market They raise cost intensive crops like herbs and greenhouse tomatoes because they know demand is high A farmer can t stand there all day and sell 100 worth of produce Doug says We want to sell out It s a fragile balance Bryn Mooth is an independent journalist and copywriter focused on food wellness and creativity and she shares recipes on her amazing consistent and timely blog Writes4food com Cultivators is her standing column in Edible Ohio Valley where she brings you the stories in words and pictures of the growers producers bakers cooks and vendors who bring great local food to our Ohio Valley tables GMO interview with Andrew Kimbrell Center For Food Safety August 21 2012 Sustainable Agriculture in the News Lauren Edible Columbus Drought Climate Change and the Price of Corn August 21 2012 Sustainable Agriculture in the News Lauren MSNBC Up with Chris Hayes Sunday July 22 2012 Features OEFFA member and farmer Bryn Bird of Bird s Haven Farms on MSNBC discussing the impact of drought and climate change on farming corporate control of agriculture commodities and crop insurance with Chris Hayes and Amy Goodman in this three part video Visit NBCNews com for breaking news world news and news about the economy Visit NBCNews com for breaking news world news and news about the economy Visit NBCNews com for breaking news world news and news about the economy Growing organically suits Banzhaf Garten just fine May 24 2012 Organic Certification Sustainable Agriculture in the News Lauren By Connie Lechleitner May 8 2012 Ohio s Country Journal For Dave Benchoff of Ashland what began as a backyard garden has grown into a full time business with Banzhaf Garten Organic Farm Dave Benchoff checks his parsley plants in the high tunnel We weren t always health conscious but having kids made my wife and I study where our food comes from Benchoff said My wife has food allergies to MSG and other preservatives and our kids were starting to have them too Our oldest son would break out into hives if he ate eggs from the store but yet when we raised our own he had no problem The Benchoffs have three children a son 21 daughter 16 and son 10 Benchoff and his wife Lori were living in Mansfield where he was working as an EMT instructor and firefighter handling 911 calls When we turned 40 we decided it was time for a change and we moved to the country in 1999 We got a good deal on a 20 acre farm and I wanted to find something to do with the land besides mow it I started out with a garden but it got out of control he said with a laugh Then I realized that I might be able to make a living at it Soon the Wooster native with a masters in history found himself immersed in the study of organics His research led him to the Ohio Ecological Food and Farm Association OEFFA The OEFFA began in 1979 and had been certifying organic production since back in the early 1980 s Benchoff said They started well before the national movement and it wasn t until 2002 that the USDA developed its own certification program Benchoff received organic certification for his farm in 2003 At that time the national standard was new he said I had several people tell me I was crazy for pursuing it but I knew there was an interest in naturally grown produce and it has only increased since then It is a good marketing tool for produce growers The certification process was initially extensive The inspectors look at everything from your seed packets to invoices to harvest records and sales receipts he said You have to maintain records and document everything that goes into or out of the ground And you have to use substances approved by OEFFA or the Organic Materials Review Institute The first inspection took a whole day here at our farm Benchoff developed his own recordkeeping system that has been well received by inspectors as well as other growers I ve actually taught my system at OEFFA workshops he said I create forms in Word that can be printed out with a computer but you don t have to have a computer to do this system In fact some people have taken my system and tweaked it to meet their own needs The inspectors love it because they don t have to take all day to do their records audit He credits his EMT fireman training for helping him develop the system Dave Benchoff shows his customized system for feeding fish emulsion fertilizer through his drip irrigation system When you do EMT work you learn to look at things in a logical way and put it into a matrix as you survey the scene Benchoff said I like to keep things simple so I basically took that mindset as I developed my record system for the plants On a recent farm visit in late April outdoor planting was just beginning Cabbage and snow pea plants were in the ground in the outdoor planting beds as well as garlic Mown grass was already being used as mulch We use it to help keep weeds down and it breaks down into organic matter that goes back into the soil he said In addition to its outdoor planting beds the farm is using a high tunnel structure 2011 was the first year of production with it and we were still learning what we could grow in it Benchoff said The farm received a cost share grant from the Natural Resource Conservation Service USDA to build the structure During the farm visit the high tunnel housed bok choy kohlrabi lettuce beets Swiss chard oriental turnips kale radishes and parsley What I like about the high tunnel structure is the ability to control everything from water to nutrients to temperature he said In 2011 we had such a wet spring where it rained for two months and there was no sun It really hurt our production but what we grew in the high tunnel really saved our production last year Benchoff said the farm achieved 5 000 pounds of produce in 2010 however the growing conditions in 2011 dropped production in the same beds to about 4 000 pounds The high tunnel gave us about 700 pounds of produce which essentially kept us even with the year before he said Without it we would have been hurting To get the most efficient production Benchoff employs a succession planting system I do very little direct seed planting he said It s mostly snow peas green beans garlic and potatoes Everything else gets started in the greenhouse with the heirloom tomatoes being from my own seed stock The successive planting concept goes to work when harvesting begins It s all in the timing he said For example when cucumbers go into the ground it s time to start the next set of seeds I know that it will take two to three weeks for those seeds to germinate and be ready and I will have harvested the existing plants in the mean time I ll pull them out and plant the newer plants It maximizes production A drip irrigation system runs throughout the farm It s more labor up front but it is so easy once it is in place Benchoff said He has also incorporated a system to run his fertilizer fish emulsion through the drip irrigation system as well getting just the right nutrients to the plants I use very little chemical input on the farm he said I ve consulted with the researchers at OARDC on specific issues and I do have corrective measures that are organic approved For example I use copper hydroxide for tomato blight It is a mild fungicide that is an approved treatment Benchoff produces more than 40 species of organically grown fruits and vegetables as well as a wild crafted raspberry and blackberry stand and a wood sales operation Most of the farm s marketing efforts have concentrated on farmers markets which has also led Benchoff to other leadership roles including volunteering at the Cuyahoga Valley Countryside Conservancy in Peninsula and Akron The Countryside Conservancy advocates community agriculture through markets networking and workshops to help guide new farmers Initiatives like the Countryside Conservancy fit well with Benchoff s strong belief in building local economies The small entrepreneurs the cottage industries are what America is supposed to be about he said It s sad to me that so many of us are no longer making a living off our land That passion for entrepreneurship has also led Benchoff to become involved in local producer causes He served as an original steering committee member in 2009 when the Wooster Local Roots store was formed The food store is open daily and features produce textiles and crafts from local growers The store also includes a café which features menu items that are seasonally based on the local produce available at the market Now an Ashland Local Roots store is on the horizon For now we re holding a farmer s market every Saturday in the building but we re waiting for permits and approval of the architect s rendering he said Eventually we ll have a second store in Ashland based on the same concept as Wooster And we ve already had requests to develop a Local Roots store in Mansfield and New Philadelphia Back on Banzhaf Farm there is more to do There s always something to learn Benchoff said You have to be dynamic and adapt to change The world is changing Our economy is changing And we have to be ready Silencing Communities How the Fracking Industry Keeps Its Secrets May 24 2012 Sustainable Agriculture in the News Lauren May 8 2012 By Mike Ludwig Truthout The Rogers family signed a surface use agreement with a fracking company in 2009 to close their 300 acre dairy farm in rural Pennsylvania That s not the end of the Rogers story but the public including the Rogers own neighbors may never learn what happened to the family and their land as drilling operations sprouted up in their area The Rogers did not realize they had signed a nondisclosure agreement with the gas company making the entire deal invalid if members of the family discussed the terms of the agreement water or land disturbances resulting from fracking and other information with anyone other than the gas company and other signatories Rogers is not the family s real name it s a pseudonym offered by Simona Perry an applied anthropologist who cannot reveal the family s identity Perry has been working with rural families living amid Pennsylvania s gas boom since 2009 Mrs Rogers initially agreed to participate in a study Perry was conducting

    Original URL path: http://www.oeffa.org/news/?cat=1&paged=5 (2016-02-17)
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  • OEFFA: Gardening Tips
    extraction processing and burning of these fuels is the largest single cause of environmental degradation oil spills toxic waste urban smog acid rain and ultimately global climate change Seven billion tons of carbon dioxide are emitted a year The world s top climate scientists predict global temperatures will rise 2 6 degrees F in the next century causing sea levels to rise 1 3 feet disrupting growing seasons causing worse storms heat waves floods and spread to disease Where will energy come from and how will it be used in a sustainable agriculture system The first step is energy efficiency Reduced tillage is one way As above figures show chisel plowing used almost half the fuel of plowing Using less fertilizer and pesticides also reduces energy use Organic fertilizers generally take less energy to produce than their chemical equivalents Local marketing where ever possible would greatly reduce the huge amount of energy now used to transport agricultural products Rotational grazing to produce livestock offers a large energy savings over conventional methods Just compare the amount of energy to run an electric fence to the amount to produce and transport all the hay and grain to feed those animals in confinement In addition to more energy efficient practices other sources of energy must replace fossil fuel use An over looked source of energy in agriculture to human power Fossil fuel energy has replaced human energy in every facet of modern life including farming Smaller more intensive farms employ more people and use less energy On my farm I have about one acre in vegetable gardens A little less than a quarter of that is raised beds which I work entirely by hand no tiller The rest I work with a tractor using conventional tillage Last year that quarter acre produced 42 of my gross sales Human labor may work on small intensive farms but not for crops such as grain and forage that require large acreage A century ago animals powered agriculture Using animal power looks sustainable from the criteria of how long will it last and what environmental damage is done But there is also the element of extent how widely can we use this practice and still produce enough food to feed a growing population Whether using rotational grazing or conventional methods feeding draft animals takes a lot of land I have 2 horses to feed on my farm If animal power were to replace a significant part of the tractor power how much land would be used to feed those animals Would there be enough to feed the almost 6 billion and growing human population I don t have any answer here but am sure there is a limit to the extent draft animals could be used What alternative sources of energy are there Biogas is one Methane can be made from manure and the residue left over is still good fertilizer It can also be made from garbage All our landfills should be producing methane Ethanol is

    Original URL path: http://www.oeffa.org/tips.php?sjt=sustain2 (2016-02-17)
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