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  • Diversity in the dry land mixed system and viability of dairy sheep farming | Rivas | Italian Journal of Animal Science
    Maracay Venezuela Departamento de Producción Animal Universidad de Córdoba Spain rivasjoseh gmail com Jose Perea Departamento de Producción Animal Universidad de Córdoba Spain Elena Angón Departamento de Producción Animal Universidad de Córdoba Spain Cecilio Barba Departamento de Producción Animal Universidad de Córdoba Spain Martiña Morantes Departamento de Producción Animal Facultad de Agronomía Universidad Central de Venezuela Maracay Venezuela Bolivarian Republic of Rafaela Dios Palomares Departamento de Estadística Universidad de Córdoba Spain Antón García Departamento de Producción Animal Universidad de Córdoba Spain Abstract Castilla La Mancha is a Spanish region where sheep farming system is traditionally pasture based Recently this territory has undergone a recession of dairy sheep activity which changed the type and intensity of land utilization and led to environmental and landscape degradation The present study analyzed the diversity and viability of dairy sheep of mixed systems Multivariate analysis was conducted on 157 dairy sheep farms factor analysis selected 3 productivity factors level of intensification land use size and family labour and cluster analysis classified farms into three groups Group 1 smallholders with the smallest size 405 5 ewes and 564 7 ha lowest area in ownership 1 5 and agriculture activity 6 5 crops area family farms 90 8 highly dependent on external inputs Group 2 large scale farms 1058 7 ewes and 1755 1 ha with the lowest stocking rate 0 14 livestock unit ha and productivity nonfamily farms 39 1 with low area in ownership 4 1 and agriculture activity 7 6 Group 3 mixed technified with the highest levels of technology and least use of family labour 27 0 large scale farms 1387 4 ewes and 955 8 ha combining milk production with agricultural activities 55 7 crops area with the highest area in ownership 63 1 and the best productivity performance In conclusion the

    Original URL path: http://ijas.pagepress.org/index.php/ijas/article/view/ijas.2015.3513 (2016-04-25)
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  • Effects of in ovo administration of betaine and choline on hatchability results, growth and carcass characteristics and immune response of broiler chickens | Gholami | Italian Journal of Animal Science
    Iran Islamic Republic of Ali A A Qotbi Rasht Branch Islamic Azad University Rasht Iran Islamic Republic of Alireza Seidavi Rasht Branch Islamic Azad University Rasht Iran Islamic Republic of Adele Meluzzi Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Agro Alimentari Università di Bologna Ozzano dell Emilia Italy Siria Tavaniello Dipartimento Agricoltura Ambiente e Alimenti Università del Molise Campobasso Italy Giuseppe Maiorano Dipartimento Agricoltura Ambiente e Alimenti Università del Molise Campobasso Italy maior unimol it Abstract The effect of in ovo administration of different levels of betaine and choline on egg hatchability immune response growth and carcass traits of broiler chickens was studied Four thousand hatching eggs from Ross 308 broiler breeder layers weighed individually were incubated for 21 days in a commercial hatchery At 12 th day of incubation 3456 fertilized eggs were randomly divided into 8 experimental groups of 3 replicates each 144 eggs per replicate negative control NC not injected positive control PC injected with 0 5 mL deionized water Bet 0 25 injected with 0 5 mL deionized water 0 25 mg soluble betaine Bet 0 375 injected with 0 5 mL deionized water 0 375 mg soluble betaine Bet 0 50 injected with 0 5 mL deionized water 0 50 mg soluble betaine Chol 0 25 injected with 0 5 mL deionized water 0 25 mg soluble choline Chol 0 375 injected with 0 5 mL deionized water 0 375 mg soluble choline Chol 0 50 injected with 0 5 mL deionized water 0 50 mg soluble choline Among the hatched chickens 360 males were randomly chosen 45 for each group and were grown up to 42 nd day of age The embryo mortality pecked eggs infected eggs and hatchability percentages were similar among the experimental groups The betaine and choline treatments improved hatching weight and final

    Original URL path: http://ijas.pagepress.org/index.php/ijas/article/view/ijas.2015.3694 (2016-04-25)
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  • Effects of verbascoside supplemented diets on growth performance, blood traits, meat quality, lipid oxidation and histological features in broiler chickens | De Marco | Italian Journal of Animal Science
    la Produzione Animale e la Sicurezza Alimentare Università di Milano Italy Carlo Corino Dipartimento di Scienze Veterinarie per la Salute la Produzione Animale e la Sicurezza Alimentare Università di Milano Italy Stefania Bergagna Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Piemonte Liguria e Valle d Aosta Torino Italy Elisabetta Mellia Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Piemonte Liguria e Valle d Aosta Torino Italy Maria Silvia Gennero Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Piemonte Liguria e Valle d Aosta Torino Italy Elena Biasibetti Dipartimento di Scienze Veterinarie Università di Torino Grugliasco TO Italy Maria Teresa Capucchio Dipartimento di Scienze Veterinarie Università di Torino Grugliasco TO Italy Stefano Nurisso Dipartimento di Scienze Veterinarie Università di Torino Grugliasco TO Italy Martina Tarantola Dipartimento di Scienze Veterinarie Università di Torino Grugliasco TO Italy Gilberto Forneris Dipartimento di Scienze Veterinarie Università di Torino Grugliasco TO Italy Achille Schiavone Dipartimento di Scienze Veterinarie Università di Torino Grugliasco TO Italy achille schiavone unito it Abstract A trial has been performed to evaluate the effects of dietary verbascoside VB on the growth performance blood traits meat quality and histological features of broiler chickens Seventy two male broiler chickens Ross 708 were divided into three experimental groups 8 replicates a control group C basal diet a low VB group LVB basal diet 2 5 mg VB kg feed and a high VB group HVB basal diet 5 0 mg VB kg feed The animals were kept in cages three birds per cage The trial lasted 35 days Growth performance and carcass yield were recorded Blood samples were collected at day 35 in order to evaluate the blood serum and plasma parameters As a result of this study growth and slaughter performances were not affected by the dietary treatments The LVB and HVB groups showed significantly lower concentrations of total protein P 0 000 albumin P

    Original URL path: http://ijas.pagepress.org/index.php/ijas/article/view/ijas.2015.3712 (2016-04-25)
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  • Effects of early dietary energy and protein dilution on growth performance, nutrient utilization and internal organs of broilers | Yang | Italian Journal of Animal Science
    Yang College of Animal Science and Technology Yangzhou University China yhmdlp qq com Zhi Yang College of Animal Science and Technology Yangzhou University China Zhiyue Wang College of Animal Science and Technology Yangzhou University China Wei Wang College of Animal Science and Technology Yangzhou University China Kaihua Huang College of Animal Science and Technology Yangzhou University China Wenjia Fan College of Animal Science and Technology Yangzhou University China Tianli Jia College of Animal Science and Technology Yangzhou University China Abstract This experiment aimed to investigate the effects of early dietary energy and protein dilution on growth performance nutrient utilization and internal organs of broilers Of Arbor Acres 1200 day old male chicks were selected and randomly distributed to 16 experimental groups with factorial arrangement 4 4 including 4 levels of energy dilution and 4 of protein dilution 8 to 14 d of age Birds were fed the same diets during the other period Experiment of nutrient utilization was carried out 11 to 14 d of age At 14 d 1 bird pen was slaughtered to determine internal organs From 8 to 14 d average daily feed intake ADFI of treatments protein diluted 10 was significantly less than of treatments protein diluted 20 P 0 05 Feed conversion ratio FCR of treatments protein diluted 30 and energy diluted 15 was significantly less than other treatments P 0 05 From 15 to 42 d ADFI of treatments protein diluted 20 was significantly less than of treatments protein diluted 0 and 10 P 0 05 At 42 d body weight BW of treatments energy diluted 10 was more than of treatments energy diluted 0 and 15 P 0 05 The FCR of treatments protein diluted 20 was significantly less than of treatments protein diluted 0 and 10 and that of treatments energy diluted

    Original URL path: http://ijas.pagepress.org/index.php/ijas/article/view/ijas.2015.3729 (2016-04-25)
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  • A comparison of milk clotting characteristics and quality traits of Rendena and Holstein-Friesian cows | Varotto | Italian Journal of Animal Science
    Alice Varotto Massimo De Marchi Mauro Penasa Martino Cassandro DOI http dx doi org 10 4081 ijas 2015 3768 Alice Varotto Dipartimento di Agronomia Animali Alimenti Risorse naturali e Ambiente Università di Padova Italy Massimo De Marchi Dipartimento di Agronomia Animali Alimenti Risorse naturali e Ambiente Università di Padova Italy Mauro Penasa Dipartimento di Agronomia Animali Alimenti Risorse naturali e Ambiente Università di Padova Italy mauro penasa unipd it Martino Cassandro Dipartimento di Agronomia Animali Alimenti Risorse naturali e Ambiente Università di Padova Italy Abstract Milk coagulation properties MCP and composition as predicted by mid infrared spectroscopy MIRS were compared between Rendena RE local breed and Holstein Friesian HF cows using 4614 individual milk samples from 28 single breed herds Records of rennet coagulation time RCT min curd firmness a 30 mm daily milk yield and quality traits were analysed using a linear mixed model which included fixed effects of breed herd test date nested within breed lactation stage parity and two way interactions between the main effects Random effects were cow nested within breed and residual Milk from RE coagulated 2 1 min earlier and showed a firmer curd by 4 8 mm than that of HF cows P 0 05 Milk yield 9 7 kg d and fat content 0 22 g 100 g were greater for HF than RE P 0 05 while protein 0 05 g 100 g and casein 0 06 g 100 g contents were greater in milk from RE cows P 0 05 Rennet coagulation time was shortest at the beginning of lactation and a 30 was firmest at the beginning and end of lactation Results from this study suggest that milk of RE is more suitable for cheese processing than that of HF cows Milk clotting characteristics of the local breed should

    Original URL path: http://ijas.pagepress.org/index.php/ijas/article/view/ijas.2015.3768 (2016-04-25)
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  • Effect of steam explosion on in vitro gas production kinetics and rumen fermentation profiles of three common straws | He | Italian Journal of Animal Science
    org 10 4081 ijas 2015 4076 Li Wen He College of Animal Science and Technology China Agricultural University Beijing China Qing Xiang Meng College of Animal Science and Technology China Agricultural University Beijing China De Yong Li College of Animal Science and Technology China Agricultural University Beijing China Fei Wang College of Animal Science and Technology China Agricultural University Beijing China Li Ping Ren College of Animal Science and Technology China Agricultural University Beijing China 296863379 qq com Abstract To investigate the effect of steam explosion on in vitro gas production GP and rumen fermentation profiles of common straws in vitro cultivation was conducted for 96 h with the rumen fluid collected from steers Different types of straw had various chemical compositions which were affected by steam explosion P 0 01 Steam explosion increased P 0 01 the rate and volume of GP lag time disappeared and asymptotic GP decreased which were also affected P 0 01 by the type of straw The type of straw influenced P 0 05 the final pH while steam explosion exerted an effect P 0 01 on the ammonia nitrogen concentration The proportions of individual volatile fatty acid VFA except acetate A differed P 0 05 among the feeds Steam explosion increased total VFA production and the proportion of propionate P while decreased the proportions of A isobutyrate and valerate as well as the ratio A P P 0 01 The type of straw had an effect P 0 05 on the activities of avicelase and carboxymethyl cellulase CMCase while steam explosion increased P 0 01 the activities of avicelase CMCase β glucanase and xylanase The available energy concentrations and digestibilities differed P 0 01 in the feeds and were increased P 0 05 with steam explosion processing The interaction straw type treatments was

    Original URL path: http://ijas.pagepress.org/index.php/ijas/article/view/ijas.2015.4076 (2016-04-25)
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  • Effect of steam explosion on in vitro gas production kinetics and rumen fermentation profiles of three common straws | He | Italian Journal of Animal Science
    Submission Editorial Board Advisory Board Impact Factor 2014 0 718 Impact Factor Metrics DOAJ Web statistics Advertising Alert me Thanks to reviewers 2014 Indexes of volumes 1 8 Book Reviews Remembrances We fight plagiarism SNIP 0 579 IPP 0 545 SJR 0 24 Current Issue Home Vol 14 No 4 2015 He Download this PDF file Article Metrics Metrics Loading Metrics powered by PLOS ALM The Italian Journal of Animal

    Original URL path: http://ijas.pagepress.org/index.php/ijas/article/view/ijas.2015.4076/2997 (2016-04-25)
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  • Effect of dried Citrus sinensis peel on gastrointestinal microbiota and immune system traits of broiler chickens | Ebrahimi | Italian Journal of Animal Science
    Rasht Iran Islamic Republic of Antonello Santini Dipartimento di Farmacia University of Napoli Federico II Italy asantini unina it Mosè Alise Dipartimento di Farmacia University of Napoli Federico II Italy Zohreh Pourhossein Young Researchers and Elite Club Rasht Branch Islamic Azad University Rasht Iran Islamic Republic of Nariman Miraalami Department of Research and Development Savadkooh Feed Company Savadkooh Iran Islamic Republic of Alireza Seidavi Department of Animal Science Rasht Branch Islamic Azad University Rasht Iran Islamic Republic of Abstract Two hundred broiler chickens Ross 308 were used in a completely randomised study to evaluate the effects of supplementing the feed with different levels of dried Citrus sinensis peel DCSP on the gasrointestinal microbial population and immune system traits Feed was supplemented with different DCSP amounts 0 25 w w DCSP 0 25 0 5 w w DCSP 0 50 0 75 w w DCSP 0 75 and 1 w w DCSP 1 Control diet DCSP 0 with no feed additition was used as reference The study involved five treatments in a time frame of six weeks four replicates per treatment and each replicate had 10 chickens Data analysis was performed using SAS software and mean comparison was performed using the Duncan test The results allowed to observe that the mean of Escherichia coli in caecum on day 42 was significantly different P 0 05 but did not affect other gastrointestinal microbial population traits P 0 05 The mean of total sheep red blood cells and immunoglobulin G and M IgG and IgM on day 28 P 0 05 were also determined Total sheep red blood cells on day 42 were significantly different P 0 05 The IgG and IgM mean titers on days 28 and 42 was of no significant difference P 0 05 Supplementing the feed with Citrus sinensis

    Original URL path: http://ijas.pagepress.org/index.php/ijas/article/view/ijas.2015.4194 (2016-04-25)
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