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  • New solar-powered organic compound to tackle air and water pollution
    open new window on universe Feb 10 2016 58 Gravitational waves detected 100 years after Einstein s prediction Feb 11 2016 144 Scientists discover hidden galaxies behind the Milky Way Feb 09 2016 3 GPS tracking down to the centimeter Feb 11 2016 10 A metal that behaves like water Feb 11 2016 2 more Phys org on facebook Relevant PhysicsForums posts When is ΔH ΔU 5 hours ago Which group has greater steric hindrance Feb 11 2016 Comparison Calibration Method Feb 11 2016 Which compound will be extracted in organic layer Feb 10 2016 Kinetic vs thermodynamics control Feb 10 2016 Electroplating with mixed metal electrodes Feb 10 2016 More from Chemistry Related Stories New lithography technique enables production of nanoscale patterns of titania for high tech applications July 4 2012 Phys org Titanium dioxide or titania is an inorganic material commonly used as a whitening agent in food and toothpaste It is also used as one of the main active ingredients in sunscreens The properties that make Good cats wear black Black nanoparticles could play key role in clean energy photocatalysis April 11 2013 Phys org A unique atomic scale engineering technique for turning low efficiency photocatalytic white nanoparticles of titanium dioxide into high efficiency black nanoparticles could be the key to clean energy technologies Optimizing nanoparticles for commercial applications April 29 2013 Nanoparticles are used in many commercial products catalysts to cosmetics A review published today in the Science and Technology of Advanced Materials by researchers in Sweden and Spain describes recent work on the 3 main Discovery will help green technologies harness solar power July 19 2013 A breakthrough discovery about titanium dioxide will significantly increase the efficiency of future solar devices according to new research from scientists in our Department of Chemistry Making hydrogen fuel from water and visible light highly efficient August 20 2015 Mimicking photosynthesis is not easy The bottleneck of artificial photosynthesis is visible light as converting it into other energy is not efficient Researchers at Michigan Technological University have found a way to Windows with nanostructured coatings can cure sick buildings December 7 2015 Harmful organic molecules in the indoor air can cause adverse health effects a problem known as the sick building syndrome Current air cleaning technologies require both energy and upkeep but a promising new solution Recommended for you A new form of frozen water Scientists reveal new ice with record low density February 12 2016 Amid the season known for transforming Nebraska into an outdoor ice rink a University of Nebraska Lincoln led research team has predicted a new molecular form of the slippery stuff that even Mother Nature has never borne New experimental test detects signs of Lyme disease near time of infection February 12 2016 When it comes to early diagnosis of Lyme disease the insidious tick borne illness that afflicts about 300 000 Americans annually finding the proverbial needle in the haystack might be a far easier challenge until now Visible blue light induces copper

    Original URL path: http://phys.org/news/2016-02-solar-powered-compound-tackle-air-pollution.html (2016-02-13)
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  • Shaping crystals with the flow
    that obtaining a good crystal is a very long and challenging process This technique has the potential to reproducibly create crystals that are only 0 1 µm which is 100 times smaller than the current ones used in X ray crystallographic studies comments Prof Skoglund We will continue to work together with physicists to explore the possibilities of this new method A Cryogenic electro microscopy photos captured the transitions highlighted by the white dashed lines from spherical micelles to wormlike micelles to branches structures from left to right at 15 C B Transition from wormlike micelles to branches Explore further Coming round to stable self assembly More information Joshua J Cardiel et al Formation of crystal like structures and branched networks from nonionic spherical micelles Scientific Reports 2015 DOI 10 1038 srep17941 Journal reference Scientific Reports Provided by Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology 7 shares feedback to editors Tweet Favorites Email Print PDF Featured Last comments Popular Detection of gravitational waves would open new window on universe Feb 10 2016 58 Gravitational waves detected 100 years after Einstein s prediction Feb 11 2016 144 Scientists discover hidden galaxies behind the Milky Way Feb 09 2016 3 GPS tracking down to the centimeter Feb 11 2016 10 A metal that behaves like water Feb 11 2016 2 more Phys org on facebook Relevant PhysicsForums posts When is ΔH ΔU 5 hours ago Which group has greater steric hindrance Feb 11 2016 Comparison Calibration Method Feb 11 2016 Which compound will be extracted in organic layer Feb 10 2016 Kinetic vs thermodynamics control Feb 10 2016 Electroplating with mixed metal electrodes Feb 10 2016 More from Chemistry Related Stories Coming round to stable self assembly May 28 2013 Nanostructures that assemble themselves from polymer molecules could prove to be useful tools in chemistry and industry However it is difficult to develop structurally robust self assembling materials because they are often Researchers replicate non spherical shapes for industrial applications February 13 2015 New research from the Micro Bio Nanofluidics Unit at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University OIST looks at how to create various non spherical particles by releasing droplets of molten wax into Researchers conduct the first atomic resolution study of perovskites used in next generation solar cells January 8 2016 Organic inorganic perovskite materials are key components of the new generation of solar cells Understanding properties of these materials is important for improving lifetime and quality of solar cells Researchers from Study shows how calcium carbonate forms composites to make strong materials such as in shells and pearls January 8 2016 Seashells and lobster claws are hard to break but chalk is soft enough to draw on sidewalks Though all three are made of calcium carbonate crystals the hard materials include clumps of soft biological matter that make Determination of ion exchange constants for ion exchange processes occurring at the cationic micellar surface January 25 2016 The effects of moderately hydrophobic counter ions X on cationic micellar

    Original URL path: http://phys.org/news/2016-02-crystals.html (2016-02-13)
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  • Single-step process transforms carbon dioxide into building blocks for polymeric materials
    chemistry Carbon dioxide tamed More information Rebecca Shu Hui Khoo et al A facile one step synthesis of star shaped alkynyl carbonates from CO Chem Commun 2015 DOI 10 1039 c5cc04088d Provided by Agency for Science Technology and Research A STAR Singapore 12 shares feedback to editors Tweet Favorites Email Print PDF Featured Last comments Popular Detection of gravitational waves would open new window on universe Feb 10 2016 58 Gravitational waves detected 100 years after Einstein s prediction Feb 11 2016 144 Scientists discover hidden galaxies behind the Milky Way Feb 09 2016 3 GPS tracking down to the centimeter Feb 11 2016 10 A metal that behaves like water Feb 11 2016 2 more Phys org on facebook Relevant PhysicsForums posts When is ΔH ΔU 5 hours ago Which group has greater steric hindrance Feb 11 2016 Comparison Calibration Method Feb 11 2016 Which compound will be extracted in organic layer Feb 10 2016 Kinetic vs thermodynamics control Feb 10 2016 Electroplating with mixed metal electrodes Feb 10 2016 More from Chemistry Related Stories Organic chemistry Carbon dioxide tamed January 15 2014 Carbon dioxide has become notorious as a troublesome greenhouse gas produced by burning fossil fuels Now this gas could also offer a cheap abundant and nontoxic source of carbon for the chemical reactions that synthesize Researchers discover a way to tease oxygen molecules from carbon dioxide October 3 2014 Phys org A small team of researchers with the University of California has found a way break apart carbon dioxide molecules and get carbon atoms and oxygen molecules instead of carbon monoxide and an oxygen atom In New crystal material captures carbon from humid gas October 15 2015 A new material with micropores might be a way to fight climate change Scientists have created crystals that capture carbon dioxide much more efficiently than previously known materials even in the presence of water The A better electrocatalyst for converting carbon dioxide into liquid fuel January 7 2016 Phys org A team of researchers working at the University of Science and Technology of China has developed a new and potentially better electrocatalyst for use in converting carbon dioxide into methanoic acid which could Innovative molecule helps palladium catalyst create complex compounds January 27 2016 A robust palladium catalyst developed by A STAR researchers now offers the best way to couple certain forms of carbon based molecules The products of these reactions have chemical structures that are found in common pharmaceuticals Seeing carbon dioxide as a raw material rather than a waste product could lead to a more sustainable future February 5 2016 Penn State researcher Chunshan Song has a plan to address one of the most important issues facing the world today reducing greenhouse gas emissions to curb the negative impacts of climate change Recommended for you A new form of frozen water Scientists reveal new ice with record low density February 12 2016 Amid the season known for transforming Nebraska into an outdoor ice rink a University of

    Original URL path: http://phys.org/news/2016-02-single-step-carbon-dioxide-blocks-polymeric.html (2016-02-13)
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  • Scientists gain insights into 'forbidden' chemistry
    3 Br and K 3 Cl for example display completely different structures The researchers demonstrated that this different behaviour can be traced back to potassium K having energetically accessible d orbitals which is not the case for lithium and sodium Under pressure these orbitals come into play and form different chemical bonds with respect to those observed in lithium and sodium compounds Computer aided design of materials is a new and promising field of materials science Thanks to modern computing facilities and algorithms scientists are able to predict the structure and properties of compounds which will significantly increase the speed and reduce the cost of manufacturing the materials of the future Explore further Metal Becomes Transparent Under High Pressure More information G Saleh et al Alkali subhalides high pressure stability and interplay between metallic and ionic bonds Phys Chem Chem Phys 2016 DOI 10 1039 C5CP06026E Journal reference Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics Provided by Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology 10 shares feedback to editors Tweet Favorites Email Print PDF Featured Last comments Popular Detection of gravitational waves would open new window on universe Feb 10 2016 58 Gravitational waves detected 100 years after Einstein s prediction Feb 11 2016 144 Scientists discover hidden galaxies behind the Milky Way Feb 09 2016 3 GPS tracking down to the centimeter Feb 11 2016 10 A metal that behaves like water Feb 11 2016 2 more Phys org on facebook Relevant PhysicsForums posts When is ΔH ΔU 5 hours ago Which group has greater steric hindrance Feb 11 2016 Comparison Calibration Method Feb 11 2016 Which compound will be extracted in organic layer Feb 10 2016 Kinetic vs thermodynamics control Feb 10 2016 Electroplating with mixed metal electrodes Feb 10 2016 More from Chemistry Related Stories Metal Becomes Transparent Under High Pressure March 12 2009 An international team of scientists have discovered a transparent form of the element sodium Na The team led by Artem Oganov Professor of Theoretical Crystallography at Stony Brook University and Yanming Ma the lead Professor predicts stable compounds of oxygen and inert gas xenon November 13 2012 Phys org An international team led by Artem R Oganov PhD a professor of theoretical crystallography in the Department of Geosciences and Department of Physics and Astronomy at Stony Brook University has established Geoscientists predict new compounds could change our view of what planets are made of April 25 2013 Phys org A team of researchers led by Artem R Oganov a professor of theoretical crystallography in the Department of Geosciences has made a startling prediction that challenges existing chemical models and current Salty surprise Ordinary table salt turns into forbidden forms December 19 2013 High pressure experiments with ordinary table salt have produced new chemical compounds that should not exist according to the textbook rules of chemistry The study at DESY s X ray source PETRA III and at other research Unique reducers and new hydrocarbon synthesis methods for five new calcium carbides June 19 2015 A team led

    Original URL path: http://phys.org/news/2016-02-scientists-gain-insights-forbidden-chemistry.html (2016-02-13)
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  • Electric-car battery materials could harm key soil bacteria
    after Einstein s prediction Feb 11 2016 144 Scientists discover hidden galaxies behind the Milky Way Feb 09 2016 3 GPS tracking down to the centimeter Feb 11 2016 10 A metal that behaves like water Feb 11 2016 2 more Phys org on facebook Relevant PhysicsForums posts When is ΔH ΔU 5 hours ago Which group has greater steric hindrance Feb 11 2016 Comparison Calibration Method Feb 11 2016 Which compound will be extracted in organic layer Feb 10 2016 Kinetic vs thermodynamics control Feb 10 2016 Electroplating with mixed metal electrodes Feb 10 2016 More from Chemistry Related Stories Argonne battery technology confirmed by US Patent Office January 30 2014 The U S Department of Energy s DOE Argonne National Laboratory is pleased to announce that after a careful reexamination of the relevant prior patents and publications the U S Patent and Trademark Office USPTO has New cathode material creates possibilities for sodium ion batteries September 24 2015 Led by the inventor of the lithium ion battery a team of researchers in the Cockrell School of Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin has identified a new safe and sustainable cathode material for low cost sodium ion Tellurium electrodes boost lithium batteries October 7 2015 A STAR researchers have demonstrated that electrodes made from tellurium can improve the energy storage and power output of rechargeable lithium ion batteries New low cost battery could help store renewable energy November 4 2015 Wind and solar energy projects are growing at a respectable clip But storing electric power for days when the air is still or when the sun goes down remains a challenge largely due to cost Now researchers are developing Technique matters A different way to make cathodes may mean better batteries January 11 2016 Lithium nickel manganese cobalt oxide or NMC is one of the most promising chemistries for better lithium batteries especially for electric vehicle applications but scientists have been struggling to get higher capacity Lithium battery catalyst found to harm key soil microorganism February 4 2016 The material at the heart of the lithium ion batteries that power electric vehicles laptop computers and smartphones has been shown to impair a key soil bacterium according to new research published online in the journal Recommended for you A new form of frozen water Scientists reveal new ice with record low density February 12 2016 Amid the season known for transforming Nebraska into an outdoor ice rink a University of Nebraska Lincoln led research team has predicted a new molecular form of the slippery stuff that even Mother Nature has never borne New experimental test detects signs of Lyme disease near time of infection February 12 2016 When it comes to early diagnosis of Lyme disease the insidious tick borne illness that afflicts about 300 000 Americans annually finding the proverbial needle in the haystack might be a far easier challenge until now Visible blue light induces copper catalyzed C N cross couplings February 12 2016 Phys org

    Original URL path: http://phys.org/news/2016-02-electric-car-battery-materials-key-soil.html (2016-02-13)
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  • Australian native spinifex grass could be key to super-thin condoms
    on a commercial scale bringing economic opportunities to the remote areas across Australia where it thrives Mr Saltmere said We re very excited by the prospects of commercialising the technology to provide an entirely new industry to regional Australia AIBN s Dr Nasim Amiralian said the nanocellulose could be converted from spinifex using an efficient chemistry method You would firstly hedge the grass and then it would be chopped up and pulped with sodium hydroxide and at that stage it just looks like paper pulp Dr Amiralian said Then you hit it with mechanical energy to force it through a very small hole under high pressure to peel the nano fibres apart from the pulp into nanocellulose happily suspended in water and ready to add to things like water based rubber latex she said UQ Vice Chancellor and President Professor Peter Høj said innovation delivered its greatest impact when translated into tangible solutions that created positive change and the spinifex project was a prime example Research like this has great potential to make a difference in the fight against HIV and AIDS and other global issues in healthcare Professor Høj said At the heart of our research at UQ we are aiming to harness research insights to engineer the next generation of products and solutions build on global knowledge capital and generate funding for further innovation This completes the laboratory to market lifecycle that can deliver benefits to millions taking excellence to what we call Excellence Plus and through that we aim to create change Explore further Latex banned at Johns Hopkins Hospital Provided by University of Queensland 493 shares feedback to editors Tweet Favorites Email Print PDF Featured Last comments Popular Detection of gravitational waves would open new window on universe Feb 10 2016 58 Gravitational waves detected 100 years after Einstein s prediction Feb 11 2016 144 Scientists discover hidden galaxies behind the Milky Way Feb 09 2016 3 GPS tracking down to the centimeter Feb 11 2016 10 A metal that behaves like water Feb 11 2016 2 more Phys org on facebook Relevant PhysicsForums posts When is ΔH ΔU 5 hours ago Which group has greater steric hindrance Feb 11 2016 Comparison Calibration Method Feb 11 2016 Which compound will be extracted in organic layer Feb 10 2016 Kinetic vs thermodynamics control Feb 10 2016 Electroplating with mixed metal electrodes Feb 10 2016 More from Chemistry Related Stories Latex banned at Johns Hopkins Hospital January 18 2008 The landmark Baltimore hospital where latex gloves were invented has become the first major medical institution in the United States to ban latex products FDA approves new type of latex glove April 23 2008 The U S Food and Drug Administration Wednesday announced approval of the first glove made from a new form of natural rubber latex guayule latex Latex hunt produces key results in Europe August 31 2012 The Dutch tyre company Apollo Vredestein has successfully produced the first prototypes of tyres obtained from natural latex from guayule

    Original URL path: http://phys.org/news/2016-02-native-grass-key-super-thin-condoms.html (2016-02-13)
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  • Engineers develop hybrid technology to create biorenewable nylon
    of biologists and chemists to develop hybrid technologies that produce novel biorenewable chemicals And now the resulting collaboration and CBiRC s core vision are turning out discoveries and high profile research papers CBiRC seeds these new ideas and concepts Tessonnier said It s all about integration Shao agreed saying CBiRC provides the nurturing environment to brainstorm what can be done with the expertise owned by two groups of experts who are trained through very different routes This vision of these fields working together is going to grow Students educated through such interdisciplinary research projects will definitely stand out with a broader vision in the biorenewable industry Explore further Scientists use gold to discover breakthrough for creating biorenewable chemicals More information Miguel Suastegui et al Combining Metabolic Engineering and Electrocatalysis Application to the Production of Polyamides from Sugar Angewandte Chemie International Edition 2016 DOI 10 1002 anie 201509653 Journal reference Angewandte Chemie International Edition Provided by Iowa State University 16 shares feedback to editors Tweet Favorites Email Print PDF Featured Last comments Popular Detection of gravitational waves would open new window on universe Feb 10 2016 58 Gravitational waves detected 100 years after Einstein s prediction Feb 11 2016 144 Scientists discover hidden galaxies behind the Milky Way Feb 09 2016 3 GPS tracking down to the centimeter Feb 11 2016 10 A metal that behaves like water Feb 11 2016 2 more Phys org on facebook Relevant PhysicsForums posts When is ΔH ΔU 5 hours ago Which group has greater steric hindrance Feb 11 2016 Comparison Calibration Method Feb 11 2016 Which compound will be extracted in organic layer Feb 10 2016 Kinetic vs thermodynamics control Feb 10 2016 Electroplating with mixed metal electrodes Feb 10 2016 More from Chemistry Related Stories Scientists use gold to discover breakthrough for creating biorenewable chemicals October 20 2010 University of Virginia chemical engineers Robert J Davis and Matthew Neurock have uncovered the key features that control the high reactivity of gold nanoparticles in a process that oxidizes alcohols in water The research Iowa State hybrid lab combines technologies to make biorenewable fuels and products June 20 2011 Laura Jarboe pointed to a collection of test tubes in her Iowa State University laboratory Researchers produce cheap sugars for sustainable biofuel production September 29 2011 Iowa State University s Robert C Brown keeps a small vial of brown sweet smelling liquid on his office table Evolving microbes help engineers turn bio oil into advanced biofuels October 12 2012 Phys org Microbes are working away in an Iowa State University laboratory to ferment biofuels from the sugar and acetate produced by rapidly heating biomass such as corn stalks and sawdust New process targets valuable green chemicals August 26 2013 Phys org Milk cartons plastic bags car seats the list of items made from petroleum extends far beyond fuel increasing our reliance on limited fossil resources That s why researchers in the Great Lakes Bioenergy Researchers design computational tool to prospect novel bioconversion pathways November 10 2015

    Original URL path: http://phys.org/news/2016-02-hybrid-technology-biorenewable-nylon.html (2016-02-13)
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  • New catalysts recovery project to reduce sulfur emissions in refineries
    chromium in oxidation state 6 which is not friendly to the environment because it can be carcinogenic said Roberto Garcia Explore further Researchers design catalysts with nanotechnology to reduce vehicular pollution Provided by Investigación y Desarrollo 12 shares feedback to editors Tweet Favorites Email Print PDF Featured Last comments Popular Detection of gravitational waves would open new window on universe Feb 10 2016 58 Gravitational waves detected 100 years after Einstein s prediction Feb 11 2016 144 Scientists discover hidden galaxies behind the Milky Way Feb 09 2016 3 GPS tracking down to the centimeter Feb 11 2016 10 A metal that behaves like water Feb 11 2016 2 more Phys org on facebook Relevant PhysicsForums posts When is ΔH ΔU 5 hours ago Which group has greater steric hindrance Feb 11 2016 Comparison Calibration Method Feb 11 2016 Which compound will be extracted in organic layer Feb 10 2016 Kinetic vs thermodynamics control Feb 10 2016 Electroplating with mixed metal electrodes Feb 10 2016 More from Chemistry Related Stories Researchers design catalysts with nanotechnology to reduce vehicular pollution January 24 2014 Maya Mexican oil type has up to 30 parts per million of sulfur labeling it as heavy oil meaning too pollutant for the environment when used as raw material for fuels Looking to reduce the national hydrocarbon emissions Scientists discover precise location of active sites on popular catalyst August 13 2015 If you want to change a situation it s often best to get to the heart of the matter For chemists this often means delving into the active sites of catalysts which speed the reactions behind billions of dollars worth of Study advances hydrogen production efforts December 22 2015 Researchers at the Energy Department s National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL have made advances toward affordable photoelectrochemical PEC production of hydrogen Plastics of the future may be made from sulfur not oil putting waste to good use January 6 2016 What has chemistry ever done for me you might ask Just as Dustin Hoffman was told by one of his would be mentors in The Graduate one answer is plastics one of the greatest chemical innovations of the 20th century Microbial technology increases by 26 the recovery of hydrocarbons in oil wells January 26 2016 Using microbial technology the Mexican Oil Institute IMP aims to increase the hydrocarbon recovery factor in extraction wells New material substantially reduces nitrogen from diesel February 3 2016 The Mexican Oil Institute IMP developed a catalyst adsorbent material that removes 80 percent of organic compounds from hydrocarbon charges before starting the process of hydrodesulfurization removing sulfur from the hydrocarbon Recommended for you A new form of frozen water Scientists reveal new ice with record low density February 12 2016 Amid the season known for transforming Nebraska into an outdoor ice rink a University of Nebraska Lincoln led research team has predicted a new molecular form of the slippery stuff that even Mother Nature has never borne New experimental test detects signs of Lyme

    Original URL path: http://phys.org/news/2016-02-catalysts-recovery-sulfur-emissions-refineries.html (2016-02-13)
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