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  • Designations
    reach the Moon or beyond Again there are exceptions launches which completed an orbit but did not get a designation and launches or pieces which did not complete and orbit but got a designation anyway A few years ago I introduced a catalog of orbital launch failures which assigned analogous designations for failures of the form 2005 F01 etc where the F indicates Failure These designations only label launches I have not assigned piece letters to individual failed space objects I have also used E to indicate a pad explosion and U to indicate a launch that should have received a regular designation but did not e g 1995 U01 In my new scheme I extend this approach to label all of the non orbital launches in my catalog by adding new special letters to the launch number 1995 S01 1995 A01 etc You might call this the JSR scheme or even the New Harvard scheme technically I work for the Smithsonian Institution s SAO and I m doing this on my own time but to the extent that I m on the Harvard campus and support space related outreach inquiries for the Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics and recalling that Fred s satellite support team was an SAO program too it s good enough In the table below NL is the number of launches in the catalog for each type as of July 2005 Desig Letter Meaning NL Totals Greek Harvard pre 1963 designation 150 None COSPAR international designation 4235 U Uncataloged launch with orbital energy 64 Total orbital 4449 F Failed orbital attempt total divided below 305 F Failed orbital attempt estimated suborbital 175 S Suborbital space flight apogee 80 km or higher 13954 Y Weather suborbital space flight apogee 80 km or higher 9084 Total suborbital 23213

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/lvdb/des.html (2016-04-29)
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  • The launch vehicle list
    indicating that the separate entry for ARPA Taurus actually refers to the same vehicle as the Taurus 1110 the vehicle was simply renamed I have chosen in my launch listings to use the vehicle name in use by the launch agency at the time of launch The Saturn IB for example was known for a while as the Uprated Saturn I and has identical entries under each name Stage numbers Two numbers giving the minimum and maximum stage number The minimum is usually 1 but sometimes 0 to allow for strapon stages and occasionally 1 to allow for two kinds of strapon stage e g Atlas IIAS Length and diameter in meters The length is approximate and may vary when different payloads and fairings are used Launch mass tonnes LEO and GTO payload capacity in kg approximate only provided for some of the orbital vehicles These fields are tentative Launch thrust kN Vehicle type see below Estimated max apogee kilometers In many cases this is a rough order of magnitude ROM estimate In some cases for IRBM ICBMs I include an extra figure representing the range The following vehicle types are defined number of examples is from the 2003 release

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/lvdb/lv.html (2016-04-29)
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  • The launch vehicle stages list
    a single stage within a vehicle and gives the vehicle name the vehicle variant usually blank the stage number which can be 1 or 0 for strapons the stage name which maps to the Stages file a flag to indicate uncertainty not confirmed that this stage is the correct one and a flag to indicate a dummy stage e g the Cora vehicle always carries a dummy Astris stage and

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/lvdb/lvstages.html (2016-04-29)
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  • The stages database
    LV file The reader is again cautioned about the approximate nature of the numerical values in this file The file contains for each stage Stage name Stage family Manufacturer Alternate name Length diameter m Full mass tonne Dry mass kg Typical thrust kN Typical burn duration s Main engine name Main engine multiplicity Stage type this field should be ignored in the current release The main engine name has been

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/lvdb/stages.html (2016-04-29)
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  • The engines database
    again cautioned about the approximate nature of the numerical values in this file The file contains for each engine Engine name Manufacturer Family loosely defined grouping Alternative name Oxidizer Fuel Mass kg loaded solids only Total impulse kNs mostly for solids Typical thrust kN Typical Isp s vacuum Isp where available Typical burn duration s Number of engine chambers per engine Date of first flight Example of usage stage number

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/lvdb/engines.html (2016-04-29)
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  • The sites database
    to be considered part of the same entity An example of an LS is the Cape Canaveral Air Station in Florida the Launch Point LP a specific and ideally precise location from which a launch may occur An example of an LP is a fixed launch pad e g Space Launch Complex 17A at Cape Canaveral Another example is the geographical coordinates of a launch carried out from a ship or an airplane Every LP is associated with an LS or an LC A Launch Cruise LC or Launch Expedition is considered a subtype of LS consisting of the voyage of a mobile platform usually a ship from which launches were carried out at multiple positions A Launch Zone LZ is a subtype of LS consisting of a possibly ill defined area of airspace or ocean from which launches are carried out In contrast to the LC the same LZ may be used by different platforms on different expeditions An example is the drop zone for Pegasus rockets over the Pacific west of Vandenberg The platforms are now listed in a separate file Each of these LS and LP may change its name over time and each one is given a code for each temporal phase one of which is picked as the ucode or unique code for the site or LP The file contains the code and ucode for each LS and LP The code for an LP consists of the LS code followed by a pad specific part which changes indepdenently For example pad 36A at Cape Canaveral has the pad code LC36A and its LS is Cape Canaveral with ucode CC the complete ucode for the LP is CC LC36A The code for CC changes over time and so at different times does the code for LC36A

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/lvdb/sites.html (2016-04-29)
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  • The Refs database
    citation chosen provides evidence for the existence of the launch and its time The second citation field when filled points to a reference giving further information such as launch vehicle type or payload The Refs file provides an index of the citations used For some of them it expands the cryptic reference code to something more like a proper citation I m afraid that for many that isn t yet

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/lvdb/refs.html (2016-04-29)
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  • Columns in the launch list files
    html Flight ID an identifier for the particular launch for example the serial number of the launch vehicle or the mission number or name assigned by the launch agency Flight another identifer for the launch usually the name of the payload Mission another alternate identifier I haven t been consistent about which names go in Flight and which in MIssion Platform Launch Site and Launch Pad where the rocket was launched from Usually Platform is blank and the launch site see the Sites file tells you where the rocket went up from and the Pad gives you the specific location within the launch site Platform is used for mobile sites such as submarines or planes Apogee the highest altitude actually reached in km This field is omitted for orbital launches In many cases the value is a guess based on known capabilities of the launch vehicle so only values with no appended question mark should be taken as accurate Range the range in km measured along the curved surface of the Earth between launch site and impact site for a suborbital launch I have only recently added this field and very few entries are filled in Destination the location of landing impact of a suborbital flight At present the values in this field are mnemonics that may or may not be obvious to the reader sorry I don t have a table of them at this stage This is another recently added field and regarded as incompletely supported Values in parentheses represent intended targets that were not reached due to a failure Launch Agency Organization responsible for launch services often different from the organization owning the payload See the Orgs file Launch Code Category Status field The first letter is the category O for orbital M for military missile T

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/lvdb/launchcols.html (2016-04-29)
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