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  • BBXRT x ray telescope Launch is due for May 16 Anatoli Solov yov Komandir and Aleksandr Balandin Bortinzhener continue in orbit aboard the Mir complex The Soyuz TM 9 transport and the Progress M 3 freighter are currently at the station Solov yov and Balandin have been in space for 78 days Progress M 4 is being prepared for launch Kosmos 2074 a Soviet Navy navigation satellite was launched on

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.37 (2016-04-29)
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  • May 8 Solov yov and Balandin have been in space for 85 days breaking the US record of 83 days in 1974 The Soviet record is 1 year The Foton materials processing satellite and the Kosmos 2073 recon satellite landed in Kazakhstan on Apr 27 and Apr 28 Two Soviet Air Defense satellites were launched on Apr 25 and Apr 28 the Kosmos 2075 radar calibration satellite and the Kosmos 2076 missile early warning satellite Topic of the Week Protivo Vosdushnaya Oborona Soviet Air Defense Command The space activities of the PVO began in 1968 with the antisatellite program In this program a satellite filled with high explosive manoeuvred next to a target satellite and exploded damaging the target with shrapnel There have been no launches in the ASAT program since 1982 but a series of satellites with orbital characteristics similar to the old target satellites continues This series which began with Kosmos 752 in 1975 was initially puzzling Were the Soviets launching targets and then forgetting to launch the ASATs at them Worse the targets seemed to be disintegrating anyway Many fragments were being cataloged in orbit with them Were they being attacked with secret laser weapons Eventually it was realized that some of the K 752 series were periodically releasing groups of 25 30 small objects into orbit to simulate missile attacks so that Soviet defense radars could be tested The K752 series continues with the launch of Kosmos 2075 on a Kosmos launch vehicle from Plesetsk but this launch vehicle is being phased out and a replacement series using the Tsiklon launch vehicle began with Kosmos 1985 in 1988 Not all of the satellites release extra objects tracked in orbit why is unclear For instance Kosmos 1960 in 1988 released 28 objects while Kosmos 2027 launched into

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.38 (2016-04-29)
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  • due in about a week Launch of STS 35 Columbia is due for about Jun 3 following repairs to the orbiter cooling system Anatoli Solov yov Komandir and Aleksandr Balandin Bortinzhener continue in orbit aboard the Mir complex The Soyuz TM 9 transport and the Progress 42 freighter are currently at the station Solov yov and Balandin have been in space for 92 days Two MACSAT Multiple Access Comsat lightsats

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.39 (2016-04-29)
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  • loose insulation blankets on the Soyuz TM 9 SA descent module Solov yov and Balandin have been in space for 107 days Kosmos 2078 was launched on May 15 by Soyuz from Baykonur it is a photographic mapping survey satellite Kosmos 2079 Kosmos 2080 and Kosmos 2081 are GLONASS navigation satellites the Soviet copy of Navstar They were launched on May 19 by a single Proton vehicle into a 20 000 km orbit Kosmos 2082 launched on May 22 is a large signals intelligence satellite in an 800 km orbit This was the first use of the new Zenit launch vehicle since late 1988 no reason has been given for the hiatus in Zenit launches Topic of the week Zenit There are two variants of the Zenit vehicle a one stage version used as a strapon for the Energiya launch vehicle and a two stage version used as a satellite launch vehicle A three stage variant is due to fly in 1993 The Zenit 2 has carried two types of payload into orbit a large signals intelligence satellite which I call Ferret E and a series of heavy low orbit payloads which I believe were related to Buran systems development The first two Ferret E craft were launched by 4 stage Proton before Zenit was operational All Zenit launches have been successful with the exception of Kosmos 1714 when the second stage failed to restart and the payload was left in an elliptical transfer orbit Zenit has been offered for commercial use and may be launched from Australia s planned Cape York spaceport RN Zenit 1 Launch History No Launch Date Payload Code Site 1 1987 May 15 Energiya strap on KB 2 1987 May 15 Energiya strap on KB 3 1987 May 15 Energiya strap on KB 4 1987

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.40 (2016-04-29)
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  • delay means that Spacelab Life Sciences 1 will also slip The ROSAT Rontgensatellit x ray astronomy satellite was launched on a Delta 6920 on Jun 1 The satellite which is in a 600 km orbit is similar to the Einstein Observatory 1978 81 but with more sensitive detectors ROSAT is a joint project between the German DLR space agency and NASA with British collaboration The main X ray telescope focusses radiation onto the PSPC Position Sensitive Proportional Counter which will make the best survey yet of the X ray sky Another detector the HRI High Resolution Imager has higher spatial resolution and can be rotated into the focus of the telescope ROSAT also carries a piggyback British telescope the Wide Field Camera which will observe the sky in the extreme ultraviolet The Hubble Space Telescope is in its Orbital Verification Phase 1 All the instruments have been turned on for electronics checks acquisition of guide stars has improved greatly Focussing of the telescope continues Anatoli Solov yov Komandir and Aleksandr Balandin Bortinzhener continue in orbit aboard the Mir complex The Soyuz TM 9 transport is currently at the station The Kristall module was launched on May 31 and is due

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.41 (2016-04-29)
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  • exposed to sunlight and a guidance computer is insufficiently shielded from radiation in the South Atlantic Anomaly These problems should eventually be correctable in software Pointing stability is at the milliarcsec level during night portions of the orbit Anatoli Solov yov Komandir and Aleksandr Balandin Bortinzhener continue in orbit aboard the Mir complex The Soyuz TM 9 transport is currently at the station The Kristall module docked on Jun 10

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.42 (2016-04-29)
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  • Komandir and Aleksandr Balandin Bortinzhener continue in orbit aboard the Mir complex They will make an EVA to carry out repairs to the Soyuz TM 9 transport in mid July The Kristall module has been moved to a side port opposite the Kvant 2 module An Intelsat VI communications satellite was launched by Commercial Titan 3 on Jun 23 It successfully separated from the Titan and its Orbus 21S perigee

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.43 (2016-04-29)
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  • instrument with corrective optics may be installed by early 1993 The European FOC camera will not be able to detect objects as faint as planned but is still the only instrument in our out of the world capable of taking ultraviolet images The FOS and GHRS ultraviolet spectrographs will also be limited to brighter objects and longer observing times since the bigger point source images means that not all the light from an object will go down the detector apertures However most of the spectrographic program may still be doable Space Telescope Science Institute astronomers say that the limitation of HST capablility is not that severe but most other astronomers feel that HST has been reduced to an improved version of the old IUE satellite Meanwhile the successful first light of the HRI imager means that all instruments on the ROSAT x ray observatory are working well the sky survey will begin soon Anatoli Solov yov Komandir and Aleksandr Balandin Bortinzhener continue in orbit aboard the Mir complex They will make an EVA to carry out repairs to the Soyuz TM 9 transport on July 17 The Soyuz transport was moved back to the front port last week in preparation

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.44 (2016-04-29)
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