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  • similar in concept to the US Navy Transit in 1000 km high orbits at 83 degree inclination There are two parallel systems a military one under the Kosmos label and an unclassified one with satellites called Nadezhda The launch vehicle uses an R 14 IRBM NATO designation SS 5 Skean as its first stage it used to be the standard Soviet small satellite launcher having replaced the Kosmos R 12 in the early 1970 s but most of its payload classes apart from the navsats have been transferred to the newer Tsiklon 3 vehicle Both the Kosmos and the Tsiklon vehicles are products of the Yuzhnoye NPO Orbital launch summary for August Aug 1 Soyuz Baykonur Glavkosmos Soyuz TM 10 spaceship Aug 2 Delta 6925 Canaveral US Space Command Navstar 21 navigation satellite Aug 3 Soyuz Plesetsk Soviet GRU Kosmos 2089 recon satellite Aug 8 Tsiklon 3 Plesetsk Soviet Navy Kosmos 2090 2095 small comsat cluster Aug 10 Molniya Plesetsk Soviet MSvyazi Molniya 1 comsat Aug 15 Soyuz Baykonur Glavkosmos Progress M 4 robot cargo spaceship Aug 16 Soyuz Plesetsk Soviet GUGK Resurs F commercial imaging materials flight Aug 18 Delta 6925 Canaveral Hughes BSB Ltd Marcopolo 2 broadcasting satellite

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.53 (2016-04-29)
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  • 5 automatic cargo craft was launched on Sep 27 and docked at Mir s forward port on Sep 29 The USAF s Navstar GPS 15 navigation satellite was launched from Canaveral on Oct 1 by a Delta 6925 GPS 15 is a Navstar Block IIA satellite future launches will use the improved Block IIB satellite A Soviet Ministry of Communications Molniya 3 comsat was launched from Plesetsk on Sep 20 A Soviet Hydrometeorological Service Meteor 2 weather satellite was launched from Plesetsk by a three stage Tsiklon rocket on Sep 29 Ariel VI the last of the British Ariel series of scientific satellites reentered on Sep 23 after 11 years in space The satellite which operated from 1979 to 1982 was intended to study x ray astronomy unfortunately it was plagued with technical problems and did not live up to the reputation of its very successful predecessor Ariel V A British soft x ray experiment the Wide Field Camera is currently operating successfully on the German led international ROSAT satellite British Scientific and Technological Satellites Satellite Launch End of Reentered Ops Ariel I 1962 1964 1976 Ariel II 1964 1967 1967 Ariel III 1967 1970 1970 Ariel IV 1971 1973

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.54 (2016-04-29)
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  • Gennadiy Strekalov continue in orbit aboard the Mir Kvant Kvant 2 Kristall Soyuz TM 10 Progress M 5 complex Progress M 5 carries a VBS Vosvrashchaemaya Ballisticheskaya Kapsula ballistic recovery capsule which will carry the results of materials processing experiments carried out in the Kristall module back to a landing in Kazakhstan Progress M 5 used its engine to raise the Mir complex orbit on Oct 1 from 370x406 km to 373x420 km The Salyut 7 Kosmos 1686 complex continues to decay slowly its orbit is now 344x346 km high A Soviet electronic intelligence satellite was destroyed on Oct 4 when the first stage of its Zenit launch vehicle exploded seconds after launch from Kosmodrom Baykonur This is the first failure of a Zenit to reach orbit although the upper stage of Kosmos 1714 failed to restart The satellite would have been Kosmos 2102 had it reached orbit Kosmos 2101 was launched on Oct 1 into an inital 170x296 km orbit by Soyuz from Baykonur It is a photographic imaging recon satellite operated by the GRU Soviet military intelligence Kosmos 2101 will remain in orbit until about Nov 14 unlike the high resolution Kosmos 2089 which reentered the same day

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.55 (2016-04-29)
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  • 8 days The flight is the first Chinese life sciences mission Two Hughes communications satellites SBS 6 and Galaxy VI were launched on an Ariane 44L vehicle flight V39 from Kourou on Oct 12 SBS has a complicated history In 1980 Satellite Business Systems a consortium of IBM Aetna and Comsat launched its first satellite for Ku band 14 12 GHz business data relay services In Jul 1984 Comsat left the consortium In Jul 1985 Satellite Business Systems was sold to MCI four satellites were now in orbit Then in I think 1987 the fleet was sold off SBS 1 and 2 were sold to Comsat SBS 3 remained with MCI and SBS 4 was sold to IBM s Satellite Transponder Leasing Corp STLC together with the SBS 5 and 6 satellites still on the ground Finally in Apr 1990 Hughes Communications Inc HCI bought STLC from IBM This leaves the fleet as follows Satellite type Launch Date Vehicle Owner Owner at launch now SBS 1 HS376 1980 Nov 15 Delta 153 SBS Comsat Corp SBS 2 HS376 1981 Sep 24 Delta 156 SBS Comsat Corp SBS 3 HS376 1982 Nov 11 STS 5 SBS MCI Comms Corp SBS 4

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.56 (2016-04-29)
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  • pounds sterling for airmail 01144 502 508585 This book gives complete biographies of all the Soviet cosmonauts and cosmonaut trainees updated to July 1990 It includes discussions of how the cosmonauts were trained missions that were planned but never flew details of previously unknown cosmonaut trainees Quality and accuracy are excellent throughout Another example of the fine work done by the British Interplanetary Society s Soviet space analysts Disclaimer I have no connection with Gordon Hooper or GRH Pubs I just think its a good book Since news is light this week here s a summary of the current Soviet cosmonaut team with selection dates drawn from Hooper s book and from Soviet sources This list may be incomplete and I have omitted cosmonauts who are still officially attached to the team although no longer eligible for flights The 1965 engineers who have not yet flown must be somewhat unlikely to get a chance now in their fifties Soviet Air Force Cosmonaut Detachment 1960 Boris Volynov Commander of Detachment inactive 1965 Yevgeniy Khludeev 1965 Edvard Stepanov 1967 Vladimir Lyakhov Soyuz 32 T9 TM6 1967 Yuriy Malyshev Soyuz T2 T11 1970 Anatoliy Berezovoy Soyuz T5 1970 Nikolai Fefelov 1976 Vladimir Titov Soyuz T8 TM4 1976 Aleksandr Volkov Soyuz T14 TM7 1976 Anatoliy Solov yov Soyuz TM5 TM9 1978 Aleksandr Viktorenko Soyuz TM3 TM8 1987 Gennadiy Manakov Soyuz TM10 in orbit 1987 Viktor Afanas ev 1987 Anatoli Artsebarskiy 1987 Yuriy Gidzenko 1987 Vladimir Dezhurov 1987 Valeriy Kazun 1987 Yuriy Malenchenko 1987 Vasiliy Tsibliev 1989 Yuriy Anufrienko 1989 Sergei Krichevskiy 1989 Gennadiy Padalko Civilian cosmonaut group 1973 Gennadiy Strekalov Soyuz T3 T8 T11 TM10 in orbit 1978 Aleksandr Serebrov Soyuz T7 T8 TM8 1978 Aleksandr Laveykin Soyuz TM2 1978 Musa Manarov Soyuz TM4 1978 Aleksandr Balandin Soyuz TM9 1980 Svetlana Savitskaya Soyuz T6

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.57 (2016-04-29)
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  • TM 10 Progress M 5 complex The spacewalk has been delayed because Strekalov has a cold INMARSAT the International Maritime Satellite Organization launched the Inmarsat II F 1 communications satellite on a Delta 6925 from Canaveral on Oct 30 The satellite will be used for communications by ships and airplanes This is the first Inmarsat II satellite there were no Inmarsat I satellites since Inmarsat leased sats from other organizations

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.58 (2016-04-29)
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  • 5 complex The spacewalk on Oct 30 lasted 3h 45m the cosmonauts failed to repair the Kvant 2 EVA hatch The 21st Gorizont communications satellite was launched from Baykonur on Nov 3 by 4 stage Proton The third Titan IV was launched on Nov 13 at 0037 UT It reportedly carried the DSP F15 early warning satellite to geostationary orbit using an IUS upper stage The satellite carries an infrared

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.59 (2016-04-29)
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  • by Molniya from Plesetsk It is a PVO Soviet Air Defence Command missile early warning satellite in a 600x39300 km x 63 degree orbit Two US comsats Satcom C1 and GSTAR 4 were launched by Ariane 42P on Nov 20 Satcom C1 is a C band 6 4 GHz cable TV relay satellite operated by GE American Communications formerly RCA Americom GSTAR 4 is operated by GTE Spacenet as part of its Ku band 14 12 GHz communications network Both satellites were built by GE Astro Space Hubble Space Telescope update At a workshop at the Space Telescope Science Institute STScI on Nov 16 HST observers and STScI staff started to revise the telescope s observing program The Orbital Verification period is now essentially complete and Science Verification is beginning lots of calibration observations and test exposures Proper scheduled observing will begin around July 91 Contrary to initial expectations it seems to me that programs using the cameras are in better shape than the spectrographs Because of the aberration HST can t see extremely faint objects or moderately faint objects which are right next to rather bright ones they get lost in the fuzzed out image of the bright one and if the brightness of your faint object is comparable to the uncertainty in the shape of the point spread function of the bright object no amount of deconvolution will help you But it can do very good imaging of groups of bright objects very close to one another like the R136 cluster or with some extra observing time of a point source on a diffuse background like the core of NGC 7457 Deconvolution techniques seem to work pretty well relative to radio astronomy you have a a much better sampled point spread function but it varies in shape from

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.60 (2016-04-29)
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