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  • Kvant 2 Kristall Soyuz TM 10 complex to join Manakov and Strekalov Their launch means that 12 people are now in orbit which is a record Manakov Strekalov and Akiyama will return to Earth in Soyuz TM 10 with Afanas ev and Manarov remaining in orbit The Progress M 5 cargo craft undocked on Nov 28 and returned a cargo capsule to Kazakhstan NB Do not confuse Musa Khiramanovich MANAROV civilian cosmonaut from Azerbijan with Gennadiy Mikhailovich MANAKOV Russian military pilot cosmonaut The first Block IIB Navstar navigation satellite GPS 23 was launched on Nov 26 from Canaveral The launch vehicle was the first Delta 7925 which is the operational Delta II Other recent launches were made by the interim Delta II model 6925 which has less powerful strap on Castor IV solid motors the 7925 has Hercules GEM strap on rockets The tenth Block 5D Defense Meterological Satellite Program military weather satellite DMSP Block 5D 2 F 10 was launched on Dec 1 by Atlas E from Vandenberg The spacecraft built by GE Astro Space is similar to the civilian NOAA satellites but carries different sensors A Molniya 1 comsat was launched by Molniya from Plesetsk on Nov 23

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.61 (2016-04-29)
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  • rear port of Kvant is free to receive the Progress M 6 cargo craft due for launch soon Orbit of the complex is 371x405 km Meanwhile the abandoned Salyut 7 Kosmos 1686 complex had decayed to a 308x312 km orbit by Dec 3 dropping 0 5 km day with reentry expected in January or February Kosmos 2106 was launched by Tsiklon from Plesetsk on Nov 28 It is probably a radar calibration satellite used to deploy targets for the Soviet PVO Air Defence Force radar system Kosmos 2107 was launched from Baykonur on Dec 4 It is a naval electronic surveillance spacecraft Kosmos 2108 was launched by Soyuz from Plesetsk on Dec 4 It is a recon satellite carrying a set of film return capsules and will remain in orbit until early February Kosmos 2101 had been in orbit for 60 days on Nov 30 when it was deorbited It was a Kosmos 1246 class mapping satellite distinguished from the usual recon satellites by its higher perigee it set a new record lifetime for the type Kosmos 2104 had been in orbit for 18 days when it landed on Dec 4 It was probably a recon satellite but its orbit

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.62 (2016-04-29)
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  • Soyuz TM 11 complex Kosmos 1631 reentered on Dec 8 It was a radar calibration satellite The Pakistani amateur radio satellite BADR A reentered on Dec 8 The Kosmos 2102 recon satellite reentered on Dec 12 completing its 2 month mission as predicted in issue 57 Kosmos 2109 2110 and 2111 were launched on Dec 8 by a single Proton vehicle from Baykonur They are GLONASS navigation satellites the Soviet

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.63 (2016-04-29)
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  • positioned over the Atlantic There were four NATO III satellites launched between 1976 and 1984 and two smaller NATO II satellites launched in 1970 and 1971 These were preceded by the Initial Defence Satellite Communications Program IDCSP of small sub synchronous satellites which was a US system retrospectively considered to have been the NATO I program An Ariane 4 rocket launched two geostationary TV broadcasting satellites on Jan 15 Italsat 1 from Italy and Eutelsat II F 2 for the European Telecommunications Satellite Organization Two Raduga comsats were launched in late December by Proton rockets from Baykonur The first on Dec 20 was the 26th standard Raduga TV relay satellite The second on Dec 27 was the second advanced Raduga 1 satellite which first flew in 1989 Raduga Rainbow is a C band satellite relaying TV and telephone communications in the Soviet Union Kosmos 2113 launched on Dec 21 is a new 7 tonne long duration digital imaging recon satellite replacing Kosmos 2072 which was deorbited on Nov 21 after a 222 day mission It was launched from Baykonur on a Soyuz booster and is the most advanced Soviet spy satellite Kosmos 2114 2115 2116 2117 2118 and 2119 are

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.64 (2016-04-29)
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  • third on Jan 23 and Jan 26 set up a crane on the outside of the Mir core module which will be used in later spacewalks to transfer solar panels from the Kristall module to the Kvant module at the other end of the station Orbiter Discovery in the VAB was mated to the STS 39 tank and boosters on Feb 11 Launch is due in early March Atlantis and Columbia are in the Orbiter Processing Facility and the boosters and tank for STS 37 the next Atlantis mission have been mated in the VAB Kosmos 2121 launched Jan 17 is a Vostok class recon satellite replacing Kosmos 2120 which landed the same day Kosmos 2122 launched Jan 18 is an ocean surveillance satellite which tracks naval radio emissions Informator 1 was launched Jan 29 by a Kosmos R 14 into a 1000 km polar 83 degree orbit the same orbit used by the Tsikada and Nadezhda navigation satellites I think it s a position locator satellite like Geostar but my files are still in the moving truck somewhere in the Eastern US and I don t have access to Pravda or TASS at the moment any volunteers Kosmos 2123

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.65 (2016-04-29)
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  • British citizen is flying an 8 day mission as part of the Juno project financed by the Moscow National Bank and will return with the TM 11 crew The Salyut 7 Kosmos 1686 space station complex reentered over Argentina on Feb 7 The Kosmos 2123 navigation satellite also carries the RS 12 and RS 13 amateur radio transponder packages Kosmos 2124 was launched Feb 7 by Soyuz from Plesetsk it is an imaging recon satellite and is expected to remain in orbit until early April Eight small lightsats carrying military communications transponders were launched from Feb 12 from Plesetsk on a single Kosmos R 14 launch vehicle they were assigned the names Kosmos 2125 through Kosmos 2132 A Proton vehicle launched Kosmos 2133 a Soviet geostationary communications satellite on Feb 14 A Soyuz launch vehicle orbited Kosmos 2134 an advanced imaging recon satellite from Baykonur on Feb 15 Another navigation satellite Kosmos 2135 went into orbit on Feb 26 This is the fourth Kosmos R 14 launch vehicle to be used in a month R 14 launches often occur in groups like this The 80th Molniya 1 satellite was launched into elliptical 12 hour orbit on Feb 15 it is

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.66 (2016-04-29)
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  • ESA base at Kourou in Guyane the third stage enters an elliptical geostationary transfer orbit GTO with a perigee of a few hundred km and an apogee of 36000 km The two satellites separate from the third stage and then once at apogee ignite their internal rocket motors a European MAGE rocket for Meteosat and probably a Thiokol Star 30 for Astra putting them in approximately circular equatorial 24 hour orbits Small thrusters are used to put the satellites in near exact stationary orbits once they have drifted to the right longitude The 27th Raduga geostationary communications satellite was launched on Feb 28 by 4 stage Proton from Baykonur Raduga is a C band comsat for relay of telephone and TV transmissions first launched in 1975 for the Soviet Ministry of Communications A Delta II 6925 launch vehicle placed the INMARSAT II F 2 satellite in geostationary transfer orbit on Mar 10 INMARSAT is the International Maritime Satellite Organization The INMARSAT satellites provide L band mobile communications links for ships aircraft and vehicles The first INMARSAT II was launched last year There were no INMARSAT I satellites previously INMARSAT leased the MARECS satellites from ESA the MARISAT satellites from Comsat General Corp and the MCS transponders on the INTELSAT VA satellites Current STS status Orbiters OV 102 Columbia OPF Bay 1 OV 103 Discovery VAB Bay 3 OV 104 Atlantis VAB Bay 3 ML ET SRB stacks ML1 STS 37 ET OV 104 VAB Bay 1 ML2 STS 39 ET OV 103 VAB Bay 3 ML3 STS 40 Outside VAB 10 years ago 12 Mar 1981 Vladimir Kovalyonok and Viktor Savinykh reached orbit in Soyuz T 4 They were the last long stay crew aboard the Salyut 6 space station remaining there for two and a half months 20 years

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.67 (2016-04-29)
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  • cumulative time spent in space Kosmos 2136 was launched on Mar 6 by Soyuz from Plesetsk It is in a reconaissance satellite type orbit but seems to have unusually low drag as its orbit is decaying rather slowly A classified Department of Defense satellite USA 69 1991 17A was launched by a Titan IV rocket from Space Launch Complex 4 East at Vandenberg AFB California on Mar 8 Press reports claim that the satellite is a Lacrosse radar imaging satellite Current STS status Orbiters OV 102 Columbia OPF Bay 1 OV 103 Discovery OPF Bay 2 OV 104 Atlantis LC39B ML ET SRB stacks ML1 STS 37 ET OV 104 LC39B ML2 STS 39 ET VAB Bay 3 ML3 STS 40 VAB Bay 1 10 years ago 19 Mar 1981 The Progress 12 cargo craft undocked from the Salyut 6 space station and was deorbited over the Pacific 20 years ago 21 Mar 1971 The first of the NSA s JUMPSEAT electronic intelligence satellites was launched by a Titan IIIB Agena D rocket from Vandenberg into highly elliptical orbit 30 years ago 24 Mar 1961 A Redstone rocket was flown on the Mercury Redstone Booster Development MR BD flight a

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.68 (2016-04-29)
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