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  • the launches so far are by the ex SSSR This is way down on previous years of 22 launches to the same time last year 17 were Soviet so not only has the ex SSSR launch rate gone down but that for the rest of the world has increased somewhat not statistically significantly relative to last year but there has been a trend over the past few years Of course who owns the various Russian satellites is somewhat speculative and probably not known by anyone even the putative owners Launch Date LV Payload LV org PL org PL Manufacturer 01 Jan 21 Soyuz Kosmos 2175 VS SNG GRU KB Foton 02 Jan 22 STS Discovery Spacelab IML 1 NASA NASA ESA CSA Rockwell MBB Alenia 03 Jan 24 Molniya Kosmos 2176 VS SNG PVO NPO PM 04 Jan 25 Soyuz Progress M 11 VS SNG NPOE NPO Energiya 05 Jan 29 Proton Kosmos 2177 2178 2179 VS SNG VMF PO Polyot 06 Feb 10 Atlas 2 DSCS III F 5 GDCLS USAF DCA GE 07 Feb 11 H 1 Fuyo 1 NASDA NASDA Mitsubishi 08 Feb 17 Kosmos Kosmos 2180 VS SNG VMF PO Polyot 09 Feb 23 Delta 2 GPS 25 MDSSC USAF Rockwell 10 Feb 26 Ariane Superbird B2 AE SCCJ SS Loral Arabsat 1C ASCO Aerospatiale 11 Mar 4 Molniya Molniya 1 VS SNG RKA NPO PM 12 Mar 9 Kosmos Kosmos 2181 VS SNG VMF PO Polyot 13 Mar 14 Atlas 1 Galaxy V GDCLS HCI Hughes 14 Mar 17 Soyuz Soyuz TM 14 VS SNG NPOE RKA NPO Energiya 15 Mar 24 STS Atlantis Spacelab Atlas 1 NASA NASA ESA Rockwell BAe Abbreviations for organizations AE Arianespace SA France ASCO Arab Satellite Communications Organization Saudi Arabia CSA Canadian Space Agency Canada DCA Defence Communications Agency

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.108 (2016-04-29)
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  • in a 67 degree low earth orbit Of the 19 new NASA astronaut candidates announced this week only 4 are pilot astronauts This is the lowest ratio of pilots to mission specialists yet and reflects the fact that more mission specialists than pilots fly on each mission Breakdown Pilots 4 Mission Specialists 15 Men 16 Women 3 Civilians 9 USN 7 USAF 2 US Army 1 Ph D 8 MD 4 including two with both Last Job Edwards AFB 1 Pax River 1 Other military 8 NASA JSC 3 JPL 1 other 5 More generic military people are being selected fewer civilians and fewer USAF and USN test pilots from Edwards and Pax River the latter reflecting the smaller number of pilot astronauts I don t understand the preference for military mission specialists given the lack of DoD missions on the schedule Summary list Mission Specialists Dr Daniel Barry MD PhD Dr Charles Brady Cdr USN MD Dr Catherine Coleman Capt USAF PhD Dr Michael Gernhardt PhD Dr John Grunsfeld PhD Wendy Lawrence LtCdr USN Dr Jerry Linenger Cdr USN MD PhD Dr Richard Linnehan Capt USA DVM Michael Lopez Alegria LtCdr USN Dr Scott Parazynski MD Winston Scott Cdr

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.109 (2016-04-29)
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  • 202x356x50 5 200x340x50 5 ARC2 Kosmos 1552 1984 May 14 1984 Nov 3 173 184x315x64 9 236x327x64 9 ARC3 Kosmos 1643 1985 Mar 25 1985 Oct 18 207 184x278x64 9 222x295x64 8 ARC4 Kosmos 1731 1986 Feb 7 1986 Oct 3 238 180x264x64 8 230x260x64 8 ARC5 Kosmos 1770 Aug 6 1987 Feb 2 180 181x281x64 8 239x283x64 8 ARC6 Kosmos 1810 Dec 26 1987 Sep 11 259 187x275x64 8 247x265x64 8 ARC7 Kosmos 1836 1987 Apr 16 1987 Dec 2 230 180x291x64 8 241x293x64 8 ARC8 Kosmos 1881 Sep 11 1988 Mar 30 201 180x290x64 8 232x276x64 8 ARC9 Kosmos 1936 1988 Mar 30 1988 May 18 49 183x269x64 8 230x298x64 8 ARC10 Kosmos 2007 1989 Mar 23 1989 Aug 25 155 182x278x64 8 230x285x64 8 ARC11 Kosmos 2049 Nov 17 1990 Jun 19 214 231x282x64 8 ARC12 Kosmos 2072 1990 Apr 13 1990 Nov 21 222 183x252x64 8 240x287x64 8 ARC13 Kosmos 2113 Dec 21 1991 Jun 11 172 180x283x64 8 240x282x64 8 ARC14 Kosmos 2153 1991 Jul 10 1992 Mar 13 247 182x251x64 9 241x281x64 9 ARC15 Kosmos 2183 1992 Apr 8 240x293x64 9 The Commonwealth also launched a Gorizont C band communications satellite into geostationary orbit on Apr 2 The payload is probably owned by the RKA Russian Space Agency The launch occurred at about 0200 UTC and the payload and Blok DM fourth stage were placed in a 150 km orbit inclined 51 6 degrees to the equator The Blok DM ignited to place the combination in a transfer orbit of 250 x 35600 km at 47 degrees and then re ignited at apogee to enter a 1425 minute circular equatorial orbit following which the payload separated Insertion occurred around 90 deg E longitude and Gorizont drifted east at 2 deg day until Apr 8

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.110 (2016-04-29)
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  • its 1990 predecessor is spoilt by an apparent total lack of proofreading The translation from Russian is rather poor and filled with typos KNES for the French space agency CNES Timoty Meitss for the UK backup cosmonaut Timothy Mace MARTA and MANTRA instead of MATRA a French space firm and so on There are also factual errors e g Kosmos 2122 is listed as being launched by a Soyuz launch vehicle which is incorrect However there are some very nice color photos of the Mir station An interesting contrast to the Powell book pretty but superficial and unreliable The Aerospace Ambassadors group is doing a lot of work on cooperation between the US and Russia in space and I look forward to their forthcoming Cosmonautics The History Space Shuttle mission STS 49 the maiden flight of orbiter Endeavour is still planned for early May Another USAF Navstar Global Positioning Satellite was launched at 0320 UTC on 10 Apr Launch of Navstar 28 was by McDonnell Douglas Delta 7925 from complex 17 at Cape Canaveral This was the 22nd Delta 2 launch all have been successful The Thor first stage flew a suborbital trajectory the Delta second stage placed the payload and third stage in a low earth orbit inclined 21 degrees then separated and used up its remaining fuel moving into a 530x715 km orbit Deltas used to have a habit of blowing up several years after launch and littering low earth orbit with lots of fragments the fuel depletion burn seems to have cured this problem The PAM D Star 48 third stage ignited to put the payload in a 200 x 20400 km transfer orbit inclined 35 degrees to the equator At apogee the Navstar s internal Star 37F apogee motor fired to place the payload in a circular 20000 km semi synchronous 12 hour orbit at an inclination of 55 degrees the orbit will be adjusted slightly over the next few weeks The Block IIA Navstar satellites are built by Rockwell they contain atomic clocks which are used to provide accurate positioning information for military and civilian uses The next GPS launch will be Navstar 26 in August The first Ariane 4 with an upgraded H10 Plus third stage was launched on Apr 15 from the Centre Spatiale Guyanais in Kourou France at about 2312 UTC This was an Ariane 44L model there have now been 22 Ariane 4 launches with one failure The payloads were Telecom 2A and Inmarsat II F 4 INMARSAT the International Maritime Satellite Organization operates communications satellites used by ships and aircraft These use the L band around 1 5 GHz rather than the C 6 4GHz and Ku 12 11 GHz used by most communications satellites Inmarsat started off using satellites leased from other organizations the Comsat Corp MARISAT and the ESA MARECS and transponders on INTELSAT satellites but now has its own INMARSAT II network INMARSAT I was considered to be the leased network The satellites are built by a

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.111 (2016-04-29)
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  • ASEM experiment to practice assembling mock space station components the idea is to get a feel for what EVA construction crews can and can t do It s a more sophisticated version of the EASE ACCESS experiments done in 1985 on mission 61 B STS 49 cargo RMS Remote Manipulator System Hughes Cradle with Orbus 21S PKM capture bar docking adapter and MFR Manipulator Foot Restraint MPESS Mission Peculiar Experiment Support Structure with ASEM Node boxes 2 Truss pyramid components Grapple fixture and EVA rescue device prototypes Astrorope Telescopic pole Bi stem pole Inflatable pole Crew propulsive device based on Skylab HHMU As far as I can tell the Hughes Cradle is a new design the MPESS cross bay truss pallet has flown 13 times previously STS 49 bios Brandenstein Daniel Charles Commander Birth 1943 Jan 17 Wisconsin Rank Capt USN Selected as NASA pilot astronaut 1978 Pilot Challenger mission STS 8 1983 Commander Discovery mission 51 G 1985 Chief of Astronaut Office 1987 Commander Columbia mission STS 32R 1990 Total spaceflight hours 575 48 2 rendezvous captures Spartan 101 LDEF Chilton Kevin P Pilot Birth 1954 Nov 3 L A Rank Lt Col USAF Selected as NASA mission specialist astronaut 1987 Total spaceflight hours 0 00 Hieb Richard J Mission Specialist 1 Birth 1955 Sep 21 North Dakota Selected as NASA mission specialist astronaut 1985 Mission Specialist 5 Discovery mission STS 39 1991 Total spaceflight hours 199 22 Melnick Bruce E Mission Specialist 2 Birth 1949 Dec 5 N Y Rank Cdr US Coast Guard Selected as NASA mission specialist astronaut 1987 Mission Specialist 1 Discovery mission STS 41 1990 Total spaceflight hours 98 10 Thuot Pierre J Mission Specialist 3 Birth 1955 May 19 Connecticut Rank Cdr USN Selected as NASA mission specialist astronaut 1985 Mission Specialist 3

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.112 (2016-04-29)
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  • The mission is classified the fact that in contravention of its international treaty obligations the previous launch in the series was not reported by the US government to the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space suggests that the payload is probably a highly secret NSA electronic intelligence satellite most likely a successor to the Jumpseat series A Resurs F remote sensing satellite was launched from the Russian spaceport Plesetsk on Apr 29 by a Soyuz launch vehicle The Resurs F spacecraft is based on KB Foton s Vostok bus and carries mapping cameras It is operated by the Priroda Nature center of the Russian Central Geodesy and Cartography Agency GUGK Russian President Boris Yel tsin attended the launch Another GUGK spacecraft was launched by Soyuz from Baykonur on Apr 29 the Kosmos 2185 mapping satellite is in a 70 degree orbit Russian cosmonauts Aleksander Viktorenko and Aleksandr Kaleri on board the Mir complex have unloaded the Progress M 12 cargo transport and are carrying out materials processing experiments Current STS status Orbiters Location Mission OV 102 Columbia OPF Bay 3 STS 50 OV 103 Discovery OPF Bay 2 Mod OV 104 Atlantis OPF Bay 1 STS

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.113 (2016-04-29)
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  • Portable Foot Restraint to the robot arm the RMS and holding the Capture Bar a rod with clamps on each end was moved by the RMS toward Intelsat Unfortunately on his first attempt to grapple the Intelsat 2157 UTC he knocked it and the tumbling motion that ensued was only made worse by a further attempt at 2214 Endeavour backed off and the EVA astronauts went back inside repressurizing the airlock at 0016 UTC May 11 Intelsat controllers restabilized the satellite as Endeavour remained some km away The second rendevous occurred at 2200 UTC on May 11 Thuot and Hieb depressurised the airlock around 2102 UTC beginning a 5h 26m EVA Thout contacted the Intelsat five times with the capture bar at 2318 0028 0032 0042 and 0100 but the capture bar latches failed to grapple the satellite Endeavour moved away again at 0145 UTC May 12 and the EVA ended around 0228 UTC At this writing Rendezvous 3 EVA 3 is scheduled for May 13 and the ASEM assembly EVA is scheduled for May 14 EVA 3 will be the first EVA since May 1973 in which three astronauts will have worked in a depressurized environment and the first

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.114 (2016-04-29)
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  • on Gemini 4 and Skylab and installed extra components on the MPESS pallet The RMS was then used to unberth the MPESS from the payload bay and dock it to the ASEM pyramid It was then undocked from the pyramid and at 0241 UTC on May 15 it was reberthed in the bay The RMS ungrappled the MPESS at 0245 as the pyramid was disassembled The crew returned to the airlock at 0437 and repressurization began at 0452 for an EVA time of 7h 45m Deorbit from the 343 x 360 km orbit occurred at 1955 UTC on May 16 and Endeavour landed on runway 22 at Edwards Air Force Base at 2057 38 UTC on May 16 The drag chute was used for the first time to slow the craft on rollout Next mission is STS 50 Columbia the first flight of the Extended Duration Orbiter kit STS 49 Statistics and Records First flight of OV 105 Endeavour First dual active rendezvous both Intelsat VI F 3 and OV 105 maneuvered to meet each other Dan Brandenstein gains most flight hours of any active US astronaut 789 05 in 4 missions and most rendezvous experience 5 rv in 3 missions and is the first person to fly 4 different Orbiters Challenger Discovery Columbia Endeavour but so far not Atlantis Longest ever EVA Hieb Thuot Akers 08 29 Kathryn Thornton holds record for longest EVA by a woman 07 45 beating Savitskaya s record of 03 35 First 3 person EVA since 1973 and first ever in which all 3 were outside the spacecraft First use of drag chute on landing for piloted spaceship First manual in orbit assembly of a rocket stage to a spacecraft first such assembly in general was docking of Gemini 10 with Agena 5005 which was used to move Gemini 10 to a higher orbit 3 rendezvous in a single mission joint record with Gemini 9 1966 Soyuz T 15 1986 and Progress M 7 1991 Thuot holds record for largest number of docking failures Pedantic Definition Corner Spacewalks and Depress NASA reported that EVA 3 was the 100th EVA Extra Vehicular Activity in history You have to be a little careful about how you define EVAs In 1969 Apollo 9 astronauts spacewalked in Earth orbit from a docked Apollo command module and lunar module Scott and McDivitt EVA d from the command module and Schweickart from the LM Since these were separate spaceships with separate airlocks albeit docked to each other at the time I count these as two separate EVAs even though they were simultaneous making STS 49 EVA 3 spacewalk no 101 But actually I think a more interesting concept than EVA is depress work time spent in a spacesuit under depressurized vacuum conditions whether inside or outside the shell of a spacecraft NASA sort of implicitly agrees with me since it counts EVA time up to the moment of repressurization of the airlock even if the crew spend an extra hour

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.115 (2016-04-29)
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