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  • lower than planned Apple 1981 by Ariane from Kourou Guyane Bhaskara 2 1981 by Kosmos from Kapustin Yar Russia Insat 1A 1982 by Delta from Cape Canaveral Florida RS D 2 1983 by SLV 3 from Sriharikota Insat 1B 1983 by PAM D from Challenger low Earth orbit SROSS 1 1987 by ASLV from Sriharikota fell in sea IRS 1 1988 by Vostok from Baykonur Kazakhstan SROSS 2 1988 by ASLV from Sriharikota fell in sea INSAT 1C 1988 by Ariane from Kourou Guyane Insat 1D 1990 by Delta from Cape Canaveral Florida IRS 1B 1991 by Vostok from Baykonur Kazakhstan SROSS 3 1992 by ASLV from Sriharikota 4th Indian orbital launch Launch Vehicles of The World With the successful Indian launch it s a good moment to look at the current launch capabilities of the various nations Only vehicles with at least one successful orbital launch are listed USA Scout G Delta 7925 Atlas E Atlas Centaur I II Titan II III IV STS Pegasus Russia Vostok Soyuz Molniya Proton 3 4 Energiya Ukraine Kosmos Tsiklon 2 3 Zenit France ESA Ariane Japan Mu 3S H 1 China Chang Zheng 2C 2E 3 4 Israel Shaviyt India ASLV Only one country has developed space launch capability and then abandoned it Britain which scrapped its Black Arrow in 1971 Shuttle Notes Record update NASA Headline News credited Brandenstein with the rendezvous record Although he has done more rendezvous than any other active astronaut the all time record is shared by Tom Stafford and Vladimir Dzhanibekov at 6 rendezvous each The record for successful dockings at least soft dock is held by Charles Conrad with 8 dockings Correction The record for docking failures is held by the Skylab 2 crew not by Pierre Thuot It took them 9 tries before they

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.116 (2016-04-29)
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  • series of payloads is a successor to the Jumpseat series and carries signals intelligence sensors for the National Security Agency Kosmos 2186 was launched at 1900 UTC on May 28 by Soyuz from Plesetsk in Russia into a 62 8 degree orbit It is an imaging recon satellite with a lifetime of two months built probably by KB Foton of Samara and operated by the GRU SNG military intelligence Reentries The SDI organization s Relay Mirror Experiment satellite reentered on May 24 It had been in orbit since Feb 1990 Shuttle Notes Endeavour returned to Kennedy Space Center on May 30 aboard the NASA 911 carrier aircraft Meanwhile Columbia has been mated to the STS 50 stack and rolled out to pad 39A on top of Mobile Launch Platform 3 which was used for the Apollo 11 launch in 1969 The STS 50 mission carries a Spacelab module with materials processing experiments Launch is due for later this month Atlantis has been mated to the STS 46 stack in the VAB and will be rolled out to pad 39B next week Current Shuttle Processing Status Orbiters Location Mission OV 102 Columbia LC39A STS 50 OV 103 Discovery OPF Bay 2

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.117 (2016-04-29)
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  • will be required before it enters geostationary orbit Intelsat K is a GE 5000 series comsat originally built for RCA Americom as Satcom K4 and sold to Intelsat as a stopgap between the Intelsat VI and Intelsat VII series spacecraft The General Dynamics Atlas Centaur range now includes the following variants Name First Launch Atlas I AC 69 1990 Jul 25 Atlas II AC 102 1991 Dec 7 Atlas IIA AC 105 1992 Jun 9 Atlas IIAS Scheduled 1993 The Atlas I is essentially identical with the old Atlas SLV 3G Centaur D 1AR Atlas II and IIA are improved stretched versions IIAS will have solid strapons added to the first stage Reentries The Resurs F remote sensing spacecraft launched on Apr 29 landed in Kazakhstan on May 29 The Kosmos 2182 recon satellite reentered on May 30 Shuttle Notes The STS 50 launch is due on Jun 25 The STS 46 stack is now on pad 39B STS 50 Columbia crew bios Richards Richard Noel Commander Birth 1946 Aug 24 Florida Rank Capt USN Selected as NASA pilot astronaut 1980 Pilot Columbia mission STS 28R 1989 Commander Discovery mission STS 41 1990 Total spaceflight hours 219 10 Bowersox Kenneth D Pilot Birth 1956 Nov 14 Virginia Rank Lt Cdr USN Selected as NASA pilot astronaut 1987 Dunbar Bonnie Jeanne Payload Commander Birth 1949 Mar 3 Wash Education PhD in biomed engineering Houston 1983 Selected as NASA mission specialist astronaut 1980 Mission Specialist Challenger Spacelab D1 mission 61 A 1985 Mission Specialist Columbia mission STS 32R 1990 Total Spaceflight hours 429 45 Baker Shulman Ellen Louise Mission Specialist 2 Birth 1953 Apr 27 N Carolina Education MD Cornell 1978 Selected as NASA mission specialist astronaut 1984 Mission specialist Atlantis mission STS 34 1989 Total spaceflight hours 119 39 Meade Carl

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.118 (2016-04-29)
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  • pallet in the aft cargo bay The USML module contains a Crystal Growth Furnace a Drop Physics Module a Surface Tension Driven Convection Experiment the Solid Surface Combustion Experiment a materials science glovebox and the Space Acceleration Measurement System The EDO pallet carries extra fuel cells for electrical power USML 1 is the 9th Spacelab mission and the 6th to use the pressurised Spacelab Long Module Current Shuttle Processing Status

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.119 (2016-04-29)
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  • been going up from Plesetsk at about the same rate but the spy satellite and military communications satellite programs have been sharply cut Small number statistics make it difficult to be sure but it also seems that the Ukranian built satellite programs minor military oceanography electronic intelligence have been cut or cancelled and it has been reported that funding for the weather satellite program is in trouble Date Vehicle Payload V Agency PL Agency PL Manufacturer 16 Apr 1 Soyuz Kosmos 2182 VS SNG GRU KB Foton 17 Apr 2 Proton Gorizont VS SNG RKA NPO PM 18 Apr 8 Soyuz Kosmos 2183 VS SNG GRU KB Foton 19 Apr 10 Delta 2 GPS 28 MDSSC USAFSC Rockwell 20 Apr 15 Kosmos Kosmos 2184 VS SNG VMF NPO PM 21 Apr 15 Ariane Telecom 2B AE CNES Matra Marconi Space Inmarsat II F 4 INMARSAT Matra Marconi Space 22 Apr 19 Soyuz Progress M 12 VS SNG NPOE NPOE 23 Apr 25 Titan 2 USA 81 USAF NSA 24 Apr 29 Soyuz Resurs F VS SNG RKA KB Foton 25 Apr 29 Soyuz Kosmos 2185 VS SNG GRU KB Foton 26 May 7 STS Endeavour NASA NASA Rockwell 27 May 14 Delta 2 Palapa B4 MDSSC TELCOM Hughes 28 May 20 ASLV SROSS 3 ISRO ISRO ISRO 29 May 28 Soyuz Kosmos 2186 VS SNG GRU KB Foton 30 Jun 2 Kosmos Kosmos 2187 to Kosmos 2194 VS SNG VMF NPO PM 31 Jun 7 Delta 2 EUVE MDSSC NASA Fairchild 32 Jun 9 Atlas 2A Intelsat K GDCLS INTELSAT GE 33 Jun 23 Soyuz Resurs F VS SNG RKA KB Foton 34 Jun 25 STS Columbia Spacelab USML 1 NASA NASA Rockwell MBB Alenia 35 Jun 30 Soyuz Progress M 13 VS SNG NPOE NPOE Summary of launches Jan

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.120 (2016-04-29)
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  • by Discovery in 14 missions Payload Commander Dr Bonnie Dunbar is now the active US astronaut with the most flight hours the first time a woman has held this record Chief astronaut Dan Brandenstein has more flight hours and is still technically active but since he has announced he will retire in October he will not be assigned to any more flights so I ve scratched him from my list already Dunbar also has gained the women s world cumulative duration record previously held by Kathy Sullivan Aleksandr Viktorenko and Aleksandr Kaleri continue their mission aboard the Mir complex they have become the 23rd crew to pass the 100 day mark The longest US flight ever was 84 days Launches The SAMPEX Solar and Magnetospheric Particle Explorer satellite was launched on Jul 3 at 1417 UTC by Scout S215C from Space Launch Complex 5 at Vandenberg AFB in California The satellite is NASA s first Small Explorer an attempt to return to the days when science satellite projects were completed in only a few years with limited budgets The 150 kg satellite carries four experiments to study cosmic rays the particle composition of solar flares and precipitating electrons in the

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.121 (2016-04-29)
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  • to trace their re use history Any help gratefully appreciated Giotto The European Space Agency probe Giotto encountered comet P Grigg Skjellerup on 1992 Jul 10 at 1530 UTC Its trajectory was expected to pass 200 km from the nucleus Giotto flew past P Halley in 1986 during that encounter its camera was destroyed but its particles and fields experiments are still working Mir Progress M 13 docked with the front port of Mir at 1655 UTC on Jul 4 An initial attempt on Jul 2 was a failure It will remain docked to Mir for only a few weeks on Jul 26 the Soyuz TM 15 will be launched with a replacement crew and will use the docking port now occupied by the Progress Launches General Dynamics Atlas II Centaur flight AC 103 was launched on Jul 2 around 2200 UTC from Launch Complex 36A at Cape Canaveral It carried the 6th DSCS III communications satellite together with an IABS apogee stage the DSCS III is built by GE Astro Space and owned by the Defense Communications Agency DSCS stands for Defense Satellite Communications System Rockwell Navstar GPS satellite 26 was launched at 0920 UTC on Jul 7 by Delta 211 a 7925 model from Launch Complex 17B at Cape Canaveral I don t know the serial number of the GPS that was axed by the anti nuclear activists does anyone Kosmos 2195 was launched on Jul 1 around 2010 UTC It is a naval navigation satellite built by NPO Prikladnoi Mekhaniki of Krasnoyarsk Russia and launched by a Kosmos R 14 booster built by NPO Yuzhnoye of Ukraine Launch site was Plesetsk Russia Kosmos 2195 entered the same plane as Kosmos 2135 launched in Feb 1991 There are 6 orbital planes in the SNG navy navsat system and

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.122 (2016-04-29)
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  • at 2251 UTC Aug 4 but was suspended overnight at a distance of a few hundred metres because of a snag in the tether reel So far the TSS satellite and tether dynamics seem to be stable 12 humans are now in orbit equalling the current record They include natives of the USA Russia Latvia France Switzerland Italy and Costa Rica Launches Ariane V51 was launched on 1992 Jul 9 at 2242 UTC Payloads were the Indian Space Research Organization s comsat Insat IIA and the European Telecommunication Satellite Organization s Eutelsat II F 4 an Aerospatiale Spacebus 100 design Both used liquid apogee motors to enter geostationary orbit On Jul 28 Insat IIA was at 73 deg E drifting 0 6 deg W per day On Jul 29 Eutelsat II F 4 was on station at 8 0 deg E A Ukranian Tsiklon rocket launched six small comm relay satellites from the Russian Plesetsk spaceport on Jul 13 about 1800 UTC Kosmos 2197 Kosmos 2198 Kosmos 2199 Kosmos 2200 Kosmos 2201 and Kosmos 2202 were built by NPO Prikladnoi Mekhaniki and placed in circular 1400 km orbits at 82 deg inclination Two of the satellites are test versions of the commercial Gonets variant the remainder are the standard military communications version This is the first launch of the Tsiklon since the fall of the Soviet Union Two Proton heavy launch vehicles were launched in July from Baykonur a Jul 14 launch orbited a Gorizont communications satellite and a Jul 29 launch orbited three GLONASS navigation satellites probably called Kosmos 2204 2205 and 2206 On Jul 29 the Gorizont was on station at 11 7 deg W Both Gorizont and GLONASS satellites are built by NPO Prikladnoi Mekhaniki The Japanese ISAS space agency s GEOTAIL magnetospheric research probe was launched by a McDonnell Douglas Delta 6925 on Jul 24 from Cape Canaveral This is the first time ISAS has used a non Japanese launch vehicle for one of its spacecraft The probe was inserted into an initial 184 km by 341000 km orbit inclined 28 degrees It is due to make its first lunar swingby on Sep 8 The spacecraft carries seven instruments to study plasmas and fields A small NASA experiment the DUVE Diffuse Ultraviolet Experiment to study the interstellar medium was carried as a piggyback payload on the Delta second stage of the Geotail launch It was placed in a 217 x 1482 km orbit inclined 27 degrees An imaging spy satellite Kosmos 2203 was launched by Soyuz from Plesetsk on Jul 24 It replaces Kosmos 2186 and is in a 180 x 350 km orbit at 62 8 degrees A remote sensing satellite probably in the Resurs F series was launched by Soyuz from Plesetsk on Jul 30 around 1100 UTC Reentries The Resurs F remote sensing satellite launched on Jun 23 landed Jul 9 after 16 days in orbit It was the old Resurs F1 model the first such to fly this year Visual observers report

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.123 (2016-04-29)
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