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  • more than any other orbiter Commander Jim Wetherbee after two long duration flights has more flight hours than all but two of the active pilot astronauts Gibson and Richards 1992 may or may not be the Year of the Woman in US politics but it was a record year in spaceflight 9 women flew previous record was 6 and totalled almost 3 woman months in orbit which is nearly double the amount of flight time by women in any previous calendar year If STS 53 flies to schedule in December the two NASA astronauts with the most flight hours will be a woman and an African American illustrating that the diversification of the makeup of the astronaut corps has gone well beyond tokenism Mir Space Station The Progress M 14 cargo craft undocked and was deorbited on Oct 21 A new cargo craft Progress M 15 was launched on Oct 27 Launches and Reentries Launches Date Payload Rocket From Oct 22 1709 Columbia Shuttle Kennedy Space Center 70A Oct 23 1357 Lageos 2 IRIS OV 102 Columbia LEO 70B Oct 27 1730 Progress M 15 Soyuz Baykonur 71A Oct 28 0015 Galaxy VII Ariane Kourou 72A Oct 29 1030 Kosmos 2218 Kosmos R 14 Plesetsk 73A Oct 31 1006 CTA OV 102 Columbia LEO 70C The Oct 29 launch is a navigation satellite probably Kosmos 2218 Galaxy 7 or 7H is the first of Hughes new generation C band Ku band hybrid comsats it is an HS 601 bus The launch vehicle was an Ariane 42P with two solid strapons and the new H10 Plus upper stage Launch of the USAF s MSTI satellite aboard Scout S210C was scrubbed last week and is now scheduled for Nov 4 According to NASA GSFC the Russian radar remote sensing satellite Almaz was

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.132 (2016-04-29)
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  • approaching its operational 99 E station As predicted the publicity mission by a group of Russian companies using a Resurs F satellite was launched on Nov 15 The Vostok class spacecraft Resurs 500 is to commemorate the 500th anniversary of Columbus and to drum up US investment in Russian trade Orbit is 181 x 242 km x 82 6 degrees The descent craft is scheduled to land in the ocean off Seattle Washington The first successful Zenit launch in over two and a half years occurred from Baykonur on Nov 17 after three failures in a row It placed a Russian military signals intelligence satellite in an 850 km orbit inclined 71 degrees The Zenit launch vehicle is built by NPO Yuzhnoye in the Ukraine The Canadian CTA target satellite deployed from STS 52 reentered on Nov 1 A defunct signals intelligence satellite Kosmos 756 reentered on Nov 5 after 17 years in space As usual around now the launch rate is way down For some reason November is almost always a very quiet time for launches Launches Date Payload Rocket From Oct 30 1340 Ekran Proton Baykonur 74A Oct 31 1006 CTA OV 102 Columbia LEO 70C Nov 15

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.133 (2016-04-29)
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  • which will be used for imaging ground targets The mission is intended as a test of the new small spacecraft bus Navstar GPS 32 was launched on Nov 22 by Delta from Launch Complex 17 at Cape Canaveral The Rockwell built navigation satellite placed into an initial 160 x 20340 km transfer orbit inclined 34 7 deg will be placed in a 20000 km high orbit and carries atomic clocks to provide navigation signals This was the 30th launch of McDonnell Douglas Delta II launch vehicle All 30 launches have been successful an unrivalled record Kosmos 2220 was launched on Nov 20 by Soyuz from Plesetsk It is an imaging recon satellite operated by Russian military intelligence replacing Kosmos 2210 which was launched in September Kosmos 2210 was expected to complete its mission around Nov 20 and reenter Kosmos 2220 will remain in orbit until about Jan 20 The Resurs 500 spacecraft was recovered from the Pacific Ocean off Seattle by the ship Marshal Krylov on Nov 22 The spacecraft owned by Konsortsium Evropa Amerika 500 had been launched from Plesetsk on Nov 15 Launches Date Payload Rocket From Nov 15 2150 Resurs 500 Soyuz Plesetsk 75A Nov 17 0750

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.134 (2016-04-29)
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  • JUMPSEAT These satellites apparently are replacing the JUMPSEAT satellites launched by Titan 34B Agena D from 1971 to 1983 The JUMPSEAT satellites also known as AFP 711 were built by Hughes Aircraft who also built the LEASAT comsats The unclassified payload bay drawings for STS 53 suggest a shape and size similar to LEASAT for the Adv JUMPSEAT so I speculate that the propulsion system is the same namely a UTC Orbus 7S solid perigee motor and a Marquardt R4D liquid apogee motor Here is the launch history of the JUMPSEAT series as I have reconstructed it but there are still some uncertainties Satellite Launch Date Orbit Jumpseat 1 T3B 36 1971 Mar 21 390x33800x63 2 1971 21A Jumpseat 2 T3B 37 1972 Feb 16 Agena failed Jumpseat 3 T3B 38 1973 Aug 21 460x39296x63 3 1973 56A Jumpseat 4 T3B 50 1975 Mar 10 295x39337x63 5 1975 17A Jumpseat 5 T34B 2 1978 Feb 25 805x34272x63 5 1978 21A Jumpseat 6 T34B 8 1981 Apr 24 700x39300x63 1981 38A Jumpseat 7 T34B 9 1983 Jul 28 1028x39321x63 4 1983 78A Adv Jumpseat 1 STS 28 1989 Aug 8 Unknown 1989 61B I had earlier speculated that the Titan 2 launches in Sep 1988 Sep 1989 and Apr 1992 were the Advanced JUMPSEAT payloads but I now believe this to be incorrect they remain among the most mysterious US military payloads the launch of the second one was omitted from US reports to the UN in an unusual contravention of the treaty on registration of space objects Kosmos 2221 was launched by Tsiklon from Plesetsk on Nov 24 It is an electronic intelligence spacecraft in a 650x 663 km x 82 5 deg orbit Kosmos 2222 launched on Nov 25 is an early warning satellite in an elliptical 597x 39758

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.135 (2016-04-29)
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  • like Delta STS 53 Mission Specialist Mike Clifford is the first of the 1990 astronaut group to fly in space the last of the 1987 group astronauts made their first flight on STS 47 Things have improved a lot since the days when astronauts had to wait over a decade for their first flight See table below group 5 was the first to feel the post Apollo slump group 9 the first to be delayed by the Challenger accident This table ignores the effects of resignations prior to first flight NASA Group Time from selection to first flight years Min Max Median 1 1959 2 Shepard 16 Slayton 3 2 1962 3 Young 4 Armstrong 3 3 1963 3 Scott 6 Bean 4 4 1965 7 Schmitt 8 Gibson 8 5 1966 4 Haise 19 Lind 7 6 1967 15 Lenoir 18 England 16 7 1969 12 Crippen 14 Peterson 13 8 1978 5 Hauck Ride Thg Fab 7 Covey 6 9 1980 4 Leestma 9 Richards 5 10 1984 4 Shepherd 7 Gutierrez 5 11 1985 5 Thout 7 Duffy 6 12 1987 3 Melnick Akers 5 Brown Davis Jemison 4 13 1990 2 Clifford Robert Hoot Gibson has been named the fourth Chief of the NASA astronaut office succeeding Alan Shepard 1964 1974 John Young 1974 1987 and Dan Brandenstein 1987 1992 A Gorizont C band comsat was launched by Proton from Baykonur on Nov 27 for the Russian Ministry of Communications A Molniya 3 elliptical orbit TV relay satellite was launched from Plestesk on Dec 2 The Molniya launch vehicle is a Soyuz with an additional Blok L fourth stage A Titan 4 launch vehicle possibly a 404 variant was orbited from Space Launch Complex 4 East at Vandenberg AFB on Nov 28 The USA 86 payload

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.136 (2016-04-29)
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  • 4 launched on Nov 28 has been confirmed as the 404 variant Here is the Titan 4 launch history No Date Variant Site Upper stages payloads 1 1989 Jun 15 402 CC LC41 IUS DSP F14 2 1990 Jun 23 403 CC LC41 Advanced NOSS 1 3 1990 Nov 13 402 CC LC41 IUS DSP F15 4 1991 Mar 8 405 V SLC4E LACROSSE 2 5 1991 Nov 8 405 V SLC4E Advanced NOSS 2 6 1992 Nov 28 404 V SLC4E Advanced CRYSTAL 1993 401 CC Centaur Kosmos 2223 launched on Dec 9 appears to be a fifth generation imaging recon satellite probably replacing Kosmos 2183 Kosmos 2224 launched on Dec 17 is a geostationary satellite it is probably either a communications or an early warning satellite Another Rockwell Navstar navigation satellite was launched on Dec 18 by McDonnell Douglas Space Systems Corp using a Delta from Cape Canaveral Launches Date Payload Rocket From Dec 1 2248 Superbird A1 Ariane 42P Kourou 84A Dec 2 0155 Molniya 3 43 Molniya Plesetsk 85A Dec 2 1324 Discovery STS53 Shuttle Kennedy 86A Dec 2 1918 USA 88 Discovery 86B Dec 9 1116 Kosmos 2223 Soyuz Baykonur 87A Dec 17 1300 Kosmos

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.137 (2016-04-29)
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  • X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 80 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 The third launch of the Chinese CZ 2E rocket placed the Australian Optus B2 spacecraft in low earth orbit but apparently the US built Star 63F perigee motor did not fire as intended to send the comsat towards geostationary orbit Optus B2 is a Hughes HS601 comsat If anyone has the launch time please let me know Kosmos 2225 launched Dec 22 is a fifth generation recon satellite with an expected lifetime of around six months Kosmos 2226 launched Dec 22 is a geodetic satellite in a 1500 km orbit Kosmos 2227 launched Dec 25 is a heavy signals intelligence satellite This is the second successful launch of the Zenit rocket this year after a string of three failures Kosmos 2228 launched Dec 25 is a signals intelligence satellite of an older and smaller type than Kosmos 2227 Bion 10 launched Dec 29 is a biological satellite using the Vostok spacecraft bus The Bion series began in 1974 as part of the Kosmos program and includes experiments from many countries Launches Date Payload Rocket From Dec 1 2248 Superbird A1 Ariane 42P Kourou 84A Dec 2 0155 Molniya 3 43 Molniya Plesetsk 85A Dec 2 1324 Discovery STS53 Shuttle Kennedy 86A Dec 2 1918 USA 88 Discovery 86B Dec 9 1116 Kosmos 2223 Soyuz Baykonur 87A Dec 17 1300 Kosmos 2224 Proton Baykonur 88A Dec 18 2216 Navstar GPS 29 Delta 7925 Canaveral 89A Dec 21 Optus B2 Chang Zheng 2E Xichang 90A Dec 22

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.138 (2016-04-29)
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  • quickly enough when passing through the intense South Atlantic Anomaly radiation zone causing damage to the instrument After a gas flushing procedure the problem was solved and it is believed that good data were obtained At 1050 UTC on Jan 17 the airlock was depressurized for the DTO 1210 spacewalk experiment Astronauts Greg Harbaugh and Mario Runco carried out a 4h 27 min spacewalk to verify the accuracy of water training exercises Deorbit came at 1238 UTC on Jan 19 with landing at 1338 on runway 33 at the Kennedy Space Center Endeavour s next mission is STS 57 in April The next Shuttle flight is Columbia s STS 55 Spacelab D 2 in February the external tank has now been mated to the solid rocket boosters Mir Launch of Soyuz TM 16 is scheduled for Jan 24 Crew are Gennadiy Manakov and Aleksandr Polishchuk They will replace the current Mir crew of Anatoliy Solov yov and Sergey Avdeev Launches Kosmos 2230 is a navigation satellite launched Jan 12 from Plesetsk It is built by PO Polyot of Omsk A Molniya comsat was launched Jan 13 from Plesetsk into 12 hour elliptical orbit It is built by NPO PM of

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.140 (2016-04-29)
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