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  • year have been Russian ones Gals 1 is the first of a series of direct TV broadcasting satellites built by NPO PM of Krasnoyarsk The Meteor 3 satellite launched on Jan 25 is a weather satellite built by VNII EM for the Russian Hydrometeorological Service It carries the French SCARAB Earth radiation budget experiment The Ukrainian built Tsiklon launch vehicle also carried a small 40 kg subsatellite TUBSAT B TUBSAT B was built for the German space agency DARA by the Technische Universitat Berlin Technical University of Berlin The satellites are in an 1187 x 1208 km x 82 6 deg orbit The Clementine 1 formally Deep Space Program Sensor Experiment or DSPSE probe was launched into a 255 x 299 x 67 0 deg Earth orbit on Jan 25 The attached Star 37 kick motor was due to fire in early February to send it on a trip to the Moon if the burn is successful it will be the first lunar or planetary probe to be launched from the Vandenberg AFB site in California The launch vehicle was a recycled Titan II ICBM and the spacecraft was built by the Naval Research Lab for the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization BMDO formerly SDIO Star Wars The idea is to test infrared and ultraviolet sensors after exposing them to the space environment Clementine is scheduled to map the Moon and then go on to fly past minor planet 1620 Geographos Date Name Launch Vehicle Site Mission INTL DES Jan 8 1005 Soyuz TM 18 Soyuz Baykonur LC1 Spaceship 01A Jan 20 0951 Gals 1 Proton Baykonur Comsat 02A Jan 25 0021 Meteor 3 Tsiklon Plesetsk Weather 03A Tubsat B Technology 03B Jan 25 1634 Clementine 1 Titan 23G Vandenberg SLC4 Spaceprobe 04A Jan 28 0210 Progress M 21 Soyuz Baykonur

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.182 (2016-04-29)
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  • Africa Both payloads were Aerospatiale Spacebus 2000 comsats the first was Turksat 1 for the government of Turkey and the second was Eutelsat II F 5 a TV satellite for the European Telecommunications Satellite Organization The Clementine space probe is on its way to the Moon The Star 37 apogee motor fired on Feb 3 at 0628 UTC placing the probe in a 168 x 128095 km orbit inclined 66 8 deg to the Earth s equator After two Earth gravity assists it is due to reach lunar orbit on Feb 21 This week saw the first launches of two important launch vehicles The H II is the new large launch vehicle developed by NASDA the National Space Development Agency of Japan The first H II was launched at 2220 UTC on Feb 3 from the Yoshinobu complex at Tanegashima Space Center At 2233 the LE 5A second stage engine completed its first burn and the OREX Orbital Reentry Experiment spacecraft was inserted into a 448 x 458 km x 30 50 deg orbit At 2245 the LE 5A ignited again and at 2248 delivered the VEP satellite Vehicle Evaluation Payload to a 468 x 36078 km x 28 5 deg geostationary transfer orbit VEP was renamed Myouzyou Morning evening star after orbit insertion I don t know if OREX got renamed At around 0001 UTC on Feb 4 the OREX fired its hydrazine deorbit motor and at around 0030 it splashed down near Christmas Island in the Pacific Ocean OREX carried experimental thermal tiles designed for NASDA s proposed HOPE spaceplane With the reentry of OREX Japan becomes the fourth nation after the US Russia and China to return a spacecraft from orbit On Feb 7 after many delays the first Titan 401 vehicle was launched from Cape Canaveral

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.183 (2016-04-29)
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  • third stage The vehicle delivered a dummy model of a communications satellite to geostationary transfer orbit it also carried a scientific satellite called Shi Jian 4 As of Feb 15 the objects had not been tracked in the West so the launch must be considered unconfirmed at the moment Russia launched another Raduga 1 comsat on Feb 5 The Raduga 1 series are improved versions of the Raduga Rainbow government communications satellites in use since 1975 The satellite will be placed at 49 deg East in the geostationary ring The launch of a Galaxy communications satellite on a Delta 7925 from Cape Canaveral was aborted on Feb 9 during main engine ignition The vehicle did not leave the pad and the payload is intact No new launch date has been set The Japanese OREX reentry test spacecraft has been renamed Ryusei meteor It splashed down in the Pacific but was allowed to sink no recovery of the vehicle was planned as all the experimental data was telemetered back Date Name Launch Vehicle Site Mission INTL DES Jan 8 1005 Soyuz TM 18 Soyuz Baykonur LC1 Spaceship 01A Jan 20 0949 Gals 1 Proton Baykonur LC81 Comsat 02A Jan 24 2137 Eutelsat IIF5 Ariane 44LP Kourou ELA2 Comsat FTO Turksat 1 Comsat FTO Jan 25 0025 Meteor 3 Tsiklon Plesetsk LC32 Weather 03A Tubsat B Technology 03B Jan 25 1634 Clementine 1 Titan 23G Vandenberg SLC4 Spaceprobe 04A Jan 28 0212 Progress M 21 Soyuz Baykonur LC1 Cargo 05A Feb 3 1210 Discovery Shuttle Kennedy LC39 Spaceship 06A Feb 3 2220 Ryusei H II Tanegashima Technology 07A Myojo Technology 07B Feb 5 0846 Raduga 1 Proton Baykonur LC81 Comsat 08A Feb 7 2147 Milstar DFS 1 Titan 4 Centaur Canaveral LC40 Comsat 09A Feb 8 0830 Shi Jian 4 Chang Zheng

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.184 (2016-04-29)
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  • very experienced commander is John Casper STS 36 STS 54 pilot is Andy Allen STS 46 mission specialists are Pierre Thout STS 36 STS 49 Intelsat spacewalk Marsha Ivins STS 32R STS 36 and Sam Gemar STS 38 STS 48 Launches The Chinese Shi Jian 4 satellite and the dummy DFH 3 communications satellite have now had orbital data made public Shi Jian 4 is in a 208 x 36134 km x 28 6 deg orbit Six satellites launched on Feb 12 by an 11K68 Tsiklon launch vehicle from Plesetsk are part of a network of small communications satellites possibly operated by Russian intelligence agencies The second Galaxy IR satellite was launched on Feb 19 from Cape Canaveral Galaxy IR operated by Hughes Communications replaces a satellite of the same name which was lost during launch in 1992 That in turn was intended to replace the Galaxy I satellite still on orbit Here is the list of Galaxy satellites Name Type Launch Date Rocket Galaxy 1 HS376 1983 Jun 28 Delta Galaxy 2 HS376 1983 Sep 22 Delta Galaxy 3 HS376 1984 Sep 21 Delta Galaxy 6 HS376 1990 Oct 12 Ariane Galaxy 5 HS376 1992 Mar 14 Atlas Centaur Galaxy 1R HS376 1992 Aug 22 Atlas Centaur Destroyed on launch Galaxy 7H HS601 1992 Oct 28 Ariane 4 Galaxy 4H HS601 1993 Jun 25 Ariane 4 Galaxy 1R HS376 1994 Feb 19 Delta II Date Name Launch Vehicle Site Mission INTL DES Jan 8 1005 Soyuz TM 18 Soyuz Baykonur LC1 Spaceship 01A Jan 20 0949 Gals 1 Proton Baykonur LC81 Comsat 02A Jan 24 2137 Eutelsat IIF5 Ariane 44LP Kourou ELA2 Comsat FTO Turksat 1 Comsat FTO Jan 25 0025 Meteor 3 Tsiklon Plesetsk LC32 Weather 03A Tubsat B Technology 03B Jan 25 1634 Clementine 1 Titan 23G

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.185 (2016-04-29)
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  • for the LDCE materials exposure experiment and two GAS cans for the SSBUV ozone monitoring experiment It s unusual for Columbia to carry the RMS arm this is only the third time in nine post Challenger flights it has done so the one on board is probably arm 301 originally belonging to Discovery Launches The first of two Koronas solar physics satellites was launched from the Russian spaceport of Plesetsk on Mar 2 The Koronas program is managed by the Russian RKA space agency probably by the IKI science institute but the AUOS SM satellite bus and its 11K68 Tsiklon launch vehicle were built by the Ukranian company NPO Yuzhnoe The program had been threatened with delay because of problems between Russia and the Ukraine and was originally scheduled for launch in late 1992 The Koronas I payload was developed by the IZMIRAN institute Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism in Moscow and includes the Terek spectroheliometer the RES K solar x ray spectrograph the Helikon solar gamma ray detector the SUVR SP C ultraviolet radiometer the DIFOS optical photometer and other instruments Koronas F developed by FIAN the Lebedev Physical Institute carries a similar set of instruments Koronas is in a 487 x 527 km x 82 5 deg orbit Date Name Launch Vehicle Site Mission INTL DES Feb 3 1210 Discovery Shuttle Kennedy LC39 Spaceship 06A Feb 3 2220 Ryusei H II Tanegashima Technology 07A Myojo Technology 07B Feb 5 0846 Raduga 1 Proton DM2 Baykonur LC81 Comsat 08A Feb 7 2147 Milstar DFS 1 Titan 4 Centaur Canaveral LC40 Comsat 09A Feb 8 0830 Shi Jian 4 Chang Zheng 3A Xichang Scientific 10A DFH 3 mockup Feb 9 1454 ODERACS A GAS can Discovery LEO Calibration 06B ODERACS B 06C ODERACS C 06D ODERACS D 06E ODERACS E 06F

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.186 (2016-04-29)
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  • ev Usachyov and Polyakov continue in orbit aboard the Mir station Launches None since last week GPS 36 SEDS 2 is due for launch on March 10 at 0332 UT by Delta from Cape Canaveral The Clementine DSPSE probe entered lunar orbit on Feb 21 It is reportedly in a 2171 x 4658 km orbit with an inclination of 89 3 deg to the lunar equator Date Name Launch Vehicle Site Mission INTL DES Feb 5 0846 Raduga 1 Proton DM2 Baykonur LC81 Comsat 08A Feb 7 2147 Milstar DFS 1 Titan 4 Centaur Canaveral LC40 Comsat 09A Feb 8 0830 Shi Jian 4 Chang Zheng 3A Xichang Scientific 10A DFH 3 mockup Feb 9 1454 ODERACS A GAS can Discovery LEO Calibration 06B ODERACS B 06C ODERACS C 06D ODERACS D 06E ODERACS E 06F ODERACS F 06G Feb 9 1932 BREMSAT GAS can Discovery LEO Scientific 06H Feb 12 0854 Kosmos 2268 Tsiklon Plesetsk LC32 Comsat 11A Kosmos 2269 Kosmos 2270 Kosmos 2271 Kosmos 2272 Kosmos 2273 Feb 18 Raduga Proton DM2 Baykonur LC81 Comsat 12A Feb 19 2345 Galaxy IR Delta 7925 Canaveral LC17 Comsat 13A Mar 2 Koronas I Tsiklon Plesetsk LC32 Solar phys 14A Mar

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.187 (2016-04-29)
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  • pads If any readers have been to Vandenberg and know where the pad is relative to any of the other launch complexes please get in touch VAFB PAO has no clue about this The first Taurus used a TU 903 first stage rocket from the Peacekeeper ICBM and Orion 50S Orion 50 and Orion 38 second third and fourth stage rocket motors from the first second and third stages of Pegasus Future Taurus launches will use the new Castor 120 first stage instead NASA s latest tether experiment was launched on March 10 at 0340 UTC as a secondary payload on a USAF Navstar GPS navigation satellite launch The SEDS Small Expendable Deployer System 2 is a package attached to the Delta second stage rocket which is in a 347 x 352 km x 34 9 deg orbit At 0445 UT the package deployed a 20 km tether to compare actual tether dynamics with theoretical models Early reports indicate the 23 kg end mass behaved as expected and unreeled in 1 h 48 min to a maximum length of 19 8 km Control algorithms developed at the Center for Astrophysics plug were used to ensure a stable deployment with the enormous pendulum swinging with an amplitude of less than 4 degrees Unlike SEDS 1 when the tether was severed after deploy on this mission the tether remains attached to the Delta rocket The end mass mini satellite transmitted for 10 hours The SEDS 2 tether is visible from the ground by the naked eye for those at more fortunate latitudes hope it s visible from Arizona next week while I m there The success of SEDS 2 confirms that tether systems can be used to deploy sensors which require a particular orientation to the local vertical such as atmospheric composition experiments Thanks to Enrico Lorenzini for some of these details Space Tether experiments to date Date Spacecraft End mass Tether length deployed 1966 Sep 14 Gemini XI Agena 5006 0 03 km 1966 Nov 13 Gemini XII Agena 5001R 0 03 km 1992 Aug 4 Atlantis TSS 1 0 22 km 1993 Mar 30 Delta 219 SEDS 1 20 km 1993 Jun 26 Delta 221 PMG 0 50 km 1994 Mar 10 Delta 226 SEDS 2 19 8 km Dean Bakeris of NRL has kindly provided more info on the Clementine probe The lunar orbit insertion burn happened at 1251 UTC on Feb 19 and lasted for 6 minutes a day later at 1242 UTC on Feb 20 a second burn was used to reach the operational orbit It turns out that the orbit I reported last week for NRL s Clementine probe was from the center of the Moon rather than heights above the lunar surface In the latter more conventional description that orbit would be 433 x 2920 km x 89 3 deg The new elements provided by Dean imply an orbit of 401 x 2952 km x 89 7 deg assuming a 1738 km lunar radius The

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.188 (2016-04-29)
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  • 192 x 238 x 51 6 km orbit and will dock with the Mir complex in a few days Deorbiting of Progress M 21 is expected on Mar 23 Reports indicate that the launch vehicle was probably the 11A511U variant rather than the 11A511U2 variant normally used for Soyuz TM and Progress M Launches The Taurus launch was from complex 576 E at Vandenberg 576 E was used for four Atlas F ICBM test launches in 1962 64 including the first Atlas F test from the west coast and was then mothballed Taurus used a new concrete pad on the same site Thanks to all those who identified the site for me According to an OSC press release the 500 kg P90 5 satellite was injected into a 540 x 555 km orbit inclined 105 deg Two line elements have not been released yet Reports indicate that the SEDS 2 end mass has now separated from the tether presumably due to an impact of some kind A Yantar class spy satellite was launched into a 67 degree inclination orbit on Mar 17 and given the code name Kosmos 2274 The spacecraft built by the Central Specialized Design Bureau of Samara Russia returns film from orbit using capsules and a large descent vehicle The first Yantar type satellite was flown in 1974 it has now entirely replaced the old Zenit spy satellites based on the original Vostok spaceship Date Name Launch Vehicle Site Mission INTL DES Feb 5 0846 Raduga 1 Proton DM2 Baykonur LC81 Comsat 08A Feb 7 2147 Milstar DFS 1 Titan 4 Centaur Canaveral LC40 Comsat 09A Feb 8 0830 Shi Jian 4 Chang Zheng 3A Xichang Scientific 10A DFH 3 mockup 10C Feb 9 1454 ODERACS A GAS can Discovery LEO Calibration 06B ODERACS B 06C ODERACS

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.189 (2016-04-29)
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