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  • The EO 15 commander and flight engineer Viktor Afanas ev and Yuriy Usachyov will be replaced next month by the EO 16 crew Yuriy Malenchenko and Talgat Musabaev who will be launched on the Soyuz TM 19 ferry ship on Jun 20 Physician cosmonaut Valeriy Polyakov will remain aboard Mir Both Malenchenko a Russian Air Force cosmonaut and Musabaev a Kazakh Space Agency cosmonaut will be on their first flights LAUNCHES Pegasus update the fifth Pegasus flight on May 19 used a four stage version of Pegasus not the three stage one as I implied last week The HAPS Hydrazine Auxiliary Propulsion System fourth stage has flown once before on the second Pegasus fight The first three Pegasus stages fired successfully and Orbital Sciences is investigating the cause of STEP Mission 2 s low perigee It may have been a guidance problem or a malfunction in the HAPS burn the problem occurred out of telemetry range so it s not immediately clear what happened Source OSC Public Affairs Pegasus launch list Date Type Drop site Payloads 1990 Apr 5 Pegasus Point Arguello W A Pegsat SECS 1991 Jul 17 Pegasus HAPS Point Arguello W A Microsats 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1993 Feb 9 Pegasus Mayport FL W A SCD 1 Orbcomm CDS 1993 Apr 25 Pegasus Point Arguello W A Alexis 1994 May 19 Pegasus HAPS Point Arugello W A STEP Mission 2 P91 A Russian Space Forces launched a three stage Tsiklon 3 from Plesetsk on May 25 but a problem seems to have occurred during separation of the second stage from the S5M third stage and the vehicle and its payload impacted in the Arctic The payload was referred to as Kosmos 2281 but it is not clear if it will keep this codename launch failures have never yet been given Kosmos names The Ukranian Yangel design bureau now NPO Yuzhnoe converted the R 36M ICBM known in the West as the SS 9 Scarp to a two stage space launcher called Tsiklon 2 Tsiklon 1 was a cancelled project using the R 16 ICBM Tsiklon 2 first flew in the late 1960s and in 1977 the S5M third stage was added to make the Tsiklon 3 which is now the standard light launch vehicle used by the Russians Source Press reports failure Plesetsk Press Releases S5M Tsiklon details Information Wanted Well I have no takers so far on my Redstone Defender question This week s questions 1 Who can tell me which 747 was used on Atlantis cross country trip Rick A are you there 2 Can anyone tell me ANYTHING about the MG 18 also known as M 2 rocket used as the fourth stage of the Scout X 2M variant 3 What propulsion system is used by the SPOT 1 2 3 satellites and who builds it Recent Launches Date UT Name Launch Vehicle Site Mission INTL DES Apr 9 1105 Endeavour Space Shuttle Kennedy LC39A Spaceship 20A Space Radar Lab Apr

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.198 (2016-04-29)
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  • be inserted into geostationary orbit and be stationed over Africa at longitude 1 deg W The Ariane V64 launch vehicle which carried Intelsat 702 to space also carried an ASAP structure which holds small piggyback satellites Two tiny 0 5m satellites were carried on this mission the STRV Space Technology Research Vehicle satellites for the United Kingdom Ministry of Defense s Defence Research Agency DRA DRA is the new name for the RAE Royal Aircraft Establishment at Farnborough the home of the famous air show RAE was the lead agency for all of Britain s technology as opposed to science or communications satellites STRV 1A has a mass of 50 kg and carries experiments to study surface erosion effects on spacecraft materials a cosmic ray detector and a gamma ray burst experiment STRV 1B with a mass of 53 kg has an experimental cooler solar cells and electronics The satellites will remain in geostationary transfer orbit Here s a list of the RAE s satellites X 2 1970 Sep 2 Failed to orbit Orba 1970 Sep 2 Failed to orbit Prospero X 3 1971 Oct 28 The only satellite launched by a British rocket Miranda X 4 1974 Mar 9 Launched by a US Scout STRV 1A 1B 1994 Jun 17 Small DRA test satellites Recent Launches Date UT Name Launch Vehicle Site Mission INTL DES Apr 23 0802 Kosmos 2278 Zenit 2 Baykonur LC45 SIGINT 23A Apr 26 0214 Kosmos 2279 Kosmos 3M Plesetsk LC133 Navsat 24A Apr 28 1714 Kosmos 2280 Soyuz U Baykonur LC31 Recon 25A May 3 1555 USA 103 Titan Centaur Canaveral LC41 SIGINT 26A May 4 0000 SROSS C2 ASLV Sriharikota Science 27A May 9 0247 MSTI 2 Scout G 1 Vandenberg SLC5 Technology 28A May 19 1703 P91 A STEP 2 Pegasus HAPS

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.200 (2016-04-29)
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  • 1993 Mar 25 Hughes HS 601 UHF F O F1 AC 104 Atlas II 1993 Jul 19 MM Astro DSCS III 34E Atlas E 1993 Aug 8 MM Astro Advanced Tiros N NOAA 13 AC 75 Atlas I 1993 Sep 3 Hughes HS 601 UHF F O F2 AC 106 Atlas II 1993 Nov 28 MM Astro DSCS III AC 108 Atlas IIAS 1993 Dec 16 MM Astro GE7000 Telstar 401 AC 73 Atlas I 1994 Apr 13 SS Loral GOES Next GOES 8 AC 76 Atlas I 1994 Jun 24 Hughes HS 601 UHF F O F3 Recent Launches Date UT Name Launch Vehicle Site Mission INTL DES Apr 23 0802 Kosmos 2278 Zenit 2 Baykonur LC45 SIGINT 23A Apr 26 0214 Kosmos 2279 Kosmos 3M Plesetsk LC133 Navsat 24A Apr 28 1714 Kosmos 2280 Soyuz U Baykonur LC31 Recon 25A May 3 1555 USA 103 Titan Centaur Canaveral LC41 SIGINT 26A May 4 0000 SROSS C2 ASLV Sriharikota Science 27A May 9 0247 MSTI 2 Scout G 1 Vandenberg SLC5 Technology 28A May 19 1703 P91 A STEP 2 Pegasus HAPS Point Arguello WA Science 29A May 20 0201 Gorizont 42 Proton DM2 Baykonur LC81 Comsat 30A May 22 0430 Progress M 23 Soyuz U Baykonur LC1 Cargo 31A May 25 1015 Kosmos Tsiklon 3 Plesetsk SIGINT FTO Jun 7 0720 Kosmos 2281 Soyuz U Plesetsk LC16 Recon 32A Jun 14 1605 Foton No 9 Soyuz U Plesetsk LC43 Materials 33A Jun 17 0707 Intelsat 702 Ariane 44LP Kourou ELA2 Comsat 34A STRV 1 Technology 34B STRV 2 Technology 34C Jun 24 1350 UHF F O F3 Atlas I Centaur Canaveral LC36B Comsat 35A Reentries May 23 Progress M 22 Deorbited Jun 3 Tiros VII Reentered Current Shuttle Processing Status Orbiters Location Mission OV 102 Columbia LC39A STS

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.201 (2016-04-29)
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  • rocket malfunctioned during the first stage burn and was destroyed Payload on this sixth Pegasus launch was the US Air Force Space Test Program s STEP Mission 1 satellite STEP 1 was a DSI TRW Eagle class light satellite carrying radio propagation experiments a plasma environment analyser the CHAMPION ionosphere magnetosphere coupling experiment and an accelerometer and mass spectrometer to study the upper atmosphere In last week s report I should have noted that Martin Marietta have bought the old General Dynamics launch vehicle group Therefore the recent Atlas I AC 76 flight was a Martin Marietta launch not a General Dynamics one Apologies to Martin Marietta and its Atlas Centaur team for the misattribution The UHF F O F 3 satellite launched by AC 76 carries 39 UHF communications channels 21 narrow band 17 relay and 1 Fleet Broadcast This HS 601 class satellite is owned by Hughes Space and Communications and will be delivered to the US Navy s Space Command once it has been checked out in geostationary orbit Launch of AC 76 occurred at 1350 02 UTC the booster engines were jettisoned within three minutes and the Atlas main stage fell away at 1354 The first Centaur burn ended at 1400 placing the Centaur HS 601 in parking orbit a few hundred km above the Earth Centaur reignited at 1414 for a 70 second burn and separated at 1418 UTC leaving the HS 601 in a 221 x 15600 km x 27 deg transfer orbit The HS 601 later began burns of its ARC 490N liquid apogee engine to raise the satellite s orbit towards its operational geostationary height of 35780 x 35780 km x 0 deg However orbital details for the satellite have not been released this is unusual as earlier UHF F O mission trajectories have been unclassified The satellite launched into a 63 degree orbit on Jul 3 is a Chinese FSW Fanhui Shi Weixing recoverable satellite launched from Jiuquan and not a Russian Kosmos from Plesetsk as I suggested in the first version of this report Orbit of the FSW satellite is 173 x 342 km x 63 0 deg This is very similar to the orbits used by Russian s Yantar satellites and the ground track of the satellite passes close to the Plesetsk launch site on the first orbit before the actual launch hence my initial confusion The McDonnell Douglas DC X reusable rocket has made two more test flights on Jun 20 and Jun 27 The second flight was aborted because of an explosion in the aft compartment at launch time the rocket made a successful emergency landing and the damage is reportedly not severe Recent Launches Date UT Name Launch Vehicle Site Mission INTL DES Apr 23 0802 Kosmos 2278 Zenit 2 Baykonur LC45 SIGINT 23A Apr 26 0214 Kosmos 2279 Kosmos 3M Plesetsk LC133 Navsat 24A Apr 28 1714 Kosmos 2280 Soyuz U Baykonur LC31 Recon 25A May 3 1555 USA 103 Titan Centaur Canaveral LC41 SIGINT

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.202 (2016-04-29)
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  • was 182 days 0 hr 27 min if my arithmetic is correct This gives Afanas ev a cumulative flight time of 357 days 02 h 19 min over his two flights EO 15 physician cosmonaut Valeriy Polyakov remains aboard Mir with the new EO 16 crew of Malenchenko and Musabaev Launches Ariane V 65 was launched at 2305 on Jul 8 from the Ensemble de Lancement Ariane No 2 at the Centre Spatial Guyanais at Kourou in Guyane South America The 44L model Ariane has four liquid PAL strapon boosters on the L220 first stage an L33 second stage and a high energy H10 third stage After the H10 reached geostationary transfer orbit the PanAmSat 2 satellite separated followed by the cover of the SPELDA dual satellite adapter followed finally by the BS 3N satellite PanAmSat 2 is owned by Alpha Lyracom a Connecticut based communications company It is a Hughes HS 601 model satellite with a liquid apogee motor BS 3N is owned by the Japanese NHK television company it may be renamed Yuri 3N on reaching orbit since previous BS satellites owned by the NASDA space agency were renamed in that way It is a smaller GE3000 model built by Martin Marietta Astro Space formerly GE formerly RCA The Kosmos 2282 geostationary satellite launched on Jul 6 is apparently an early warning satellite in the Prognoz series A navigation satellite was launched from Plesetsk on Jul 14 into a 1000 km 83 degree orbit It is either a Nadezhda civil navsat or a Parus navy navigation satellite Recent Launches Date UT Name Launch Vehicle Site Mission INTL DES Jun 7 0720 Kosmos 2281 Soyuz U Plesetsk LC16 Recon 32A Jun 14 1605 Foton No 9 Soyuz U Plesetsk LC43 Materials 33A Jun 17 0707 Intelsat 702 Ariane 44LP

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.203 (2016-04-29)
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  • Jul 17 302 D Jul 17 491 Jul 17 496 E Jul 17 629 Jul 17 637 F Jul 18 020 Jul 18 060 G Jul 18 311 Jul 18 315 H Jul 18 810 Jul 18 813 K Jul 19 430 Jul 19 434 L Jul 19 923 Recent Launches Date UT Name Launch Vehicle Site Mission INTL DES Jun 7 0720 Kosmos 2281 Soyuz U Plesetsk LC16 Recon 32A Jun 14 1605 Foton No 9 Soyuz U Plesetsk LC43 Materials 33A Jun 17 0707 Intelsat 702 Ariane 44LP Kourou ELA2 Comsat 34A STRV 1 Technology 34B STRV 2 Technology 34C Jun 24 1350 UHF F O F3 Atlas I Centaur Canaveral LC36B Comsat 35A Jun 27 2115 STEP 1 Pegasus XL Point Arguello Science FTO Jul 1 1224 Soyuz TM 19 Soyuz U2 Baykonur LC1 Spaceship 36A Jul 3 0804 FSW 2 Chang Zheng 2 Jiuquan Remote sens 37A Jul 6 2358 Kosmos 2282 Proton DM2 Baykonur LC81 EarlyWarn 38A Jul 8 1643 Columbia Space Shuttle Kennedy LC39A Spaceship 39A Spacelab IML 2 Jul 8 2305 PAS 2 Ariane 44L Kourou ELA2 Comsat 40A BS 3N Comsat 40B Jul 14 0513 Nadezhda Kosmos 3M Plesetsk LC133 Navsat 41A Not So Recent Launches Saturn SA 506 was launched from LC39A at Cape Kennedy on 1969 Jul 16 at 1332 UTC inserting the S IVB 506 third stage and attached Apollo 11 spacecraft into a 188 x 192 km x 32 6 deg Earth orbit At 1616 the S IVB reignited for the TLI burn Apollo CSM 107 separated at 1649 completed the transposition and docking maneuver at 1656 and separated with the attached Lunar Module 5 at 1749 Lunar orbit insertion of the CSM 107 LM 5 complex occurred at 1721 on Jul 19 On Jul 20 Apollo 11 Commander Neil A Armstrong and LM Pilot Edwin E Aldrin Jr transferred to LM 5 leaving CM Pilot Michael Collins in the CSM At 1745 on Jul 20 LM 5 callsign Eagle undocked from the CSM 107 callsign Columbia in a 100 x 122 km lunar orbit The Descent Orbit Insertion burn at 1908 lowered LM 5 s orbit to 16 x 106 km At 2005 the Powered Descent Initiation burn was begun and at 1969 Jul 20 d 20 h 17 m 40 s UTC the spaceship LM 5 Eagle carrying astronauts Armstrong and Aldrin landed at Tranquility Base Statio Tranquillitatis 00 deg 41 15 N 23 deg 26 00 E in the Mare Tranquillitatis on Luna Exploration of the Tranquility Base area was carried out from 0227 to 0458 on Jul 21 by Armstrong in spacesuit A7L56 and Aldrin in suit A7L77 LM 5 was again depressurized from 0740 to 0745 for an equipment dump LM 5 s ascent stage was launched from the descent stage at 1754 on Jul 21 and reached a 17 x 84 km lunar orbit at 1801 The LM 5 ascent stage docked with CSM 107 at 2135 on Jul 21 After the

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.204 (2016-04-29)
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  • satellite built by the Samara Central Specialized Design Bureau TsSKB It is in a 67 degree inclination orbit and will stay up for about 60 days APStar 1 was launched by a CZ 3 Long March 3 from China s Xichang spaceport It is a Hughes HS 376 communications satellite and is owned by Asia Pacific Telecom APT Satellite Co a consortium of telecommunications companies based in Hong Kong and China This is the fourth attempted commercial Chinese launch to geostationary orbit Previous Chinese commercial geostationary launches 1990 Apr 7 Asiasat 1 by CZ 3 1992 Aug 13 Optus B1 by CZ 2E 1992 Dec 21 Optus B2 by CZ 2E satellite or rocket exploded Recent Launches Date UT Name Launch Vehicle Site Mission INTL DES Jun 7 0720 Kosmos 2281 Soyuz U Plesetsk LC16 Recon 32A Jun 14 1605 Foton No 9 Soyuz U Plesetsk LC43 Materials 33A Jun 17 0707 Intelsat 702 Ariane 44LP Kourou ELA2 Comsat 34A STRV 1 Technology 34B STRV 2 Technology 34C Jun 24 1350 UHF F O F3 Atlas I Centaur Canaveral LC36B Comsat 35A Jun 27 2115 STEP 1 Pegasus XL Point Arguello Science FTO Jul 1 1224 Soyuz TM 19 Soyuz U2 Baykonur LC1 Spaceship 36A Jul 3 0804 FSW 2 Chang Zheng 2 Jiuquan Remote sens 37A Jul 6 2358 Kosmos 2282 Proton DM2 Baykonur LC81 EarlyWarn 38A Jul 8 1643 Columbia Space Shuttle Kennedy LC39A Spaceship 39A Spacelab IML 2 Jul 8 2305 PAS 2 Ariane 44L Kourou ELA2 Comsat 40A BS 3N Comsat 40B Jul 14 0513 Nadezhda Kosmos 3M Plesetsk LC133 Navsat 41A Jul 20 1735 Kosmos 2283 Soyuz U Plesetsk LC43 Recon 42A Jul 21 1030 APStar 1 Chang Zheng 3 Xichang Comsat 43A Reentries Jul 2 Foton No 9 Landed in Kazakhstan Jul 9 Soyuz

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.205 (2016-04-29)
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  • Space DSCS III F 8 Atlas II AC 108 1993 Dec 16 MM Astro Space Series 7000 Telstar 401 Atlas IIAS AC 107 1994 Aug 3 Hughes HS 601 DBS 2 Atlas IIA MM Martin Marietta Orbital Sciences Corporation also had a successful launch earlier the same day NASA s NB 52 carrier aircraft took off from Edwards AFB around 1325 UTC and dropped a standard Pegasus over the Point Arguello Warning Area at 1439 UTC on Aug 3 and the three stage solid rocket successfully inserted the APEX satellite into the intended orbit APEX Advanced Photovoltaic and Electronics Experiments is an OSC Pegastar bus and carries a variety of advanced solar cell experiments for the US Air Force Photovoltaic Array and Space Power Plus Diagnostics PASP Plus Ferroelectric Experiment FERRO and Cosmic Ray Upset Experiment CRUX Versions of CRUX have previously flown as Shuttle GAS can experiments The APEX satellite is part of the USAF Space Test Program and also has the designation P90 6 The intended orbit was 360 x 2000 km x 70 deg and the actual one was 365 x 2551 km x 69 9 deg The elliptical orbit gives high plasma densities at perigee and high radiation levels at apogee the USAF reports that the orbit achieved is excellent for the mission Thanks to V Arruda of USAF for info In June the first launch of an advanced Pegasus XL from the L 1011 Stargazer carrier plane ended in failure the cause has been identified as aerodynamic problems due to faulty hydro simulations no wind tunnel testing was done The Pegasus XL will probably be cleared for flight later in the year Kosmos 2284 launched Jul 29 is an imaging satellite Based on its orbit it is presumably the 17th in the Kometa series of topographic mapping satellites based on the Yantar spy satellite design Vladimir Agapov reports that the Kometa satellite imagery is commercially distributed by AO Sovinformsputnik The last Kometa satellite Kosmos 2243 was damaged during launch in Apr 1993 Typical mission length is 44 days The first Kometa satellite was Kosmos 1246 in 1981 All the Kometa satellites are launched by Soyuz U from Baykonur Kosmos 2285 was launched Aug 2 by the light Kosmos 3M launch vehicle Kosmos 3M built by PO Polyot of Omsk is derived from the R 14 NATO designation SS 5 IRBM built originally by the Yangel design bureau Kosmos 2285 was inserted in a 974 x 1013 km x 74 0 deg orbit which is quite unusual The altitude range is that used by Parus class navigation satellites but the inclination has not been used by those satellites since the early 1970s The most likely missions for Kosmos 2285 are radar calibration or geodesy I have confirmed that the Apstar 1 satellite was launched using the CZ 3 Long March 3 and not the more advanced CZ 3A and that the launch time was 1055 UT on Jul 21 Chen Baosheng CGWIC personal communication On Aug

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.206 (2016-04-29)
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