archive-org.com » ORG » P » PLANET4589.ORG

Total: 436

Choose link from "Titles, links and description words view":

Or switch to "Titles and links view".

  • variant must have replaced the original Molniya 1 around 1975 Until recently official statements continued to use the Molniya 1 name The Molniya satellites relay C band 6 4 GHz and 1 GHz communications to ground stations in the former USSR s Orbita network 13 Molniya 1 48 Molniya T 19 Molniya 2 satellites and 48 Molniya 3 satellites have been launched from Plesetsk since Feb 1970 toward elliptical 12 hour orbits two of the Molniya 2 and two of the Molniya 3 had upper stage failures The orbits have a 62 8 degree 65 deg before 1973 inclination which minimizes orbital precession their perigees are in the Southern hemisphere so that the apogees where a satellite spends most of its time in an elliptical orbit are high above the northern hemisphere providing good visibility from the high latitude parts of the Soviet Union 33 Molniya 1 and Molniya 1T satellites were launched from the Baykonur cosmodrome into similar orbits between 1964 and 1989 and one Molniya 1S satellite was launched from Baykonur into geostationary orbit All Molniya launches used the Molniya M launch vehicle except for the first few test flights which used the original Molniya rocket and Molniya 1S which used the Proton Molniya M consists of the standard Soyuz launch vehicle with an extra Blok L fourth stage Date UT Name Launch Vehicle Site Mission INTL DES Nov 1 0037 Astra 1D Ariane 42P Kourou ELA2 Comsat 70A Nov 1 0931 Wind Delta 7925 Canaveral LC17B Science 71A Nov 2 0104 Kosmos 2293 Tsiklon 2 Baykonur LC90 EORSAT 72A Nov 3 1700 Atlantis Space Shuttle Kennedy LC39B Spaceship 73A Nov 4 0547 Resurs O1 No 3 Zenit 2 Baykonur LC45 Rem sensing 74A Nov 4 1250 CRISTA SPAS Atlantis LEO Science 73B Nov 11 0722 Progress M

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.223 (2016-04-29)
    Open archived version from archive



  • engineer from Boeing with a PhD in chemistry from the U of Washington Dr Edward Lu an astronomy postdoc at Hawaii with a PhD in physics from Stanford and Dr Stephen Robinson a research at NASA Langley with a PhD in mechanical engineering from Stanford This selection seems to mark a trend away from the practice of hiring JSC mission controllers and other Shuttle program insiders as mission specialists but the biggest change is the high fraction of pilots in this group the first time since 1969 that NASA has selected a group which is mostly pilot astronauts perhaps making up for the last selection in which only four of 19 were pilots From Mar 1995 to Mar 1996 the new group will be ascans astronaut candidates in training after which they will start to be assigned to missions The astronauts selected in the late 1960s had to wait many years to get a flight 18 to 19 years in the cases of Don Lind Karl Henize and Tony England who finally flew in 1985 but recent groups have fared much better the last two of the 1990 group are scheduled to have flown by March and the 1987 group had all flown by 1992 The 1992 group has begun to fly with all but four in training for missions slated for 1995 Meanwhile one of the Apollo veterans has passed away Stuart Roosa CM Pilot for Apollo 14 died of pancreatitis on Dec 12 in Washington DC Col Roosa a former Edwards test pilot and a member of the 1966 astronaut group left NASA in 1976 Mir On Dec 19 the Mir complex was in a 390 x 394 km x 51 6 deg orbit As of Dec 20 Commander Aleksandr Viktorenko and Flight Engineer Yelena Kondakova have been in orbit for 77 days as part of the 17th main expedition EO 17 crew The station doctor Valeriy Polyakov has been in orbit for 346 days and his record cumulative time in space over 2 missions is 587 days Soyuz TM 20 and Progress M 25 remain docked to the station Jim Oberg reports that Soyuz TM 20 is due to undock and redock in early January in a test of the automatic docking system Recent Launches A Russian Al tair class tracking and data relay satellite was launched from Baykonur on Dec 16 The satellite was named Luch Beam The three previous Al tair satellites were Kosmos 1700 1985 Oct 25 Kosmos 1897 1987 Nov 26 Kosmos 2054 1989 Dec 27 The launch is the 12th launch of Proton so far this year with one more expected Kosmos 2298 was launched from Plesetsk on Dec 20 into a 785 x 810 km x 74 0 deg orbit Satellites are launched into this orbit at the rate of about one a year Kosmos 2298 is the 48th to reach orbit since Kosmos 372 in 1970 Western analysts have suggested that the series are communications satellites for sensitive military or

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.224 (2016-04-29)
    Open archived version from archive


  • UR 100 missile Rokot carries a new Briz third stage which entered orbit with the RS 15 amateur radio satellite The 1 m diameter 70 kg payload uses a similar bus to the RS 3 to RS 8 satellites and ended up in a 1884 x 2165 km x 64 8 deg orbit Two suborbital tests of Rokot were carried out on 1990 Nov 20 and 1991 Dec 20 1994 saw the first successful launch of four new launch vehicles Japan s H II the US Taurus India s PSLV and Russia s Rokot and several upgraded ones the US Titan 4 Centaur China s Chang Zheng 3A and the US Pegasus XL which failed Martin Marietta s Titan 4 number K 14 was launched from pad 40 at Cape Canaveral on Dec 22 The vehicle was a Titan 402 model with an Inertial Upper Stage IUS and placed a TRW Defense Support Program satellite into geostationary orbit DSP F17 carries a wide field infrared telescope to provide real time warning of missile launches It is the fourth advanced DSP to be launched two others went up on Titan and another on the Shuttle The Titan 4 places the DSP IUS in low parking orbit the SRM 1 IUS first stage goes to geostationary transfer orbit and finally the SRM 2 fires to place itself and the DSP in near synchronous orbit eliminating the need for an internal apogee engine This was the 4th Titan 4 mission this year and the 11th since 1989 one launch in 1993 was a failure Thanks to Lt Archer of Patrick AFB Public Affairs for the Titan serial number Serial number F17 of the DSP is conjectural the last three were F14 15 and 16 Six small communications satellites were launched by a Ukranian

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.225 (2016-04-29)
    Open archived version from archive


  • launched by an Atlas NOAA K is expected to be launched by Titan II NOAA 14 as NOAA J was renamed on reaching orbit carries a variety of meteorological sensors including the AVHRR imaging radiometer and a SARSAT search and rescue relay package It replaces NOAA 13 which failed in 1993 shortly after launch Kosmos 2305 is an advanced imaging spy satellite launched from Baykonur into a 180 x 283 km x 64 90 deg orbit on Dec 29 The next day the orbit was raised to its operational altitude of 240 x 297 km characteristic of the longest duration Russian spy satellites with lifetimes of more than a year A Raduga communications satellite was launched by Proton from Baykonur This completes a busy year for Proton which had 13 launches The next scheduled Russian launch is a Tsikada navigation satellite due for Jan 24 info from V Agapov Date UT Name Launch Vehicle Site Mission INTL DES Dec 1 2255 Panamsat K2 Ariane 42P Kourou ELA2 Comsat FTO Dec 14 1421 Molniya 1T Molniya M Plesetsk LC43 Comsat 81A Dec 16 1200 Luch Proton K DM 2 Baykonur LC81 Comsat 82A Dec 20 0511 Kosmos 2298 Kosmos 3M Plesetsk LC132 Comsat 83A Dec 22 2219 DSP F17 Titan 4 IUS Canaveral LC40 Early Warn 84A Dec 26 0301 RS 15 Rokot Baykonur Comsat 85A Dec 26 2227 Kosmos 2299 Tsiklon 3 Plesetsk LC32 Comsat 86A Kosmos 2300 Comsat 86B Kosmos 2301 Comsat 86C Kosmos 2302 Comsat 86D Kosmos 2303 Comsat 86E Kosmos 2304 Comsat 86F Dec 28 1131 Raduga Proton K DM 2 Baykonur Comsat 87A Dec 29 1130 Kosmos 2305 Soyuz U Baykonur Recon 88A Dec 30 1002 NOAA 14 Atlas E Vandenberg Weather 89A Reentries Dec 9 Kosmos 2238 Reentered Current Shuttle Processing Status Orbiters Location Mission

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.226 (2016-04-29)
    Open archived version from archive


  • a significant failure These details are all provisional I don t have full information yet In particular Yoshiro Yamada reports that the Mu 3S II 8 was a four stage version instead of the basic three stage one The standard Mu 3S II has a M 13 first stage an M 23 second stage and an M 3B third stage Four flights have used extra solid propellant KM P KM M or KM D kick motors as fourth stages Mu launch history Mu 4S vehicle M 10 M 20 M 30 M 40 configuration First launch 1966 with M 10 live only 1969 with first three stages live 3 of 4 orbital attempts successful 1970 1972 Mu 3C vehicle M 10 M 22 M 3A configuration with thrust vector control second stage 3 of 4 launches successful 1974 1979 Mu 3H vehicle M 13 M 22 M 3A configuration 3 of 3 successful 1977 1978 all flown with unidentified fourth stage kick motor any details welcome Mu 3S vehicle As Mu 3H but with thrust vector control added to M 13 stage 4 of 4 successful 1980 1984 Mu 3S II vehicle M 13 M 23 M 3B configuration 1985 Jan 7 Mu 3S II KM P MS T5 Sakigake 1985 Aug 18 Mu 3S II KM P Planet A Suisei 1987 Feb 5 Mu 3S II Astro C Ginga 1989 Feb 21 Mu 3S II KM D EXOS D Akebono 1990 Jan 24 Mu 3S II KM M MUSES A Hiten Hagoromo 1991 Aug 23 Mu 3S II Solar A Yohkoh 1993 Feb 20 Mu 3S II Astro D Asuka 1995 Jan 15 Mu 3S II EXPRESS An Intelsat 7 satellite was launched by a Martin Marietta Atlas IIAS on Jan 10 The Atlas first stage serial no 8203 and its Castor IV solid strapons took off from Pad 36 at Cape Canaveral the Centaur II AC 113 second stage then ignited to enter a 306 x 41000 km x 26 4 deg transfer orbit The Space Systems Loral Intelsat 7 satellite first fired its apogee engine on Jan 11 and over several days reached geostationary orbit the profile is pretty typical for recent comsats with bipropellant engines and I include each orbit reached below Jan 10 306 x 41000 km x 26 4 deg Jan 11 1353 x 42238 km x 23 4 deg Jan 12 4033 x 41128 km x 15 7 deg Jan 12 16563 x 41116 km x 4 7 deg Jan 14 35787 x 36974 km x 0 2 deg Jan 16 35793 x 35809 km x 0 0 deg 56 deg E drifting 0 2 deg day Intelsat satellites are operated by the International Telecommunications Satellite Organization an intergovernmental consortium with over a hundred member nations the US participation is via Comsat Corporation The first Intelsat satellite was Early Bird launched in 1965 Date UT Name Launch Vehicle Site Mission INTL DES Dec 1 2255 Panamsat K2 Ariane 42P Kourou ELA2 Comsat FTO

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.227 (2016-04-29)
    Open archived version from archive


  • the Earth US Space Command have not allocated it a satellite number and have allocated the next international designation 1995 02 to the later Tsikada launch although the international agreement in force since the early 1960s is that anything which completes one orbit should get an international designation whether the US tracks it or not It is possible that an out of sequence international designation will be allocated later as was done on several occasions e g for the secret Soviet launch 1966 88A which was launched between 1966 83A and 1966 84A Yoshiro Yamada reports that ISAS says the EXPRESS launch vehicle s fourth stage was a modified KM M solid motor The KM M was first used for the MUSES Hiten launch The reentry vehicle carried two CATEX materials processing ovens and three German CETEX PYREX and RAFLEX and one Japanese RTEX heat shield material reentry experiments A Tsikada navigation satellite was launched by Kosmos 3M from Plesetsk at 0354 UTC on Jan 24 into a 965 x 1020 km x 82 9 deg orbit The Tsikada series of navigation satellites uses similar technology to the US Navy s Transit system This Tsikada satellite was equipped with a special adapter and carried two microsatellites into orbit ASTRID and FAISAT ASTRID is the Swedish Space Corporation s latest space physics satellite using the new Freja C bus a 0 4 m cube with 4 solar panel wings The payload which will emphasize studies of energetic neutral particles in the Earth s magnetosphere includes PIPPI the neutral particle imager MIO the miniature UV imaging system with optical UV continuum and Lyman alpha monitors and EMIL an electron spectrometer The 26 kg satellite separated from the Tsikada adapter at 0458 UTC FAISAT is a 114 kg store and forward communications satellite modified by Final Analysis Inc an American company from an existing satellite bus whose mission was cancelled probably a DARPA satellite It separated from the adapter at 0919 UTC A Chinese Long March Chang Zheng 2E launch vehicle was destroyed one minute after takeoff on Jan 25 The payload Asia Pacific Telecom APT Satellite Co s Apstar 2 communications satellite was lost It was a Hughes HS 601 comsat Apstar 1 launched in Jul 1994 by CZ 3 was an HS 376 model Date UT Name Launch Vehicle Site Mission INTL DES Dec 1 2255 Panamsat K2 Ariane 42P Kourou ELA2 Comsat FTO Dec 14 1421 Molniya 1T Molniya M Plesetsk LC43 Comsat 81A Dec 16 1200 Luch Proton K DM 2 Baykonur LC81 Comsat 82A Dec 20 0511 Kosmos 2298 Kosmos 3M Plesetsk LC132 Comsat 83A Dec 22 2219 DSP F17 Titan 4 IUS Canaveral LC40 Early Warn 84A Dec 26 0301 Radio ROSTO Rokot Baykonur LC175 Comsat 85A Dec 26 2227 Kosmos 2299 Tsiklon 3 Plesetsk LC32 Comsat 86A Kosmos 2300 Comsat 86B Kosmos 2301 Comsat 86C Kosmos 2302 Comsat 86D Kosmos 2303 Comsat 86E Kosmos 2304 Comsat 86F Dec 28 1131 Raduga Proton K DM 2 Baykonur

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.228 (2016-04-29)
    Open archived version from archive


  • due early on Feb 4 Endeavour was rolled over to the VAB on Feb 3 for stacking with the ET and SRBs It will fly in March on the Astro 2 mission New Launches The UHF Follow On F4 satellite also known as EHF F4 was launched on Jan 29 The Hughes HS 601 class satellite was launched on a Martin Marietta Atlas II flight AC 112 The satellite is a 3 2 x 3 4 x 3 4 m box which deploys to a height of 7 0 m and a solar wingspan of 18 3 m on orbit AC 112 reached a 287 x 27626 km x 26 9 deg orbit with UHF F O F4 later climbing to 313 x 36042 km x 26 7 deg 638 3 min and by Feb 2 24473 x 36387 km x 5 38 deg 1171 4 min It will eventually reach geostationary orbit This UHF satellite is the first to also carry an EHF communications payload it had a mass of about 3000 kg at orbit insertion and will be around 1200 kg on orbit The UHF satellites are delivered by Hughes for use by the US Navy once they reach their operational orbit Reports indicate that 6 people were killed and 27 injured by debris from the explosion of the CZ 2E launch vehicle at Xichang China on Jan 25 Date UT Name Launch Vehicle Site Mission INTL DES Jan 10 0618 Intelsat 704 Atlas IIAS Canaveral LC36 Comsat 01A Jan 15 1345 EXPRESS Mu 3S II Kagoshima Materials Jan 24 0354 Tsikada Kosmos 3M Plesetsk LC132 Navsat 02A ASTRID Science 02B FAISAT Comsat 02C Jan 25 1926 Apstar 2 Chang Zheng 2E Xichang Comsat FTO Jan 29 0125 UHF F O F4 Atlas II Canaveral LC36 Comsat 03A

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.229 (2016-04-29)
    Open archived version from archive


  • 1226 Titov released it from the arm for a free flight to make UV spectroscopic observations of the interstellar medium The satellite was retrieved at 1133 on Feb 9 and berthed shortly afterwards Mission Specialists Bernard Harris and Mike Foale depressurized the airlock at 1156 on Feb 9 and entered the payload bay from the hatch on the Tunnel Adapter They carried out a 15 minute cold soak test of their modified Hamilton Standard EMU spacesuits earlier EVA crews have had problems with getting their hands too cold while in shadow Next Harris practised moving the Spartan satellite around by hand to gain experience for Space Station assembly tasks but a second such exercise by Foale was cancelled when the astronauts reported cold hands The EVA ended after 4h 39m at 1535 UT Development of heated spacesuit gloves is to be accelerated After closing the payload bay doors on Feb 11 Discovery s OMS engines were fired at 1044 UT to deorbit the spaceship OV 103 completed its 20th mission with main gear touchdown on Kennedy Space Center s Runway 15 at 1150 19 UT on Feb 11 with wheels stop at 1150 39 Details I don t have yet individual designations and deployment order for the ODERACS satellites actual timeline for unberth reberth of Spartan for the mass handling exercise Discovery s next mission will be in the summer when Tom Henricks will command a crew of five on a mission to deploy the TDRS G Tracking and Data Relay Satellite This will follow the Astro 2 astronomy mission by Endeavour next month and the Mir docking by Atlantis in June Launch of the next Progress tanker to Mir is expected in a few days time Recent Launches Date UT Name Launch Vehicle Site Mission INTL DES Jan 10 0618 Intelsat 704 Atlas IIAS Canaveral LC36 Comsat 01A Jan 15 1345 EXPRESS Mu 3S II Kagoshima Materials Jan 24 0354 Tsikada Kosmos 3M Plesetsk LC132 Navsat 02A ASTRID Science 02B FAISAT Comsat 02C Jan 25 1926 Apstar 2 Chang Zheng 2E Xichang Comsat FTO Jan 29 0125 UHF F O F4 Atlas II Canaveral LC36 Comsat 03A Feb 3 0522 Discovery Space Shuttle Kennedy LC39B Spaceship 04A Spacehab SH03 Feb 4 0457 ODERACS II Discovery LEO Sphere 04 ODERACS II Sphere ODERACS II Sphere ODERACS II Wire ODERACS II Wire ODERACS II Wire Feb 7 1226 Spartan 204 Discovery LEO Astronomy 04H Reentries Jan 15 EXPRESS Reentered Feb 11 Discovery Landed at KSC Current Shuttle Processing Status Orbiters Location Mission Launch Due OV 102 Columbia Palmdale OMDP OV 103 Discovery KSC RW15 STS 63 OV 104 Atlantis OPF Bay 3 STS 71 Jun OV 105 Endeavour VAB Bay 1 STS 67 Mar 2 ML SRB ET OV stacks ML1 LC39B STS 63 ML2 RSRM 43 ET 69 VAB Bay 1 STS 67 ML3 Refurb STS 71 Occasional Shuttle Processing Status Explanation or what are all these acronyms anyway The Shuttle consists of an Orbiter Vehicle OV an expendable External

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.230 (2016-04-29)
    Open archived version from archive



  •