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  • HS 601 Comsat FTO P90 1 STEP 1 Jun 27 Destroyed on launch USAF TRW Eagle Science 36A Soyuz TM 19 Jul 1 Landed in Kazakhstan Nov 4 RKA Energiya Soyuz Spaceship 37A FSW 2 Jul 3 Landed in China Jul 18 PRC Remote sensing 37A FSW 2 service mod Jul 3 Reentered Sep 13 PRC Remote sensing 38A Kosmos 2282 Jul 6 35754x 35817x 1 86 1436 06 24 06W MO RF Lavochkin Prognoz Early Warning 39A Columbia STS 65 Jul 8 Landed at KSC Jul 23 NASA Rockwell Shuttle Spaceship 39A Spacelab IML 2 Jul 8 Remained attached to STS 65 NASA Spacelab LM Science 39A EDO Jul 8 Remained attached to STS 65 NASA EDO Technology 40A Panamsat 2 Jul 8 35772x 35799x 0 04 1436 07 168 97E A Lyracom Hughes HS 601 Comsat 40B BS 3N Jul 8 35777x 35797x 0 05 1436 15 109 67E NHK MMAS Series 3000 Comsat 41A Nadezhda Jul 14 951x 1007x 82 94 104 68 RKA Polyot Tsikada Navigation 42A Kosmos 2283 Jul 20 Landed Sep 29 MO RF TsSKB Yantar Recon 43A Apstar 1 Jul 21 35785x 35789x 0 00 1436 12 137 97E APT Hughes HS 376 Comsat 44A Kosmos 2284 Jul 29 Landed Sep 11 MO RF TsSKB Yantar Kometa Mapping 45A Kosmos 2285 Aug 2 974x 1013x 74 03 104 98 MO RF NPO PM Calibration 46A P90 6 APEX Aug 3 360x 2534x 69 98 114 82 USAF OSC Pegastar Technology 47A DBS 2 Aug 3 35776x 35797x 0 01 1436 11 100 79W DirecTV Hughes HS 601 Comsat 48A Kosmos 2286 Aug 5 747x 39608x 63 39 717 81 MO RF Lavochkin Oko Early Warning 49A Brasilsat B1 Aug 10 35782x 35791x 0 03 1436 12 70 05W Telebras Hughes HS 376W Comsat 49B Turksat 1B Aug 10 35740x 35829x 0 06 1436 01 41 92E Turkey PTT Aespat Spacebus 2000 Comsat 50A Kosmos 2287 Aug 11 19109x 19150x 64 81 675 73 MO RF Polyot Uragan Navigation 50B Kosmos 2288 Aug 11 19091x 19168x 64 81 675 73 MO RF Polyot Uragan Navigation 50C Kosmos 2289 Aug 11 19126x 19133x 64 81 675 73 MO RF Polyot Uragan Navigation 51A Molniya 3 Aug 23 622x 39726x 62 97 717 67 RKA NPO PM Molniya 3 Comsat 52A Progress M 24 Aug 25 Deorbited over Pacific Oct 4 RKA Energiya Soyuz Cargo 53A Kosmos 2290 Aug 26 181x 392x 64 80 90 25 MO RF TsSKB Recon 54A USA 105 Aug 27 35780x 35790x 0 1436 1 NRO TRW Adv ORION SIGINT 55A Optus B3 Aug 27 35671x 35905x 0 48 1436 19 151 74E Optus Hughes HS 601 Comsat 56A Kiku 6 Aug 28 8565x 38677x 13 23 861 84 NASDA Toshiba Comsat 57A DMSP 23545 Aug 29 840x 860x 98 89 101 94 USAF MMAS Block 5D 2 Weather 58 Telstar 402 Sep 9 201x 35295x 6 62 621 60 AT T MMAS Series 7000 Comsat 59A Discovery STS 64 Sep

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.232 (2016-04-29)
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  • March Soyuz TM 21 carries the EO 18 crew The commander is the Russian Air Force cosmonaut Vladmir Dezhurov on his first flight Flight engineer is experienced RKK Energiya cosmonaut Gennadiy Strekalov who flew on Soyuz T 3 which docked with the Salyut 6 space station Soyuz T 8 which failed to dock with Salyut 7 Soyuz T 11 which did reach Salyut 7 and Soyuz TM 10 in 1990 which saw him spending 130 days on Mir with Gennady Manakov Strekalov was also on the Soyuz launch of Sep 1983 when the launch escape system rocketed him and Vladimir Titov who flew on Discovery last month clear of the launch vehicle which exploded on the pad The third member of the EO 18 crew is Dr Norman Thagard a NASA astronaut whose four previous missions were STS 7 Challenger STS 51 B Spacelab 3 Challenger STS 30R Magellan Atlantis and STS 42 Spacelab IML 1 Discovery Launch of the Soyuz is scheduled for Mar 14 Note Thanks to Maxim Tarasenko and Asif Siddiqi for comments on the annual launch list I ll make a revised version available in a few weeks by ftp Recent Launches Three Uragan class navigation satellites built by AKO Polyot were launched on Mar 7 to become part of the Glonass system According to the Russian Space Forces the satellites are Glonass numbers 765 766 and 777 The satellites are in 12 hour 19000 km high orbits Launch was by a Proton K with a Blok DM2 upper stage Kosmos 2306 was launched on Mar 2 into a 94 5 min 469 x 516 km x 65 8 deg orbit It appears to be a calibration satellite of the Kosmos 816 type which releases a series of small objects at intervals to act as calibration

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.233 (2016-04-29)
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  • Mir at around 0930 Launch of TM 21 meant that there were 13 people in space at once for the first time ever Dezhurov Strekalov Thagard on Soyuz Viktorenko Kondakova and Polyakov on Mir and Oswald Gregory Lawrence Jernigan Grunsfeld Parise and Durrance on Endeavour The Soyuz TM spaceship is made up of three sections the priborno agregatniy otsek service equipment module 3057 kg which contains the engine and carries the solar panel wings the spuskaemiy apparat descent vehicle 2835 kg with heat shield command and control cabin and the three cosmonaut couches and the bitovoi otsek living module of 1278 kg with the docking unit Thagard is the first American to be launched in a Soyuz although the ASTP crew flew in one while their Apollo craft was docked to it in 1975 Soyuz TM 21 was launched by the Soyuz U2 11A511U2 variant of Energiya s standard R 7 based launch vehicle The Progress M 26 cargo craft undocked on Mar 15 at 0226 38 and deorbited itself over the Pacific at 0528 UT Recent Launches Japan s NASDA space agency launched the third H II launch vehicle from Tanegashima on Mar 17 Launch was at 2001 UTC the first stage flew a suborbital trajectory and the LE 5A second stage completed its first burn to enter a 322 x 336 km x 28 5 deg orbit deploying the SFU Space Flyer Unit satellite at 2014 The LE 5A then ignited again to enter geostationary transfer orbit and at 2028 the second payload Geostationary Meteorological Satellite 5 separated into a 329 x 36669 x 28 5 deg orbit The SFU will carry out materials processing technology and astronomy experiments and will be retrieved by the STS 72 mission in December It carries the 0 15m liquid helium cooled IR Telescope in Space IRTS with near and mid infrared spectrometers a biology experiment studying salamander eggs an electron density experiment materials processing furnaces and technology experiments with solar arrays and an electric thruster It also carries an experimental platform to test technology for the JEM Exposed Facility planned for the Space Station and as such it is the first flight element of Japan s Station program GMS 5 carries a Star 27 solid motor which is intended to place it in geostationary orbit The satellite has visible and IR radiometers and will continue the Japanese Meteorological Agency s operational weather satellite system Foton 10 landed on Mar 3 135 km SE of Orenburg in Russia The descent cabin was later severely damaged when it was dropped from the helicopter carrying it back for deintegration many of the experiments were destroyed Telemetry has been received from the Clementine probe in solar orbit last heard from in Jul 1994 Further attempts will be made to restore comms with the probe Date UT Name Launch Vehicle Site Mission INTL DES Feb 3 0522 Discovery Space Shuttle Kennedy LC39B Spaceship 04A Spacehab SH03 Feb 4 0457 ODERACS II A Discovery LEO Calibration 04C

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.234 (2016-04-29)
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  • month The launch schedule for the Spektr module is being revised Recent Launches Kosmos 2310 launched Mar 22 into a 105 02 min 980 x 1010 km x 82 9 deg orbit from Plesetsk is a Parus type navigation satellite for the Russian Navy The Parus satellites are built by PO Polyot of Omsk Kosmos 2311 launched Mar 22 from Plesetsk into a 89 54 min 169 x 334 km x 67 1 deg orbit is a Yantar class reconnaissance satellite It is expected to remain in service for a little over two months Erratum I didn t spot the PM in the NASDA news release launch time of the H II was 0801 on Mar 18 not 12 hours earlier as I reported last issue GMS 5 has been renamed Himawari Sunflower 5 The apogee motor fired at 0054 UTC on Mar 19 and separated leaving GMS 5 drifting at the geostationary altitude Meanwhile SFU raised its orbit at 0549 on Mar 23 from 365 x 395 km x 28 5 deg to its operational height of 467 x 496 km Date UT Name Launch Vehicle Site Mission INTL DES Feb 3 0522 Discovery Space Shuttle Kennedy LC39B Spaceship 04A Spacehab SH03 Feb 4 0457 ODERACS II A Discovery LEO Calibration 04C ODERACS II D Calibration 04F ODERACS II C Calibration 04E ODERACS II B Calibration 04D ODERACS II F Calibration 04H ODERACS II E Calibration 04G Feb 7 1226 Spartan 204 Discovery LEO Astronomy 04B Feb 15 1648 Progress M 26 Soyuz U Baykonur LC1 Cargo 05A Feb 16 1740 Foton No 10 Soyuz U Plesetsk LC43 Materials 06A Mar 2 0638 Endeavour Space Shuttle Kennedy LC39A Spaceship 07A Astro 2 Mar 2 1300 Kosmos 2306 Kosmos 3M Plesetsk LC132 Calibration 08A Mar 7 0923 Kosmos 2307 Proton

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.235 (2016-04-29)
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  • as Techsat was built by the Technion Institute of Technology in Israel The 50 kg satellite carried a CCD camera a radiation detector an ozone monitor and an amateur radio packet BBS as well as satellite technology tests UNAMSAT was an AMSAT Microsat class amateur radio satellite built by UNAM the Autonomous University of Mexico The Ariane launch vehicle returned to flight on Mar 28 following a failure last December It successfully placed in geostationary transfer orbit two communications satellites Eutelsat Hot Bird 1 and Brasilsat B2 Hot Bird 1 an Aerospatiale built Spacebus 2000 satellite is also known as Eutelsat II F 6 It was enhanced from the standard Eutelsat II configuration to carry extra Ku band transponders Eutelsat satellites are owned by the European Telecommunications Satellite Organization and broadcast TV to Europe and the Mediterranean Brasilsat B2 is owned by Embratel the Brazilian government telephone company It is the second HS 376W a wide diameter variant of the classic Hughes HS 376 comsat in use since 1980 The new generation Zenit launched spy satellite Kosmos 2290 was launched on 1994 Aug 26 In late March of this year between Mar 24 and 29 it raised its apogee by 200 km from an orbit of 181 x 382 km x 64 8 deg to 181 x 571 km x 64 8 deg and four new small objects were tracked in the post manouevre orbit It seems likely that this marks the end of the Kosmos 2290 mission Russian spy satellites are usually deorbited at the end of their mission and it is not clear whether the orbit raise of Kosmos 2290 reflects a new operational regime a new disposal strategy a deorbit burn that went in the wrong direction or less likely a tracking by US Space Command of

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.236 (2016-04-29)
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  • date Orbit Design Orbcomm X 1991 Jul 17 771 x 776 x 98 5 1991 50B Orbcomm XP 1 1993 Feb 9 727 x 790 x 25 0 1993 09A Orbcomm 1993 Apr 25 747 x 835 x 69 9 1993 26B Orbcomm FM1 1995 Apr 3 727 x 756 x 70 0 1995 17A Orbcomm FM2 1995 Apr 3 737 x 747 x 70 0 1995 17B Microlab 1 1995 Apr 3 731 x 749 x 70 0 1995 17C On Apr 5 Israel launched its most sophisticated satellite to date the Ofeq 3 Horizon 3 3 axis stabilized technology satellite The Shaviyt launch vehicle took off on a westward trajectory from Palamchim Air Force Base in Israel and placed the satellite and the AUS 51 solid motor third stage in a retrograde orbit Ofeq 3 carries an electro optical scanner and has a mass of 225 kg It has been reported in the media as Israel s first spy satellite but I think this is probably an overstatement Ofeq 3 should probably be considered as Israel s first 3 axis stabilized technology development satellite with an experimental imaging system whose resolution may be as good as a few metres intended for both remote sensing and military reconnaissance applications but it isn t a full fledged spysat Ofeq 3 s westward orbit is rare but not a record some US Air Force satellites in the 1960s went to an inclination of 144 degrees to the eastward equator i e 36 degrees to the westbound equator There are quite a few polar retrograde satellites with inclinations up to around 105 degrees and the GAMBIT spy satellites used inclinations up to 110 degrees regularly in the 1960s and 1970s Below I give a table of all satellites whose inclinations exceeded 110 5 degrees Highest inclination satellite orbits Satellite Launch Orbit km x km x deg Owner GAMBIT 28 1966 May 14 133 x 358 x 110 6 NRO GAMBIT 68 1971 Jan 21 139 x 418 x 110 9 NRO GAMBIT 69 1971 Apr 22 132 x 401 x 110 9 NRO GAMBIT 71 1971 Oct 23 134 x 416 x 110 9 NRO GAMBIT 64 1970 Apr 15 130 x 388 x 111 0 NRO GAMBIT 66 1970 Aug 18 151 x 365 x 111 0 NRO GAMBIT 67 1970 Oct 23 135 x 396 x 111 1 NRO GAMBIT 70 1971 Aug 12 137 x 424 x 111 0 NRI GAMBIT 72 1972 Mar 17 131 x 409 x 111 0 NRO GAMBIT 44 1966 Jun 20 127 x 325 x 111 4 NRO GAMBIT 49 1968 Jan 18 138 x 404 x 111 5 NRO GAMBIT 51 1968 Apr 17 134 x 427 x 111 5 NRO GAMBIT 47 1967 Oct 25 136 x 429 x 111 6 NRO GAMBIT 45 1967 Aug 16 142 x 449 x 111 9 NRO CORONA 66 1964 Jun 13 350 x 364 x 115 0 NRO CORONA 70 1964 Aug 21

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.237 (2016-04-29)
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  • engine for precise orbit control ERS 2 has a 10 m long SAR Synthetic Aperture Radar for C band radar imaging of the Earth Its primary mission is to study the sea surface and polar ice The SAR is linked to an Active Microwave Imager instrument also carried are a radar altimeter for wave heights the ATSR Along Track Scanning Radiometer for sea surface temperatures and the PRARE orbit determination experiment These are all similar to experiments aboard ERS 1 ERS 2 also carries a new GOME global ozone monitoring experiment ERS 2 entered a 100 56 min 783 x 786 km x 98 6 deg orbit According to Michelle Lyle of Arianespace this V72 launch and the preceding V71 launch both used the H 10 third stage An enhanced third stage the H 10 3 was first used on V70 and will be phased in to eventually replace the H 10 The Ariane is usually flown to geostationary transfer orbit flights to sun synchronous orbits are rarer and usually carry secondary microsatellite payloads No secondary payloads were carried on this latest mission Ariane Polar Flights Date Flight Model Payload Secondary Orbit km x km x deg 1986 Feb 22 V16 AR1 Spot Viking 824 x 825 x 98 8 1990 Jan 22 V35 AR40 Spot 2 ASAP 1 825 x 825 x 98 7 1991 Jul 17 V44 AR40 ERS 1 ASAP 2 776 x 782 x 98 5 1992 Aug 10 V52 AR42P Topex ASAP 3 1316 x1331 x 66 1 1993 Sep 26 V59 AR40 Spot 3 ASAP 4 816 x 818 x 98 7 1995 Apr 21 V72 AR40 ERS 2 783 x 786 x 98 6 Geostationary satellite movements EUTELSAT s Hot Bird 1 satellite has been on station at 12 5 deg E since Apr 9 Brasilsat B2 launched on the same Ariane flight reached its 60 9 deg W station on Apr 7 Intelsat 705 is now at 56 deg W Meanwhile during April Intelsat 507 left its GEO position at 56 5 deg E and by Apr 21 was at 48E drifting 0 2 deg per day W The AMSC 1 mobile communications satellite has reached geostationary altitude On Apr 11 it raised its orbit from 367 x 40142 km x 25 6 deg to 10064 x 40165 km x 9 0 deg By Apr 16 the orbit was 35666x 40110 km x 0 92 deg and by Apr 19 it was circularized at 35759 x 35797 km x 0 1 deg drifting 0 1 deg per day eastward over 102 deg W Table of Recent Launches Date UT Name Launch Vehicle Site Mission INTL DES Mar 22 0409 Kosmos 2310 Kosmos 3M Plesetsk LC132 Navigation 12A Mar 22 0618 Intelsat 705 Atlas IIAS Canaveral LC36B Comsat 13A Mar 22 1645 Kosmos 2311 Soyuz U Plesetsk LC43 Recon 14A Mar 24 1405 DMSP 24547 Atlas E Vandenberg SLC3 Weather 15A Mar 28 1000 Gurwin 1 Start Plesetsk LC158 Technology FTO UNAMSAT Comsat

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.238 (2016-04-29)
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  • provided by Arianespace s PAO Contact with the Clementine space probe in solar orbit has now been fully regained Not enough fuel remains for an asteroid encounter so a burn was due to be made last week to slow the probe s drift away from Earth to maximize communications time Geostationary satellite movements Here are the positions of the satellites launched so far this year Intelsat 704 66 0E UHF F O F4 177 9W Himawari 5 159 7E Intelsat 705 56 2W Brasilsat B2 60 8W Hot Bird 1 12 5E AMSC 1 101 8W drifting 0 1E day Table of Recent Launches Date UT Name Launch Vehicle Site Mission INTL DES Apr 3 1348 Orbcomm 1 Pegasus L1011 VAFB PAWA Comsat 17A Orbcomm 2 Comsat 17B Microlab 1 Science 17C Apr 5 1116 Ofeq 3 Shaviyt Palamchim Technol 18A Apr 7 2347 AMSC 1 Atlas IIA Canaveral LC36A Comsat 19A Apr 9 1934 Progress M 27 Soyuz U Baykonur LC1 Cargo 20A Apr 19 1912 GFZ 1 Mir Geodesy 8617JE Apr 21 0144 ERS 2 Ariane 40 Kourou ELA2 Rem Sensing 21A Reentries Apr 3 Kosmos 2137 Reentered Apr 4 Kosmos 2290 Deorbited over Pacific Current Shuttle Processing

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.239 (2016-04-29)
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