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  • Harwood Atlantis remained at 50m until 0556 when it resumed its approach stopping again at 0618 at a distance of 10m Final approach from 10m began at 0622 and Atlantis docked with Mir at 0627 39 UTC on Nov 15 By 0636 the latches on the APDS docking system were closed and the Docking Module was firmly attached to Kristall The hatches to Mir were opened at about 0900 UTC Orbit of the Mir Atlantis complex is 391 x 394 km x 51 6 deg Crew of the complex are Yuriy Gidzenko Station commander Russian Air Force Sergey Avdeev Mir Flight Engineer RKK Energiya Thomas Reiter Mir Flight Engineer 2 European Space Agency Ken Cameron Atlantis commander NASA James Halsell Atlantis pilot NASA Chris Hadfield Mission specialist Canadian Space Agency Jerry Ross Mission Specialist NASA and William McArthur Mission Specialist NASA Recent Launches The European Space Agency s Infrared Space Observatory ISO is in orbit In 1983 the IRAS satellite made the first survey of the far infrared sky Its liquid helium cooled telescope operated for less than a year but it is still generating Ph D theses at a rapid rate perhaps one of the most striking examples of a single mission having a profound influence on astronomy Unlike IRAS ISO will carry out pointed observations at specific targets of interest instead of scanning the entire sky ISO s instruments are much more sophisticated IRAS measured the brightness of sources at four wavelengths while ISO will return images and high resolution spectra over the entire infrared range from 2 5 microns to 200 microns Mass of ISO is 2498 kg at launch 2418 kg at beginning of observations and 1515 kg dry There are four instruments the LWS and SWS long and short wavelength spectrometers and the ISOCAM and ISOPHOT camera and photometer systems The liquid helium cooled 60 cm telescope may operate for as much as a year and a half ISO was launched by an Ariane 44P from Kourou on Nov 17 into an elliptical transfer orbit with a period of 24 hours 8 8 minutes and an altitude of 570 x 71498 km x 5 2 deg Its on board propulsion system will synchronize the orbit with a 23 hour 56 minute sidereal period but unlike a communications satellite the orbit will be elliptical with an apogee of 70000 km taking it far from the radiation belts The cover of the cryogenic dewar will be ejected on Nov 28 launch and performance verification observations are planned to begin around Dec 10 Astronomers with time scheduled on ISO including your eager correspondent will have to wait until early next year before regular observations begin The V80 flight of Ariane used a standard 44P vehicle with an H 10 III upper stage but with the No 02 type payload fairing Launch was at 0120 UTC on Nov 12 with second stage burn at 0123 and third stage burn at 0125 The third stage shut down at 0138 and

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.264 (2016-04-29)
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  • rear port and three modules docked at the ports on the transfer compartment Spektr at Y Kvant 2 at Y and Kristall at Z with the 316GK Docking Module attached to the end of Kristall The Progress M 29 cargo ferry is docked at the rear of Kvant X while the Soyuz TM 22 transport ship is docked at the front of Mir X Launch of the Progress M 30 cargo ferry is expected on December 15 Soyuz TM 23 will be launched on 21 Feb the 77KSI Priroda module on Mar 10 the Progress M 31 ferry on Apr 1 Progress M 32 on Jun 1 and Soyuz TM 24 on Jul 6 Shameless Plug Readers of JSR may be interested to know that the latest issue of CSPACE PRESS s magazine on the history of spaceflight QUEST contains an article by me outlining the history of US reconnaissance satellite programs with a listing of all known US imaging recon sat flights as well as an article by Dwayne Day on the origins of the CORONA program The next issue will contain the second part of my article covering signals intelligence and early warning satellites You can get QUEST from CSPACE PO Box 9331 Grand Rapids MI 49509 0331 for 19 95 a year 35 00 overseas air mail Meanwhile following the flight of the final Resurs F JSR 258 262 the Russian magazine Novosti Kosmonavtiki has published a remarkable article by M Tarasenko and V Agapov on the Resurs F program including a detailed and complete list of launches with spacecraft serial numbers and launch pads and a discussion of the different Resurs F variants Nov Kos 1995 No 20 from Videocosmos cosmos space accessnet ru Recent Launches The second Gals direct broadcast TV satellite was launched on Nov 17 by a Proton from Baykonur The Proton probably used the new DM2M 11S861 01 upper stage According to Ron Baalke s Space Calendar the satellite has been bought by the Land Group a Chinese company Gals satellites are built by NPO Prikladnoi Mekhaniki On Nov 19 Gals 2 was at 88 deg E drifting 1 deg W per day in a 1441 7 min 35764 x 36026 km x 0 2 deg orbit Does anyone have more details on the Land Group and their purchase of Gals satellites The Kosmos 2291 Geizer class comsat has reached its new location at 14 7W presumably backing up Kosmos 2172 at 13 3W In October Kosmos 2291 was replaced at 80E by the new Kosmos 2319 satellite and began a slow drift to its new location Geizer satellites relay telecommunications for the Russian Ministry of Defence ESA s Infrared Space Observatory raised its perigee in a 111 min burn on Nov 19 The orbit was altered from 500 x 71577 km x 5 2 deg to 1030 x 71606 km x 5 2 deg A second burn to lower the apogee is expected on Nov 24 Initial checks of the ISOPHOT

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.265 (2016-04-29)
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  • Lagrange point 1 5 million km from Earth in the direction of the Sun The Centaur separated from SOHO at 1009 UTC around 1045 UTC diffuse emission reported as a possible new comet was seen by observers in the Northeastern US which may be associated with Centaur venting The Centaur was inserted in an orbit with an apogee of 1 15 million km and is likely to end up in solar orbit after a couple of revolutions because of perturbations Thanks to Joel Runes for some details in this report SOHO carries telescopes spectrometers and coronagraphs to study the atmosphere of the Sun and particle detectors to study the composition and state of the solar wind Unlike earlier solar observatories however SOHO also carries instruments to precisely measure oscillations of the Sun which can be used to study the interior structure of the Sun a technique called helioseismology The 1850 kg spacecraft was built by Matra Marconi Space ISO lowered its apogee on Nov 24 and is now in a 1437 16 min 1036 x 70578 km x 5 2 deg orbit The perigee burn was at 1310 UTC on Nov 19 and the apogee burn was at 0245 on Nov 24 The cryostat cover was ejected at 1027 UTC on Nov 27 and the first light image of the galaxy M51 was taken on Nov 28 The LWS spectrometer has now detected its first spectral lines The Meteosat 3 and Meteosat 4 weather satellites have now both been removed from geostationary orbit Meteosat 4 s orbit was raised starting at 2030 UTC on Nov 6 Meteosat 3 s orbit was raised in a series of burns from Nov 21 at 2115 UTC to Nov 22 at 2135 UTC Thanks to C Groen Nielsen ESA Thanks to several readers for

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.266 (2016-04-29)
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  • with optical and near infrared imaging array CCD sensors as well as the ICMS mapping system Here is the complete list of Titan 4 launches to date thanks to several correspondents for helping me refine this but there may still be errors corrections are welcome Serial Date Model Pad Upper stage and payload Notes Titan 4 launches from Cape Canaveral K 1 1989 Jun 14 402 41 IUS USAF DSP 14 early warning K 4 1990 Jun 8 405 41 Navy Advanced PARCAE 1 K 6 1990 Nov 12 402 41 IUS USAF DSP 15 early warning K 10 1994 Feb 7 401 40 Centaur TC 12 Milstar 1 comsat K 7 1994 May 3 401 41 Centaur TC 10 NRO Advanced JUMPSEAT 1 K 9 1994 Aug 27 401 41 Centaur TC 11 NRO Advanced VORTEX 1 K 14 1994 Dec 22 402 40 IUS USAF DSP 17 early warning K 23 1995 May 14 401 40 Centaur TC 17 NRO Advanced ORION 1 K 19 1995 Jul 10 401 41 Centaur TC 8 NRO Advanced JUMPSEAT 1 K 21 1995 Nov 6 401 40 Centaur TC 13 Milstar 2 comsat Titan 4 launches from Vandenberg AFB K 5 1991 Mar 8 403 4E NRO LACROSSE 2 1 K 8 1991 Nov 7 403 4E Navy Advanced PARCAE 1 K 3 1992 Nov 28 404 4E TPA Improved CRYSTAL 2 1 2 K 11 1993 Aug 2 403 4E Navy Advanced PARCAE 1 3 K 15 1995 Dec 5 404 4E TPA Improved CRYSTAL 3 1 Notes 1 Classified payload true name unknown Advanced X indicates a new generation replacing the series which had codename X PARCAE was a US Navy intelligence spacecraft JUMPSEAT and VORTEX were USAF NSA electronic and signals intelligence payloads ORION was a CIA signals intelligence spacecraft LACROSSE is a radar imaging satellite Improved CRYSTAL is an optical and near infrared imaging satellite All of these missions are classified and my analysis is based on guesses from information in the open literature 2 Titan model 404 may possibly carry the Titan Payload Adapter TPA designed to support payloads originally built for Shuttle launch 3 Launch failure Arianespace SA launched the V81 Ariane mission on Dec 6 Launch was at 2323 UT at 2340 UT the H 10 III third stage shut down entering geostationary transfer orbit At 2344 the Telecom 2C satellite separated followed by the Mini SPELDA adapter plate and at 2349 UT the Insat 2C satellite was released The satellites entered a 630 1 min 224 x 35712 km x 6 8 deg transfer orbit V81 was the 11th flight of Ariane in 1995 all of which have been successful Telecom 2C is a Matra Marconi Space comsat for France Telecom The spacecraft carries 10 C band and 11 Ku band transponders for French domestic communications and communications with the departements d outremer It also has 5 X band transponders for the Delegation Generale pour l Armement which operates the military Syracuse communications

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.267 (2016-04-29)
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  • CLAS Sensor 2 Task Plate which measures loads exerted by the crew Bay 3 Stbd CLAS Sensor 3 Task Plate which is part of the Crew Loads Assembly System for measuring the force needed to do certain tasks Bay 4 Stbd SURF Starboard Umbilical Receiver Fixture for slotting the RU across the payload bay Thanks to Kevin at KSC for some of this info Mir The EO 20 cosmonauts Gidzenko and Avdeev depressurized the Mir transfer compartment for a 37 minute EVA to transfer the docking cone from the Z axis Kristall to the Z port where Priroda will dock Hatch open was at 1915 UTC on Dec 8 Info from Chris van den Berg As predicted in JSR 262 Mir s orbit was raised on Dec 9 using the Progress M 29 cargo ferry s engine The mean altitude was raised by only 5 km from 92 41 min 390 x 395 km x 51 6 deg to 92 46 min 390 x 399 km x 51 6 deg Launch of the Progress M 30 cargo ferry is expected on December 18 at 1431 UTC Recent Launches Lockheed Martin launched AC 120 an Atlas IIA Centaur vehicle on Dec 15 AC 120 carried the Hughes Galaxy IIIR satellite into geostationary transfer orbit Galaxy IIIR is an HS 601 class satellite It will provide C band 24 transponders video distribution in the US and Ku band 24 transponders direct broadcast TV to Latin America Galaxy 3R s initial orbit was 200 x 34348 km x 26 94 deg with a period of 603 4 minutes The USA 116 recon satellite was inserted into a 156 x 976 km x 98 7 deg orbit according to ITAR TASS quoting sources in the Russian Ministry of Defense It has since raised its perigee to around 250 km according to Russian sources This is an excellent match to the 250 x 1000 km orbit of the earlier Improved CRYSTAL USA 86 The Galileo probe descended 160 km below the Jovian cloud tops on Dec 7 surviving for 57 minutes after the beginning of entry Flyby of the Orbiter past Io was at 892 km not 1000 km according to the Dec 8 Galileo status report The line of sight from Jupiter to Earth passes too close to the Sun at the moment for reliable data transmission and the remainder of the probe data will be relayed starting next month The VKS Russian Space Forces launched a Proton K vehicle with a Blok DM2 upper stage from Baykonur on Dec 14 The rocket inserted three Uragan navigation satellites nos 776 778 and 782 into 19000 km circular orbits at an inclination of 64 8 degrees The Uragan spacecraft which form part of the GLONASS Global naya Navigatsionnaya Sputnikovaya Sistema navigation system were given the cover names Kosmos 2323 Kosmos 2324 and Kosmos 2325 They are in GLONASS plane 2 Source VKS CSIC Erratum the Gals and Luch 1 launches carried the Blok DM2 upper

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.268 (2016-04-29)
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  • M 11F615A55 series of spacecraft consist of a cargo module a fuel section and a service module They are based on the Soyuz 7K spaceship design 73 robot cargo ships in the Progress and Progress M series have now been launched towards the DOS 5 6 and 7 Salyut 6 Salyut 7 and Mir space stations every single one has successfully delivered its cargo although several of the Progress M ferries had to make more than one attempt at docking Recent Launches Kosmos 2326 was launched on Dec 20 It is an electronic intelligence ocean reconnaissance satellite built by KB Arsenal for the Russian Defense Ministry and uses a low thrust engine to maintain its 400 km high 65 degree orbit Kosmos 2326 also carries a supplementary scientific experiment from the Ioffe Institute in St Petersburg according to V Agapov The experiment is the Konus A gamma ray spectrometer used to detect cosmic gamma ray bursts Konus A is a successor to earlier Konus experiments carried on Venera probes in the 1970s and 1980s Launch of Delta 230 with the X ray Timing Explorer satellite was scrubbed on Dec 18 at 1501 UTC when the liquid oxygen valve on the first stage failed to open and the main engine did not ignite The vernier engines ignited briefly but the solids were not commanded to ignite and the vehicle remained safely on the pad The Russian spy satellite Kosmos 2305 may have completed its mission and been deorbited around 0h UTC on Dec 19 Two new objects were tracked in orbit around that time Orbit of Kosmos 2305 on Dec 18 was 89 77 min 239 x 286 km x 64 9 deg Kosmos 2305 was launched in Dec 1994 its companion spacecraft Kosmos 2320 remains in a similar orbit Table of Recent Launches Date UT Name Launch Vehicle Site Mission INTL DES Nov 4 1422 Radarsat Delta 7920 Vandenberg SLC2 Rem sensing 59A SURFSAT 59B Nov 6 0515 Milstar DFS 2 Titan 4 Centaur Canaveral LC40 Comsat 60A Nov 12 1230 Atlantis Shuttle Kennedy LC39A Spaceship 61A Docking Module Nov 17 0120 ISO Ariane 44P Kourou ELA2 Astronomy 62A Nov 17 1425 Gals 2 Proton K DM2 Baykonur LC200L Comsat 63A Nov 28 1130 Asiasat 2 Chang Zheng 2E Xichang Comsat 64A Dec 2 0808 SOHO Atlas IIAS Canaveral LC36B Astronomy 65A Dec 5 2118 USA 116 Titan 4 Vandenberg SLC4E Recon 66A Dec 6 2323 Telecom 2C Ariane 44L Kourou ELA2 Comsat 67A Insat 2C Comsat 67B Dec 14 0610 Kosmos 2323 Navsat 68A Kosmos 2324 Proton K DM2 Baykonur LC200L Navsat 68B Kosmos 2325 Navsat 68C Dec 15 0023 Galaxy IIIR Atlas IIA Canaveral LC36A Comsat 69A Dec 18 1431 Progress M 30 Soyuz U Baykonur LC1 Cargo ship 70A Dec 20 0052 Kosmos 2326 Tsiklon 2 Baykonur LC90 Eorsat Sci 71A Payloads no longer in orbit Nov 5 Columbia Landed at KSC Nov 18 Molniya 1 80 92A Reentered Nov 20 Atlantis Landed at KSC Dec 7

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.269 (2016-04-29)
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  • Flight Center XTE s launch vehicle was a two stage McDonnell Douglas Delta 7920 10 model Delta 230 Launch was at 1348 UTC on Dec 30 first the two liquid vernier engines ignite and immediately afterwards the main engine ignited successfully 2 5 seconds before liftoff Six of the nine Hercules GEM solid rocket motors Nos 1 2 3 7 8 and 9 ignited and the vehicle left the pad The six solids burnt out and separated as solids 4 5 and 6 ignited at around T 1 min 5 sec Solids 4 5 and 6 then burnt out and separated at 2min 11 sec The main RS 27 engine cutoff at 4min 20 sec and the first Thor derived stage fell away at 4 29 The Delta second stage ignited its AJ 10 118K liquid engine at 4 34 and the 10 foot payload shroud having survived those upper level winds was jettisoned at 4 40 at an altitude of 143 km The first burn of the second stage shut down at 1358 UTC T 9 55 with Delta XTE in a 157 x 613 km x 28 73 deg Earth orbit The combination coasted toward apogee for an hour and at 1456 T 1 08 18 the Delta reignited for a 1 min 31 sec burn to circularize the orbit at 565 x 583 km x 23 0 deg Delta 230 separated from XTE at 1506 UTC At 1526 UTC Delta 230 ignited for the third time in an evasive maneuver to leave the vicinity of XTE and at 1534 UTC the AJ 10 118K was turned on for the fourth and last time in a depletion burn intended to lower the orbit and get rid of residual propellant to avoid the possibility of a later explosion in the 1970s exploding relic Delta stages were responsible for significant contributions to the orbital debris population It ended up in a 176 x 575 km x 25 0 deg orbit and should reenter rapidly Satellite catalog number 23658 which had been reserved for the Fasat Alfa Chilean subsatellite that failed to separate from Sich 1 has now been assigned to the Centaur AC 117 stage from the JCSAT 3 launch which on Dec 17 was tracked in a 175 x 79168 km x 22 93 deg orbit Cataloged with Kosmos 2326 1995 71A 23748 is the rocket stage 1995 71C 23750 which reentered on the day of launch implying the existence of an object 1995 71B 23749 for which no elements have yet been released This may be a misunderstanding based on the incorrect assumption that the Konus A experiment is intended to separate from the main satellite and the catalog number may be reassigned The Goddard OIG group has reported the decay of object 23453 Kosmos 2305 as suggested by me in JSR 269 although they confused the issue by labelling it Kosmos 398 The Gals 2 satellite has been positioned at 70 9E over the Indian Ocean Asiasat

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.270 (2016-04-29)
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  • sep from Sich 1 47A Soyuz TM 22 RKA Spaceship Sep 3 Docked to Mir Sep 5 48A Endeavour STS 69 NASA JSC Spaceship Sep 7 Landed at KSC Sep 18 48B Spartan 201 NASA GSFC Astronomy Sep 8 Retrieved by Endeavour Sep 10 48C WSF 2 SVEC Micrograv Sep 11 Retrieved by Endeavour Sep 14 49A Telstar 402R AT T Comsat Sep 24 35770 x 35803 x 0 1 89 0W 50A Resurs F 2 N 10 RKA Rem sens Sep 26 Landed in Russia Oct 26 51A Kosmos 2320 MO RF Recon Sep 29 235 x 372 x 64 9 52A Kosmos 2321 MO RF Navsat Oct 6 256 x 754 x 82 9 53A Progress M 29 RKA Cargo Oct 8 Deorbited over Pacific Dec 19 54A Luch 1 RKA Comsat Oct 11 35753 x 35818 x 2 9 77 1E 55A Astra 1E SES Comsat Oct 19 35766 x 35802 x 0 0 19 2E 56A Columbia STS 73 NASA JSC Spaceship Oct 20 Landed at KSC Nov 5 56A USML 2 NASA MSFC Lab Oct 20 Attached to Columbia 57A UHF F6 HCI USN Comsat Oct 22 35776 x 35797 x 5 0 105 3W Meteor EER Micrograv Oct 23 Destroyed during launch 58A Kosmos 2322 MO RF Sigint Oct 31 847 x 854 x 71 0 59A Radarsat CSA Rem sens Nov 4 790 x 792 x 98 6 59B SURFSAT NASA JPL Technology Nov 4 934 x 1494 x100 6 60A Milstar DFS 2 USAF Comsat Nov 6 35787 x 35787 x 10 0 61A Atlantis STS 74 NASA JSC Spaceship Nov 12 Landed at KSC Nov 20 61A 316GK SM RKA Lab Nov 12 Docked to Mir Nov 15 62A ISO ESA Astronomy Nov 17 1110 x 70504 x 5 1 63A Gals 2 Land Comsat Nov 17 35784 x 35788 x 0 2 70 9E 64A Asiasat 2 Asiasat Comsat Nov 28 35777 x 35798 x 0 4 100 5E 65A SOHO ESA Astronomy Dec 2 En route Earth Sun L1 point 66A USA 116 NRO CIA Recon Dec 5 250 x 976 x 98 7 67A Telecom 2C FT Comsat Dec 6 35777 x 35793 x 0 1 1 1E 67B Insat 2C ISRO Comsat Dec 6 35755 x 35817 x 0 2 92 5E 68A Kosmos 2323 MO RF Navsat Dec 14 18677 x 19133 x 64 8 68B Kosmos 2324 MO RF Navsat Dec 14 19133 x 19142 x 64 8 68C Kosmos 2325 MO RF Navsat Dec 14 19112 x 19147 x 64 8 69A Galaxy 3R HCI Comsat Dec 15 35756 x 35792 x 0 1 70A Progress M 30 RKA Cargo Dec 18 Docked to Mir Dec 20 71A Kosmos 2326 MO RF Elint Astr Dec 20 406 x 415 x 65 0 72A IRS 1C ISRO Rem sens Dec 28 805 x 817 x 98 6 72B Skipper BMDO MO RF Technol Dec 28 804 x 813 x 98 6 73A Echostar 1 Echostar

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.271 (2016-04-29)
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