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  • studies the isotopic composition of energetic ions The CEPPAD Comprehensive Energetic Particle Pitch Angle Distribution studies high energy protons and electrons The XTE satellite launched last December has been renamed RXTE the Bruno B Rossi X ray Timing Explorer or loosely the Rossi X ray Timing Explorer The All Sky Monitor experiment has been turned on again although one of the counters is still having problems Trip Report What I Did On My Vacation Stop one UTC in San Jose The Titan solid motor plant is nestled in the hills over Silicon Valley United Technologies Corp s Chemical Systems Division makes the solid boosters for Titan but Alliant Hercules has the contract for the new boosters so work on the project is winding down now The UTC CSD Titan boosters have powered Titan 3C 3D 3E 34D and 4 since 1965 and provided the only experience base on large solid motors prior to the Shuttle UTC also built the first stage of Scout the solid motors used in Boeing s IUS upper stage and the Orbus solid motors used most famously in the Intelsat rescue mission STS 49 in 1992 I was lucky to see several Titan segments up fairly close and the test stand where complete solid motors were fired wrong end up Stop two the JPL Archives Lots of the details of the early Explorer program were classified at the time but are now available After the Russian success of Sputnik over Vanguard the JPL Huntsville team initiated Project Deal The idea was that when you lose a round while playing poker you say Deal to begin another round hoping to win the rematch Filed under Deal in the archives are the engineering drawings for payload RTV 7 Deal I dated Dec 1957 and Jan 1958 This is actually the payload which was named Explorer I after launch America s first satellite Does anyone know who came up with the Explorer name and when it was first used Project Deal III was the Beacon satellite which would have been Explorer VI if it had reached orbit I haven t found Deal II but suspect it is Explorer II and III with Explorer IV and V not having a Deal name The plans for Deal III already in embryo prior to the Explorer I launch include the first description I have seen of an idea described by them as the kick in the apogee the origin of the apogee kick motor used to raise perigee after orbit insertion Stop three Vandenberg Air Force Base Space Launch Complex 10 is a fascinating site currently in the care of Jay Pritchard who is knowledgeable and enthusiastic He has a Thor IRBM horizontal on its launch transporter inside the complex which is covered by a roll off shelter The launch control center still has working consoles it was last used in 1980 but some of the equipment is still turned on Among other artifacts in Pritchard s embryonic museum are Minuteman stages

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.278 (2016-04-29)
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  • control a milestone in the integration of satellite navigation techniques into the business of navigating and controlling satellites themselves The successful launch of REX II is good news for Orbital Sciences Corp and for all small satellite missions which are waiting for a ride to orbit following the failures of the two previous Pegasus XL missions as well as of the sole Conestoga and LLV launches The L 1011 carrier aircraft took off from Vandenberg AFB at 0035 UTC on Mar 9 and went to the drop zone 100 km W of Monterey California at an altitude of 12 km Drop was at 0133 UTC on Mar 9 The satellite is Space Command number 23814 with orbit 101 25 min 803 x 832 km x 90 0 deg The USAF reports that the satellite is operating well Chinese sources now report that six people died and 57 were injured during the crash of the Chang Zheng 3B Long March 3B launch vehicle at Xichang on Feb 14 Other sources claim that more than a hundred may have died The rocket s inertial guidance unit failed two seconds after takeoff NASA s GGS Polar satellite has raised its perigee but Space Command hasn t released new orbital elements yet According to the Lockheed Martin mission ops page the new orbit has a perigee of 11500 km Orbit raising burns were made on Feb 26 0200 UTC on Feb 28 1854 on Feb 28 1140 on Feb 29 and 0436 UTC on Mar 1 The first Feb 28 burn was aborted after 18 minutes due to valve overheating causing some of the later burns to be rescheduled Polar has extended its antennae the U wires were deployed to 65 meters and the V wires to 50 meters on Mar 10 Table of

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.279 (2016-04-29)
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  • active and Anna Fisher recently returned to active status after a several year leave of absence she hasn t flown since 1985 Sally Ride left the group in 1987 and Kathy Sullivan left in 1992 to become chief scientist at the NOAA weather agency Judy Resnik died in the 51 L accident in 1986 Mir Correction I reported the landing of Soyuz TM 22 as being in Kazakhstan JSR 278 As Jim Oberg has pointed out the correct spelling of this country in the Latin alphabet is now deemed to be Kazakstan no h reflecting the modifications to the post Soviet Kazak alphabet Qazaqstan would be a more consistent transliteration but the name of the country and the people is to be spelt with K as a special case Jim also reports that the town formerly known as Leninsk which lies next to Kosmodrom Baykonur Test Range NIIP 5 has now been officially named Baykonur Recent Launches The Intelsat 707 communications satellite was launched by an Arianespace Ariane 44LP launch vehicle on Mar 14 It will be placed over the Atlantic The success of 707 follows the loss of the Intelsat 708 satellite which was destroyed in the explosion of a Chang Zheng 3B rocket last month Intelsat 707 is a Space Systems Loral FS 1300 class satellite It was inserted into a 189 x 35772 km x 7 0 deg transfer orbit A Yantar class imaging recon satellite was launched on Mar 14 from Plesetsk Given the code name Kosmos 2331 it was placed in a 164 x 355 km orbit with an inclination of 67 1 degrees by a Soyuz U launch vehicle This Russian Defense Ministry payload carries a US Department of Defense secondary experiment launched as part of the Space Test Program the BINRAD package which will attempt to detect the presence of beryllium at orbital altitudes BINRAD was flown twice before on Russian civilian Resurs F remote sensing missions The Pegasus XL launch was carried out from 36 deg N 123 deg W which I understand is in special use airspace W 283 San Francisco Warning Area rather than in W 532 Point Arguello Warning Area just south of there can pilots confirm The L 1011 aircraft is based in Bakersfield California but for launches takes off from runway 30 12 at Vandenberg AFB The REX II satellite launched on the Pegasus has now extended its 6 m long gravity gradient boom The FSW 1 Jianbing 93 recovery capsule stranded in orbit in 1993 reentered over the ocean on Mar 12 The ECS 1 Eutelsat I F 1 satellite raised its orbit in February and is now drifting Koreasat 2 is now on station at 113 0 deg E The Telecom 1C satellite has moved from 3 0 deg E to 1 0 deg E Intelsat 501 moved back into the geostationary ring at 72 0E Indian Ocean The Galileo orbit made a perijove raise burn at apojove on Mar 14 changing its orbit from

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.280 (2016-04-29)
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  • the Mir base block The Strela is used to move spacewalkers and their equipment from one side of the station to another The existing one wouldn t reach the Kristall module which the new one will allow The spacewalkers also went to the Kvant 37KE module and did preparatory work for attaching a new solar array Duration of the space walk was 5h 51m Info from C vd Berg Shannon Lucid will become one of the EO 21 crew when her Soyuz reentry couch is transferred from Atlantis after the docking In a classic display of leftover Soviet era male chauvinism Gagarin Training Center deputy commander Gen Glazkov reported that they expected improved living conditions on Mir with NASA astronaut Lucid aboard because we know that women love to clean AP report This from the space agency which hailed Svetlana Savitskaya s 1984 first spacewalk by a woman with now Soviet space technology is advanced enough that even a woman can make spacewalks Excuse me Recent Launches The Indian Space Research Organization ISRO has launched IRS P3 a remote sensing satellite using its solid propellant 4 stage Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle PSLV Launch was from the Sriharikota Island range this was the third PSLV launch and the second success Other IRS satellites have been launched with Russian rockets most recently in December IRS P3 is in an 802 x 848 km x 98 8 deg orbit IRS satellites IRS 1A 1988 Mar 17 Vostok Baykonur 870 x 914 km x 99 0 deg IRS 1B 1991 Aug 29 Vostok Baykonur 862 x 918 km x 99 2 deg IRS 1E 1993 Sep 20 PSLV D1 Sriharikota Failed IRS P2 1994 Oct 15 PSLV D2 Sriharikota 798 x 882 km x 98 7 deg IRS 1C 1995 Dec 28 Molniya M Baykonur 816 x 818 km x 98 6 deg IRS P3 1996 Mar 21 PSLV D3 Sriharikota 802 x 848 km x 98 8 deg India s first satellite was Aryabhata launched by a Soviet rocket in 1975 Its first domestic launch vehicle was the SLV 3 first flown in 1979 and first flown successfully in 1980 IRS P3 is the sixth Indian launch to reach orbit The TSS 1 untethered satellite reentered with its 20 km tether at 2312 UTC on 19 Mar according to Space Command Late on Mar 19 it was in a 193 x 210 km x 28 5 deg orbit and reentry was over the Middle East Persian Gulf region Table of Recent Launches Date UT Name Launch Vehicle Site Mission INTL DES Feb 1 0115 Palapa C 1 Atlas IIAS Canaveral LC36B Comsat 06A Feb 5 0719 N STAR b Ariane 44P Kourou ELA2 Comsat 07A Feb 14 1901 Intelsat 708 Chang Zheng 3B Xichang Comsat FTO Feb 17 2043 NEAR Delta 7925 8 Canaveral LC17B Space probe 08A Feb 19 0058 Gonets D1 09A Gonets D1 09B Gonets D1 Tsiklon 3 Plesetsk LC32 Comsats 09C Kosmos 2328 09D Kosmos 2329 09E Kosmos 2330

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.281 (2016-04-29)
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  • Experiment Payloads from the rear of the Orbiter cargo bay to the exterior of Mir s Docking Module and removed a television camera from the Docking Module exterior The Atlantis astronauts returned to the Shuttle and closed the hatches at around 1300 UTC on Mar 28 They undocked at 0108 UTC on Mar 29 and flew slowly around the complex separating at 0208 UTC Landing is due for 1257 UTC on Mar 30 shortening the mission by one day compared to the original plan The Mir Atlantis complex is in a 390 x 397 km x 51 6 deg orbit The Great Comet of 1996 Meanwhile Comet C 1996 B2 Hyakutake which reached perigee of 15 million km on Mar 25 is easily visible to the naked eye even in the partly cloudy bright skies of Cambridge MA As seen from the darker skies of Walden Pond on Mar 27 the comet s tail stretched from Polaris most of the way to the pointer stars of the Great Bear This is the Real Thing if you ve only seen it from an urban area make sure to catch it from a rural dark site in the next few days Brian Marsden of the IAU Central Bureau for Astronomical Telegrams says he doesn t consider this a Great Comet in the historically used sense and we should hang on for Hale Bopp next year but I m impressed nevertheless Obituary Former astronaut Col Robert Overmyer 59 was killed on Mar 22 in Duluth Minnesota while the prototype Cirrus Design VK30 small airplane he was flying went into an unrecoverable spin Overmyer was selected as a USAF Manned Orbiting Laboratory astronaut in 1966 and transferred to NASA in 1969 He was pilot of STS 5 Columbia and commander of mission 51 B Challenger Spacelab 3 Recent Launches A Rockwell Block IIA Navstar Global Positioning System GPS satellite was launched on Mar 28 It will be placed in plane C I don t have the SVN number of the satellite yet Navstar SVN 30 33 38 and 40 remained to be launched in the Block IIA series Launch was by a McDonnell Douglas Delta 7925 which placed the satellite in a 192 x 20269 km x 34 9 deg transfer orbit A solid Thiokol Star 37 apogee motor will circularize the orbit at 20000 km Intelsat 707 reached its 1 0 deg E geostationary position on Mar 22 The Skipper satellite launched last December reportedly failed one day after deployment because the solar panels were wired to discharge instead of charge Skipper was to have tested ballistic missile defense technologies in an aerobraking orbit but remains instead in its original 800 km circular track Table of Recent Launches Date UT Name Launch Vehicle Site Mission INTL DES Feb 1 0115 Palapa C 1 Atlas IIAS Canaveral LC36B Comsat 06A Feb 5 0719 N STAR b Ariane 44P Kourou ELA2 Comsat 07A Feb 14 1901 Intelsat 708 Chang Zheng 3B Xichang Comsat FTO Feb

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.282 (2016-04-29)
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  • Services The satellite will provide mobile communications services at L band for the International Maritime Satellite Organization The satellite is a Lockheed Martin Astro Space AS4000 series satellite with a Matra Marconi Space communications payload and a Star 37 solid apogee motor The apogee motor was fired prior to April 8 by which time the Inmarsat was being tracked in a 1414 5 minute 35174 x 35549 km x 2 7 deg drift orbit LKEI Lockheed Krunichev Energiya International launched a Proton K rocket from Baykonur on Apr 8 carrying an RKK Energiya Blok DM2 upper stage and the Astra 1F satellite for SES Societe Europeene des Satellites a company headquartered in Luxembourg This is the first commercial launch of a Western built satellite by a Proton The Astra 1F is a Hughes HS 601 television broadcasting satellite The Navstar satellite launched on March 28 was GPS SVN 33 By Mar 30 it had fired its Star 37 apogee motor and was in a 20252 x 20548 km x 54 8 deg orbit It will be stationed in plane C slot 2 with code PRN 03 SVN 33 is the satellite which was attacked with an axe by an anti nuclear activist a couple of years ago SVN 10 launched in Sep 1984 was boosted to a higher orbit and turned off on Mar 26 Space Command has cataloged a number of fragments in elliptical orbit with a period of 166 minutes which it has associated with the 1966 77 launch FTV 1352 The spacecraft was a second generation MIDAS infrared early warning development satellite It is possible that the association is erroneous and the fragments are actually yet more clumps of needles from the West Ford 1963 14 passive communications experiment which inserted millions of copper dipoles into similar

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.283 (2016-04-29)
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  • GBA 9 carries eleven Getaway Special GAS canisters G 056 Caltech G 063 Lockheed Martin Penn State G 142 DARA German space agency G 144 DARA G 163 European Space Agency G 200 Utah State University G 490 British Sugar G 564 Canadian Space Agency G 565 Canadian Space Agency G 703 NASA Lewis G 741 NASA Lewis G 056 is the GAMCIT gamma ray burst detector built by Caltech s SEDS student organization Recent Launches The launch of Astra 1F on Apr 8 demonstrated a new profile for RKK Energiya s Blok DM2 upper stage The Krunichev three stage Proton K launch vehicle entered a standard parking orbit of 213 x 219 km x 51 6 deg The Blok DM2 Astra 1F combination separated and the Blok DM2 ignited to enter an elliptical orbit of 11970 x 35936 km x 6 95 deg This probably involved two burns of the Blok DM2 and we may soon see the SOZ ullage motor units cataloged in a 200 x 36000 km x 47 degree transfer orbit Usually the second burn of the DM2 takes the payload all the way to geosynchronous orbit since the Russian geosats do not have apogee motors of their own but the heavy Astra 1F instead used its own liquid apogee engine to complete the ascent first lowering inclination and raising perigee to 27160 x 35994 km x 0 9 deg and then by Apr 11 to 30135 x 36147 km By Apr 15 Astra 1F was in a 35757 x 35791 km x 0 1 deg orbit over 27 0 deg E drifting 0 1 deg per day Table of Recent Launches Date UT Name Launch Vehicle Site Mission INTL DES Mar 9 0133 REX II Pegasus XL L1011 Vandenberg Technol 14A Mar 14 0711 Intelsat

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.284 (2016-04-29)
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  • the Spirit III cryogenic infrared telescope the first to use solid hydrogen instead of the liquid helium that has been used by infrared astronomy satellites in the past The hydrogen will maintain the dewar at 8 5K MSX will also perform civilian scientific research with atmospheric observations and astronomical studies The MSX spacecraft was built by Johns Hopkins University s Applied Physics Lab MSX instruments are SPIRIT III 0 34m Spatial IR Imaging Telescope 2 5 28 microns UVISI UV and Visible Imagers and Spectrographic Imagers CIC Contamination Instrumentation Complement to study outgassing and contamination of optical surfaces SBV Space Based Visible camera 0 15m telescope CCD Titan IV K 16 was launched from Cape Canaveral on Apr 24 It was a Titan 401 variant with a Centaur upper stage and the payload is probably a geostationary orbit signals intelligence satellite Kosmos 2332 was launched on Apr 24 It entered a 303 x 1575 km x 83 deg orbit characteristic of radar calibration satellites including Kosmos 1179 Kosmos 1463 and Kosmos 2265 It is believed that these satellites are spherical in shape and may be based on the Vostok Zenit descent cabin shell Telesat Mobile Inc TMI of Canada s M SAT satellite was launched by Ariane on Apr 20 M SAT uses the Hughes HS 601 design but its prime contractor was Spar Aerospace of Canada a similar industrial partnership was used for the Anik D satellites in the 1980s in which Spar used the Hughes HS 376 design The satellite is almost identical to the AMSC 1 satellite launched last year for American Mobile Satellite Corp and carries L band transponders for communications between mobile users Table of Recent Launches Date UT Name Launch Vehicle Site Mission INTL DES Mar 9 0133 REX II Pegasus XL L1011 Vandenberg

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.285 (2016-04-29)
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