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  • Sciences Corp s Pegasus rocket program two from Los Alamos and two from Georgia Tech The remainder are from NASA related centers three from JSC Houston two from Kennedy two from Goddard and one each from Langley and JPL This is a bit broader than some earlier selections which tended to pick almost all the civilians from JSC All the new candidates were born in the USA except for GSFC s Dr Piers Sellers who was born in England None of the previous 1994 group of astronauts has yet been selected for a mission Recent Launches Lockheed Martin s Atlas I Centaur flight AC 78 was launched on Apr 30 from Cape Canaveral AC 78 s Centaur second stage made two burns the second changing the orbital plane to lower the inclination to the equator delivering its payload to a 581 x 605 km x 4 0 deg orbit This is probably the lowest inclination payload launched from Cape Canaveral with the exception of geostationary missions The AC 78 payload was SAX the Italian Space Agency s Satellite per Astronomia a raggi X SAX carries a set of 30 nested gold coated concentrators with detectors to study the spectrum of X ray sources over a wide energy range from photon energies of 0 1 to 200 keV and an approximately 1 degree field of view Three Xenon gas scintillation proportional counters GSPCs study the 1 10 keV range while a fourth the LEGSPC studies the 0 1 1 keV range A High Pressure GSPC HPGSPC coveres the hard X ray range of 3 120 keV while the PDS Phoswich Detector System is sensitive up to 200 keV All of these instruments are in the focal plane of the X ray concentrator telescope They don t have the collecting area of the Rossi X ray Timing Explorer but they have better spatial resolution since Rossi doesn t have an imaging telescope Previous missions like Einstein ROSAT and Rossi don t cover the full X ray energy range Einstein and ROSAT didn t have the hard energies Rossi and Asuka don t have the soft energies and X ray sources are so variable that if you want to have the big picture you need get the whole range simultaneously so SAX fills an important niche An auxiliary coded mask telescope pointing out to the side uses Dutch built Wide Field Cameras to study a much larger 20 degree field of view for monitoring transient sources in the 2 30 keV range The Dutch NIVR space agency collaborates with ASI Agenzia Spaziale Italiano on the SAX project as well as the European Space Agency s ESTEC research center also in Holland which built the LEGSPC SAX was built by the Italian company Alenia The classified satellite launched on Apr 24 is probably an advanced version of the VORTEX signals intelligence spacecraft The launch vehicle used powerful twin solid rocket motors built by UTC CSD These separated two minutes into flight from the liquid

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.286 (2016-04-29)
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  • launch vehicle two minutes after launch from Baykonur Initial reports suggest a payload fairing failure The spacecraft was to have spent 45 days in orbit and would have carried out the SPIN 2 mapping project for US firms as well as imaging for the Russian Ministry of Defense The Soyuz U vehicle is built by the TsSKB s Progress factory in Samara and has an excellent reliability record by Western standards Ariane flight V86 a 44L model was successfully launched on May 16 It placed in orbit the first Israeli communications satellite AMOS as well as a Hughes built Palapa C comsat for Indonesia AMOS was built by IAI Israel Aircraft Industries Two Ku band beams serve the Middle East and Eastern Europe A second AMOS will be built for the Hungarian Broadcasting Co There are 9 transponders and the mass of the satellite was 996 kg at launch It will be stationed at 4 deg W PT Satelindo s Palapa C 2 is a 2989 kg HS 601 C Ku band hybrid comsat which will be positioned at 108 deg E over Jakarta Table of Recent Launches Date UT Name Launch Vehicle Site Mission INTL DES Apr 3 2301 Inmarsat III F1 Atlas IIA Canaveral LC36 Comsat 20A Apr 8 2309 Astra 1F Proton K DM2 Baykonur Comsat 21A Apr 20 2236 M SAT 1 Ariane 42P Kourou ELA2 Comsat 22A Apr 23 1148 Priroda Proton K Baykonur Spaceship 23A Apr 24 1227 MSX Delta 7920 Vandenberg SLC2W Mil tech 24A Apr 24 1303 Kosmos 2332 Kosmos 3M Plesetsk Radar cal 25A Apr 24 2337 USA 118 Titan 401 Canaveral LC41 Sigint 26A Apr 30 0431 SAX Atlas I Canaveral LC36B Astronomy 27A May 5 0704 Progress M 31 Soyuz U Baykonur Cargo 28A May 12 2132 USA 119

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.287 (2016-04-29)
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  • it to the other end of the complex using the Strela 2 crane The MCSA was attached to the 37KE Kvant module opposite another panel which was added last year The EVA concluded at 0410 UTC on May 21 after 5h 20m The second spacewalk began on May 24 at 2047 UTC Onufrienko and Usachyov completed the installation of the MCSA and connected it electrically The spacewalk was concluded on May 25 at 0230 UTC The MCSA panel was deployed from its initial folded configuration on May 25 Source C v d Berg s Mir News Columbia was transferred to the VAB on May 21 and was mated to the external tank for STS 78 on May 22 Recent Launches Orbital Sciences Corp has had another launch success placing the DoD s MSTI 3 satellite in orbit aboard a Pegasus The Lockheed L 1011 carrier aircraft took off from Vandenberg Air Force Base s runway 30 12 and proceeded to the drop point at 36 deg 0 min N 123 deg 0 min W over the Pacific The Pegasus rocket was released and a few seconds later ignited the first of its three stages It is the Pegasus Hybrid version a standard Pegasus with modified fins to accommodate the L 1011 carrier plane instead of the original B 52 MSTI 3 will test out new sensor technology for ballistic missile defense The satellite is built by Spectrum Astro Inc and carries three sensors a mid wave IR camera a short wave IR camera and a visible imaging spectrometer Its goal is to study the IR emission from the Earth to determine if tactical ballistic missiles can be spotted during their coast phase against the bright Earth background Initial checkout of the satellite is reported to have gone well The Galaxy 9 comsat was launched on May 23 by a McDonnell Douglas Delta 7925 rocket from Cape Canaveral The Hughes HS 376 satellite will provide communications for the Hughes Galaxy network It has 24 C band transponders which will be used for cable TV feeds The Russian Space Forces launched a Krunichev Proton K rocket on May 25 with an RKK Energiya Blok DM 2 upper stage The vehicle placed an NPO Prikladnoi Mekhaniki Gorizont communications satellite in orbit reportedly nicknamed Prezidentskiy since it will provide coverage of the Russian presidential election campaign to Western Siberia and the Ural region The initial orbit of the putative USA 119 payload as derived by Rainer Kracht from amateur observations was 312 x 622 km x 63 4 deg The payload was later found to have moved to a 1050 x 1150 km x 63 4 deg orbit characteristic of the US Navy ocean surveillance triplet spacecraft Four objects have been cataloged by Space Command including 1996 29D USA 122 but no orbital data have been officially released The Italian Satellite per Astronomia a raggi X has been renamed BeppoSAX in honor of Guiseppe Beppo Occhialini a pioneer in Italian gamma ray and cosmic

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.288 (2016-04-29)
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  • Black Arrow 1969 Jun 28 F 1970 Sep 2 S M 10 Mu 1969 Aug 17 S 1970 Sep 25 F DF 3 Chang Zheng 1 1970 Jan 10 1970 Apr 24 S SLV 3 SLV 3 1979 Aug 10 F Jericho Shaviyt 1988 Sep 19 S Topol Start 1982 Oct 27 S 1993 Mar 25 S TU 904 MX Taurus 1983 Jun 17 S 1994 Mar 13 S Pegasus S1 Pegasus 1990 Apr 5 S PS1 PSLV 1993 Sep 20 S UR 100N Rokot 1972 1994 Dec 26 S Notes Suborbital attempt listed if prior to first orbital attempt First orbital attempt is that of stage may not be that of listed vehicle e g 11A511 Soyuz did not fly until 1966 but used R 7 core stage which had Sputnik orbital flight in 1957 F Failed S Successful first stage Major upgrades to previously flown core designs in parentheses Castor 120 is considered a minor upgrade to TU 904 Amethyste a minor upgrade to Emeraude etc Energiya core stage worked OK but payload engine failed to place payload in orbit Relationship between UR 100N and 1960 s UR 100 is unclear Have I missed anything The payload of mission 501 was a set of 4 identical space science satellites called Cluster The satellites would have been delivered to geostationary transfer orbit of 280 x 36000 km x 10 deg to demonstrate Ariane 5 s suitability for commercial comsat missions Cluster F1 and Cluster F2 were carried in a pair on top of a Speltra support structure They would separate from Speltra and then later from each other the Speltra would then separate from the EPS stage revealing the Cluster F3 and F4 pair it had encapsulated F3 and F4 would then separate from EPS and finally from each other The four satellites would then have used their own propulsion to maneuver to entirely different highly elliptical orbits to study the magnetosphere The Cluster satellites built by Daimler Benz Aerospace s Dornier unit have a dry mass of 600 kg and carry 600 kg of N2O2 MMH fuel for their DASA S400 liquid propulsion system The 400N engine would have made five burns to enter a final orbit of 25000 x 140000 km and a polar inclination The satellites had four 50 m long booms to study electric fields and plasma and included ion spectrometers magnetometers and particle imaging detectors Cluster together with the successful SOHO satellite was ESA s first Cornerstone CS1 mission under the Horizon 2000 program Its loss puts a big dent in the European space science program TSS 1R Investigation NASA s Tethered Satellite failure review board has reported its findings According to the board and to scientists familiar with the project the proximate cause of the TSS 1R tether snapping was because of arcing from the tether to the deployer burning through the Kevlar which provided tether strength This happened when there was a high voltage 3500V between the tether and the deployer It

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.289 (2016-04-29)
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  • Pilot air launched vehicle recently declassified which was used in 1958 and used a small HOTROC solid motor cluster as its first stage Two of the 1958 Pilot launches may have reached orbit HOTROC Pilot 1958 Jul 4 F 1958 Jul 25 S Castor 4B Conestoga 1971 Apr 3 1995 Oct 23 F The LLV 1 now LMLV 1 was deliberately omitted since it used the Castor 120 core which is part of the same rocket family as the TU 904 used for Taurus although a different variant Recent Launches Ariane flight V87 was successfully launched on Jun 15 A member of the original Ariane family the Ariane 44P model rocket placed its H 10 III third stage and the Intelsat 709 comsat in geostationary transfer orbit The success is good news for Arianespace after the failure of the first Ariane 5 launch Intelsat 709 is an Intelsat VIIA satellite using the Space Systems Loral FS 1300 bus The satellite has a mass of 1473 kg dry or 3420 kg including all its propellant It has 26 C band and 10 Ku band transponders and will be stationed at 18 deg W over the Atlantic to provide transatlantic telephone TV and data relay for the International Telecommunications Satellite Organization Here are more details of the Ariane 5 flight from ESA 1233 59 UTC Vulcain main engine ignition 1234 06 UTC EAP ignition liftoff 1234 36 UTC Altitude 3 5 km 1234 36 UTC EAP solid booster nozzles swivel to limit Vulcain main engine swivels to limit Ariane 5 tilts sharply 1234 38 UTC EPC structural failure 1234 38 UTC Onboard destruct system fired ESA says The direction of inquiry is tending towards the launcher s electrical and software system The on board computer incorrectly decided that the vehicle was off course and commanded a sharp turn which then did in fact send Ariane off course An automatic on board destruct system fired once the vehicle started to disintegrate The Clipper Graham DC XA made its second flight at 1615 UTC on Jun 7 The 62 second flight was successful A third flight one day later was also successful and proved the rapid turnaround concept Gorizont No 44L launched on May 25 is now on station at 53 degrees East Table of Recent Launches Date UT Name Launch Vehicle Site Mission INTL DES Apr 3 2301 Inmarsat III F1 Atlas IIA Canaveral LC36A194z Comsat 20A Apr 8 2309 Astra 1F Proton K DM3 Baykonur LC81 Comsat 21A Apr 20 2236 M SAT 1 Ariane 42P Kourou ELA2 Comsat 22A Apr 23 1148 Priroda Proton K Baykonur LC81 Spaceship 23A Apr 24 1227 MSX Delta 7920 Vandenberg SLC2W Mil tech 24A Apr 24 1303 Kosmos 2332 Kosmos 3M Plesetsk Radar cal 25A Apr 24 2337 USA 118 Titan 401 Canaveral LC41 Sigint 26A Apr 30 0431 BeppoSAX Atlas I Canaveral LC36B Astronomy 27A May 5 0704 Progress M 31 Soyuz U Baykonur LC1 Cargo 28A May 12 2132 USA 119 Titan 403

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.290 (2016-04-29)
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  • Lt Col Helms pilot STS 78 for not having noted her promotion in the last issue Recent Launches Igor Lissov reports that another Soyuz U launch vehicle failed to reach orbit on Jun 20 after 50 seconds of flight This is the second Soyuz U failure in a row following the loss of a recon satellite on May 14 Rumour has it that the payload shroud failed in both cases Orbital Sciences Corp successfully launched the fourth Pegasus XL on Jul 2 It placed into orbit NASA Goddard s TOMS Earth Probe ozone monitoring satellite The L 1011 Stargazer carrier airplane took off from Vandenberg AFB and released the three stage Pegasus XL rocket over the drop zone in the Pacific Florida Today reports the launch as 0742 UTC the TOMS web page reports 0748 UTC Orbit is 345 x 954 km x 97 4 deg to be raised later to a circular 500 km TOMS EP was built by TRW and is based on the STEP Eagle small satellite bus It carries a single instrument the Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer The 188 kg satellite carries 73 kg of fuel for the orbit raising system Earlier TOMS instruments flew on Nimbus 7 1978 and Meteor 3 No 5 1991 and another will fly on the Japanese ADEOS mission Pegasus XL launch delays resulted in a two year gap in TOMS coverage following the failure of the Meteor instrument in 1994 Aviation Week reports that the May 12 Titan launch carried as a secondary payload the Naval Research Laboratory s TiPS Tether Physics and Survivability satellite The 53 kg satellite consists of 2 end masses connected by a 4 km tether NRO the National Reconnaissance Office provided funding for the TiPS project Observers have seen the TiPS payload in an 1019 x 1024 km x 63 4 deg orbit The following paragraph is for satellite catalog fans only The status of the different objects from the May 12 Titan launch is confused As best I can tell the current official unclassified catalog states Desig Name SATCAT 1996 29A USA 119 23893 1996 29B USA 120 23907 1996 29C USA 121 23908 1996 29D USA 122 23862 1996 29E 1996 29F 1996 29G Debris 23863 Possibly USA 122 is TiPS and USA 119 to 121 are the triplet satellites 29E and 29F are then likely debris like 29G each being a cover for one of the triplets However this leaves no object to be the dispenser upper stage An alternative possibility is that USA 122 or USA 119 is a primary payload in a different orbit 1996 29E is the dispenser upper stage to get the name USA 123 and TiPS is 1996 29F and will get the name USA 124 This is suggested by the use in the Satellite Situation report of the name USA 119 124 debris for 29G however the weekly OIG summary uses USA 119 122 debris so 119 124 may just be a typo The Galileo probe

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.291 (2016-04-29)
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  • Geoff Perry for information Recent Launches China s Chang Zheng 3 Long March 3 vehicle made a successful flight on Jul 3 carrying a commercial US built satellite The Hughes HS 376 model comsat Apstar 1A will provide communications relay services for APT Asia Pacific Telecom Satellite Co of Hong Kong The CZ 3 is an older design than the CZ 3B rocket which failed earlier this year and the CZ 2E model which was lost in 1995 carrying the HS 601 Apstar 2 satellite Apstar 1A was delivered to a 225 x 42184 km x 26 93 deg transfer orbit A Titan 4 rocket was launched on Jul 3 carrying a classified payload This Titan 4 was vehicle K 2 45K 2 and the unidentified upper stage motors are part of the payload Observations indicate that the payload may have entered an initial orbit of 293 x 318 km x 55 0 deg It may be a second generation Satellite Data System comsat payload in which case it will maneuver to an elliptical orbit Arianespace launched two communications satellites into geostationary transfer orbit on Jul 9 Arabsat 2A and Turksat 1C The launch vehicle was the Ariane 44L variant and was the 18th successful launch in a row for the Ariane 4 There have been 88 launches of the Ariane 1 to 4 family of rockets with 7 failures Arabsat 2A is the first of the Arabsat 2 series for the Arab Satellite Communications Satellite Organization of the Arab League based in Saudi Arabia The Aerospatiale Spacebus 3000 satellite has 22 Ku band and 12 C band transponders Turksat 1C is also built by Aerospatiale and is a Spacebus 2000 model It will provide communications services for the Ministry of Posts and Communications of the Republic of Turkey Thanks

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.292 (2016-04-29)
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  • ET 80 External Tank then the ET will be moved from BI 82 to BI 83 and the orbiter restacked on the new stack on Mobile Launcher 1 I assume the ET 81 originally intended for the new BI 83 SRBs is not ready yet Most likely BI 82 the suspect boosters will be disassembled and the segments will be refurbished with a different adhesive Recent Launches A Navstar Block IIA Global Positioning System satellite spacecraft number 40 or IIA 26 was launched on Jul 16 by McDonnell Douglas Delta 7925 from Cape Canaveral into an elliptical 191 x 20354 km x 35 0 deg transfer orbit The Block IIA Navstar GPS satellites are built by Rockwell the satellite will use a Star 37 solid motor to circularize its orbit at 20000 km altitude The remaining Block IIA satellites awaiting launch are Navstar SVN 30 and Navstar SVN 38 The USA 125 satellite launched on Jul 3 into a 300 km orbit appears to have maneuvered into a higher orbit around Jul 8 It may be a second generation Satellite Data System payload which relays data from recon satellites Table of Recent Launches Date UT Name Launch Vehicle Site Mission INTL DES Jun 4 1234 Cluster F1 Ariane 5 Kourou ELA3 Science FTO Cluster F2 Cluster F3 Cluster F4 Jun 15 0655 Intelsat 709 Ariane 44P Kourou ELA2 Comsat 35A Jun 20 1449 Columbia Shuttle Kennedy LC39B Spaceship 36A Spacelab LMS 1 Jun 20 1845 Kosmos Soyuz U Plesetsk Recon FTO Jul 2 0748 TOMS Pegasus XL Vandenberg Rem sens 37A Jul 3 0031 USA 125 Titan 404 Canaveral LC40 Comsat 38A Jul 3 1047 Apstar 1A Chang Zheng 3 Xichang Comsat 39A Jul 9 2224 Arabsat 2A Ariane 44L Kourou ELA2 Comsat 40A Turksat 1C Comsat 40B Jul 16

    Original URL path: http://planet4589.org/space/jsr/back/news.293 (2016-04-29)
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