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  • Pipeline Information for Local Government | Pipeline Safety Trust
    Materials Safety Administration PHMSA issued a letter that describes in general terms how federal state and local jurisdictions have a role in pipeline safety You can read that letter here though keep in mind it was written to a hazardous liquid pipeline operator and makes only brief mention of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission FERC whose process plays an integral role in siting interstate gas pipelines Another good resource for understanding where the lines between federal state and local authority lie is a white paper developed by Tom FitzGerald of the Kentucky Resources Council Again this is focused on hazardous liquid pipelines and it is written specifically with Kentucky in mind though most of the paper is relevant across the US Franchise Agreements A number of local governments have franchise easement or road crossing agreements with pipeline operators that specify details regarding under what terms the local government allows the pipeline operator to cross or share right of way space owned by the local government More information about franchise agreements can be found here Improved Planning Near Pipelines One way that many communities have started to protect both their citizens and the pipelines is by passing ordinances that address land use issues near pipelines The Washington Municipal Research and Services Center has a webite about planning near pipelines that can be accessed here One of the easiest ways to increase safety is through the use of Consultation Zones Other communities have instituted setbacks from pipelines View sample state and local ordinances here Disclosure Requirements There have been situations around the country where people have bought property only to find out later that there are existing or proposed pipeline right of ways on or near that property This has caused much unnecessary conflict between property owners pipeline operators local government and real estate professionals One very basic way to avoid such conflict is to ensure that those buying property have been clearly notified about the right of ways that exist so they can make an informed decision about buying such property Some states and local government have passed disclosure laws to ensure such clear notification To review some sample disclosure laws click here Emergency Responder Training Numerous national state and private organizations have prepared training information or provide in person training programs for emergency responders to better prepare them for responding to a variety of pipeline emergency situations To find out more about these programs click here National Pipeline Mapping System The National Pipeline Mapping System NPMS is a geographic information system GIS created by the U S Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration PHMSA Office of Pipeline Safety OPS in cooperation with other federal and state governmental agencies and the pipeline industry The NPMS consists of geospatial data attribute data public contact information and metadata pertaining to the interstate and intrastate gas and hazardous liquid transmission pipelines liquefied natural gas LNG facilities and hazardous liquid breakout tanks jurisdictional to PHMSA These GIS layers are available to local

    Original URL path: http://pstrust.org/about-pipelines1/local-governments/ (2016-04-26)
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  • Glossary | Pipeline Safety Trust
    at right angles to the unit area See magnetic flux Flux Density 1 A measure of the intensity of magnetization produced by a magnetic field 2 A vector quantity representing the number of flux lines crossing a unit area at right angles Flux Leakage The flow of flux out of a magnetic material such as the wall of a pipe into a medium with lower permeability such as gas or air Fusion Bonded Epoxy FBE A type of pipeline coating widely used to protect steel pipelines from corrosion Pipeline coating is used together with cathodic protection to prevent corrosion on most steel pipelines Regulations regarding pipeline coatings are found for Gas pipelines in 49 CFR 192 461 and for Hazardous Liquid pipelines in 49 CFR 195 557 Back to top Gauging Pig A utility pig that is permanently deformable by obstructions in the pipeline and thus upon retrieval from the line provides evidence of the worst case obstruction in a given pipeline segment Gel Pig A utility pig that is composed of a highly viscous gelled liquid These pigs are often used for pipeline cleaning and are sometimes called gelly pigs Geometry Pig A configuration pig designed to record conditions such as dent s wrinkles ovality bend radius and angle and occasionally indications of significant internal corrosion by making measurements of the inside surface of the pipeline Gouge Local damage caused by mechanical or forceful removal of metal from a local area on the surface of the pipe that may work harden the pipe and make it more susceptible to cracking Gouging The process of creating a zone of mechanical damage that includes cold working residual stresses plastic distortion and generally moved or removed metal Back to top Hard Spots Local changes in hardness of the steel in the pipe resulting from nonuniform quenching procedures during the manufacture or changes in chemistry of the steel Hard spots when stressed are subject to failure from mechanisms such as hydrogen stress cracking Holidays Discontinuities in a coating such as pinholes cracks gaps or other flaws that allow areas of the base metal to be exposed to any corrosive environment that contacts the coating surface Hydrostatic Retesting Proof testing of sections of a pipeline by filling the line with water and pressurizing it until the nominal hoop stresses in the pipe reach a specified value Back to top Identification The process of differentiating a signal caused by one type of defect from signals caused by other types of defects or pipeline features Identification is particularly important for mechanical damage defects because their signals are so small that they can be mistaken as due to benign conditions Mechanical damage signals are also small compared to signals from metal loss and features such as valves Imperfection An anomaly in the pipe that will not result in pipe failure at pressures below those that produce nominal hoop stresses equal to the specified minimum yield stress of the pipe material Incident An event that is reported to U S Department of Transportation Office of Pipeline Safety that involves fatalities injuries property damage in excess of 50 000 unintentional release of natural gas customer outages or other conditions that in the opinion of the pipeline operator are significant enough that they should be reported Inclusions Foreign material or particles in a metal matrix These are usually compounds such as oxides sulfides or silicates but may be any substance that is foreign to the matrix whether it is soluble or insoluble Indication 1 Any measured signal or response from an inspection of a pipe above the normal baseline signal 2 Measurements made during monitoring of cathodic protection systems Induction Coil Sensor A type of sensor that measures the time rate of change in flux density Induction coils do not require power to operate Inspection 1 The process of examining a pipe using a destructive or nondestructive testing technique to look for anomalies or to evaluate the nature or severity of an indication 2 The process of running a configuration tool or an in line inspection tool through a pipe to detect anomalies In Line Inspection ILI The inspection of a pipeline from the interior of the pipe using an in line inspection tool In Line Inspection Tool ILI Tool The device or vehicle also known as an intelligent or smart pig that uses a nondestructive testing technique to inspect the wall of a pipe An in line inspection tool is one type of instrumented tool Intelligent Tool See in line inspection tool Instrumented Tool or Pig A vehicle or device used for internal inspections of a pipe which contains sensors electronics and recording or output functions integral to the system Instrumented tools are divided into two types a configuration pigs which measure the pipeline geometry or the conditions of the inside surface of the pipe and b in line inspection tools that use nondestructive testing techniques to inspect the wall of the pipe for corrosion crack s or other types of anomalies Back to top Joint A single section of pipe that is welded to others to make up a pipeline A joint of pipe is often 40 feet long Back to top Karst Landscapes in which surface and groundwater flow occurs over and through soluble rocks with minimal filtration such as limestone resulting in changes over time that alter the bedrock and aquifer characteristics and which can result in caves caverns sinkholes and other irregular formations The Virginia Cave Board has put together a useful FAQ on karst which can be downloaded here Back to top Lack of Fusion LOF In a weld any area or zone that lacks complete melting and coalescence fusion of a portion of the weld This may occur between weld passes or between weld and base materials Lack of Penetration LOP In the welding process failure to achieve fusion of the base metal to the desired or planned depth Lamination A type of imperfection or discontinuity with separation or weakness usually aligned parallel

    Original URL path: http://pstrust.org/about-pipelines1/glossary/ (2016-04-26)
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  • Stats | Pipeline Safety Trust
    Briefing Papers Regulators Regulations Pipeline Info For Beginners Pipeline Info for Landowners Pipeline Info for Local Government Glossary Stats State by State Pipeline Information Project Specific Information Pipeline Maps Finding Info and Getting Involved Opportunities for Comment and Participation Online Discussions Join Us On Facebook Quick Links TAG Grants Search This Site Donate Pipeline Safety Trust About Pipelines Stats Pipeline Safety Statistics One of the Pipeline Safety Trust s main goals is to collect existing pipeline statistics and make them easily accessible for all who want them We used to develop more of our own analysis because the data available was difficult to understand in the format provided If you are still interested in accessing that old analysis you can do so here also includes some pipelines vs rail information The Trust still maintains a few of our own charts and graphs Age of hazardous liquid pipelines Age of natural gas pipelines Incidents by decade of pipe installed The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration PHMSA has greatly improved the format of the information they provide to the public but it can still be very difficult to find Below are direct links to a number of webpages within PHMSA that provide different types of data and analysis Please remember that many pipeline safety experts have voiced concerns about the quality and completeness of much of the pipeline data that is collected in this country We also have a Briefing Paper entitled Access to Pipeline Statistics and Data which walks through more detailed information about the PHMSA data Pipeline incidents and mileage reports As of October 2014 PHMSA has transitioned to a new Oracle based reporting system for much of their data The old Stakeholder site no longer is maintaining this information Incident information Most of the incident links on this

    Original URL path: http://pstrust.org/about-pipelines1/stats/ (2016-04-26)
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  • State by State Pipeline Information | Pipeline Safety Trust
    Regulators Regulations Pipeline Info For Beginners Pipeline Info for Landowners Pipeline Info for Local Government Glossary Stats State by State Pipeline Information Project Specific Information Pipeline Maps Finding Info and Getting Involved Opportunities for Comment and Participation Online Discussions Join Us On Facebook Quick Links TAG Grants Search This Site Donate Navigate Home About the Trust Mission History of the Pipeline Safety Trust Leadership Pipeline Safety Trust Strategic Plan Pipeline Safety Trust Annual Financial Reviews IRS 990s Background Contact The Trust Trust Initiatives Programs Pipeline Safety Trust Annual Conferences Pipeline Safety Technical Experts New Voices Project Transparency of Pipeline Information Publications Planning Near Pipelines Regulatory Comments The Trust in the News Work in Other Communities About Pipelines Briefing Papers Regulators Regulations Pipeline Info For Beginners Pipeline Info for Landowners Pipeline Info for Local Government Glossary Stats State by State Pipeline Information Project Specific Information Pipeline Maps Finding Info and Getting Involved Opportunities for Comment and Participation Online Discussions Join Us On Facebook Quick Links TAG Grants Search This Site Donate Pipeline Safety Trust About Pipelines State by State Pipeline Information Pipeline Information Links State By State The US DOT Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration PHMSA maintains a webpage with

    Original URL path: http://pstrust.org/about-pipelines1/state-by-state-pipeline-information/ (2016-04-26)
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  • Project-Specific Information | Pipeline Safety Trust
    the News Work in Other Communities About Pipelines Briefing Papers Regulators Regulations Pipeline Info For Beginners Pipeline Info for Landowners Pipeline Info for Local Government Glossary Stats State by State Pipeline Information Project Specific Information Pipeline Maps Finding Info and Getting Involved Opportunities for Comment and Participation Online Discussions Join Us On Facebook Quick Links TAG Grants Search This Site Donate Navigate Home About the Trust Mission History of the Pipeline Safety Trust Leadership Pipeline Safety Trust Strategic Plan Pipeline Safety Trust Annual Financial Reviews IRS 990s Background Contact The Trust Trust Initiatives Programs Pipeline Safety Trust Annual Conferences Pipeline Safety Technical Experts New Voices Project Transparency of Pipeline Information Publications Planning Near Pipelines Regulatory Comments The Trust in the News Work in Other Communities About Pipelines Briefing Papers Regulators Regulations Pipeline Info For Beginners Pipeline Info for Landowners Pipeline Info for Local Government Glossary Stats State by State Pipeline Information Project Specific Information Pipeline Maps Finding Info and Getting Involved Opportunities for Comment and Participation Online Discussions Join Us On Facebook Quick Links TAG Grants Search This Site Donate Pipeline Safety Trust About Pipelines Project Specific Information Project or Operator Specific Information There are several operators facilities or projects

    Original URL path: http://pstrust.org/about-pipelines1/project-specific-information/ (2016-04-26)
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  • Pipeline Maps | Pipeline Safety Trust
    Links TAG Grants Search This Site Donate Navigate Home About the Trust Mission History of the Pipeline Safety Trust Leadership Pipeline Safety Trust Strategic Plan Pipeline Safety Trust Annual Financial Reviews IRS 990s Background Contact The Trust Trust Initiatives Programs Pipeline Safety Trust Annual Conferences Pipeline Safety Technical Experts New Voices Project Transparency of Pipeline Information Publications Planning Near Pipelines Regulatory Comments The Trust in the News Work in Other Communities About Pipelines Briefing Papers Regulators Regulations Pipeline Info For Beginners Pipeline Info for Landowners Pipeline Info for Local Government Glossary Stats State by State Pipeline Information Project Specific Information Pipeline Maps Finding Info and Getting Involved Opportunities for Comment and Participation Online Discussions Join Us On Facebook Quick Links TAG Grants Search This Site Donate Pipeline Safety Trust About Pipelines Pipeline Maps Pipeline Maps The Pipeline Hazardous Materials Safety Administration PHMSA maintains the National Pipeline Mapping System which provides broad level maps on a county wide basis in all states depicting both Hazardous Liquid crude oil and refined products and Gas pipelines Many pipeline operators also provide maps of their own lines through their websites Other organizations and news outlets provide maps at times either on a local regional

    Original URL path: http://pstrust.org/about-pipelines1/pipeline-maps/ (2016-04-26)
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  • Finding Info and Getting Involved | Pipeline Safety Trust
    Comments The Trust in the News Work in Other Communities About Pipelines Briefing Papers Regulators Regulations Pipeline Info For Beginners Pipeline Info for Landowners Pipeline Info for Local Government Glossary Stats State by State Pipeline Information Project Specific Information Pipeline Maps Finding Info and Getting Involved Opportunities for Comment and Participation Online Discussions Join Us On Facebook Quick Links TAG Grants Search This Site Donate Navigate Home About the Trust Mission History of the Pipeline Safety Trust Leadership Pipeline Safety Trust Strategic Plan Pipeline Safety Trust Annual Financial Reviews IRS 990s Background Contact The Trust Trust Initiatives Programs Pipeline Safety Trust Annual Conferences Pipeline Safety Technical Experts New Voices Project Transparency of Pipeline Information Publications Planning Near Pipelines Regulatory Comments The Trust in the News Work in Other Communities About Pipelines Briefing Papers Regulators Regulations Pipeline Info For Beginners Pipeline Info for Landowners Pipeline Info for Local Government Glossary Stats State by State Pipeline Information Project Specific Information Pipeline Maps Finding Info and Getting Involved Opportunities for Comment and Participation Online Discussions Join Us On Facebook Quick Links TAG Grants Search This Site Donate Pipeline Safety Trust Finding Info and Getting Involved Finding Info and Getting Involved The Pipeline Safety

    Original URL path: http://pstrust.org/finding-info-and-getting-involved/ (2016-04-26)
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  • Opportunities for Comment and Participation | Pipeline Safety Trust
    to the full committee and that proposed bill can be found here In early April the House T I Committee released a draft bill which can be found here We have put together a document that compares what is included in the three different bills talks briefly about our concerns and shows which version we think are the best for moving pipeline safety forward This Bill Comparison document can be found here and it will be updated as the different bills get amended and voted on At some point this year the bill that was passed by the Senate and the bills working their way through the House Committees will have to be consolidated and agreed on as a single bill Check this page for updates on that process FEDERAL RULEMAKINGS Safety of Gas Transmission and Gathering Pipelines Docket PHMSA 2011 0023 comments due June 7 2016 This Notice of Proposed Rulemaking NPRM proposes to revise the Pipeline Safety Regulations applicable to the safety of onshore gas transmission and gathering pipelines PHMSA proposes changes to the integrity management IM requirements and proposes changes to address issues related to non IM requirements This NPRM also proposes modifying the regulation of onshore gas gathering lines Information Collection Docket PHMSA 2015 0179 comments were due February 16 2016 An information collection is different from a typical rulemaking in that PHMSA is not proposing to change any of the official regulations they are proposing to collect information for the proper functioning of the agency or renew or revise existing information collected Comments can be submitted on whether the information does indeed have practical utility and suggestions can be given on ways to enhance the quality utility and clarity of the information to be collected This Information Collection has to do with four different areas Gas Transmission Integrity Management Control Room Management Gas Distribution Integrity Management and Spill Response Plans Safety of Hazardous Liquid Pipelines comments were due January 8 2016 Thank you to all of you who commented This proposed rule generated about 70 comments that were submitted prior to the deadline About 20 of these were from companies or industry associations and about 50 were from a combination of citizens affected community groups nonprofit public interest organizations and local and state government agencies See this link to view all documents and comments that are a part of this docket PHMSA also compiled a summary of the comments by topic area that was made available to the Liquid Pipeline Advisory Committee Pipeline Safety Trust final comments can be downloaded here FEDERAL SPECIAL PERMITS These are permits requested by individual pipeline operators to waiver from particular pipeline safety regulations PHMSA has latitude with these special permits to impose conditions you can see existing special permits that have been granted by PHMSA in the past here We list them here by the state or region they apply to You really have to download the operator s permit request and other documents that are posted on the

    Original URL path: http://pstrust.org/finding-info-and-getting-involved/participation-opportunities/ (2016-04-26)
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