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  • RWJF - Qualitative Research Guidelines Project | Significance | Significance
    is probable that a qualitative proposal will NOT include proposed hypotheses that will be tested over the study s duration Reviewers should understand that it may be completely inappropriate based on what is currently known about the phenomenon of interest to propose a series of hypotheses to be tested The researcher should however explain in the application why hypotheses are not included Reviewers should expect a thorough review of the literature in a qualitative grant proposal This literature review should Demonstrate an awareness of the literature on a subject including research in other disciplines as appropriate Demonstrate the import of the proposed research question by showing that there is a gap in our knowledge that the proposed study will address or begin to fill in Provide an analysis of relevant concepts and theories Provide a conceptual framework for the study Articulate the study s theoretical underpinnings if appropriate Click here for more on theoretical underpinnings or paradigms Place the study in a theoretial context and develop a theoretical framework The tension between a priori knowledge and inductive approaches Reviewers shoud NOT expect the researcher to take any steps that might prior to analyzing data overly influence or determine how the data will be viewed and understood e g highly detailed coding templates overly restrictive observational guides Steps such as these would constrain the inductive nature of the qualitative process and therefore reduce the likelihood that something new would be learned from the study and potentially compromise the study s validity Reviewers should expect that the grant application will include some indication of how a priori knowledge will be used how the research team will reflect on and attempt to reveal their a priori assumptions during the study a description of the steps that will be taken to avoid compromising validity

    Original URL path: http://www.qualres.org/HomeSign-3938.html (2016-05-02)
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  • RWJF - Qualitative Research Guidelines Project | Approach | Approach
    study Dicuss the scope of the study use the literature to discuss the expected variation in the setting or phenonmeon and provide a rationale for sampling expectations Proposed design Are the proposed methods and strategies well justified Will they answer the proposed research question Evaluators should expect A detailed description of how the data will be collected and analyzed that includes for example details about the type of interviews that will be conducted how interview guides will be created tested and refined when interviews will be conducted by whom they will be conducted how the interviews will be recorded how interviews will be transcribed details of how focus group participants will be selected who will lead them will they be heterogeneous or homogenous focus groups plans for how data will be analyzed if observing how will observations be done by a field worker by audio or video how will the person be positioned what will be selected for observation how will field notes if using be prepared how will audio or video be recorded saved and transcribed Different methods pose different types of considerations Above we identify just a few of the issues that will need description for studies using interview focus group or observational methods Reviewers should expect a detailed account of the proposed steps for managing and collecting data For more on the types of methodological issues that need to be considered click here The validity issue There is fairly strong agreement among qualitative researchers in the health care field that good qualitative research should be evaluated in terms of its completeness adequacy and trustworthiness In other words another researcher should be able to understand and appreciate the account and feel it is trustworthy For more on the evaluation of qualitative research please click here There are several techniques for verifying qualitative accounts Many scholars cited by in health care researcher suggest that one or more of these techniques should be intergrated into the design of a qualitative study These techniques are triangulation prolonged engagement persistent observation referential adequacy peer debriefings thick description member checking external audits Reflexivity searching for confirming or disconfirming or deviant or negative cases examination of rival explanations Data Analysis As Morse 2003 suggests reviewers should be able to evalute whether the proposed study will answer the research question produce the necessary results produce the degree of certainty or depth necessary for answering the question One of the common pitfalls in analyzing qualitative data is that the researchers fail to develop an in depth analysis of the data and interpret the meaning of the rich data they have collected For more on data analysis please click here In general it is recommended that that the analysis strategy proposed describe a process that Allows for sample generation and analysis to co occur or take place iteratively and continue until saturation is reached Click here for more on iterative sampling Allows adequate time for researchers to immerse themselves in analyzing the details of the data intermittently

    Original URL path: http://www.qualres.org/HomeAppr-3939.html (2016-05-02)
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  • RWJF - Qualitative Research Guidelines Project | Budget | Budget
    input from a knowledgable multidisciplinary research team Grant proposals should secure enough time and money for adequate training for those who will be collecting data Training can be a time intensive process if done properly Project timelines should be carefully evaluated Projects with timelines that are too short will likely push the analysis team to reach analytic closure prematurely Grant proposal should also have enough time and money budgeted to

    Original URL path: http://www.qualres.org/HomeBudg-3942.html (2016-05-02)
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  • RWJF - Qualitative Research Guidelines Project | Innovation | Innovation
    projects tend to lend themselves to innovation Frankel RM 1999 articulates what makes for greatness in qualitative research He identifies four qualities of outstanding qualitative studies These are relevant to the topic of innovation Does the use of the approach represent a first or breakthrough Is the approach used in a novel or creative way Is the approach parsimonious Does the study get to the heart of the question The

    Original URL path: http://www.qualres.org/HomeInno-3941.html (2016-05-02)
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  • RWJF - Qualitative Research Guidelines Project | Investigators | Investigators
    Skill ability and productivity using the proposed method ability to use a variety of methods co investigators should have complementary skills Adequate training for research staff particularly those collecting data How will research staff be trained Who will do the training Are they experienced Are there hands on opportunities built into the training process such that staff can try a new skill get feedback and try it again before going into the field A research team comprised of insiders and outsiders insiders for example clinicians might have better access to a site and have credibility outsiders those unaffiliated with clinical practice and who aren t members of the culture or sub culture are better positioned to see hidden assumptions and identify implicit or tacit knowledge A multidisciplinary team such a team will have the ability to look at the research question and the data from a variety of useful and different perspectives Such a team should balance insider outsider strengths and weaknesses A good multidisciplinary team can foster innovative thinking The evaluator should look at the research team as a whole to identify strengths and knowledge gaps for addressing the research question proposed in the grant Have consultants been identified

    Original URL path: http://www.qualres.org/HomeInve-3940.html (2016-05-02)
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  • RWJF - Qualitative Research Guidelines Project | Environment | Environment
    any research study For qualitative projects reviewers might also look for evidence of collaborative relationships with other qualitative researchers in the academic setting or at other institutions a scientific environment that displays an understanding and awareness of the import of qualitative research and the labor intensive nature of conducting high quality qualitative research IT support team familiar with qualitative software Departments that contain personnel trained and experienced in collecting qualitative

    Original URL path: http://www.qualres.org/HomeEnvi-3944.html (2016-05-02)
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  • RWJF - Qualitative Research Guidelines Project | Human Subjects | Human Subjects
    some evidence that researchers are aware of the issues involved in protecting the identities of those participating in the study and that adequate steps will be taken to do this Some additional resources Green LA Lowery JC Kowalski CP Wyszewianski L 2006 Impact of Insitutional Review Board practice variation on observational health services research Health Services Research 41 1 214 Pace WD Staton EW Holcomb S 2005 Practice based Research

    Original URL path: http://www.qualres.org/HomeHuma-3943.html (2016-05-02)
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  • RWJF - Qualitative Research Guidelines Project | Theory based | Theory-based or Theoretical Sampling
    grounded theories Glaser and Strauss 1967 describe an iterative sampling process that is based on emerging theoretical concepts This sampling approach has the goal of developing a rich understanding of the dimensions of a concept across a range of settings and conditions Why use this method This method is best used when the research focuses on theory and concept development and the research team s goal is to develop theory

    Original URL path: http://www.qualres.org/HomeTheo-3806.html (2016-05-02)
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