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  • RWJF - Qualitative Research Guidelines Project | Blaxter | Britten, Jones, Murphy & Stacy's Criteria
    developing a sampling strategy that would allow the researcher to consider the investigation s relevance in other settings What criteria were used in selecting the case s for the study The report should make the rationale behind selection decisions clear and provide evidence to support the success of the strategy Is the methodology clear Methods need to be clearly described and rationale for methodological choices provided audit trail There should be evidence that the researcher reflected on how the research process influenced the data collected reflexivity How systematic was the approach to data analysis in the study There is a need for a clear and concise description of how the data were analyzed as well as evidence of rigorous systematic analysis that should include a search for disconfirming cases Is the analysis support by the data There should be strong evidence in the data that support the conclusions being drawn by the researcher This includes how excerpts were chosen and if there are other data that make the same point There should be enough information in the report to identify from whom participant the data were drawn e g are excerpts from 1 respondent or 10 different respondents Are research

    Original URL path: http://www.qualres.org/HomeBlax-3676.html (2016-05-02)
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  • RWJF - Qualitative Research Guidelines Project | Creswell | Creswell's Evaluative Criteria
    findings and recommends that any research study employ at least two of these procedures prolonged engagement and persistent observation triangulation peer review or debriefing negative case analysis clarification of researcher bias reflexivity member checking rich thick description external audits In addition Creswell believes Lincoln and Guba s criteria of trustworthiness credibility and authenticity should be employed when evaluating qualiatative research Creswell 1998 applies the standard of verification in 5 traditions

    Original URL path: http://www.qualres.org/HomeCres-3682.html (2016-05-02)
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  • RWJF - Qualitative Research Guidelines Project | Elder and Miller | Elder and Miller's Evaluative Criteria
    defined and appropriate for addressing research question The data collection method should be described in detail and a rationale for method choices provided audit trail The data analysis process should be described in detail and include specifically steps to examine negative or deviant cases and describe how these cases inform the analysis Is the study trustworthy is the study interpretation valid relative to its intent Is the study believable does

    Original URL path: http://www.qualres.org/HomeElde-3677.html (2016-05-02)
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  • RWJF - Qualitative Research Guidelines Project | Giacomini & Cook | Giacomini & Cook's Evaluative Criteria
    empirical aims Were the participants selected relevant to the research question and was the selection and sampling process well reasoned justifed and articulated Were data collection methods appropriate for the research objectives and the setting under investigation Were data collection choices reasonable and well justified Was the data collected comprehensive enough to support rich and robust descriptions of the observed events This involves both thorough in depth examination of a social setting as well as examining a wide enough variety of settings breadth to address the research question Did the data collection and analysis process co occur or occur in iterations in order to evaluate the data collected assess data needs and return to the data collection process Does the research articulate a trail for data collection and analysis that another could follow in the sense that one can understand the process and the connection between empirical data and interpretation of data Were data appropriately analyzed and findings adequately corroborated Key features here include multiple iterations between data analysis data collection and the development and refinement of concepts theories and findings and evidence of the use of techniques such as triangulation Reference Giacomini MK Cook DJ 2000 Users guides to

    Original URL path: http://www.qualres.org/HomeGiac-3679.html (2016-05-02)
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  • RWJF - Qualitative Research Guidelines Project | Hammersley | Hammersley's Evaluative Criteria
    many different aspects of the same setting in a qualitative study settings can change over time He argues that an inability to replicate does not undermine validity He believes No knowledge is certain but knowledge claims can be judged reasonably accurate or plausble in terms of their likely truth Social reality is not independent of people or researchers and we have the ability to learn other cultures or learn aspects of social life This provides some basis upon which knowledge of a culture social setting etc can be built Hammersley proposes three steps in assessing validity of ethnographic claims Do the claims seem plausible based on our existing knowledge Does it seem likely that the ethnographer s judgment of matters related to his her claims would be accurate given the nature of the phenomenon the circumstances of the research the characteristics of the researcher etc Is there evidence available to be convinced of a claim s validity Is the evidence plausible and credible Relevance Is the research important with regard to issues and areas of public concern Hammersley notes that our interest in facts is selective and all descriptions are for some purpose The nature of this purpose will shape

    Original URL path: http://www.qualres.org/HomeHamm-3683.html (2016-05-02)
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  • RWJF - Qualitative Research Guidelines Project | Lincoln & Guba | Lincoln and Guba's Evaluative Criteria
    of neutraility or the extent to which the findings of a study are shaped by the respondents and not researcher bias motivation or interest Lincoln and Guba describe a series of techniques that can be used to conduct qualitative research that achieves the criteria they outline Techniques for establishing credibility Prolonged Engagement Persistent Observation Triangulation Peer debriefing Negative case analysis Referential adequacy Member checking Techniques for establishing transferability Thick description

    Original URL path: http://www.qualres.org/HomeLinc-3684.html (2016-05-02)
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  • RWJF - Qualitative Research Guidelines Project | Malterud | Malterud's Evaluative Criteria
    universal thinking about the effect of context and bias without believing that knowlege is untouched by the human mind and displaying and discussing the processes of analysis instead of believing that manuals grant trustworthiness Malterud 2001 p 483 Malterud operationalizes these beliefs by positing the following criteria for good qualitative research Reflexivity Transferability external validity and thorough consideration of sampling issues Adequate presentation of background or contextual material Accurate and unexaggerated description of the material Thorough well documented analysis that distinguishes scientific approach from superficial conjecture Declaring qualitative analysis was done or stating that categories emerged when materials had been read by more than one person is not sufficient to explain how and why patterns were noticed Interpretation of knowledge never emerges from data alone but from relations between data and theoretical models and perspectives Reports should describe empirical categories and report if these categories were identified in advance Research reports need to articulate and declare the researcher s standpoint Researchers must provide a detailed description of the the principles and choices underlying data coding and pattern recognition It is inadequate to say material was coded for typical or emergent patterns audit trail Application of numbers to qualitative data should

    Original URL path: http://www.qualres.org/HomeMalt-3685.html (2016-05-02)
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  • RWJF - Qualitative Research Guidelines Project | Mays & Pope | Mays and Pope's Evaluative Criteria
    stand independently such that another trained researcher could analyze the data in the same way and reach the same conclusions audit trail Did the researcher s produce a coherent and plausible explanation of the phenomenon under investigation Is the the sampling process described adequately Is there a coherent rationale presented for the sampling strategy and is the investigator identifying participants or examining circumstances that are relevent to the research question Validity in qualitative research can be attained by appropriate use of some of the following strategies triangulation negative or deviant case analysis member checking How well does the research account explain why people behave as they do How comprehendible is the account to someone in the setting How does the report correspond with and advance current knowledge Does the report have sufficient detail for an outsider to function in the setting that the investigator studied Was there evidence of prolonged engagement in the field Can the reader distinguish data from interpretation Did the research reflect on how the methods chosen and used might have influenced or shaped the data collected and the interpretations made reflexivity References Mays N Pope C 2000 Qualtative research in health care Assessing quality in qualitative

    Original URL path: http://www.qualres.org/HomeMays-3678.html (2016-05-02)
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