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  • RWJF - Qualitative Research Guidelines Project | Analysis of the Databases | Analysis of the Databases
    e g sampling analysis All of the books and book chapters identified were about how to engage in qualitative research although many of these books or chapters included criteria for identifying and conducting good qualitative research Reading the Manuscripts We had multiple aims when reviewing journal articles books and book chapters To identify the terminology and debates novice readers would need to understand and to appreciate the criteria of good

    Original URL path: http://www.qualres.org/HomeAnal-3450.html (2016-05-02)
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  • RWJF - Qualitative Research Guidelines Project | Outreach to the Community of Qualitative Researche | Outreach to the Community of Qualitative Researche
    years To accomplish the task of identifying exemplarly publications using qualitative research methods a blog was created to foster dialogue and invite participation from the at large community of qualitative researchers At the site visitors are asked to Identify exemplary qualiative research publications Give feedback on our site and the information contained therein The qualres blog is hosted on a public site and advertised by that site In addition we

    Original URL path: http://www.qualres.org/HomeOutr-3451.html (2016-05-02)
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  • RWJF - Qualitative Research Guidelines Project | Interpretivist Paradigm | The Interpretivist Paradigm
    They are open to re interpretation and negotiation through conversation Methodology Interpretive approaches rely heavily on naturalistic methods interviewing and observation and analysis of existing texts These methods ensure an adequate dialog between the researchers and those with whom they interact in order to collaboratively construct a meanful reality Generally meanings are emergent from the research process Typically qualitative methods are used View of Criteria for Good Research Interpretivist positions are founded on the theoretical belief that reality is socially constructed and fluid Thus what we know is always negotiated within cultures social settings and relationship with other people From this perspective validity or truth cannot be grounded in an objective reality What is taken to be valid or true is negotiated and there can be multiple valid claims to knowledge Angen 2000 offers some criteria for evaluting research from an interpretivist perspective Careful consideration and articulation of the research question carrying out inquiry in a respectful manner awareness and articulation of the choices and interpretations the researcher makes during the inquiry process and evidence of taking responsibility for those choices a written account that develops persuasive arguments evaluation of how widely results are disseminated validity becomes a moral question for Angen and must be located in the discourse of the research community ethical validity recognition that the choices we make through the research process have political and ethical consideration Researchers need to ask if research is helpful to the target population seek out alternative explanations than those the researcher constructs ask if we ve really learned something from our work substantive validity evaluting the substance or content of an interpretive work need to see evidence of the interpretive choices the researcher made an assessment of the biases inherent in the work over the lifespan of a research project self

    Original URL path: http://www.qualres.org/HomeInte-3516.html (2016-05-02)
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  • RWJF - Qualitative Research Guidelines Project | Positivist Paradigm | The Positivist Paradigm
    predicting and controlling natural phenomenon The goal is to discover these patterns Empirical verification assumes that we can rely on our perceptions of the world to provide us with accurate data Research has been assumed to be value free if strict methodological protocol is followed research will be free of subjective bias and objectivity will be achieved Methodology Positivist approaches rely heavily on experimental and manipulative methods These ensure that there is a distance between the subjective biases of the researcher and the objective reality he or she studies This generally involves hypothesis generation and testing Typically quantitative methods are used View of Criteria for Good Research The positivist position is grounded in the theoretical belief that there is an objective reality that can be known to the researcher if he or she uses the correct methods and applies those methods in a correct manner Research typically quantitative and experimental methods is evaluted based on three criteria Validity the extent to which a measurement approach or procedure gives the correct answer allowing the researcher to measure or evalute an objective reality Reliability the extent to which a measurement approach or procedure give the same answer whenever it is carried out

    Original URL path: http://www.qualres.org/HomePosi-3515.html (2016-05-02)
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  • RWJF - Qualitative Research Guidelines Project | Critical or Subtle Realist Paradigm | Critical or Subtle Realist Paradigm
    be evaluated by the community of scholars as well as by the community of people who are studied By positing a reality that can be separate from our knowlege of it separation of subject and object the realist paradigm provides an objective reality against which researchers can compare their claims and the extent to which they ascertain truth This is sometime called credibility or trustworthiness of an account However the realist paradigm also recognizes that researchers values are inherent in all phases of the research process Truth is negotiated through dialogue Thus this objective reality cannot be apprehended in a perfect way Objectivity is an ideal to strive for and can be achieved through the use of rigorous qualitative research methods Methodology Realist approaches tend to rely on a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods Research is conducted in more natural settings and more situational or contextual data is collected Incorporate methods to elicit participants ways of knowing and seeing interview observation text Research designs provide opportunities for discovery emergent knowledge as opposed to operating by testing an a priori hypotheses View of Criteria for Good Research Realist perspectives are grounded in a theoretical belief that our knowledge of reality is imperfect and that we can only know reality from our perspective of it Attaining truth with a capital T or Objectivity is impossible but is a goal that all research should strive to attain Attempting to attain this goal it is believed will lead to more rigorous research Realists have developed a variety of alternatives to the concept of validity that are seen as appropriate for qualitative research These include confidency credibility plausibility and relevance Realists have identified a variety of methodological strategies for producing more credible or rigorous qualitative research These strategies can be implemented in ways that

    Original URL path: http://www.qualres.org/HomeCrit-3517.html (2016-05-02)
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  • RWJF - Qualitative Research Guidelines Project | Critical Theoretical Paradigm | Critical Theory Paradigms
    of a system defined to privilege the objective label and the natural sciences This is recognized as a linguistic construction The subject object distinction affords identity protection and privileges for powerful groups both in the academy and in other organization This has led to misleading beliefs about the presumed relation between qualitative and quantitative research If we elimininate the subject object dualism we see that objects in both quantitative and qualitative research methods are socially shared historically produced and general to a social group Methodology Critical theoretical approaches tend to rely on dialogic methods methods combining observation and interviewing with approaches that foster conversation and reflection This reflective dialogic allows the researcher and the participants to question the natural state and challenge the mechanisms for order maintenance This is a way to to reclaim conflict and tension Rather than naming and describing the critical theorist tries to challenging guiding assumptions Critical theorists usually do this by beginning with an assumption about what is good e g autonomy democracy and asking people in a social group culture or organization to reflect on and question their current experience with regard to the values identified e g To what extent are they an autonomous worker Critical theorists are not just trying to describe a situation from a particular vantage point or set of values e g the need for greater autonomy or democracy in a particular setting but that are trying to change the situation Views on Criteria for Good Research Researchers need to discuss the meaning and implications of the concepts developed Researchers need to attend to tensions in competitive research orientations Criteria for research should be based on community agreement and researchers have the responsibility to justify their work and address and answer to any tension that manifests itself in the

    Original URL path: http://www.qualres.org/HomeCrit-3518.html (2016-05-02)
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  • RWJF - Qualitative Research Guidelines Project | Feminist Paradigms | Assumptions of Feminist Paradigms
    is inextricably tied to the interaction between a particular investigator and a particular object or group Postmodern Feminism believes that in oppressive contexts one cannot produce more than a partial story of women s lives Postmodern feminist researchers view reality as a series of endless stories and ongoing texts that sustain the oppression of women Other assumptions or about the research enterprise All research is value sustaining and feminist research is politicized inquiry The separation between the subject and the object does not lead to objectivity and a closer connection between the two may reconcile subjectivity and objectivity Women s experience can be considered a source and justification of knowledge there may be no such thing as truth and objectivity From Thompson L 1992 Feminist methodology in family studies Methodology Feminists use a wide range of research methods including naturalistic approaches to social inquiry quantiative methods and dialogic methods that combine observation and interviewing with approaches that foster conversation reflection and change with regard to the natural and oppressive social order Views on Criteria for Good Research Criteria for research should be based on community agreement and researchers have the responsibility to justify their work and address and answer to any tension that manifest itself in the research endeavor Generally the complete philosophical grounds for the research decisions made during a research project cannot be articulated in a manuscript but some attempt to should be make to articulate these briefly This would include a description of the researcher s standpoint or perspective while engaging in the research process Some general description of alternative research orientations approaches or ways of seeing should be discussed to foster accountability The research endeavor should have social import This may include social change expanding people s discourses ways of seeing and understanding the world these

    Original URL path: http://www.qualres.org/HomeFemi-3519.html (2016-05-02)
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  • RWJF - Qualitative Research Guidelines Project | Wolcott | Common Research Traditions - Wolcott
    HF 1982 Differing styles of on site research or If it isn t ethnography what is it The Review Journal of Philosohphy and Social Science 7 1 2 pp 154 169 Wolcott HF 1992 Posturing in qualitative inquiry In MD LeCompte WL Millroy J Preissle Eds The Handbook of Qualitative Research in Education pp 3 52 New York Academic Press We found Wolcott s Figure Qualitative Strategies in Educational Research

    Original URL path: http://www.qualres.org/HomeWolc-3583.html (2016-05-02)
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