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  • RWJF - Qualitative Research Guidelines Project | sampling - inadequate description | Inadequate Description of Sample
    to give some sense of who was eligible for the study and how many responded to recruitment This helps to give a better picture of who the participants were I would like to have some language reassuring me that potential biases were considered when developing the sampling strategy Why did your literature search start in 1989 What is the rationale for the methods choices made Note this was a content

    Original URL path: http://www.qualres.org/HomeSamp-3874.html (2016-05-02)
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  • RWJF - Qualitative Research Guidelines Project | Sampling | Sampling
    saturation the point at which no new information or themes are emerging from the data To know if informational redundancy or saturation is reached implies and is founded on the assumption that data collection and analysis are going hand in hand In other words data is collected and analyzed at least in a preliminary fashion and this analysis informs subsequent data collection decisions It is important to keep in mind that saturation or informational redudancy can be reached prematurely if one s sampling frame is too narrow one s analytical perspective is skewed or limited the method employed is not resulting in rich in depth information the researcher is unable to get beyond the surface or status quo with respondents As Sandelowski 1995 points out determining adequate sample size in qualitative research is ultimately a matter of judgement and experience and researchers need to evaluate the quality of the information collected in light of the uses to which it will be put and the research method sampling and analytical strategy employed Flexibile research designs that build in iterative sampling and analysis strategies encourage reflexivity and collaboration may yield better results References Altmann J 1974 Observational study of behaviour sampling methods Behavior 49 pp 227 267 Coyne IT 1997 Sampling in qualitative research Purposeful and theoretical sampling merging or clear boundaries Journal of Advanced Nursing 26 623 630 Glaser B Strauss A 1967 The Discovery of Grounded Theory Strategies for Qualitative Research Chicago Aldine Kuzel AJ 1999 Sampling in qualitative inquiry In BF Crabtrree and WL Miller Eds Doing Qualitative Research second edition Thousand Oaks CA Sage Publlications pp 33 45 Lincoln YS Guba EG 1985 Naturalistic Inquiry Newbury Park CA Sage Publications Luborski MR Rubinstein RL 1995 Sampling in qualitative research Rationale issues and methods Research on Aging 17 1

    Original URL path: http://www.qualres.org/HomeSamp-3702.html (2016-05-02)
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  • RWJF - Qualitative Research Guidelines Project | Iterative sampling and analysis | Iterative Sampling
    cases for data collection and engaging in a preliminary analysis of the cases sampled The idea is that what emerges from data analysis will shape subsequent sampling decisions The process of iterative sampling and analysis continues until researchers reach saturation when no new information or new themes are emerging from data analysis For more on sampling click here Click here to return to Common Analytical Approaches page RWJF 2008 P

    Original URL path: http://www.qualres.org/HomeIter-3827.html (2016-05-02)
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  • RWJF - Qualitative Research Guidelines Project | Superficial analysis | Superficial Analysis
    the barriers and facilitators to implementing IT based interventions in practice settings The results section is too much like a list and you have included too many comments One or two or at the most three representative comments are enough The coding scheme seems to be only categories into which subjects statements could be grouped comments about people practice work place purpose These categories could have been created without seeing

    Original URL path: http://www.qualres.org/HomeSupe-3875.html (2016-05-02)
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  • RWJF - Qualitative Research Guidelines Project | data don't support results | Data Do Not Support the Results
    The two techniques can be complementary in achieving a deeper understanding of a phenomenon However it is important to keep the reporting of the two sources of data distinct In this report data from the key informant interviews is mixed with the survey s statistical results Qualitative data may shed light on the survey results but the quotations can only represent those in the interviews Sometimes they are reported as

    Original URL path: http://www.qualres.org/HomeData-3876.html (2016-05-02)
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  • RWJF - Qualitative Research Guidelines Project | categories unclear - more analysis needed | Categories Unclear - More Analysis Needed
    themes especially the final two need further description and clarification As we read the quotations in the figures we found that they did not fit the particular theme to which they were matched but could provide evidence for one of the other themes instead This suggests that further analysis or clarification of the interpretations is needed Click here to return to Common Pitfalls page RWJF 2008 P O Box 2316

    Original URL path: http://www.qualres.org/HomeCate-3877.html (2016-05-02)
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  • RWJF - Qualitative Research Guidelines Project | Coding problems | Coding Decisions are Unarticulated
    framework to guide the classification of domains central themes or common metaphors How was this framework developed What was the process How were codes developed by the team Was there an a priori coding template used If so how was this developed If codes emerged from the data how did the team manage this process Click here to return to Common Pitfalls page RWJF 2008 P O Box 2316 College

    Original URL path: http://www.qualres.org/HomeCodi-3883.html (2016-05-02)
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  • RWJF - Qualitative Research Guidelines Project | insufficient description of methods | Insufficient Description of Methods
    groups The last sentence is troubling It says data were merged Merged how Was there a development of an overall taxonomy that evolved from the four focus groups Additionally there is no discussion of how the focus groups were organized Were the groups homogeneous or heterogeneous Were groups based on relevant attributes It would be important to know what guided these decisions and how it affected the data collection process The methods used in the study are not well described The methods should be described in a manner and at a level of detail that it would be possible for a reader to replicate the study procedures if not the findings The authors provide almost no information about their sampling frame was it strategic how did they create the necessary diversity to support an eventually saturated model how did they recruit the physicians They indicate age sex etc as variables they considered why did they consider these important They provide almost no information about the semi structured survey they used except to say they tried it on two MDs and then changed it to included open ended questions It would helpful to see the survey items and to understand why

    Original URL path: http://www.qualres.org/HomeInsu-3914.html (2016-05-02)
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