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  • Treasure of the Month
    had became a popular way to quickly and inexpensively produce art for the masses The basic method employed by Currier and Ives involved applying lettering or drawing to a prepared stone using a special crayon that contained a mixture of wax tallow shellac and black pigment The stone was moistened with water and then a greasy ink was rolled over the design The ink adhered only to the areas where the crayon had been applied not to areas that had been moistened with the water A sheet of paper was then placed on the stone and the crayon design was transferred onto it Self described as Publishers of Cheap and Popular Pictures Currier and Ives produced more than one million lithographic prints between 1835 and 1907 These widely appealing images included everyday domestic scenes winter landscapes horse races portraits of people and ships famous Civil War battles and political cartoons Religious and biblical pictures like the one of St Patrick were created in series and were favorites among collectors Saint Patrick was born around 385 A D and died March 17 461 A D Raised in Scotland to Roman parents Patrick was captured by a group of Irish pirates when he was about fourteen He was taken to Ireland where he was enslaved as a sheep herder Though he grew up practicing the Pagan religion he later turned to Christianity After joining the priesthood and becoming an ordained bishop he returned to Ireland as a missionary His powerful preaching brought about the conversion of thousands of Irish people He is credited with driving snakes out of Ireland and also with making the shamrock a symbol synonymous with his name St Patrick used the three leaf clover to explain the Christian belief in the Holy Trinity Surprisingly the first St Patrick

    Original URL path: http://rosenberg-library-museum.org/displays/treasure/2008/03-patrick/patrick.htm (2016-04-26)
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  • Treasure of the Month
    1920s pill boxes from Leinbach s and Garbade s drugstores and mortars and pestles for mixing medicines There was even a bottle of award winning cologne made at Schott s Drugstore in 1875 The history of pharmacy in Texas dates to 1682 when Spanish missionaries in El Paso began dispensing medicines to Native Americans who were suffering from epidemic disease During this period herbs concoctions and even magic were used to treat the sick After Texas was settled pioneer physicians continued to utilize local vegetation for home remedies and adopted methods developed by Native American medicine men Medicines were often prepared at a patient s bedside from various herbs carried by doctors on horseback Eventually Texas doctors began making up large quantities of different medicines and keeping supplies of these formulas stocked in their homes or offices These primitive drugstores evolved into the larger commercial industry of drug sale and manufacturing Most early drugstores were run by physicians who opened them in conjunction with their medical practices Later individuals who trained as chemist pharmacists became dealers in drugs and medicine They also distributed goods such as perfumes colognes soaps mineral waters fountain sodas and candy In 1893 the state s first pharmacy school opened at the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston Prior to the 20th century there was little control over the sale and distribution of drugs Harmful narcotics barbiturates and other commonly abused or addictive drugs were prescribed without any regulations In 1929 the Texas Pharmacy Law was passed requiring that any applicant for pharmacy registration must be a graduate of a recognized school of pharmacy Photo captions 1 Mortars pestles and pillboxes ca late 19th and early 20th century gifts of the Morgan Family the Estate of Alice Cavin and Lise Darst 2 This award winning

    Original URL path: http://rosenberg-library-museum.org/displays/treasure/2008/04-pharmacy/pharmacy.htm (2016-04-26)
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  • Treasure of the Month
    900 lives The son of Italian immigrants Colombo was not born deaf He lost his hearing around the age of seven after a mysterious illness which was diagnosed at the time as spinal meningitis As a result LeRoy Colombo lost his hearing and his ability to speak He was also paralyzed from the waist down Colombo s brothers worked to rehabilitate LeRoy by dragging him up and down the alley behind their house until he was able to walk on his own two feet again Swimming also proved to be beneficial in rebuilding the strength of his legs Because of his hearing disability Colombo was deemed ineducable by the public school system in Galveston and was sent to the Texas School for the Deaf in Austin Colombo became a competitive swimmer at TSD setting multiple records for speed and distance After six years at the school he returned to Galveston In 1927 Colombo completed a 15 mile swim in the Gulf of Mexico in just eleven and a half hours LeRoy Colombo s brother Cinto finished the race in second place three and a half hours behind LeRoy Muscle cramps and jellyfish stings caused the other four challengers to withdraw from the contest The event was sponsored by the Surf Toboggan Club an elite group of volunteer lifeguards LeRoy Colombo joined the group in 1921 at the age of fifteen In order to gain membership into the club one was required to spend 3 hours and 20 minutes in the Gulf without any swimming aids and without floating on one s back After devoting more than fifty years to saving the lives of others LeRoy Colombo died in 1974 The citizens of Galveston erected a plaque along the seawall in his honor In 2006 the Texas School for the Deaf

    Original URL path: http://rosenberg-library-museum.org/displays/treasure/2008/05-colombo/colombo.htm (2016-04-26)
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  • Treasure of the Month
    dimensional photography creates an illusion of depth by manipulating the binocularity of human vision Each eye sees a bit differently but the brain combines the two so that we see a single image with spatial dimensions Stereoscopic views use two nearly identical photographs side by side for the left eye and the right eye respectively When viewed through the special lens of a stereoscope the two flat images appear as one three dimensional image British scientist Sir Charles Wheatstone invented the first patented stereoscope in 1838 Wheatstone began experimenting with stereoscopic drawings as early as 1832 before the development of photography Once photographic technology was discovered the principles of stereoscopy and photography were combined for use in a stereoscope Although his was the first Wheatstone s stereoscope was not as widely received as the version developed by American physician and poet Oliver Wendell Holmes in 1881 The Holmes stereoscope remained the most common type until 1939 Between the 1850s and the 1930s stereoscopes and stereoscopic views were produced by the millions When Queen Victoria and Prince Albert were presented with a stereoscope at the 1851 Crystal Palace Exhibition in London they were delighted with this new technology Its popularity grew in Europe and soon soared among Americans Because it was an affordable means of entertainment stereoscopes could be found in most households Typical scenes depicted on stereoscopic views were vast landscapes portraits of famous people architectural wonders and everyday scenes Stereoscopes allowed viewers to see images of people and places all around the world For those who weren t fortunate enough to make the Grand Tour stereoscopes provided a stay at home version of international travel Underwood Underwood a Kansas based company was one of the largest and most successful producers of stereographs The company was started by brothers Bert

    Original URL path: http://rosenberg-library-museum.org/displays/treasure/2008/06-stereo/stereo.htm (2016-04-26)
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  • Treasure of the Month
    museum and had it shipped back to Galveston The island s humid weather proved unfavorable for the ancient corpse and it began to deteriorate quickly Davis decided to give the mummy a proper burial in his backyard where it supposedly still rests in peace today Ancient Egyptians performed elaborate rituals that they believed were necessary to ensure one s immortality after death This included mummification the casting of spells and the burial of specific goods and possessions needed in the afterlife Although the process evolved over the years most mummifications included three phases First the vital organs of the deceased person were removed to preserve separately in canopic jars Only the heart was left inside the body as Egyptians believed it was the location of a person s soul Next the body was cleansed with palm wine and packed with a dehydrating salt mixture The final step was to wrap the body in linen strips which held magical amulets to protect the body from evil spirits during its journey through the afterlife Nearly all mummies were buried with everyday goods such as bowls combs and food for use in the afterlife Wealthier families also buried jewelry furniture and other valuables with their deceased but these tombs were often raided by grave robbers Another sacred Egyptian artifact on display at the library was donated by W R A Rogers in 1934 It is a small stone carved in the shape of a winged scarab beetle that was excavated from the Temple of Isis in Thebes Egypt The original owner of the scarab Calvin D Smith of Chicago had it mounted to a gold scarf pin by the famous Chicago jewelry and silver manufacturer Spaulding Company Smith s widow gave the pin to Rogers a close friend of her husband after he

    Original URL path: http://rosenberg-library-museum.org/displays/treasure/2008/07-egypt/egypt.htm (2016-04-26)
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  • Treasure of the Month
    path to cessation is suffering This gradual path of the Fourth Truth is described as the Eightfold Path It is the middle ground between excessive self indulgence and excessive self mortification It leads to the cycle of re birth a continuous cycle over many lifetimes that ends only when nirvana is achieved One s good or bad fortune in their subsequent reincarnations is based on the karma from their previous lives Through the law of karma the effects of all deeds actively create past present and future experiences One is responsible for one s own life and the pain or joy their actions bring to themselves and others Today there are more than 360 million followers of the Buddhist religion Although its birthplace was India today its practice there is virtually non existent Buddhism is prevalent throughout China Japan and Southeast Asia and during the 20th century its influence reached the West There are various sects of the religion but all of them share a reverence for figures of the Buddha and a common goal of ending suffering Of the collection of artifacts displayed at the library one of the most unusual is a Tibetan priest s headdress ca 1890 It is made of five painted cardboard panels depicting five seated buddhas Headpieces like this are worn by Tibetan lamas or teachers during special religious ceremonies or ritual dances While wearing these headdresses lamas visualize themselves as actual deities Another sacred artifact is a bronze amulet or charm box designed to attach to a belt or shoulder strap and be worn close to the body It functions as a reliquary and contains the ashes of a Buddhist priest The exhibit included three beautifully gilded Buddha statues all posed in standing positions Each figure rests on a lotus a plant which

    Original URL path: http://rosenberg-library-museum.org/displays/treasure/2008/08-buddha/buddha.htm (2016-04-26)
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  • Treasure of the Month
    Badgett Quadrapulets a set of four girls born in Galveston in 1939 The quads named Jeraldine Joyce Joan and Jeanette were dubbed the miracles of Treasure Isle by the press and became media darlings during the 1940s It began on a February morning in 1939 when Ellis Badgett received some shocking news from the staff at St Mary s Infirmary His pregnant wife Esther already a mother of two had just given birth for a third time The birth was even more than successful than expected Instead of yielding just one healthy baby Mrs Badgett delivered four beautiful girls The citizens of Galveston embraced the Badgett family raising funds to build a new home suitable for the quadruplets The two story white house was located at 927 Broadway As part of the donation agreement Mr and Mrs Badgett had to agree to open their home to visitors for several hours each day so that the public could view the baby girls and take pictures with them Quadruplets are rare occurring once in 670 000 cases The Badgett Quads became an overnight sensation nation wide Images of Joan Joyce Jeraldine and Jeanette Badgett appeared in thousands of newspaper articles magazines and postcards They were featured in advertising campaigns for war bonds during WWII and made hundreds of appearances at special events to entertain American troops Baylor University awarded scholarships to all four girls and they were made honorary members of organizations such as the Girl Scouts the Kilgore College Rangerettes and the American Women s Voluntary Service When celebrity entertainers Phil Harris and Alice Faye were married at the Hotel Galvez in 1941 the Badgett girls were asked to serve as flower girls at the star studded event The large Ohio based Saalfield Publishing Company jumped on the Badgett bandwagon and

    Original URL path: http://rosenberg-library-museum.org/displays/treasure/2008/09-badgett/badgett.htm (2016-04-26)
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  • Treasure of the Month
    Rookwood designs evolved from ornate Victorian to more modern Art Nouveau and Art Deco Subjects included flowers animals and even portraits of historical figures Rookwood was also a major producer of decorative tiles fountains lamps and sculptures The Second World War led to a decline in the number and quality of artists employed by Rookwood and the pottery closed during the 1960s Another successful pottery company was Van Briggle Pottery in Colorado Springs Colorado Established in 1899 Van Briggle Pottery is one of the oldest American art pottery companies still extant today Artus Van Briggle and his wife Anne first began their careers as decorators at the Rookwood Pottery Both artists demonstrated great talent and were sent by the firm to study in France Under the instruction of the world famous French sculptor Auguste Rodin Artus Van Briggle learned to sculpt and mold clay Upon returning to the United States he abandoned pottery decoration for pottery shaping Artus Van Briggle had suffered from tuberculosis since childhood and the Van Briggles eventually settled in Colorado where the climate was believed to improve this condition Sadly Artus Van Briggle died from his illness in 1904 just two years after the Van Briggle Pottery opened Anne Van Briggle continued to run the pottery and within a decade the factory was awarded medals at the Paris Salon the St Louis Exposition and the Boston Arts and Crafts exhibition In 1913 Van Briggle Pottery went bankrupt The company was sold and reopened and the factory has continued to produce American art pottery ever since Van Briggle pottery is characterized by its single color matte glazes and Art Nouveau inspired designs Today examples of Van Briggle Pottery can be found in museum collections throughout the country A third manufacturer of American art pottery was Newcomb College

    Original URL path: http://rosenberg-library-museum.org/displays/treasure/2007/01-pottery/pottery.htm (2016-04-26)
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