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  • Treasure of the Month
    its hidden treasures with the people of Galveston for whom these objects are preserved The selected Treasure of the Month was initially on display on the third now the fourth floor of Rosenberg Library in the Hutchings Gallery Current Treasures can now be viewed on the second floor The Rosenberg Library has been acquiring exotic artifacts for the museum collection for more than a century From its beginnings in 1904 the library has functioned as more than a book repository The library accepted its first museum piece an enlarged photograph of the ruins at the Parthenon shortly after the building opened in 1904 Since then thousands of rare and interesting objects have been added For decades generous Galvestonians have donated valuable works of art and historical artifacts and as a result Rosenberg Library holds an impressive and diverse museum collection in addition to its book and archival collections The museum collection at Rosenberg Library consists of thousands of objects These range from early Texas relics such as Santa Anna s smoking cap and Sam Houston s dueling pistols to European paintings from the 1700s There are firearms and sabers used during the Civil War as well as Victorian wedding dresses The collection contains artifacts from around the world including Egypt Japan Australia and the Middle East Today the library focuses on collecting items that are relevant to Galveston and Texas history Paintings by Julius Stockfleth Paul Schumann Boyer Gonzales and other Galveston artists comprise a significant portion of the collection The selected treasures for the month of March 2006 were a silver coin from Israel from 142 B C an Italian dagger used by Mussolini s fascist militia and French cameo glass designed by Emile Galle Photo Captions 1 Coin Silver shekel from Israel Dates to the time of Simon

    Original URL path: http://rosenberg-library-museum.org/displays/treasure/2006/03-coin/coin.htm (2016-04-26)
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  • Treasure of the Month
    N The locals who observed the game became interested in the sport Soon baseball and gambling on baseball became favorite pastimes for the citizens of Galveston The first inter city match took place in 1867 when the Houston Stonewalls defeated the Galveston R E Lees 35 2 While amateur baseball teams such as the Flyaways and the Pastimes played against one another from the 1860s through the 1880s professional baseball did not come to Galveston until the establishment of the Texas League in 1888 Initially there were six Texas cities that belonged to the state s pay for play baseball league San Antonio Austin Dallas Fort Worth Houston and Galveston Players in the Texas League were often imported from other states and were paid as much as 250 per month The lack of local players and the inflated salaries outraged many baseball fans in Texas and attendance at the 25 cent games was often poor Galveston s professional team alternately called the Galvestons the Giants or the Sandcrabs fell into financial trouble when team managers were unable to pay the players their full salaries Star players were sold off to other teams in order to make up for the deficiency in funds Money troubles plagued the league for a number of years but Galveston continued to have a team that was financially supported by the city s wealthy elite In 1899 the Galveston Sandcrabs won the state Championship reviving local enthusiasm for the sport From 1902 through the early 1920s ownership of the Galveston club changed hands regularly In 1924 the franchise players and territorial rights were sold to the Waco Texas franchise for 21 100 Galveston stayed out of the Texas League for the next five years The sport returned to Galveston in 1931 when Shearn Moody bought out

    Original URL path: http://rosenberg-library-museum.org/displays/treasure/2006/04-baseball/baseball.htm (2016-04-26)
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  • Treasure of the Month
    entered Galveston s harbor on October 4 1862 and demanded the surrender of the city the most crucial port in Texas at the time Confederate troops retreated to the mainland and by December Union soldiers occupied Kuhn s Wharf and patrolled the city streets General John B Magruder became the new leader of the Confederate forces in Texas in November 1862 One of his top priorities was to regain control of Galveston and its bay Magruder planned a two sided attack First his infantry of 1 000 men would cross the railroad bridge and open fire on Union troops at the wharves At the same time two Confederate gunboats would attack the blockaded Union warships in Galveston Bay Just before dawn on New Year s Day 1863 Magruder ordered his men to attack The Union soldiers on land were well protected at their positions on the wharf and their huge ship cannons succeeded in pushing Confederate troops back The Union navy however was not prepared for the Confederate gunboats the Neptune and the Bayou City Men on both boats began shooting at the Union ship the USS Harriet Lane The Harriet Lane sank the Neptune but was broadsided by the Bayou City The crew of the Bayou City managed to overtake the Union gunners and after boarding the enemy ship Confederate soldiers forced its surrender After the Harriet Lane was captured Union Commander William Renshaw made the decision to retreat The Union ships left Galveston Harbor but the foot soldiers at the wharves were left behind The stranded men were also forced to surrender to the Confederate army During the Battle of Galveston the Confederates managed to capture six Union ships sink one and run another aground A total of 300 400 Union prisoners were taken In turn the number

    Original URL path: http://rosenberg-library-museum.org/displays/treasure/2006/05-battle/battle.htm (2016-04-26)
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  • Treasure of the Month
    The hand made sterling silver pitcher was forged at Paul Revere s silver shop in Boston during the 1790s In addition to his role as a craftsman Revere was quite active in politics Like other Patriots he felt that American colonists needed to establish their independence from England On April 18 1775 he made his famous midnight ride from Boston to Lexington Massachusetts to warn Samuel Adams and John Hancock that British soldiers were on their way to arrest them As a result of his actions Revere was stopped by a British patrol and was taken into custody After serving as a lieutenant colonel during the American Revolution Paul Revere returned to his shop and continued to produce beautifully crafted silver for his customers One of these patrons was Cornelius Coolidge 1778 1843 a well known architect in post Revolutionary Boston Coolidge designed dozens of buildings in the city many of which were built in the elite Beacon Hill area Coolidge purchased the silver Revere pitcher which bears an engraved C for the family name The piece was originally a cann or a one handled drinking vessel similar to a mug At some point a spout was added to the cann converting it into a small pitcher The library has a miniature portrait of Cornelius Coolidge of Boston in its museum collection as well The portrait was created by Edward Greene Malbone 1777 1807 one of America s most famous miniature painters The Coolidge miniature was painted during the early 19th century and was featured along with other Malbone miniatures in the April 1933 issue of Antiques Magazine It was identified and catalogued by the Malbone scholar Ruel P Tolman whose book The Life and Work of Edward Greene Malbone Miniature Painter was published in 1958 Both the Revere pitcher

    Original URL path: http://rosenberg-library-museum.org/displays/treasure/2006/06-pitcher/pitcher.htm (2016-04-26)
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  • Treasure of the Month
    designed by Rene Lalique during the early 20th century Rene Jules Lalique was born in France in 1860 At the age of sixteen he began an apprenticeship for the well known Parisian jeweler Louis Aucoq After attending the Sydenham Art College in London England from 1878 1880 Lalique returned to France and began designing jewelry for top firms such as Cartier and Boucheron Early in his career Lalique s work was recognized for its Art Nouveau style The Art Nouveau period was characterized by the use of naturalistic motifs and patterns with flowing curved lines Nymphs peacocks and dragonflies often appeared in Art Nouveau pieces along with various types of flowers and leaves By the 1920s the Art Deco style had begun to emerge and Lalique s designs reflected this change Art Deco themes also included natural forms but these were often highly stylized and geometrically precise During his career Rene Lalique took advantage of what were at the time the most modern manufacturing techniques available With the aid of more advanced technology and equipment Lalique was able to produce multiple glass wares simultaneously Lalique utilized assembly lines and reusable molds to manufacture his glass designs by the hundreds and even the thousands Despite being machine manufactured Lalique s glass and jewelry maintained its quality and handmade appearance Since it was much less expensive to produce Lalique glass was often affordable to the general public After Rene Lalique s death in 1945 his son Marc Lalique took over the company Today Rene Lalique s grand daughter Marie Claude Lalique is the firm s head designer Lalique continues to produce beautiful jewelry and decorative glass and has stores located around the world The value of vintage Lalique glass has steadily risen over the years due to its growing popularity among collectors

    Original URL path: http://rosenberg-library-museum.org/displays/treasure/2006/07-lalique/lalique.htm (2016-04-26)
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  • Treasure of the Month
    a selection of early 20th century Pueblo Indian kachina dolls from the museum collection Kachina dolls represent the kachina spirits or gods that the Pueblo Indians believe influence their daily lives In the Pueblo religion there are more than 300 different kachina deities all with unique characteristics Kachinas can be identified by their shape color and ornamentation The word kachina sometimes spelled katsina actually has three different meanings The first refers to the supernatural entities that the Pueblo people believe to have influence over nature The second meaning refers to men from the tribe who wear costumes to represent these spirits at ceremonial events and dances The third references the masked dolls which are made for Pueblo children Kachina dolls were given to children as a way to teach them about the Pueblo system of beliefs and values Traditionally the carving of kachina dolls was the work of male artisans Authentic dolls are made of cottonwood root which is easy to carve but also very durable It was not until the late 19th century that Indian tribes began to sell kachina dolls at trading posts The dolls became popular collectibles for tourists and even today they are highly prized in

    Original URL path: http://rosenberg-library-museum.org/displays/treasure/2006/08-kachina/kachina.htm (2016-04-26)
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  • Treasure of the Month
    used by the congregation of St Paul German Presbyterian Church in Galveston Organized in 1857 St Paul s was located on the south side of Avenue H Ball Avenue between 16th Street and 17th Street The original wooden church building was among the many structures destroyed by the devastating fire of November 13 1885 The fire which began at a foundry near The Strand and 17th Street blazed its way north to south from the Strand to Avenue O and east to west from 16th Street to 19th Street Nearly 600 homes and 42 blocks of Galveston s East End were obliterated During reconstruction of its own church the congregation of St Paul s was temporarily headquartered at Trinity Episcopal s Eaton Chapel St Paul continued to serve Galveston s German Presbyterian community until its dissolution in 1909 When the church closed in 1909 the communion service was placed in the custody of Elder Charles Angerhoffer It was the wish of Mr and Mrs Angerhoffer that the set be given to the Rosenberg Library after their deaths In 1951 the Presbytery of Houston approved the request and donated the six piece communion set to the library Damage to the communion

    Original URL path: http://rosenberg-library-museum.org/displays/treasure/2006/09-pewter/pewter.htm (2016-04-26)
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  • Treasure of the Month
    continent of Australia for thousands of years Archaeological evidence suggests that the Aborigines migrated to Australia via Southeast Asia between 40 000 and 50 000 years ago Prior to British colonization it is estimated that there were approximately 500 000 Aborigines living in Australia Aboriginal communities within Australia were quite diverse Some aboriginal groups practiced an agrarian form of subsistence while others hunted and gathered their food Diet staples included kangaroos emus turtles fruits and native plants Coastal tribes relied on fishing and shellfish collecting Clothing tools weapons and baskets were all manufactured using the available plant and animal materials The Aborigines maintained traditional customs and lifeways Aboriginal tribes followed a complex system of kinship by which tribes were divided into several classes or sections Strict rules for marriage residence and descent dictate how these sections interacted with one another Spirituality also played an important role in Aboriginal culture Aborigines practiced totemism a belief system in which humans are thought to share a mystical relationship with nature The Dreamtime is the aboriginal story of creation which describes the ancient ancestors rising from below the earth to form the sky bodies of water geological formations animals and plants When a human dies it is thought that the spirit of the deceased metamorphoses into a different form such as a river or a rock but continues to remain a part of the natural world The British colonization of Australia which began in 1788 had a lethal impact on the Aborigines Along with the European colonists came diseases foreign to the native peoples Epidemics of smallpox chickenpox influenza and measles led to a significant decline in the aboriginal population This in addition to economic marginalization and loss of political sovereignty was devastating to Australia s indigenous tribes Eventually most Aborigines were assimilated into

    Original URL path: http://rosenberg-library-museum.org/displays/treasure/2006/10-aboriginal/abo.htm (2016-04-26)
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