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    island s plentiful resources inhabitants had ample leisure time and began to carve stone statues called moai from volcanic rock which was mostly found in a single quarry known as Rano Raraku As time passed these statues became more grandiose in size to symbolize individual clans wealth and power One of the biggest riddles of today is how the islanders were able to transport such large statues across the island when the largest known statue weighed up to 270 tons The most plausible answer is that large timbers were used to roll each monolithic across the island terrain Easter Island was seen by Europeans for the first time when a Dutch ship arrived on its shores on Easter Sunday 1722 What it came upon was a depleted landscape of rolling grasslands with few trees hardly any animal species other than insects and mysterious dilapidated stone statues What had happened The overall picture is among the most extreme examples of deforestation in the world The rise in population on the island was confronted with depleting resources By the year 1400 islanders had driven its tree species to near extinction Without the necessary lumber inhabitants were no longer able to build homes and canoes nor were they able to continue to transport their large statues The disappearance of the large trees then led to the erosion of their staple crops Without canoes they could no longer travel out to sea for access to porpoise and other fish so these vanished from their diet Being landlocked they then overexploited shellfish and native bird populations To supplement the loss of meat in their diet settlers had to rely heavily on chicken and they were eventually forced to turn to cannibalism to avoid starvation Another spiraling effect of the depletion of available resources was the

    Original URL path: http://rosenberg-library-museum.org/displays/traveling/2009teachers/easter/easter.htm (2016-04-26)
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    in 1859 and attended the Ecole des Beaux Arts when he was nineteen where he devoted himself to mastering the art of black and white drawing In 1883 he completed his first major painting titled Bathers at Asnières To his disbelief it was rejected by the Paris Salon and after turning away from such establishments he immersed himself among the independent bohemian artists of his city In 1884 he and other artists formed the Société des Artistes Indépendants There he befriended Paul Signac shared his ideas about pointillism and began work on his masterpiece Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte which took him two years to complete Georges Seurat believed that science was a prominent theme and tool in painting At this time the scientist Michel Eugène Chevreul was the most important influence on artists with his production of the color wheel of primary and intermediary hues Chevreul discovered that two colors that slightly overlapped or were very close together would have the same effect as another color when seen from a distance The scientific discovery of this phenomenon became the basis for Seurat s pointillism Pointillism is the technique of using dots to create brighter images

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    attendance at school and instead he would spend much of his time walking and observing the various forms of nature Later Gaudi attended the Escola Pia in Reus At this institution he became a devoted Catholic and incorporated many of these beliefs into the architecture of his work Sagrada Familia In 1873 Gaudi moved to Barcelona to begin his architectural education at the Provincial School of Architecture Although he did not have superior grades he earned excellent marks in the courses of Trial Drawings and Projects where his drawings were perceived as the works of either an insane man or a genius In February of 1878 he finished his architectural schooling and found support through Barcelona s industrialists As an architect Antoni was influenced by many things He found inspiration for his work within medieval books in Gothic and Moorish style art from historic monuments and from his personal interest in music It was also his love of nature which encouraged his unrestrained and total disregard for straight lines and right angles Antoni Gaudi s first major project as a professional architect was worker s housing in the Coopertiva Mataronese factory This project was presented at the Paris World Fair in 1878 and was seen as the beginning of his fame Thereafter he worked with the architect Martorell on projects such as the Gilbert Pharmacy in Barcelona and the Sagrada Familia The Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Familia often simply called Sagrada Familia is a massive privately funded Roman Catholic church that has been under construction since 1882 and is not expected to be completed until at least 2026 Gaudi took control over the building of the Sagrada Familia in 1883 He was required to build a scale model of his vision and used thousands of small weights to prove

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    remaining books given to the class by the Friends of the Rosenberg Library These delightfully outrageous sculptures are the results of two separate assignments Books as Building Units and Altered Books Books as Building Units challenged students to concentrate on innovative ways to attach books together as a means to create larger structures Altered Books was inventively themed around bringing in other materials textures colors and associations to entirely cover the original bindings of the books The books which were used in these projects were ones that did not sell in the Friend s annual book sale and were not taken in by other local non profit organizations In addition to their dedicated support for library materials services and programs the Friends of the Rosenberg Library endeavor to find good homes for all of the residual books that do not sell each year during their annual sale This past year the Friends were able to distribute most of the remaining books to local non profit organizations including several local clubs and school groups Those leftover by the non profit groups were then donated to various fine arts programs including the sculpture class at the College of the Mainland Book Sculpture

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    spines Their colors range from black and brown to purple green and red Urchins move slowly through the water as they feed on algae These unusual sea animals are considered a culinary delicacy in some parts of the world Sea Beans Sea beans are seeds and fruits from coastal plants that make their way into the ocean and drift along with ocean currents They can be found washed ashore in all parts of the world particularly after high tides during hurricane season Some sea beans are used for medicinal purposes and can found in nutritional supplements Coral Reef building corals are actually made up of two different living organisms an animal and a plant that lives inside the animal The animal portion is a simple polyp with a circle of tentacles surrounding a central mouth Hundreds of thousands of interconnected polyps form a reef The plant portion is single cell of algae that lives inside the polyp The polyp provides a home for the algae and also provides the nitrogen and carbon dioxide needed for photosynthesis In exchange the algae uses photosynthesis to produce food for the animal Sea Stars Starfish There are approximately 2 000 species of sea star living the world s oceans Though most species have five arms some types of star fish can have up to forty arms Their bony calcified skin protects them from most predators and many are brightly colored to scare off potential attackers Sea stars are well known for their ability to regenerate lost limbs Some sea stars require an intact central body in order to regenerate however a few species can grow an entirely new sea star from just a portion of a severed limb Most sea stars also have the remarkable ability to consume prey outside their bodies by using

    Original URL path: http://rosenberg-library-museum.org/displays/splendors/splendors.htm (2016-04-26)
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    of African Grebo masks he owned Modern re proportioning of figures has also gone hand in hand with the awareness of tribal art since Picasso and Matisse began taking broad liberties in their paintings Such distortions are commonly depicted by modern Expressionist artists Most tribal sculptures are made of wood because of the abundance and flexibility of the material and also because bronze and brass were typically regarded as semi

    Original URL path: http://rosenberg-library-museum.org/displays/tribal.art/tribal.htm (2016-04-26)
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    Pabsts PUEBLO INDIAN POTTERY Traditional Pueblo pottery is most often made by women although men sometimes help decorate and fire the clay vessels Pueblo artisans do not use potting wheels or modern kilns Instead they shape their pottery by hand and fire it in earthen pits Pottery technique style design and color varies among different groups of Pueblo Indians BLACK ON BLACK POTTERY Blackware is one of the most distinctive types of Pueblo pottery It is characterized by its highly polished black luster Some blackware vessels feature carved designs or matte black painted details but others have no decoration Black on black pottery was developed by Maria Martinez 1884 1980 and her husband Julian around 1920 The couple lived in the San Ildefonso Pueblo near Santa Fe New Mexico They sold their pottery by the roadside and in local shops Black on black pottery attributed to Maria and Julian Martinez is popular among contemporary collectors POLYCHROME POTTERY Polychrome pottery has a painted or glazed surface of three or more colors This type of pottery is especially common among Hopi Indians Nampeyo of Hano was one of the most well known Pueblo potters from the early twentieth century She decorated her

    Original URL path: http://rosenberg-library-museum.org/displays/pottery/pottery.htm (2016-04-26)
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    to 600 feet Its private back room was equipped with the most modern gaming equipment and long before Vegas attracted the big names the Maceos lured high rollers to Play on Galveston Island In its heyday the Balinese Room drew crowds from all over the country The showroom featured a laundry list of stars including Phil Harris Frank Sinatra Bob Hope the Ritz Brothers George Burns and Gracie Allen Peggy Lee Duke Ellington and Jayne Mansfield among many others of the industry s best It is said that Fred Astaire and Arthur Murray would even give free dance lessons to the hotspot s lucky patrons There is even a story that the B Room s bartender invented a new drink for singer Peggy Margaret Lee in 1948 He supposedly named it after the Spanish version of her name Margarita and it s been a hit ever since There is also an epic tale that the Balinese Room was raided on 64 consecutive nights without one charge ever made When Texas Rangers would raid the establishment a buzzer would sound in the back room all gambling devices would disappear into secret floor and wall compartments and tables would instantly be set with linens and silver By the time the Rangers would reach the end of the pier guests would stand and the band would strike up The Eyes of Texas There was a small fire on March 8 1953 but a larger blaze caused by defective wiring forced the Balinese Room to close seven months later The plush Balinese Room was destroyed The club was operated by Anthony and Victor Fertitta nephews of the late Sam Maceo In 1955 a new Balinese Room featured an automatic sprinkler system and a fire escape around the entire structure Officials raved that the new

    Original URL path: http://rosenberg-library-museum.org/displays/balinese/balinese.htm (2016-04-26)
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