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  • Treasure of the Month
    to maintain his business due to the Union blockade of the Galveston port Instead he joined the Confederate army and rose to the rank of lieutenant colonel After the war ended T B Stubbs Co resumed its former business affairs and the Stubbs family continued to expand with the birth of two more children The financial Panic of 1873 forced Stubbs to close his once prosperous company At age 51 he was compelled to convert the family s residence into a boarding house in order to provide additional income for his wife and children The Stubbs home was later lost in the Great Fire of 1885 which swept through Galveston s east end Fortunately the insurance payment covered the rebuilding of the house at 1602 Market and also allowed the Stubbses to build two adjacent rental properties Theodore Stubbs died in 1896 at age 71 James B Stubbs Builds a Legal Career While the 1870s and 1880s were difficult decades for Theodore Stubbs his eldest son James showed much promise After attending private schools in Galveston James Stubbs enrolled at Pass Christian College in Mississippi From there he was granted admission to Washington and Lee University where he earned a law degree in 1872 He returned to the island to practice at the leading firm Ballinger Jack and Mott In 1880 Stubbs was elected to the Texas Senate When the state legislature voted to establish the University of Texas in 1881 Stubbs worked to bring the school s medical branch to Galveston Island He also served three terms as the city attorney for Galveston He later opened his own firm with partner William J Kelly After Kelly s death Stubbs established a new partnership with his half brother Charles J Stubbs around 1885 The brothers operated a law office at the Trueheart Adriance building 212 22nd Street for many years James Stubbs s first wife was Rebecca J Allen whom he married in 1876 The couple had three children but later divorced Stubbs married his second wife Mathilda Hubner following the 1900 Storm Ms Hubner was a widower whose two teenage children tragically drowned during that event Vintage walking cane In 1901 Stubbs was elected President of the Texas Bar Association He was active with the Masonic Order and the El Mina Shrine Temple Interestingly James B Stubbs gave the oration when a group of local Masons laid the cornerstone of Rosenberg Library in 1902 He died at his residence 1726 21st Street in 1925 at age 74 and is buried in the Old City Cemetery A Look at Men s Fashion During the Early 20th Century The personal belongings of James B Stubbs in the Rosenberg Library museum collection provide a glimpse into both fashion and social customs around the turn of the 20th century One of the items is an engraved walking cane Though first used as a device to facilitate balance for those with injuries or disabilities walking sticks evolved into stylish accessories for both gentlemen and

    Original URL path: http://rosenberg-library-museum.org/displays/treasure/2015/08-stubbs/stubbs.htm (2016-04-26)
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  • Treasure of the Month
    For the first years of his life his father was off fighting in the Civil War so his mother grandfather and the family s slaves raised him The local school was held in a primitive log church with no windows a plank could be taken out for air circulation and crude splintery benches for seating Despite the poor facilities Littlejohn had fond memories of schoolyard games and helpful peers Upon graduating from high school Littlejohn attended college at East Texas University in Tyler and went on to graduate from Peabody Normal College at Nashville In 1882 he and his roommate James Fendley began their teaching careers in Jacksonville Texas The following year the duo moved to Galveston where Littlejohn taught at the old hospital school Within two years he was promoted to principal at an elementary school on 15th and N but the school burned in the Great Fire of 1885 Despite the setback the school year resumed in the basement of Temple B nai Israel and the Presbyterian Church Littlejohn moved to Rosenberg Elementary and finally Alamo Elementary His accomplished career spanned the 1900 Storm recovery grade raising and many other historical events In 1924 he became the Superintendent of Galveston s public schools He served in that post until his retirement in 1934 due to poor health Littlejohn s fifty years of service were an impressive feat but it was almost unheard of that his lifelong friend James Fendley did the same including serving as Superintendent for 20 years Littlejohn s impact on Galveston s schools is hard to overstate As early as 1885 he held classes for educators on how to improve their teaching methods eventually bringing the courses to the University of Texas and Tulane He helped establish the Texas Journal of Education at Galveston which

    Original URL path: http://rosenberg-library-museum.org/displays/treasure/2015/09-littlejohn/littlejohn.htm (2016-04-26)
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  • Treasure of the Month
    port city of Galveston in 1857 He joined the Confederate cause during the Civil War and served as lieutenant of the gunboat General Rusk In 1864 he married Josephine Mason at Lynchburg Texas The couple returned to Galveston where Captain Scrimgeour took command of the Confederate blockade runner Alice which cruised between the ports of Galveston New Orleans Key West and Havana He was later captured and held as a prisoner of war in Boston until the end of the war He eventually returned to Galveston where he joined the Morgan Steamship Lines and served as a bar pilot for thirty years William and Josephine Morgan had three children Charles William and Jean The family lived in an elegant residence at 810 Postoffice in the East End A Blossoming Artist Painter s palette brushes and supplies used by Jean S Morgan Born into a prominent family Jean Scrimgeour Morgan had the privilege of obtaining an education She attended the Galveston Female Institute a leading school for young ladies in Galveston during the 1880s Pupils at the institute received instruction in music and fine arts in addition to science arithmetic and literature After graduating from Galveston Female Institute Mrs Morgan enrolled at the Art Students League of New York an innovative art school which attracted scores of men and women who went on to become internationally famous artists Mrs Morgan was said to have been taught by J Carroll Beckwith and William Merritt Chase two of the most acclaimed American painters of the day It was at the Art Students League that Jean Morgan began to paint using oils and watercolors mediums which she continued to work with in later years After her training in New York was complete she returned to Galveston and married a local banker George D Morgan

    Original URL path: http://rosenberg-library-museum.org/displays/treasure/2015/10-jsm/morgan.htm (2016-04-26)
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  • Treasure of the Month
    business leaders however saw it as opportunity for mainland farmers to reach markets in Galveston They also hoped that it would encourage development of farming communities in the region The Opening Celebration In an effort to improve the public s perception of the bridge and to build excitement about its construction the Chamber of Commerce appointed a committee to host a celebration marking the bridge s formal opening Chamber Secretary C H McMaster took charge and after months of careful planning the elaborate affair was scheduled for mid November 1893 Every effort was made to make it a fun and joyous celebration for the community The opening day included a formal dedication of the bridge with the Galveston mayor and the county judge present along with a representative of the general contractor All incoming wagons were invited to join a street parade along with the Galveston Artillery brass bands from Hitchcock and Alvin and the Galveston Fire Department Numerous prizes were awarded to parade participants including a lot of land at Virginia Point a new saddle a rifle a cook stove a diamond ring and even a set of gold false teeth valued at 50 Local merchants donated the gifts for the winners of various categories such as best native winemaker sweetest honey prettiest baby and oldest farmer s wife The parade concluded with a procession to the Beach Hotel where a fireworks display wowed the crowd Day two included cruises along the wharves onboard steamships departing from Kuhn s Wharf The public was invited to watch rescue demonstrations by local firefighters and by the marine lifesaving crew Afterwards an oyster roast was held at Woollam s Lake With all of the work and expense that went into building Galveston s wagon bridge it sadly had a very short life

    Original URL path: http://rosenberg-library-museum.org/displays/treasure/2015/11-bridge/wagon-bridge.htm (2016-04-26)
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  • Treasure of the Month
    nineteenth century Americans began to embrace the tradition During this period food items like cookies nuts fruits and stranded cranberries or popcorn were very popular Such items brought merriment and in the case of fruits and nuts represented a regeneration of life that awaited the next season While glass beads and hand sewn ornaments had been common in England for many decades it was not until the 1880s that German artisans began producing glass ornaments on a large scale Lauscha a town in Germany quickly became the world s leader in glass mold and hand blown glass ornaments while Dresden artists used paper pressed tin and other materials to create festive decorations Shiny and reflective materials added to the majesty of the season During a visit to Germany American businessman F W Woolworth took note of the popularity of glass ornaments and began importing them to America reportedly selling over 25 million worth by 1900 With the onset of World War I the German monopoly over ornaments was challenged by Japanese Czech and eventually American manufacturers Following World War II the trend towards mass production in areas with cheap labor costs continued and today most ornaments are made in China although some places like Lauscha still have a thriving handcrafted high quality ornament industry Today Christmas decorations rank second to gifts in seasonal sales A Local Tradition One highlight of the holiday season in Galveston is the Galveston Historical Foundation s Dickens on the Strand event Held from December 4 6 this year the unique street festival draws inspiration from 19 th centrury Victorian London The first Dickens then called an Old English Christmas and Hanukkah Party held December 19 1974 was a small pot luck gathering on the Strand but quickly grew The Foundation s Will Wright sums up

    Original URL path: http://rosenberg-library-museum.org/displays/treasure/2015/12-ornament/ornament.htm (2016-04-26)
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  • Treasure of the Month
    named such because it was founded by local merchants Similar libraries had been established as early as 1820 in other U S cities including New York Boston Cincinnati and Philadelphia Funding for these libraries came from voluntary subscriptions An annual membership to Galveston s mercantile library initially cost two dollars per month As a result only more affluent citizens could afford to access library books In January of 1871 a celebration to mark the opening of Galveston s first library was held at Casino Hall 2120 Avenue G The Galveston Mercantile Library was originally located in the Hurlbut Building on the 2200 block of Postoffice Street It became the first public standard and circulating library established in Texas The collection was comprised of 2 000 books which had all been donated by local merchants Within a short time the library had outgrown its space at the Hurlbut Building and was moved to Ryland Chapel the first Methodist Church to be erected on the island This structure located at the corner of 22nd Street and Church was later replaced by the Scottish Rite Cathedral By 1873 the collection numbered 5 500 volumes which included books periodicals and items related to Texas history The Galveston Free Library The library s popularity continued to grow and in 1874 the Chamber of Commerce offered its mercantile library as a gift to the City of Galveston to be used by local citizens free of charge Thus the Galveston Free Library was established with the City providing 250 per month for maintenance preservation and increase Nine trustees were appointed to manage the library In 1875 the library moved again to the first floor of the Ballinger Jack Building at 2211 Postoffice However just three years later a newly elected City Council voted to withdraw all funding for the library The book collection was moved into storage at city hall In 1881 a group of young men known as the Galveston Lyceum requested that the City allow them to act as custodians of the collection under the supervision of members of City Council and the City Library Committee The City accepted the request The Galveston Public Library The library was relocated back to its original home at the Ballinger Jack building It was renamed The Galveston Public Library with a collection that included more than 11 000 books and other print materials In 1884 the public library moved into a larger space on the second floor of the Masonic temple Despite local support funding for the operation of the library proved to be an ongoing challenge and in 1890 the City Council voted to resume its management of the collection Original architectural rendering of Rosenberg Library Made by noted illustrator Hughson Hawley in 1902 image courtesy of Rosenberg Library Henry Rosenberg a local businessman and philanthropist was among the original founders of Galveston s mercantile library in 1870 As such he was all too aware of the decades long struggle to finance and maintain a library for

    Original URL path: http://rosenberg-library-museum.org/displays/treasure/2014/01-fpl/fpl.htm (2016-04-26)
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  • Treasure of the Month
    worked for NASA drawing spaceships for their brochures At age 21 he and a friend went to New York There he landed a job at Saks Fifth Avenue where he met numerous well connected people which eventually led to opportunities to work in theater and television production After getting his break Morgan took the design world by storm He worked on a number of Broadway productions creating costumes and sets Additionally he designed for special events at the Lincoln Center the Metropolitan Museum and worked for the then three major television networks ABC CBS and NBC Some of his most notable clients included Diana Vreeland Caroline Kennedy and NYC Mayor Ed Koch He also broke into film working with Hollywood stars like Meryl Streep Brooke Shields Lucille Ball James Cagney Paul Newman Bob Hope and Richard Gere Morgan s designs also appeared on The Tony Awards That s Life and The Parade of Stars at the Palace Theater He taught design courses at Princeton University where he became acquainted with both Brooke Shields and her mother Terri as students Morgan came to Galveston in the mid 1980s at the request of Dancie Ware who was helping resurrect the island s Mardi Gras celebration which had been mostly inactive for the previous thirty years Upon his arrival he created about 250 costumes for the Krewe of Momus Galveston s oldest krewe and then decided after 20 years in New York to make Galveston his home He later recalled When I first came to Galveston I pictured myself moving here and rocking on my veranda But I haven t had time to do any rocking yet He soon opened up a costume shop and kept busy making Halloween costumes outfits for the Galveston Historical Foundation s Dickens on the Strand celebration wedding

    Original URL path: http://rosenberg-library-museum.org/displays/treasure/2014/02-mardi%20gras/mardi_gras_2014.htm (2016-04-26)
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  • Treasure of the Month
    Spoons cast from silver became popular baptismal gifts among the wealthy hence the phrase born with a silver spoon Forks came along later originating from Italy in the 17th century Eliminating the need for picking up food with one s fingers forks provided a more delicate much cleaner eating experience By the Victorian age dinner parties had evolved into carefully orchestrated pageant like affairs Formal attire was required for evening meals served after 6 o clock These dinners provided the host and hostess an opportunity to display all of their fine china and silver and it was not uncommon for each diner to be provided with a 24 piece place setting Up to 8 different forks 8 different knives various spoons and multiple drinking glasses were set out for individual guests Late 19th century engraving of a formal dinner party featuring a properly set table Often consisting of 9 or so courses dinners lasted for several hours Time was allotted between each course to allow for digestion and conversation At the conclusion of the meal servers provided bowls of water with lemon for guests to freshen their hands It was customary for ladies to retire to the drawing room while men would remain at the table or enter the library for fine cigars and port wine There are two main styles of dining service which continue to be used today service a la francaise and service a la russe The French style came about first with a variety of dishes brought from the kitchen at once and placed together on the table The dinner was usually served in three courses beginning with soup and fish followed by roasts and ending with desserts Guests would select which types of foods they wished to eat and served themselves Present day buffets and

    Original URL path: http://rosenberg-library-museum.org/displays/treasure/2014/03-victorian%20silverware/victorian_silverware_2014.htm (2016-04-26)
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