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  • Contemporary and future studies in plant speciation, morphological-floral evolution and polyploidy | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
    A fundamental question in plant evolution is how new species originate in nature and replenish plant biodiversity Contributors discuss modern approaches for studying plant speciation including how divergence generates new species and how hybridization generates evolutionary novelty including new species Other papers illustrate the diverse nature of contemporary studies of polyploidy the duplication of entire sets of chromosomes a mechanism that from millions of years ago to the present has been pervasive in driving plant biodiversity Plant diversity is commonly recognized by external form morphology yet elucidating the genetic basis of plant morphology remains elusive Several contributions review progress in understanding the control of plant form Collectively these papers document the importance of Leslie Gottlieb s contributions to plant evolutionary biology because the same questions and in some cases the same plants that interested him are commanding the attention of contemporary workers employing cutting edge techniques today Read an interview with Guest Editor Dan Crawford about the issue Read Read all articles from this issue online The Introduction is FREE to access Don t have access If you would like to recommend this journal to your Librarian please fill out this form or contact sales royalsociety org Buy This issue is available to buy in print We offer discounts for bulk orders of the print version of this journal issue for educational use 20 per copy for 10 or more Authors of this issue can buy one copy at a discounted rate of 10 and further copies at 35 Please contact Jackie Knapp for more information Submit a theme proposal to Philosophical Transactions B February 2016 Volume 371 Issue 1688 Alert me to new content Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B Biological Sciences Influential themed journal issues across the life sciences Find out more Celebrating 350 years of Philosophical

    Original URL path: http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/contemporary-and-future-studies-plant-speciation-morphological-floral-evolution-and (2016-02-09)
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  • What cost mitochondria? Maintenance and evolution of mtDNA | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
    organismal health and lifespan as selection within the cell may favour mtDNA variants with a deleterious effect on cell fitness and maternal transmission removes the opportunity for recombination among mtDNA from different individuals reducing the scope for repair While an understanding of the clinical aspects of ageing and diseases linked to mitochondria requires an intimate knowledge of the molecular processes that occur within cells the appreciation of the causes of such processes should be found in evolutionary biology This special issue brings together researchers from diverse fields which so far have largely operated separately allowing us to answer not only how mitochondria are costly but also why we expect them to be Combining evolutionary biology and medical science should lead to better predictions regarding the role mitochondria play in certain diseases and ageing Read Read all articles from this issue online Don t have access If you would like to recommend this journal to your Librarian please fill out this form or contact sales royalsociety org Buy This issue is now available to buy in print We offer discounts for bulk orders of the print version of this journal issue for educational use 20 per copy for 10 or more Authors of this issue can buy one copy at a discounted rate of 10 and further copies at 35 Please contact Jackie Knapp for more information Submit a theme proposal to Philosophical Transactions B February 2016 Volume 371 Issue 1688 Alert me to new content Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B Biological Sciences Influential themed journal issues across the life sciences Find out more Celebrating 350 years of Philosophical Transactions Anniversary issue with free commentaries archive material videos and blogs Browse by subject behaviour biochemistry bioengineering bioinformatics biomaterials biomechanics biophysics biotechnology cellular biology cognition computational biology developmental biology ecology

    Original URL path: http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/what-cost-mitochondria-maintenance-and-evolution-mtdna (2016-02-09)
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  • Satellite remote sensing for biodiversity research and conservation applications | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
    biodiversity particularly the structure and functioning of ecosystems and the services that they provide The usefulness of remote sensing science to inform ecology has been highlighted by many yet these two research communities have only recently started to coordinate their research agendas Such synchronization is however key to improving the potential for remote sensing data to effectively support environmental management decisions This themed issue aims to demonstrate how integrative approaches combining ecological knowledge and satellite based information allow a better understanding of the mechanisms shaping current changes in biodiversity patterns By bringing together a range of stakeholders spanning academic experts in remote sensing and ecology to conservation NGOs it highlights how knowledge exchange is at the heart of the future development of both disciplines Read an interview with Guest Editor Nathalie Pettorelli about the issue and her research Read Read all articles from this issue online The Introduction is FREE to access Don t have access If you would like to recommend this journal to your Librarian please fill out this form or contact sales royalsociety org Buy This issue is available to buy in print We offer discounts for bulk orders of the print version of this journal issue for educational use 20 per copy for 10 or more Authors of this issue can buy one copy at a discounted rate of 10 and further copies at 35 Please contact Jackie Knapp for more information Submit a theme proposal to Philosophical Transactions B February 2016 Volume 371 Issue 1688 Alert me to new content Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B Biological Sciences Influential themed journal issues across the life sciences Find out more Celebrating 350 years of Philosophical Transactions Anniversary issue with free commentaries archive material videos and blogs Browse by subject behaviour biochemistry bioengineering bioinformatics biomaterials biomechanics

    Original URL path: http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/satellite-remote-sensing-biodiversity-research-and-conservation-applications (2016-02-09)
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  • Inclusive fitness: 50 years on | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
    natural selection leads the organism to appear designed as if to maximize her inclusive fitness her combined impact upon the reproductive success of all her relatives each increment being weighted by her genetic relatedness to the recipient This topic has blossomed into one of the most successful programmes of evolutionary research boasting a healthy interplay of theory and empiricism in fields as disparate as behavioural ecology microbiology and agriculture On its 50th anniversary we take stock check the soundness of its foundations showcase the most exciting current research and contemplate the challenges for inclusive fitness research over the next 50 years Read Read all the papers from this issue online The Introduction is FREE to access Don t have access If you would like to recommend this journal to your Librarian please fill out this form or contact sales royalsociety org Buy This issue is available to buy in print We offer discounts for bulk orders of the print version of this journal issue for educational use 20 per copy for 10 or more Authors of this issue can buy one copy at a discounted rate of 10 and further copies at 35 Please contact Jackie Knapp for more information Submit a theme proposal to Philosophical Transactions B February 2016 Volume 371 Issue 1688 Alert me to new content Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B Biological Sciences Influential themed journal issues across the life sciences Find out more Celebrating 350 years of Philosophical Transactions Anniversary issue with free commentaries archive material videos and blogs Browse by subject behaviour biochemistry bioengineering bioinformatics biomaterials biomechanics biophysics biotechnology cellular biology cognition computational biology developmental biology ecology environmental science evolution genetics genomics health and disease and epidemiology immunology microbiology molecular biology neuroscience palaeontology physiology plant science structural biology synthetic biology systems biology taxonomy

    Original URL path: http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/inclusive-fitness-50-years (2016-02-09)
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  • Changing the light environment: chloroplast signalling and response mechanisms | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
    Benoît Schoefs Light is an essential environmental factor required for photosynthesis but it also mediates signals to control plant development and growth and induces stress tolerance The photosynthetic organelle chloroplast is a key component in the signalling and response network in plants This theme issue of Philosophical Transactions B provides updates highlights and summaries of the most recent findings on chloroplast initiated signalling cascades and responses to environmental changes including light and biotic stress Besides plant molecular cell biology and physiology the theme issue includes aspects from the cross disciplinary fields of environmental adaptation ecology and agronomy Read Read all articles from this issue online The Introduction is FREE to access Don t have access If you would like to recommend this journal to your Librarian please fill out this form or contact sales royalsociety org Buy This issue is now available to buy in print We offer discounts for bulk orders of the print version of this journal issue for educational use 20 per copy for 10 or more Authors of this issue can buy one copy at a discounted rate of 10 and further copies at 35 Please contact Jackie Knapp for more information Submit a theme proposal to Philosophical Transactions B February 2016 Volume 371 Issue 1688 Alert me to new content Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B Biological Sciences Influential themed journal issues across the life sciences Find out more Celebrating 350 years of Philosophical Transactions Anniversary issue with free commentaries archive material videos and blogs Browse by subject behaviour biochemistry bioengineering bioinformatics biomaterials biomechanics biophysics biotechnology cellular biology cognition computational biology developmental biology ecology environmental science evolution genetics genomics health and disease and epidemiology immunology microbiology molecular biology neuroscience palaeontology physiology plant science structural biology synthetic biology systems biology taxonomy and systematics theoretical biology

    Original URL path: http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/changing-light-environment-chloroplast-signalling-and-response-mechanisms (2016-02-09)
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  • Achieving food and environmental security: new approaches to close the gap | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
    Transactions B provides a timely reminder about the role that science must play in achieving SI It reports the capacity for significant advances in the plant sciences that are already supporting advances in crop production internationally It also however reports analyses of the current status of human ecological and environmental health in sub Saharan Africa and reveals that we have a long way to go before SI can be fully realized The issue also includes the Kavli Declaration calling for a transformation in agricultural systems that focuses upon efficient resource use and the restoration and conservation of degraded lands to meet both our food production and environmental goals This issue is based on a Discussion Meeting held at The Royal Society 03 04 December 2012 More information and the speaker list can be found here Read Read all articles from this issue online The Introduction is FREE to access Don t have access If you would like to recommend this journal to your Librarian please fill out this form or contact sales royalsociety org Buy This issue is available to buy in print We offer discounts for bulk orders of the print version of this journal issue for educational use 20 per copy for 10 or more Authors of this issue can buy one copy at a discounted rate of 10 and further copies at 35 Please contact Jackie Knapp for more information Submit a theme proposal to Philosophical Transactions B February 2016 Volume 371 Issue 1688 Alert me to new content Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B Biological Sciences Influential themed journal issues across the life sciences Find out more Celebrating 350 years of Philosophical Transactions Anniversary issue with free commentaries archive material videos and blogs Browse by subject behaviour biochemistry bioengineering bioinformatics biomaterials biomechanics biophysics biotechnology cellular

    Original URL path: http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/achieving-food-and-environmental-security-new-approaches-close-gap (2016-02-09)
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  • Seeing and doing: how vision shapes animal behaviour | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
    the area where vision science at the level of eye design retinal function photoreceptor physiology motion vision or sampling of visual space interfaces with animal behaviours such as navigation signalling predator evasion food detection orientation and even human activities such as driving The coverage of these topics is cross disciplinary and involves new approaches particularly in modelling and the monitoring of actual behaviour This issue originated from an Applied Vision Association meeting held in September 2012 at Sussex University in honour of Michael F Land s 70th birthday Professor Land FRS is one of the top internationally recognized authorities on comparative animal vision and human visual performance Read Read all articles from this issue online The Introduction is FREE to access Don t have access If you would like to recommend this journal to your Librarian please fill out this form or contact sales royalsociety org Buy This issue is available to buy in print We offer discounts for bulk orders of the print version of this journal issue for educational use 20 per copy for 10 or more Authors of this issue can buy one copy at a discounted rate of 10 and further copies at 35 Please contact Jackie Knapp for more information Submit a theme proposal to Philosophical Transactions B February 2016 Volume 371 Issue 1688 Alert me to new content Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B Biological Sciences Influential themed journal issues across the life sciences Find out more Celebrating 350 years of Philosophical Transactions Anniversary issue with free commentaries archive material videos and blogs Browse by subject behaviour biochemistry bioengineering bioinformatics biomaterials biomechanics biophysics biotechnology cellular biology cognition computational biology developmental biology ecology environmental science evolution genetics genomics health and disease and epidemiology immunology microbiology molecular biology neuroscience palaeontology physiology plant science structural biology

    Original URL path: http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/seeing-and-doing-how-vision-shapes-animal-behaviour (2016-02-09)
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  • Multifaceted origins of sex differences in the brain | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
    science range from reductionistic cell and molecular analyses in animal models to functional imaging in awake human subjects with many other levels in between Interpretations and conclusions about the importance of particular differences often vary with differing levels of analyses and can lead to discord and dissent In the last two decades the range of neurobiological psychological and psychiatric endpoints found to differ in males and females has expanded beyond reproduction into every aspect of the healthy and diseased brain and thereby demands our attention A greater understanding of all aspects of neural functioning will only be achieved by incorporating sex as a biological variable This theme issue highlights the current state of the art of the discipline of sex differences research with an emphasis on the brain Read This issue is now available to read online The Introduction is free to access Don t have access If you would like to recommend this journal to your Librarian please fill out this form or contact sales royalsociety org Buy This issue will soon be available to buy in print We offer discounts for bulk orders of the print version of this journal issue for educational use 20 per copy for 10 or more Please contact our sales team for more information Submit a theme proposal to Philosophical Transactions B February 2016 Volume 371 Issue 1688 Alert me to new content Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B Biological Sciences Influential themed journal issues across the life sciences Find out more Celebrating 350 years of Philosophical Transactions Anniversary issue with free commentaries archive material videos and blogs Browse by subject behaviour biochemistry bioengineering bioinformatics biomaterials biomechanics biophysics biotechnology cellular biology cognition computational biology developmental biology ecology environmental science evolution genetics genomics health and disease and epidemiology immunology microbiology molecular biology neuroscience

    Original URL path: http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/multifaceted-origins-sex-differences-brain (2016-02-09)
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