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  • Understanding self and other: from origins to disorders | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
    research on more sophisticated social behaviours such as cooperation and intergroup interaction This theme issue integrates the latest research into self other understanding from evolutionary biology anthropology psychology neuroscience and psychiatry The contributions showcase ways in which research in these areas both informs and is informed by approaches spanning the biological and social sciences thus deepening our understanding of how we relate to others in a social world Read This issue is now available to read online Don t have access If you would like to recommend this journal to your Librarian please fill out this form or contact sales royalsociety org Buy This issue is now available to buy in print We offer discounts for bulk orders of the print version of this journal issue for educational use 20 per copy for 10 or more Please contact our sales team for more information Submit a theme proposal to Philosophical Transactions B February 2016 Volume 371 Issue 1688 Alert me to new content Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B Biological Sciences Influential themed journal issues across the life sciences Find out more Celebrating 350 years of Philosophical Transactions Anniversary issue with free commentaries archive material videos and blogs Browse

    Original URL path: http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/understanding-self-and-other-origins-disorders (2016-02-09)
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  • Percussive technology in human evolution: a comparative approach in fossil and living primates | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
    Parallels between primate percussive technologies and early archaeological sites need to be further explored in order to assess the emergence of technological behaviour in our evolutionary line and firmly establish bridges between Primatology and Archaeology What are the anatomical cognitive and ecological constraints of percussive technology How common are percussive activities in the Stone Age and among living primates What is their functional significance How similar are archaeological percussive tools and those made by non human primates This theme issue addresses some of these questions by presenting case studies with a wide chronological geographical and disciplinary coverage The studies presented here cover topics from modern Japanese monkeys to Brazilian capuchins studies of captive chimpanzees and chimpanzees in the wild research on the use of percussive technology among modern humans and recent hunter gatherers in Australia the Near East and Europe and archaeological examples of this behaviour from a million years ago to the Holocene In summary the breadth and depth of research compiled here should make this issue a landmark step forward towards a better understanding of percussive technology a unique behaviour shared by some modern and fossil primates Read This issue is now available to read online Don t have access If you would like to recommend this journal to your Librarian please fill out this form or contact sales royalsociety org Buy This issue is available to buy in print We offer discounts for bulk orders of the print version of this journal issue for educational use 20 per copy for 10 or more Please contact our sales team for more information Submit a theme proposal to Philosophical Transactions B February 2016 Volume 371 Issue 1688 Alert me to new content Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B Biological Sciences Influential themed journal issues across the life sciences

    Original URL path: http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/percussive-technology-human-evolution-comparative-approach-fossil-and-living-primates (2016-02-09)
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  • Controlling brain activity to alter perception, behaviour and society | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
    of this research for our understanding of the relationship between brain and behaviour Causal methods to interrogate brain function have been employed since the advent of modern neuroscience in the 19th century Initially randomly placed electrodes and stimulation of parts of the living brain was employed to localize specific functions to these areas Recent technical developments have rejuvenated this approach by providing more precise tools to dissect the neural circuits underlying behaviour perception and cognition Carefully controlled behavioural experiments have been combined with electrical devices targeted genetically encoded tools and neurochemical approaches to manipulate information processing in the brain The ability to control brain activity in these ways not only deepens our understanding of brain function but also provides new avenues for clinical intervention particularly in conditions where brain processing is awry Read This issue is available to read online Don t have access If you would like to recommend this journal to your Librarian please fill out this form or contact sales royalsociety org Watch Watch an interview with guest editor Dr Kristine Krug here Buy This issue is now available to buy in print We offer discounts for bulk orders of the print version of this journal issue for educational use 20 per copy for 10 or more Please contact our sales team for more information Submit a theme proposal to Philosophical Transactions B February 2016 Volume 371 Issue 1688 Alert me to new content Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B Biological Sciences Influential themed journal issues across the life sciences Find out more Celebrating 350 years of Philosophical Transactions Anniversary issue with free commentaries archive material videos and blogs Browse by subject behaviour biochemistry bioengineering bioinformatics biomaterials biomechanics biophysics biotechnology cellular biology cognition computational biology developmental biology ecology environmental science evolution genetics genomics health and disease

    Original URL path: http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/controlling-brain-activity-alter-perception-behaviour-and-society (2016-02-09)
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  • Release of chemical transmitters from cell bodies and dendrites of nerve cells | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
    major focus concerns the way in which release from cell bodies influences essential functions and pathologies of the central nervous system This issue is based on a Royal Society Discussion Meeting held in January 2015 Details can be found here Read This issue is now available to read online Don t have access If you would like to recommend this journal to your Librarian please fill out this form or contact sales royalsociety org Buy This issue is now available to buy in print We offer discounts for bulk orders of the print version of this journal issue for educational use 20 per copy for 10 or more Please contact our sales team for more information Listen This issue is based on a Royal Society Discussion Meeting held in January 2015 Audio recordings from the talks can be found here Submit a theme proposal to Philosophical Transactions B February 2016 Volume 371 Issue 1688 Alert me to new content Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B Biological Sciences Influential themed journal issues across the life sciences Find out more Celebrating 350 years of Philosophical Transactions Anniversary issue with free commentaries archive material videos and blogs Browse by subject behaviour biochemistry

    Original URL path: http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/release-chemical-transmitters-cell-bodies-and-dendrites-nerve-cells (2016-02-09)
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  • Cerebral cartography: a vision of its future | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
    increasing sophistication of imaging techniques and the rapid improvements in magneto encephalography means that brain activity can be studied in the microsecond and millisecond range and related to the location of brain areas providing unprecedented detail of the dynamics of interactions between them This issue of Philosophical Transactions B published during the journal s 350 anniversary year brings together eminent neuroscientists to consider the future of brain research and how it might develop over the coming quarter of a century The papers reveal how the questions asked and the methods used to address them have been refined to unprecedented levels giving us hope that the next 25 years will see continuing sophistication in the answers we obtain The issue also highlights the programmes of the major initiatives in brain studies in the United States Japan and Europe providing a must read resource for all those interested in the future of brain studies Read This issue is now available to read online The Introduction is free to read and many of the papers are open access Don t have access If you would like to recommend this journal to your Librarian please fill out this form or contact sales royalsociety org Buy This issue is available to buy in print We offer discounts for bulk orders of the print version of this journal issue for educational use 20 per copy for 10 or more Please contact our sales team for more information Submit a theme proposal to Philosophical Transactions B February 2016 Volume 371 Issue 1688 Alert me to new content Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B Biological Sciences Influential themed journal issues across the life sciences Find out more Celebrating 350 years of Philosophical Transactions Anniversary issue with free commentaries archive material videos and blogs Browse by subject behaviour

    Original URL path: http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/cerebral-cartography-vision-its-future (2016-02-09)
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  • Biology, cognition and origins of musicality | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
    the evolution of music concern the question of what defines music Can birdsong the song structure of humpback whales a Thai elephant orchestra or the interlocking duets of gibbons be considered music In trying to answer this question it is important to separate the notions of music and musicality Musicality can be defined as a natural spontaneously developing trait based on and constrained by biology and cognition Music by contrast is a social and cultural construct based on that very musicality This theme issue tries to provide a characterization of the constituent mechanisms of musicality and the extent to which they are present in nonhuman species Read This issue is now available to read online The Introduction is free to access We interviewed Professor Henkjan Honing for our blog click here to find out more Don t have access If you would like to recommend this journal to your Librarian please fill out this form or contact sales royalsociety org Buy This issue is now available to buy in print We offer discounts for bulk orders of the print version of this journal issue for educational use 20 per copy for 10 or more Please contact our sales team for more information Submit a theme proposal to Philosophical Transactions B February 2016 Volume 371 Issue 1688 Alert me to new content Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B Biological Sciences Influential themed journal issues across the life sciences Find out more Celebrating 350 years of Philosophical Transactions Anniversary issue with free commentaries archive material videos and blogs Browse by subject behaviour biochemistry bioengineering bioinformatics biomaterials biomechanics biophysics biotechnology cellular biology cognition computational biology developmental biology ecology environmental science evolution genetics genomics health and disease and epidemiology immunology microbiology molecular biology neuroscience palaeontology physiology plant science structural biology synthetic biology systems

    Original URL path: http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/biology-cognition-and-origins-musicality (2016-02-09)
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  • Communicative rhythms in brain and behaviour | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
    of conversation coordinating music makers linking them to their audiences In this theme issue our contributors explore a wide range of questions relating to rhythm in communication What do speech and music share in terms of their rhythmic organisation and how do they differ How can rhythmic structure enhance prediction How does it facilitate social interaction from infancy onwards And how does people s ability to use rhythm unravel in cases of neurogenic disorder The issue brings cutting edge original research together with reviews from different disciplinary perspectives It seeks to integrate theoretical and empirical advances and to expand the common ground and potential for collaboration between the many disciplines involved in researching rhythmic communication Read Read all articles from this issue online The Introduction is FREE to access Don t have access If you would like to recommend this journal to your Librarian please fill out this form or contact sales royalsociety org Buy This issue is available to buy in print We offer discounts for bulk orders of the print version of this journal issue for educational use 20 per copy for 10 or more Authors of this issue can buy one copy at a discounted rate of 10 and further copies at 35 Please contact Jackie Knapp for more information Submit a theme proposal to Philosophical Transactions B February 2016 Volume 371 Issue 1688 Alert me to new content Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B Biological Sciences Influential themed journal issues across the life sciences Find out more Celebrating 350 years of Philosophical Transactions Anniversary issue with free commentaries archive material videos and blogs Browse by subject behaviour biochemistry bioengineering bioinformatics biomaterials biomechanics biophysics biotechnology cellular biology cognition computational biology developmental biology ecology environmental science evolution genetics genomics health and disease and epidemiology immunology microbiology molecular

    Original URL path: http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/communicative-rhythms-brain-and-behaviour (2016-02-09)
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  • The principles of goal-directed decision-making: from neural mechanisms to computation and robotics | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
    select among anticipated action outcomes and are context dependent and which could be the foundations of most everyday human and animal decisions Goal directed decision making has to include additional sources of information beyond direct sensory states such as representations of proximal and distal goal states and their utility as well as memory and prediction processes furthermore it has to take into consideration the specific behavioural context where decision is made rather than just activate habits Understanding how the brain integrates and balances all these processes towards goal achievement requires a system level cross domain effort This theme issue brings together neuroscientists psychologists computational modellers behavioural ecologists and roboticists to present recent results and theoretical insights in the most relevant research directions in the study of goal directed choice including its neuronal underpinnings in the brain of humans monkeys and rodents its correct functioning and malfunctioning its underlying computational principles and its validity in real world robotic and ecologic settings Read Read all articles from this issue online The Introduction is FREE to access Don t have access If you would like to recommend this journal to your Librarian please fill out this form or contact sales royalsociety org Buy This issue is now available to buy in print We offer discounts for bulk orders of the print version of this journal issue for educational use 20 per copy for 10 or more Authors of this issue can buy one copy at a discounted rate of 10 and further copies at 35 Please contact Jackie Knapp for more information Submit a theme proposal to Philosophical Transactions B February 2016 Volume 371 Issue 1688 Alert me to new content Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B Biological Sciences Influential themed journal issues across the life sciences Find out more Celebrating 350

    Original URL path: http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/principles-goal-directed-decision-making-neural-mechanisms-computation-and-robotics (2016-02-09)
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