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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Poverty Law
    community empowerment They were to be at the service of community leaders helping to ensure not only that individuals would have a fair chance in court cases but also that the community itself have a fair chance to influence or even drive public policy decisions affecting it Shriver had a vision of recruiting and supporting sufficient numbers of legal services attorneys to provide reasonable access to an attorney for all low income people in the country He also thought that these attorneys should be linked together so that to the extent possible they would function as a national law firm for the poor as opposed to isolated attorneys in scattered storefronts in low income neighborhoods The glue for this national law firm was the National Clearinghouse for Legal Services located in Chicago which published Clearinghouse Review containing action research for lawyers and maintained a brief bank with hundreds of thousands of poverty law documents that the attorneys could tap for ideas and models mutual learning and strategizing Taken together Shriver s vision for legal services was not just an astute understanding of how to provide access to justice and help communities build power it was an audacious threat to the prevailing power arrangements It was a powerful and productive model and it produced significant changes in addition to providing an increasing volume of justice in the courts Almost immediately the legal services program was under attack politically Every step of the way Sargent Shriver fought for his original vision and for sustained funding and much of it survives in spite of restrictions by successive federal administrations in the 1980s and 1990s In 2001 Shriver gave his name and personal authority to a new project the Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law located in Chicago Privately funded the Shriver Center

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/sarges-work/poverty-law (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Method in Social Innovation and Reconciliation
    In a speech delivered shortly after President Johnson presented him with the challenge of designing and leading a War on Poverty Sarge expressed the fundamentally methodological character of the task We do not yet know all that needs to be known about the job ahead We do not know how to go to the moon yet either but we are going to get there Fifty years ago we did not know how to eliminate typhoid fever scarlet fever whooping cough diphtheria or paralytic polio But we found out Twenty five years ago we didn t know how to split the atom but we found out We may not yet know exactly how to go about ending poverty and abolishing war but we are going to find out And in a speech to the Council on Foreign Relations Sarge highlighted the methodological challenge at the heart of the Peace Corps What is going to change the world If you believe people must live together in harmony in this conflict ridden world how is this going to come about Guns won t change the world that is one of the great lessons of this bloody century Dollar bills won t change the world Nor will simple good will What was Sarge doing when he was creating those and other programs Our reflections to date lead SSPI to contend that the method operative in Sarge s quest to build peace and to end poverty can be expressed as a set of five key variables in their functional relations to each other This set of terms and relations is expressed in the method diagram The terms SSPI uses to designate these five variables are spiritual values personal practice conflict transformation social structure and critical reflexivity The arrows on the diagram express the functional relationships among these terms Our contention is that the functional relationship of these key terms helps to illuminate and explain the dynamic intelligibility of Sarge s complex peacebuilding performances and that taken as a whole this set of terms and relations constitutes what SSPI refers to as Sarge s Method in Social Innovation and Reconciliation By way of clarification three points follow First the diagram suggests that any social initiative at any scale will have at least five constituent elements An orientation to value Spiritual Values Sets of rituals and practices for cultivating individual skill and mastery Personal Practice Ways of dealing with personal and group relations to transform conflict and foster cooperation Conflict Transformation Institutionalized patterns of cooperation for solving problems and getting things done Social Structure Ways of making decisions or exercising critical control regarding the character and relations of the other four elements Critical Reflexivity Second the diagram suggests that the functional relationship of these elements is analogous to the functional relationships specified by differential equations in mathematics The key difference is that the variables in question the five key terms on the diagram do not represent mathematical quantities they designate the conscious performances of human beings in

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/sarges-method/method-in-social-innovation-and-reconciliation (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Spiritual Valuing
    involved were genuinely valued and served As performed spiritual valuing is grounded by the spiritual activation of a person or perhaps more precisely by the actuation of a person s capacity for spiritual self presence Descriptively put we are engaged in spiritual valuing when we are operating within a horizon of value meaning and purpose that spontaneously reaches beyond the horizon of our own personal social and cultural concerns and frames of reference Drawing on the language of traditional religious and spiritual discourse Sargent Shriver identifies the act of spiritual valuing with the act of compassion For the saints and sages of the great religions have always agreed that a peace that passes understanding can be reached only by compassion This is the ideal that must illuminate from the very center all our efforts to bring a better life to our world within our own country and in the farthest reaches of the planet It is only with this compassion that man can look upon man through the mask of many colors through the vestments of many religions through the dust of poverty or through the disfigurement of disease and recognize his brother The felt need for methods other than

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/sarges-method/spiritual-values (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver speaks to the National Conference on Religion and Race
    If such a program intended finally to bury religious laissez faire in racial problems were instituted it would encourage each member of the congregation to pledge a tithe of their time to removing racial barriers at work at play at worship I wonder why an appeal requesting every church member to give a tithe of time has not been made already Just a few Sundays ago in a Catholic weekly newspaper The Sunday Visitor the whole front page was devoted to this subject of tithing but the discussion was focused primarily on the financial aspect of tithing George Romney the new Republican Governor of Michigan impressed me with his recent statement acknowledging quite openly that he was accustomed to giving a tithe of his income to the Mormon Church But isn t it easier to give a tithe of your money than a tithe of your time Isn t the time you give yourself more important than the money Let me be more specific The Peace Corps has shown what Americans will do when they are challenged by a high purpose They respond enthusiastically no matter what the personal cost Thousands of them volunteered to serve even in the days when the skeptics and cynics were ridiculing the Peace Corps as a children s crusade a beatniks boondoggle and a kiddie corps They deliberately chose a hard and to some an unpopular course because first it is voluntary second it demands their utmost and third it is worthwhile These Volunteers have already written a moral to a story that is still being told That moral A nation cannot require too much of its citizens if the cause is right Do our churches expect too little of their members in solving race problems Suppose five thousand congregations in America were to set up volunteer groups to combat racial prejudice and eliminate racial tensions in five thousand religious precincts throughout America And suppose the 5 000 were to become 10 000 or 20 000 In thousands of communities religiously inspired volunteers would be inviting Negro families to personal social functions They would be organizing and joining interracial councils securing entrance of Negroes into previously all white neighborhoods ensuring enforcement of constitutional rights to equal opportunity and improving living conditions in segregated neighborhoods A profound new force would be at work in America emanating from the deepest wells of religious inspiration and reaching for the noblest summits of human aspiration That combination would be invincible There will be those who scoff at so pointed an effort by organized religion to deal with a major social disorder Some will cry Busy Bodies but they will not be the first When a group of English bishops tried to mediate the bitter British coal strike of 1926 Prime Minister Baldwin retorted by asking how they would like it if he referred the revision of the Athanasian Creed to the Iron and Stee1 Federation Some critics will want to ignore the church s word on the thesis that it is irrelevant like the corporation president who said 0f course segregation is wrong from the Christian point of view Let us not discuss it from that point of view Still others will argue So what Go ahead You won t do any good But yon won t do any harm either Few people read much history as William Temple reminded us Otherwise they would know that history abounds with dramatic examples of the impact made by the spirit of religion upon the life of mankind The abolition of the Slave Trade for example was carried through by Wilberforce and his friends in the inspiration of their Christian faith Other faiths can point to similar accomplishments More recently efforts by churches and synagogues have illustrated what can be accomplished After his school system was integrated one Kentucky superintendent said I believe ministers and lay church leaders made the greatest contribution in getting the general public to accept desegregation You may be familiar with the inspiring experience in St Louis The 600 member Church Federation set aside a Sunday for thanksgiving prayer for public school desegregation It challenged pastors and membership to take an open stand for integration The Cardinal called in a general letter for all Catholic pastors to influence their hundreds of thousands of parishioners to cooperate The Rabbinical Association urged all citizens to work and pray for its success On the other hand we know what can happen when religious leadership is absent Remember Clinton Tennessee Ugly violence flared there when desegregation was attempted It took 650 National Guardsmen and 39 state highway troopers led by a burly 290 pound commander to restore order after days of tension When a special report was written to analyze what had happened in Clinton this significant sentence appeared Churches were not utilized to any extent in Clinton Tennessee During the crisis a Baptist minister escorted Negro students through the howling crowds He was beaten by the mob but his courage was unshaken What might have happened in Clinton had the religious community rallied to support him One man is not enough There must be others I said earlier there is no reliable justice without the machinery of justice the Government But the machinery of justice cannot be effective without men and women who have the will and character to make it work This is where we came again to religion What is it that produces men and women with the will and character to make the machinery of justice work if it is not religious faith The maxim is true that politics is the art of the possible The constant challenge we face in politics is to enlarge the area of the possible to lengthen the stakes in Biblical language But to do that requires that men change their objectives But they can t change their objectives unless they change their prejudices and that requires changes in men s attitudes and that requires changes in men s minds and that

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/speech-to-the-national-conference-on-religion-and-race (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver addresses to the United Negro College Fund Symposium in 1964
    and white on meaningful and dignified jobs at decent wages The fulfillment of this demand is the objective of President Johnson s program How will we do this This is what the President said in his message It will give every American community the opportunity to develop a comprehensive plan to fight its own poverty and help them to carry out their plans It will give dedicated Americans the opportunity to enlist as volunteers in the war against poverty The President s program for which almost one billion dollars is requested will give high priority to helping the young And there are compelling reasons for this In October 1963 730 000 young men and women between the ages of 16 and 21 were both out of school and out of work This figure grew by 22 percent in a one year period Unemployment statistics however do not tell the whole story Many teenagers Negro and white alike are employed in low paying dead end jobs which are beneath their potential abilities Almost a million young people in this country today desperately need training and guidance if they are to develop those abilities They are undertrained undereducated and underemployed If this situation is not changed we will have in five years almost one and a half million unemployed youth without adequate education and training without jobs of any sort and without a future This not only condemns them to poverty it is a loss to the entire nation of their productive skill and what they can contribute to our national life To meet this critical problem to enable the youth of today to escape the poverty of tomorrow to break the vicious cycle which continues poverty from generation to generation we have given top priority in our new legislation to the nation s young men and women Through a national job corps 100 000 underprivileged young men will enter camps around the nation They will receive work experience training and basic education They will graduate from these camps better able to look ahead to a future of productive and rewarding work These camps are not compulsory They are for those who want a chance and are willing to work to get that chance But many will not be able to enter camps For them we have other programs A Work Training program will provide jobs in their own communities for thousands of young American men and women to stabilize their lives and help get them on with their careers This will not only help them It will help communities which badly need part time help for such vital services as libraries hospitals and recreation programs These jobs will not be make work They will be a real and a necessary service For college students we have a Work Study program providing part time jobs so that students who want to go to college who have the capacity to go to college can go to college No one should be kept from

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/address-to-the-united-negro-college-fund-symposium (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver dedicates the Vatican Pavilion at the New York World's Fair
    an age in which men of all creeds are making the effort of mind and heart to understand their differences and to find their common ground It was this dialogue to which John XXIII dedicated the Vatican Council and it is this dialogue which Paul VI already has intensified through the continuation of the Vatican Council through the subtle but eloquent modern factions of liturgy so that in a new sense it speaks in many tongues through his pilgrimage to the East and through just such silent testimonies as this Pavilion In its oldest sense a pavilion is a tent It came from the word butterfly Because in the way that it spread out opened out it suggested a butterfly s wings I think of this Pavilion as opening out on all the weathers of our age In it the ancient Church of Rome is present to the world of 1964 speaking to that world and understanding that world Another remarkable aspect of this occasion is suggested by the exhibit that stands at the head of this Pavilion undoubtedly the most valuable single exhibit in the entire Fair the Pieta of Michelangelo To achieve the peace that goes beyond treaties that goes beyond ideologies a peace that binds hearts and creates a true community we need the world of art to lift our spirits we need the world of religion to give us a better standard than the things we see around us Here is that standard in the sorrowing mother holding what was failure as the world goes but which proved to be the greatest success of all time It was successful because as the Pieta reveals it was a life of compassion Michelangelo captured that compassion which is what we need to see and what we need to

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speeches/address-by-sargent-shriver-opening-of-the-vatican-exhibit (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver Speaks about funding Chicago Public Schools at Kenwood and Murray Schools PTA
    in frequent contact with important state legislators so that they too would be fully informed We realized that one of the most important factors in this whole situation was timing In a nutshell we had to have permission from the state legislature early in 1955 in order to get the referendum on the ballot in the general election of April 1955 Now let us consider the totally different atmosphere that prevails today less than one year later Authority for the Board of Education to proceed with the issuance of 50 million in bonds has passed the Illinois legislature both the house and the Senate unanimously The statute giving this authority was the number one bill to come before both bodies It was signed by the governor immediately and today at the Board of Education we approved the very wording of the ballot which will be placed before the voters in the April elections Furthermore speakers are being trained to inform the public about the need for the 50 million bond issue and a schools crisis committee has been organized to explain the need for this new bond issue to all the citizens of Cook County The various taxpayers federations and all the civic groups are behind us 100 And every one of the political candidates of both parties are loud in their support of our program Thus one year later we have a totally different picture free of doubt and hesitation Our 50 million bond program is well on its way to successful completion What does all this mean in terms of results First it means that our existing building program will be carried on and accelerated by an additional 50 million for building purposes to be spent within the next two years This means that the Board will be building new schools acquiring new school sites and modernizing old schools as fast as it is humanly possible for the staff to proceed Second the state legislature and the governor and the people have been and will continue to be told that this 50 million bond issue is only a beginning Our problems are so vast and so varied that we cannot begin to solve them with 50 million spent in two years The governor and the legislature have been further informed that in all likelihood the Board of Education will be coming back to Springfield in 1957 with a request for at least another 50 million bond issue and when we do we confidently expect approval once again from the governor and the legislature no matter which party is in office So it is not too much to say that we can look forward to a four year period during which the Board of Education will be spending approximately 100 million for new school construction Now it is always dangerous to predict what will happen five years from tonight but I ll risk the prediction and express the hope that in 1959 the Board will be in a position

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/speech-at-kenwood-and-murray-schools-pta (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver Speaks to Finance Committee, City Council of Chicago
    the second highest salary of any city in the U S A For those with a Ph D degree Chicago pays the highest anywhere Salaries such as these mean that your children and all children in Chicago have a first rate chance now to receive the best quality public school education If you compare today s excellent rates for Teachers salaries in our city with those of five years ago you elected representatives and all right minded citizens will rejoice that Chicago has moved from eleventh twelfth or fourteen position among America s top seventeen cities to today s position of first second and third POINT NUMBER THREE concerns the cost of building our schools In 1952 and 1953 when we started our modernization program we had to pay from 1 17 per cubic foot to 1 52 per cubic foot In 1955 we paid from 90 to 1 05 That constitutes a percentage cost reduction varying from a minimum of 22 to a maximum of 30 per building For every taxpayers dollar today therefore we are getting six buildings for the 1952 1953 price of five And this achievement has been made despite inflation POINT NUMBER FOUR concerns our recreational program From 1921 to 1946 the Board of Education maintained 63 playgrounds We could not expand the program We did not have the money Our 1 tax levy produced barely enough income to continue the existing playground facilities For more than ten years we had been stymied There was no progress at all In the period of 1945 1947 the City of Chicago tried to remedy the situation The City sought to improve lands belonging to the Board of Education by equipping them with recreational facilities By installing equipment on Board of Education land the City of Chicago tried to eliminate the necessity of buying land on which to create its own playgrounds City play ground equipment was installed under this program on 16 sites belonging to the Board of Education At that point the Corporation Counsel ruled that the City was proceeding beyond its legal authority and the City equipment on the Board of Education land was turned over to the Board Just for the record it might be well to emphasize that the City of Chicago therefore never gave the Board of Education these celebrated 16 playgrounds The Board received some playground equipment Nothing More And it was cheaper for the City to give this equipment to the Board than to remove it once the Corporation Counsel had delivered his opinion Irrespective of such considerations the important thing is our program for the future not recriminations and counter recriminations about the past You like we are most interested in what is going to happen in 1956 not in historical arguments about what did or did not happen in 1948 1949 or 1950 For 1956 therefore the Board of Education proposes the biggest recreational program since 1921 The Board has budgeted the entire proceeds from the 2 tax

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/speech-to-finance-committee-city-council-of-chicago (2015-03-27)
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