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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver speaks about academics in the Peace Corps at Georgetown University
    children using this language which she had been studying at the University of Hawaii but which she had never used before to communicate with anyone When these children missing page 4 In any event not only did he know these people well but they knew and liked him It s not hard to tell whether a person is popular The headmaster of the Volunteer s school will take me aside and say to me This fellow is the greatest thing that ever happened to our school The students will point out things that he had done For example when I arrived in John McLean s town with the United States Ambassador out in front of the school were a Thai flag and an American flag I would like to tell you about that American flag one of the professors said We tried to get one but we couldn t find one in this part of Thailand Two students of this school bicycled all the way to Bangkok at their own expense on their time and at their own initiative to get that American flag so that when you arrived they would be able to exhibit it as an indication of the respect they feel for this Peace Corps teacher People don t do such things unless they hold affection or sympathy for the person who is there John McLean had been to Buddhist weddings he has attended ordinations of Buddhist priests he is a complete part of his community Beulah Bartlett and Blythe Monroe are both 65 years old They are Peace Corps Volunteers from South Laguna California teaching in Dire Dawa Ethiopia the hometown of Haile Selassie Emperor Selassie was very much interested in the Peace Corps and he went out to Dire Dawa to see how the Volunteers were doing There was Beulah teaching and in walked the Emperor and sat down in a chair alongside her students Beulah continued her class as if nothing unusual had happened The Emperor congratulated her and went on to see Blythe and the headmaster The Emperor had never been in the school before it was the greatest moment in the history of that institution These incidents and I can multiply them by the 20 countries which I have been in add up to the fact that Peace Corps Volunteers have received a wonderfully warm reception everywhere they have gone About four months ago a Catholic missionary visited me at Peace Corps headquarters He was a very experienced man who works in South America I told him Father give me the low down tell me the real truth about the Peace Corps in the country where you work He said The truth is Mr Shriver the Peace Corps Volunteers are loved by the people I said Come now Father we don t use words like loved That s a big word missing page 6 We are looking into the selection system of the Peace Corps in an attempt to learn which parts

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/speech-at-georgetown-university (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver speaks before the House Education and Labor Committee, 1964
    to carry the plans forward depends upon the will and energy of each community It is new in its emphasis on providing incentives to every sector of our society to join in the war on poverty it creates a partnership between the Federal Government and the communities of this Nation It also creates a partnership with business and labor farm groups and private institutions All of them have a role in our fight against poverty This Bill provides incentives for business to create new jobs and to establish new enterprises to employ the long term unemployed It provides incentives for labor to use its resources in pension and trust funds to the same ends It provides incentives for farm groups to strengthen the pattern of family farming and to cooperate in drawing up plans to eliminate poverty in rural areas It provides incentives for private institutions hospitals community centers Y s and 4 H Clubs and all the rest of our rich abundance of private organizations devoted to human welfare to join in community action plans and focus their efforts more effectively on the problems of those in poverty It provides incentives and opportunities for dedicated citizens to volunteer as soldiers in the war against poverty The Federal Government will recruit and train these Volunteers but most of them will work for local and private organizations And no Volunteer will enter a state unless the governor requests him This is a new program in its new emphasis upon youth We want to give young people a chance to escape from the cycle of poverty to break out of the ruthless pattern of poor housing poor homes and poor education which condemns them to an unproductive life without adequate income We want to give them a way out We propose to do this through the job corps which will take young men from crippling environments and put them in camps where they will receive a blend of useful work often upon needed conservation project job training and basic education They will graduate from these camps better able to earn a living and to play a useful role in society We propose to do this also through work study and work training programs which will provide part time jobs for hundreds of thousands of young men and women allowing them to finish their schooling or receive a minimum sustaining income while they learn the disciplines of work Finally this is a completely voluntary program No one is required under this Bill to enter into any one of the proposed programs It gives new opportunity to those who want to help themselves or their communities But the choice is theirs It is not imposed by the authoritarian discipline of the Federal Government or of any Government This is also a prudent program It is financially prudent Its entire cost is already contained in the Budget It does not raise the national budget by a single dollar It is prudently planned Every dollar allocated

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/statement-before-the-house-education-and-labor-committee (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver receives the Bellarmine Medal at Bellarmine College
    here made about our own He recently said that the most important thing is that we should have more to eat good goulash he said in Hungary Those were strange words for a leader of a militant movement whose ideology seeks to capture the minds of men all around the world Moreover they are words which misunderstand the real desires and needs of Soviet youth itself These desires were more accurately expressed I believe by Yevtushenko the young Russian poet who recently published a biography a brief autobiography It was translated into English and in that biography he wrote among other things these words Never never has the Biblical saying this is a Communist quoting the Bible Never has the Biblical saying man does not live by bread alone had such a ring of truth as it does today Man has a need to dream however prosperous a man will be always dissatisfied if he has no high ideal Where there is plenty of bread and a shortage of idealism bread is no substitute for an ideal But where bread is short ideals are bread That s a Communist Yevtushenko Those are not the kind of words most of us expect to hear from a Communist To me they represent both a threat and a hope a threat because these words carry communism beyond its historic appeal to the stomach to include an appeal to the spirit A hope because these words tell us that within the Soviet Union some far sighted young leaders are moving closer to ideas which they can hold in common with our own people And this same hope the hope of common ideals is spreading throughout the world One of the great joys of my job has been the fact that it brought me in touch with young people all over the globe I ve been struck by the fact that a youth in a university in Thailand in Bangkok or in a government ministry in Africa or on a farm in Brazil or Venezuela all of them want to talk about the same things They desire progress for their nations and freedom for their people They want an end to war and conflict They see danger in the cold war and injustice in the fact that most of the world is poor while a very few are rich The fact is that they are closer to their contemporaries in other lands than they are to the older generations in their own lands They re not the silent generation or the rebellious generation or the frivolous generation they are the concerned generation concerned not only with their own futures but for the future of the world that they inhabit In this they are more admirable than many generations which have gone before them I think we re lucky that the future is in their hands For given the chance they could begin to undo much of the suspicion and hatred the tortured injustice which they have inherited from us The Peace Corps has given such a chance to many and its success is a measure of the strength of the ideals and the dedication of our young people But it s only a beginning If we do not draw back if we make available many other opportunities for service to all the day will come when hundreds of thousands of Volunteers will be serving the cause of peace abroad and of progress at home Now this is not a vague prophecy for such a movement of service and struggle has already begun It began in the Peace Corps three years ago and tens of thousands almost 100 000 have now volunteered for this movement It is now beginning in the war against poverty and early reactions indicated that there will be an enormous response to this latest challenge The distinguished correspondent the head of the Washington Bureau of the New York Times James Reston said this in his column of March 19 in the Times Something is happening on the campus In some ways these student leaders are ahead of the government And when the Congress finally gets around to backing a domestic Peace Corps and backing President Johnson s war on poverty quite a few young American men and women will already be in the field in action Both of these efforts the Peace Corps and the war against poverty offer a specific tangible concrete opportunity to men and women to help their fellowman to use their hands and their skills and their brains directly and intimately to build a new kind of a world Of course it s true that there are pessimists who say you can t win this war against poverty I know we can but I sometimes feel like that rabbit that little rabbit who left Washington and ran rapidly south through Virginia during the time of the McCarthy investigations You remember that a bird flew down and asked the rabbit why he was running running away from Washington so fast The little rabbit said Why they re shooting tigers up there But you re not a tiger said the bird I know said the rabbit but I can t prove it LAUGHTER I haven t the time tonight to prove that we can win the war against poverty though I think I could But the Peace Corps proves that many unexpected and unsuspected accomplishments can be achieved by people with spirit and dedication I ll never forget two Peace Corps Volunteers working in the town of Bani in the Dominican Republic They had been there a little while organizing 4 H clubs teaching the local people how to improve the strain of poultry planting vegetable gardens around the local school improving irrigation methods use of fertilizer use of new seeds when the government decided to transfer them to another village When the people of Bani heard this news they organized a town meeting One of the villagers stood up

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/address-to-bellarmine-college (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's addresses the American Society of Newspaper Editors
    of economics and the fiscal and monetary tools and techniques to win It s easy to forget how new the Federal Reserve System really is with its sophisticated controls over the money supply how new the SEC FTC the Council of Economic Advisors to the President the Social Security System the minimum wage laws and the full employment policies incorporated in the Act of 1946 Yet these are all essential forces available in the war against poverty Moreover in the last three years we have witnessed an extraordinary new acceptance of advanced economic theories by the Congress The recent tax cut passed in a period of economic growth and in the face of an unbalanced budget indicates Congressional acceptance of the fact that government can and should accelerate the expansion of our economy even in periods of relative prosperity The new provisions for more liberal depreciation allowances the interest equalization tax the subtle techniques of credit control maintaining low interest rates at home with high rates abroad are additional examples I wonder how many of you know that the Treasury and the Federal Reserve have been dancing their own version of the twist since 1961 Chubby Checkers has not been playing the music but the Treasury Twist has checked for the first time in history the harmful fluctuations in the short and long term rates always connected with economic expansion in the past The Treasury Twist in fact has kept the short term interest rate up and the long term interest rate down a feat never before accomplished during a period of broad economic growth Even in the international monetary field we have witnessed an unprecedented development Close collaboration between the central banks of European countries and our own Treasury has prevented speculation in gold Thus we have protected our economic flank so to speak as we forge ahead internally with the expansion of our own economy And the new wage price guideposts hold out the promise of price stability over long periods of growth Most of this is new since 1946 all of it is new in the last fifty years Combined with large scale public investment in the education training and social development of human beings we can create an ever expanding economy Without taking anything from the rich to give to the poor we can win the war against poverty And for those who still believe these policies are not effective I suggest they talk to General Motors A T T and American Electric Light and Power These companies in the last few weeks have announced 6 billion in capital expansion based in large part on their optimistic evaluation of the economic growth potential of our country operating under the policies outlined above When the free private enterprise system responds so favorably to governmental policies even the skeptics should take a second look The Communists have been calling me an agent of Wall Street imperialism ever since the Peace Corps got started Not bad for a Democrat But for the first time they may be right Third we have the new educational training techniques to win the war In the last five years a special program in New York City raised the average I Q of 50 000 children in grades 3 through 10 by an average of 13 points and some by 20 points Recently in Illinois Dr Samuel Kirk raised the I Q of 80 four year old mentally retarded children from 72 to 80 just by giving them intensive special instruction one hour a day five days a week for a year Never has so dramatic a change in I Q been achieved so rapidly His proven techniques with such young and even mentally retarded children open a new panorama of opportunity for normal but culturally deprived children There are other programs where children with I Q s of 60 have been raised to 95 This may not mean much to you hardly anyone gets to be an editor with an I Q of 95 But that difference between 60 and 95 is the difference between a helpless almost useless being a burden on society a tax eater compared to a useful citizen able to earn a living read a newspaper and buy the things it advertises Not long ago Professor Zacharias of MIT visited our office and said Shriver for ten years I have been helping the military learn how to kill people cheap I intend to spend the next ten years learning how to teach people cheap His special committee on Educational Research and Development has already produced its first paper on how to create class education for the masses in our slums It s a good paper an optimistic paper full of new ways to wage the war on poverty by helping to educate our children and youth better Remember one third of all American children are poor They were born poor No one can claim they got to be poor because they were lazy shiftless drunken or profligate Fourth we have the means of communication and the mobility of population to win Henry Ford made America a nation on wheels But even he could not have foreseen the unprecedented mobility of our population between states within states and even within cities In Chicago then I served on the Board of Education thousands of children shifted schools three four even five times a year as their parents moved about seeking better work better housing or better schools Most of the voters deciding between Pierre Salinger Alan Cranston and Clair Engle will not be native born Californians And in our war against poverty we shall use the Job Corps not only to change attitudes and create skills but to help the poor get where the going is good No Americans today do not have to remain in a pocket of poverty G K Chesterton once said The Russians eliminate pickpockets by eliminating pockets We ll do them one better We shall eliminate

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/address-to-the-american-society-of-newspaper-editors (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Remarks at Meeting of Heads of Private Agencies - City of New York
    the hardships of poverty And thirdly the new proposals do not constitute the beginning nor the end of the Administration s total war on poverty Already the statute books contain programs for vocational education manpower training minimum wages public housing hospital construction library services and many other programs And there are programs pending for a national food stamp plan hospital care for our senior citizens greater coverage of our minimum wage and unemployment laws Federal aid to education The war on poverty must be waged on many fronts I come now to a brief account of some of the principal features of the proposed Economic Opportunities Act of 1964 The title itself reflects its principal thrust the opening up of opportunities for those presently in the ranks of poverty and destined to remain in it in the absence of new opportunities We seek to identify the root causes of poverty and then do something about it We are concerned with the poor in every age group but a program aimed at the causes of poverty must perforce pay special attention to our young people There are three youth employment programs in the bill First we seek authority to open up residential work and training centers for those young men and perhaps women who can best be helped away from home This is our Job Corps program By the end of the first year we hope to have 100 000 young people enrolled some in conservation work and some in vocational training Second we seek authority for a work training program To be administered by the Labor Department this program would provide in their home communities part time or full time employment for up to 200 000 young people designed to keep them in school or to equip them for permanent employment And third we seek a work study program for perhaps 150 000 young people to permit them to enter or continue in college Under H E W supervision this program would provide part time employment at socially useful jobs Thus the youth employment section of the bill would provide new skills and new hopes for over 400 000 of our young men and women between the ages of 16 and 21 But we are not concerned with them alone Another section of the bill concerns itself with the unemployed parents of children now receiving Aid to Dependent Children Funds would be made available for special training and job placements for such parents Section III of the bill is designed to help our rural poor Through a system of loans and grants farm families would be given an opportunity to become economically self sufficient Section IV of the bill would provide business incentives for the very smallest businesses in the nation These programs will be conducted by the Office of Economic Opportunity contemplated under the bill or by existing Federal departments But the heart of the program is to be found in two other provisions of the bill and these

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/remarks-at-meeting-of-heads-of-private-agencies-city-of-new-york (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's remarks about Race to Saints Faith, Hope and Charity Church
    over a weapon to a foreign enemy In the light of these warnings I believe that any American who holds to the theory of white supremacy and actively promotes the political economic and social restrictions necessary to create segregation must be classed with those who are willing to undermine their country s strength in the face of the enemy Segregation implies that the people of a minority group can be told where they can or cannot live eat work go to school and even pray 11 o clock Mass on Sunday is the most segregated hour in America It is common knowledge that segregated persons must pay higher prices for the basic essentials of life such as living quarters and food They are admitted duly to menial jobs and receive less pay The economic cost of segregation is high There is frequent duplication of school and hospital facilities Disease and crime rates are the highest in segregated over crowded slum areas Police and fire protection costs rise The entire citizenry suffers Sheer cost of our slum areas While slum residents pay only 6 of the city s taxes these slum areas of a city account for 45 police cost 35 fire cost 55 delinquency A totally segregated society of course is inconceivable It would suppose that we could have 2 governments 2 educational systems 2 hospital systems and perhaps even 2 Popes To avoid such absurdities legislation has been adopted such as the fair employment practices act in some states and 1954 there was the Supreme Court decision Irrespective of the merits or demerits of these legal attempts to reduce discrimination the only permanent and just and fundamental remedy is the practice of interracial justice and charity It is heartening indeed that our Catholic Church has led the way in promoting interracial justice No church or any other kind of religious or non religious organization in the United States can surpass the long unequivocal forceful position of our Catholic Church on the race problem POPE PIUS XII How can we claim to love the Divine Redeemer if we hate those whom He has redeemed with His Precious Blood so that He might make them members of His Mystical Body For that reason the beloved disciple St Paul warns us If any man say I love God and hateth his brother he is a liar For he that loveth not his brother whom he seeth how can he love God whom he seeth not And this commandment we have from God that he who loveth God loves also his brother SAINT PAUL If any man say I love God and hateth his brother he is a liar For he that loveth not his brother whom he seeth how can he love God whom he seeth not And this commandment we have from God that he who loveth God love also his brother ARCHBISHOP RICHARD J CUSHING What colossal arrogance is involved and what infantile process of thought in the supposition that there are greater or lesser races among the children of Adam The race of which it is our duty to be conscious is the entire human race the vast society of creatures composed of body and soul and made in the image and likeness of God Once we have this blessed consciousness we will abandon the foolishness the maliciousness of thinking in terms of the other small groupings made in the image and likeness of our own particular selves CLARE BOOTHE LUCE Of all the areas of American life that cry with the loud voice of the crucified Christ for the exercise of charity none cries so loudly as the field of race relations I have said it before I say it again Those who do not see Christ in the face of their colored neighbor have not seen Him and may never see Him BISHOP FULTON J SHEEN If we consider that all men are of the same human race and of the same nature and that they are all destined for the same ultimate end and that they have all been redeemed by Jesus Christ and if one considers the duties and rights which flow from this oneness of origin and destiny than there can be no doubt that all men are equal NATIONAL CONFERENCE OF CATHOLIC WOMEN We abhor the continuing situation in our Country where by discrimination and segregation our fellow members of the Mystical Body because of their color or ethnic origin are denied their God given rights We have seen the appalling results of these injustices We therefore urge Catholic women by deed as well as thought and talk to exert their powers to combat these injustices to initiate positive action to counteract them and to see that in the family and in the schools our children are taught proper attitudes of justice and charity towards their fellow men ARCHBISHOP JOHN IRELAND What do I claim for the black man That which I claim for the white man neither more nor less I would blot out the color line White men have their estrangements They separate on lines of wealth of intelligence of culture of ancestry But let there be no barrier against mere color Color is the merest accident in man the result of climatic changes The Negro problem is upon us and there is no other solution to it peaceful and permanent than to grant to our Colored citizens practical and effective equality with white citizens It is not possible to keep up a wall of separation between whites and blacks and the attempt to do this is a declaration of continuous war Simple common sense dictates the solution The Negroes are among us to then number of eight millions they will here remain we must accept the situation and abide by the consequences whatever pride or taste may dictate A group promoting such positive action in the field of interracial justice is the Catholic Interracial Council in Chicago The Council was

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/address-to-saints-faith-hope-and-charity-church (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Blog Landing Page
    we continue to struggle with some of the same issues poverty racism inequality war that Sarge dedicated his life to resolving we can learn from the framework he established to create a more just understanding and peaceful world Thu Jul 17 16 07 00 EDT 2014 Thu Jul 17 16 07 00 EDT 2014 AP Maria Shriver Launches Shriver Corps by Beth Harpaz Maria Shriver is launching a new U S volunteer initiative called the Shriver Corps named in part to honor the legacy of her late father Sargent Shriver who founded the Peace Corps The Shriver Corps will train volunteers to help poor Americans connect with programs they re entitled to but READ MORE In the News 0 Wed Jan 08 15 27 00 EST 2014 Wed Jan 08 15 27 00 EST 2014 The Shrivers Reports to the Heart of the Nation by Jamie Price This post was originally published on The Shriver Report website Maria Shriver dedicated her third Shriver Report to her parents Sargent and Eunice Kennedy Shriver As she summed it up Their name is on it too Needless to say this truth runs deeper Like father like daughter And READ MORE Shriver Family 0

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/blog/shriver-family (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Blog Landing Page
    learn from the framework he established to create a more just understanding and peaceful world Mon Jan 06 12 42 00 EST 2014 Mon Jan 06 12 42 00 EST 2014 Introducing the SSPI Blog by Sargent Shriver Peace Institute Over the past few months we ve been developing ways to communicate more simply and directly with our community We ve updated our website we ve reached out to you

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/blog/sspi-update (2015-03-27)
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