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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Spotlight on Poverty and Opportunity: Sargent Shriver and the War on Poverty
    and put into action an anti poverty effort that affected nearly every state and community and changed our nation profoundly for the better Without Sarge s ability to envision what others couldn t and without his incredible idealism the Peace Corps and the War on Poverty may never have gotten off the drawing board Second Sarge was a man of incredible political skill It was that skill that made his success in both endeavors possible As the documentary showed President Kennedy told Sarge that he d have to get Congress to create the Peace Corps on his own Sarge never wavered He talked to every member of Congress and enlisted Vice President Johnson in his cause In the documentary former Senator Harris Wofford a Peace Corps colleague of Sarge recounted that Shriver visited every member of Congress but one and they finally told Sarge the remaining member had been dead for six months Needless to say he convinced Congress his vision for the Peace Corps was realized and it became both a symbolic and a very real success of the Kennedy Administration To create the War on Poverty Shriver exhibited similar political skill But because part of Sarge s vision was to really empower the poor time after time he had to use his political skill to save the program OEO was always in political trouble In Mississippi the statewide Head Start program he funded helped reshaped the white only politics in the Democratic Party in the state and the old guard didn t go easily The Head Start program called the Child Development Group of Mississippi was an operational outgrowth of the Freedom Democratic Party which challenged the white only Democratic delegation at the 1964 convention Mississippi s powerful Congressional delegation led by the legendary Senator John Stennis tried to kill the program Sarge had to compromise but he never backed down He did cut the number of counties CDGM could operate in but he created a new statewide Head Start Program Mississippi Action for Progress with close ties to the newly formed Mississippi Young Democrats an integrated party Together the two groups changed Mississippi forever I spent a lot of time in key counties in Mississippi including Sunflower County home of Senator Jim Eastland and Civil Rights legend Ms Fannie Lou Hamer so I witnessed the importance of what Sarge did first hand The OEO principle of empowerment we strove for maximum feasible participation of the poor outraged America s mayors and created enormous political headaches for Sarge every day The concept was simple poor people had a right to one third of the seats on every local poverty program board The mayors went crazy I was once asked by a mayor who had closed five neighborhood centers Why should I open five organizations to campaign against me Sarge never buckled He hated welfare and believed in community action Even when Johnson effectively pulled the plug on the War on Poverty to fund the war in Vietnam Sarge

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/article/spotlight-on-poverty-and-opportunity-sargent-shriver-and-the-war-on-poverty (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver s children grandchildren and son in law Arnold Schwarzenegger carry Sargent Shriver s casket to the hearse taking it to the funeral in Maryland

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/images/children-carry-casket (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver speaks about Kennedy and the Peace Corps at the National Press Club in 1964
    have had great empires and their leaders in Shakespeare s words did bestride the narrow world like a Colossus Many of them had far more command over their worlds than John F Kennedy had over his But although they ruled men s destinies they rarely ruled their hearts in as universal and profound a way No power alone is not the secret The key is simply that several qualities came together in a single person at one time when the world was hungry for those qualities First he was a man of ideas and of ideals It is true that he was a man of action a man who knew how to use power and when not to use it But at the core of all his actions was a deep set of convictions and beliefs To him freedom racial justice human welfare individual dignity were not just casual rhetoric but deep commitments to which he gave his energy and ultimately his life The people of the world sensed this It is easy for Americans to become cynical about the importance of ideas to become too impressed with the importance of wealth and power But the strength of our own country rests upon the ideals of the small group of men who ran our revolution This also is the secret of the success of Christianity and Islam of the Industrial Revolution and the Renaissance Victor Hugo wrote that no army in the world can withstand the strength of an idea whose time has come And history proves that men who combine practical action with commitment to ideals have a far more profound and enduring impact than those who simply seek power and wealth And the Peace Corps is committed to an ideal Today I have brought with me some of the people who work for the Corps They work and volunteer for the Peace Corps because they believe that with their own hands and skills they can cross boundaries of culture and tradition to meet others on the common ground of service to human welfare I will introduce them to you later These people aren t looking for jobs You couldn t pay them for what they did and are doing both abroad and here at home The Peace Corps started in one room It now occupies 12 floors But if Congress closed the entire operation down tomorrow there wouldn t be an unemployed person the next morning We must not make the mistake that many people make when for example they criticize the Alliance for Progress on the grounds that it has not raised national incomes enough or increased the flow of capital The real question is whether it has helped create faith in the future confidence that the job is possible and trust in the honest intentions of the United States These qualities and not dollar bills or guns will shape this hemisphere Second President Kennedy was a man of peace Whether it was his restraint in the

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/where-is-peace-corps (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Address before the National Convention of the American G.I. Forum
    could speak only ten words of English and about 30 of Spanish This summer Pancho is again in Head Start He has grown over 5 inches in one year His IQ has gone up 20 points He has an excellent command of English as well as Spanish And this fall he will be ready for regular school Before Head Start Pancho would not have had that physical examination he needed Most people would have said Oh well he is slow and lazy and stupid His family is poor and ignorant Nothing can be done for him And the schools would have rejected him as unfit Not only is Pancho not unfit but Pancho es muy hombrecito In Chicago we used to put padlocks on the doors of the schools to keep the neighborhood out and the students in We thought this was how you conducted education in a building called a school with the rest of the world shut out Now we know better Education is only effective when you let in the neighborhood When the family feels itself a part of the school And the school is part of the community When the culture children bring with them is respected And when what they are taught is a second way not a better way In Head Start and Upward Bound education is not being locked within the classroom Parents non professional teaching aides volunteers doctors teachers the entire community are deeply involved in a process of change a quiet revolution There s another quiet revolution That revolution is justice Justice isn t locked up in a courtroom or a lawyer s office any more than education is limited to the classroom Our Legal Services program is bringing justice to the people where they live It is being practiced in neighborhood stores on the streets of slums on Indian reservations in migrant camps where the law that the rest of us take for granted had never penetrated before This isn t justice imposed from above It is the people s justice in every sense of the word and more than 1 000 lawyers in over 500 locations are proving to the poor that the law is not their enemy In Houston Texas our Legal Services program has two novel features First each neighborhood law office is subject to the control of the people in the neighborhood the poor people I don t mean nominal control The people have the right to do everything including firing the lawyers from the program Second there is special provision for one attorney to review everything that happens in that program to take on all complaints and to act where necessary His decision is final and he cannot be fired or penalized for siding with the poor This is justice visible tangible not remote in a city court room or the paneled office of a successful law firm The people are participating in making the law work for them just as they are in making

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/address-before-the-national-convention-of-the-american-gi-forum (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Address before the Great Cities Research Council
    of the Head Start program are not lost This sounds like an impossible task but it need not be accomplished all at once Any urban school system with imagination and a reasonable use of resources could however tackle the job one grade at a time first grade one year second grade the next and so on profiting from the experience gained as each grade is changed and modified to incorporate the Head Start concept What is needed is a projection of Head Start into the primary grades which we might call Operation Keep Moving Head Start as we have discovered can be of impermanent value unless the regular school experience excites and motivates the child to the same degree as the preschool program Once the cutting edge is dulled and blunted progress can be slow and even be reversed Head Start must keep moving if the child is to succeed Six basic steps must be taken if Operation Keep Moving is to be effective They are all based on the strengths and innovations of Head Start itself First there must be an across the board reduction in the ratio of teachers to pupils grade by grade It is not true that the more competent the teacher the larger the number of learners he or she can teach Any teacher s effectiveness is diminished by having more pupils in the classroom than can be accommodated with the time and attention available The Head Start ratio of one teacher for every fifteen children should become a national grade school standard Second the ratio of adults to children in the classroom should be increased by utilizing new sources of educational manpower teachers aides sub professionals auxiliaries in education and volunteers whose services are available in every community Head Start has proved that the very presence of interested adults does much to motivate the child and give him an incentive to succeed Third a program of tutorial assistance should be established through which older students high school or college in Neighborhood Youth Corps and work study programs volunteers from established youth groups VISTA retired professionals etc can participate The primary grades are not too early to begin instilling good work habits and reinforcing the classroom experience through the use of tutors especially those drawn from the youth of the neighborhood itself Fourth adequate supplies of all needed physical properties should be provided books films television educational toys There should be a full complement of electronic learning aids which have proved themselves effective in enhancing learning processes of poor children Fifth parental involvement should be maximized in every public school This does not mean traditional parent teacher organizations meeting in the auditorium at night but neighborhood councils and community associations which will find the schools open to them during the day The neighborhood should be drawn into the school so both child and parent can feel that learning is a basic part of their total environment Sixth a training program should be initiated for a

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/address-before-the-great-cities-research-council (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Wake Program
    with Disabilities Act Mr Shriver Congressman Hoyer were like minded individuals Speaker C Payne Lucas He was originally in the Peace Corps from 1962 to 1971 serving as assistant country director in Togo country director in Niger director of the Africa region and director of the returned volunteers he left the Peace Corps to become president of Africare he worked on many civil rights issues with Mr Shriver Speaker Maureen Orth Was a Peace Corps volunteer in Colombia doing urban community development while serving as a Peace Corps volunteer she helped build a school in the Andes Mountains that was later named Escuela Maureen Orth she was a close family friend of the Shriver Family Musical Interlude His Eyes Are on the Sparrow performed by Lavera Day Speaker Colman McCarthy Served as a speech writer for Mr Shriver in the War on Poverty from 1966 to 1969 he is a syndicated columnist and founder of the Center for Teaching Peace developed a close friendship with Mr Shriver and shared similar beliefs on most issues Speaker Chris Dodd Has served as a Senator from Connecticut since 1981 served in the US House of Representatives from 1975 1981 he was a Peace Corps volunteer in the Dominican Republic from 1966 to 1968 Mr Shriver was longtime friend of his family he is a strong advocate for poverty child welfare and disability Speaker George McGovern Mr Shriver was George McGovern s Vice President running mate in 1972 and they have remained close over the years Speaker Bill Moyers Wrote the Forward to Mr Shriver s biography Sarge written by Scott Stossel worked at the Peace Corps for Mr Shriver as associate director of public affairs in 1961 and Deputy Director in 1962 1963 after his time at the Peace Corps her remained close

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/article/wake-schedule (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Huffington Post: Don't Miss "American Idealist: The Story of Sargent Shriver"
    Americans believe Many perhaps most Americans today do not remember that before John Kennedy the Democratic Party was supported by few African Americans because the Democratic Party from the Civil War and through the 1950s was dominated by Southern leaders who believed in and implemented segregation and the Republican Party was still identified as the party of Lincoln But at a magic moment in the presidential campaign of 1960 the loyalty of African Americans began a momentous and historic switch to the Democratic Party And that beginning can be traced to Sargent Shriver He was head of Senator Kennedy s civil rights division of the campaign And when the Reverend Martin Luther King was jailed because of a traffic infraction in Georgia and sentenced to four months of hard labor Sargent Shriver went to his then brother in law Senator Kennedy and convinced him to call Rev King s wife the late Coretta Scott King After that phone call a tectonic and historic political shift began to occur After Rev King and the courageous leaders of the civil rights movement kept up the political pressures President Lyndon Baines Johnson joined with Rev King and these leaders to lead a Democratic dominated congress to pass the historic Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 From that moment forward the realignment was sealed African Americans not all but most came to recognize the Democratic Party more committed to equal opportunity and non discrimination than the GOP And that remains so to this day On August 8 1994 President Bill Clinton presented Sargent Shriver with the Presidential Medal of Freedom the United States highest civilian honor as recognition for a lifetime of public service A personal note Sarge Shriver was an icon of mine ever since I first met him at the annual spring banquet of the Yale Daily News the Oldest College Daily in 1966 he was Chairman of the Yale Daily News in 1938 I was proud to be a successor of his in that august position 28 years later He spoke that night about the meaning of President Kennedy s famous line in his 1961 inaugural address Ask not what this country can do for you ask what you can do for this country Sarge told us that night an audience of privileged and almost entirely white Yale students that we had been given much by our country by living in affluence with good parents and good homes and great hopes for the future But we owed something back especially to those who had darker skins and had suffered discrimination and racism and those who suffered the oppression of poverty and broken homes That was he said the basic bargain of American citizenship Responsibility is owed to others less fortunate by every citizen who has benefited from the riches and opportunities of America In return government can and must be our partner our friend representing the public interest and the common good not the enemy

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/article/huffington-post-dont-miss-american-idealist-the-story-of-sargent-shriver (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - The Christian Science Monitor: 'American Idealist: The Story of Sargent Shriver'
    who was a peacemaker to the core he became the first director of the Peace Corps and ran Lyndon Johnston s War on Poverty Ultimately sidelined by history when the Kennedy family stood in the way of his political ambitions Shriver s story is important to any generation for what it says about the power of a single person to affect millions not to mention the importance of vision in

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/article/the-christian-science-monitor-american-idealist-the-story-of-sargent-shriver (2015-03-27)
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