archive-org.com » ORG » S » SARGENTSHRIVER.ORG

Total: 624

Choose link from "Titles, links and description words view":

Or switch to "Titles and links view".
  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Excerpts From Remarks Delivered Before The National Advisory Committee of Farm Labor
    credit and technical assistance be extended to organize and finance small cooperatives made up mostly of low income rural families or to strengthen co ops already in existence Title III of course attacks only one aspect of the rural problem Our Bill proposes additional legislation which would have a direct impact on rural poverty For example under Title I we request permission to establish a Job Corps Membership in this Corps is open to any manor woman from 16 to 22 We hope to enroll 100 000 Each will receive 50 a month but they can allot 25 per month to their families If they allot the 25 we will match that 25 so that each Job Corps Trainee could send home 50 a month 600 a year Well you say 600 isn t much in affluent America I agree with you But if your total family income last year was 1800 600 is a 33 1 3 net increase in your financial situation That s a big boost that may be the first glimmer of hope for many a rural family that might bean inspiration to other boys and girls in the family and nearby to join the Job Corps advance themselves and help their mothers and fathers at the same time Yes this 600 a year could be a direct shot in the arm to many a poverty stricken rural family Title I will also reach 340 000 additional young men and women between 16 and 22 years of age It will give them jobs in their own home towns right where they are and these jobs will not only supply financial assistance to the young people involved but they will relieve parents of the necessity of supporting these young people These jobs will give parents a hope for their children a hope which many of these same parents had long ago despair of Title II will help stimulate and support action programs to meet a rural community s most urgent needs in health education and other areas Educational centers will be started in rural as well as in urban locations Conservation corps will enroll not only the children of the city slum jut also rural youths who have dropped out of school and are drifting without aims or means The program of jobs for potential school dropouts will give them a little income and stability to encourage them to remain in school The importance of providing decent education for the children of poor farm families cannot be over emphasized especially when the families live in an environment that offers no incentives for education A few days ago the Department of Agriculture released a study of education among farm youngsters Listen to these tragic facts In 1962 out of 1 3 million farm youths 400 000 already had dropped out of school the overwhelming majority with out any high school education at all Only one in three farm youths goes to college compared with nearly half our urban

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/excerpts-of-remarks-delivered-before-the-national-advisory-committee-of-farm-labor (2015-03-27)
    Open archived version from archive


  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver addresses the Knights of Columbus in Rockford, IL
    in America are a relic of the distant past but in the Southeast Asia the generosity of American Catholics has made possible the feeding of hundreds of thousands of refugees from communism I saw them with my own eyes lined up in the morning to receive the bread cheese and dried milk sent to them through your generosity And it is a soul stirring experience I can assure you to stand in a room facing 200 destitute orphans from Red China and hear them singing in their shrill piping voices God Bless America Your Home Sweet Home All of this is true All these things in the United States and all of our work abroad are achievements of which every patriotic American can be proud To paraphrase Winston Churchill Never has one nation with so few people done so much for so many Remember we are only 170 000 000 people in a world population of 2 1 2 billion Only 6 of the world s population At this point I can imagine that many men here tonight are saying to themselves What good is all of this to America Don t we have problems here in the United States to concentrate upon What about the need for our schools and our highways and our jobs Why should we be spending so much money in those far away places These are honest questions and deserve I believe honest straight forward answers There are four reasons in my judgment why it is important for the United States to continue helping the nations of the Far East Japan The Phillippines and Southeast Asia First If we lose the Far East we lose the industrial strength and huge natural resources of that area over 90 of the world s natural rubber more than 60 of the world s rice products and more than 1 2 of the world s fibres such as silk wool jute etc In fact about 35 of our imports of critical and strategic materials come from this area The United States can ill afford to permit all of these natural resources to fall into communist hands Second If we lose the Far East we lose the money we now make from exports to the countries of the Far East One out of every 14 jobs in the U S A today depends on those exports Third If we lose the Far East we lose a huge potential market for our goods and services This market is composed of 500 000 000 people Fourth If we lose the Far East we lose the millions of ardent Catholics and God fearing members of other religions whose traditions and ambitions are on our side It would be the height of folly to surrender these assets to communism without any effort on our part Vice President Nixon describes the situation in these words If the Communists ever gain control over the billion people who live in Asia Southeast Asia and the Near East they will have won the battle for the world These stirring words The battle for the world bring us gentlemen to the third important point we must face tonight It is this Instead of being pleased and satisfied with our efforts to date we must put aside past achievements and act aggressively to find new answers to the new problems which are confronting America in the Far East and elsewhere in the world Problem number one in my judgment is this How can we reach into the minds of millions of people in Asia tell them our story and win them to our side in this titanic struggle with communism Some people call this a problem in formal schoolroom education Some call it a problem in communications I say it s a problem in both education and communications and I suggest there is a new way to solve it The new way is television In television we are miles ahead of the Russians We have TV in the Far East They don t Television is a cheap and quick form of communication by comparison to roads railroads telephone or telegraph It is more effective than radio which the Russians are exploiting to the best of their ability in Asia And we have access to the TV Stations in free Asia whereas the Russians do not In the Far East I discovered an unusual interest in teaching by television Educators were fascinated by my description of the TV courses we produce in Chicago They were eager to get our TV courses in English biology physics social sciences mathematics and history They were delighted to learn that high school and elementary school courses are available in kinescope from other American cities St Louis Pittsburgh Hagerstown Maryland My thought is simply this Why not lend these films to TV Stations in Japan Korea and Southeast Asia The chance of communicating our ideas about government religion and economics to millions of Southeast Asians the possibilities of teaching them social sciences all via TV are breathtaking I shudder to think what propaganda uses the Russians would make of TV if they had the chance we have in Asia Another problem facing America in the Far East is the job of explaining how the American system works Calvin Coolidge once said The Business of America is Business If so we certainly have been unsuccessful in exporting it Korea for example needs some men who can show them how to run a first class garage In their biggest city you can t get a muffler on an automobile fixed in 4 weeks They started a bottling company out there to bottle their excellent beer for export In the first week they broke 92 out of every 100 bottles so they closed the plant They didn t need Mr Pabst or Mr Budweiser to help them They needed a production man We have financed exchange scholarships for professors economists educators soldiers but we haven t exported any practical

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/men-money-and-missions-in-the-far-east (2015-03-27)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Statement at VISTA Associates Press Conference
    add I am convinced an important new impetus to our efforts They have demonstrated a commitment to assume a leadership role in shaping the future of their communities And when they were all finished Mrs Atkins spoke up And in six or seven sentences she laid out the whole problem clear as day And when she was finished she said to Mayor Lindsay It all boils down to the fact that there simply isn t enough money Why don t you go ask Congress for more money for this year Mayor Lindsay walked out of my office into a crowd of reporters and just about the first thing he said as the TV cameras started grinding was I feel we ought to ask Congress for a supplemental appropriation for this year s poverty program Mrs Atkins had won She is one of the new breed So is John Gissander a VISTA volunteer from Michigan He speaks for all of them when he says VISTA does not work magic It does not hold time suspended The only thing that I can see that VISTA does is try to make one of the oldest equations in existence work one person plus another equals two friends John is making that equation work by simple acts like raising chickens and starting a vegetable garden to bring fresh produce to his community for the first time The miracle in his case is that he is being allowed to do it at all because John is a Negro working on the Navajo Indian Reservation And when we first began this program all the experts told us that the Indians would never let a Negro on the reservation The Navajos are a sovereign nation under United States Law They had the power to exclude John from the reservation altogether But John is there showing the experts that they were wrong about Indians and about Negroes This is the new breed of Americans being bred and trained in the Peace Corps in the War on Poverty None of this is an attempt to turn the poor of our nation or of any other nation into middle class Americans When the hands of ordination were laid on you you didn t vow to be a missionary of materialistic middle class values And we re not trying to do that either in the War Against Poverty Last month a Sioux Indian named Clyde Warrior was in our office We were discussing Upward Bound and he asked this question Are you trying to wash students in white paint We replied no And we re not trying to cast all poor people into some idealized middle class mold Upward Bound is not white paint Upward Bound has taken 20 000 promising youngsters from poor families and given them special preparation to enter America s top schools In five years 20 American cities and their satellite areas will get back 1 000 well trained graduates who started out poor They will be on

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/statement-at-vista-associates-press-conference (2015-03-27)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Address to the National Baptist Training Union
    help 35 000 Americans who have been spectators to become participants and share more of the good things of life We do not crusade to make everybody middle class We do crusade to make dignity and opportunity and first class citizenship available to all as a matter of justice Here s an example We don t say to the Job Corps boys Give up the way you speak We don t say You should be ashamed because you talk like a hillbilly or a hood or a country boy Instead we say We re teaching you a foreign language just like French or Spanish We say that when you enter a different world from the one where you were raised you will need a different language Not a better language Just a different one And when those youngsters get through they say to us We re in better shape than you are They say You re square You only know one language You can only get along downtown But we can get along both downtown and in our home community Because we know two languages They re right We begin with a respect for differences for individuality but that s just the beginning Beyond differences are similarities and the most basic similarity the common denominator of us all is our humanity Commitment to humanity can overcome all kinds of differences One of the most dramatic examples occurred a little over a year ago in the Dominican Republic at the time of the Civil War In Santo Domingo a city that was carved up into zones by barricades the words Cuerpo de Paz would open any barrier at the height of hostilities It would gain immediate entry for any Peace Corps volunteer Why One volunteer found out when he was in rebel territory and heard one of them say El maliditos Americanas those very bad Americans So he asked them what are you talking about I am an American And the answer he got was We don t mean you You re different You live with us When we re hungry you re hungry When we walk through the mud you walk through the mud In the Peace Corps we have seen that same commitment to humanity provethe experts wrong time and time again Jews in Arab countries Protestants in Catholic countries Whites in the bush country of Africa We are watching the same commitment to humanity work at home in the War on Poverty John Gissander a VISTA Volunteer from Michigan sums up the experience of VISTA Volunteers working in the domestic Peace Corps VISTA does not work magic It does not hold time suspended The only thing that I can see that VISTA does is try to make one of the oldest equations inexistence work One person plus another equals two friends John is making that equation work by simple acts like raising chickens and starting a vegetable garden to bring fresh produce to his community for the first

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/address-to-the-national-baptist-training-union (2015-03-27)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Address before the 89th Annual Yale Daily News Banquet
    of these social inventions working One of them is Legal Services for the poor This summer more than 800 law students will volunteer their time to bring justice to the poor They will be using the law as a social invention not as a social prevention Nothing like this was happening 20 or 30 years ago I was in law school here at Yale and I know In those days no one was tougher or more grasping than the average law student He was a young man on the rise eager to go up the ladder two rungs at a time But today something has changed 800 of these students are going into the slums for the summer or will be traveling the circuit in rural areas These young law students are renegades from Easy Street They don t care about how much money they make but how much justice they can bring Some of these social inventions are able to take down walls Take the religious issue the church state question Just a few years ago it was practically impossible for a federal agency to give a direct grant to a religious group People said there was wall between church and state But we said that wall was put there to keep government out of the pulpit not to keep the clergy away from the poor That wall protects belief and even disbelief It does not exclude compassion poverty suffering injustice That is common territory So as of today we have given hundreds of grants to religious institutions or religiously affiliated organizations to run poverty programs without violating the principle of separation of Church and State What does all this mean What is happening Is the fad value of idealism suddenly the latest thing to be in Are we on a brotherhood kick The answer to these questions is no Something else is happening We are going beyond idealism beyond politics beyond even theology These social inventions have helped create a new kind of humanism in America We have a humanism that understands what poverty means in America A few days ago a Senate subcommittee went to Mississippi to view the War on Poverty The New Orleans Time Picayune ran a front page story on the impressions made on the senators It said that Senator George Murphy of California was so shocked that he was going to call on the President to declare an emergency because of the hunger in Mississippi The Senator from California told the press I didn t know we were going to deal with starving children and starving people Well thank God the Senator finally found out what poverty is all about We have a new kind of humanism that no longer says to the poor man Can t you make it the hard way like I did Instead we realize the poor can t make it the hard way because progress and technology have changed the old and hard way into the new and

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/address-before-the-89th-annual-yale-daily-news-banquet (2015-03-27)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Keynote Address to the White House Conference on Mental Retardation
    nature of every living organism is carried in a chemical known as DNA In 1959 Kornberg won the Nobel Prize for synthesizing this chemical In 1958 Lederberg shared the Nobel Prize for uncovering some of the basic mechanisms underlying heredity He is now working in the Kennedy Laboratories of Molecular Medicine laboratories devoted to the study of mental retardation He shared that prize with George Beadle President of the University of Chicago who recently dedicated the Kennedy Laboratories at the Massachusetts General Hospital Dr Lejeune of France recently won the Kennedy Award for proving that mongolism was characterized by an extra chromosome in the cells a discovery which offers hope of ultimately controlling that dread human affliction a discovery which again attacks one of the most intransigent forms of mental retardation Donald Glaser winner of the Nobel Prize in physics a young and brilliant scientist announced his intention to switch his field of interest to microbiology because this field was the challenge of the future He is now working on mapping the genetic characteristics of bacteria work which may ultimately shed light on many forms of mental retardation A Nobel Prize winner has proclaimed Darwin s theory set off the historic debate on man s past Today with biology we mirror his future All of this the new discoveries the surge of interest the current of excitement sweeping through the scientific community are the auguries of a new scientific age And this revolution this new knowledge will have consequences for man more important more awesome and more complex than the uncovering of the forces which unleashed the atom and set us on a pathway to the moon For we are working to understand not the universe around us but the world within us not the matter which surrounds us but the nature of our own organism not the forces which affect life but life itself Over the ancient temple at Delphi was carved the maxim Know thyself For the first time in the more than two thousand years since that command was set forth science is beginning to open the doors to knowledge of ourselves to the mechanisms and the stuff of life itself In the decades to come our world and the world of our children will be profoundly shaped by what we are now tentatively hesitatingly but surely beginning to learn That is why we are here today Mental retardation is not one disease It is the result of a hundred diseases of genetic structure chemical imbalance failures in techniques of learning and training Wherever scientists are laboring to understand the human mind and the human body wherever they seek to understand fundamental life processes their work will have consequences for the millions of mentally retarded It is your job to seek out and apply the practical consequences of this new knowledge to translate theory into techniques and applications which can affect the health of mankind It was decades before the theoretical discoveries of Einstein could be transformed

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/keynote-address-to-the-white-house-conference-on-mental-retardation (2015-03-27)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver address the 71st Annual Convention of Women's Clubs
    the villages and clinics schools and farms where she is working The Peace Corps woman is the sum total of the 305 women Volunteers serving abroad tonight She is Charlotte Hough a teacher in the Philippines We have been welcomed many times one group of four ate 10 meals in one day The children are wonderful They are eager to learn and to follow us around the village To establish truly human sensitive relations with these children is one of our most clearly defined challenges and the most fun She is Carol Armstrong a Peace Corps Volunteer from Pennsylvania who met another Volunteer from Virginia Roger Hamilton In Ghana Roger and Carol were married and are working together for the Peace Corps She is Mary Cahill a chemistry teacher in Pakistan who says People here are fascinating and they have received us warmly They are very pleased that we know their language Nothing must do but at every tea we attend we must sing their national anthem and another song we have learned in Urdu They are as anxious to learn about us as we are to learn about them To women of all ages the Peace Corps is offering a chance to do a job to match the strength and understanding that is uniquely female against the physical strength and understanding that is uniquely male They are helping their country they are helping those in other countries and they are therefore helping themselves and their own world These women are also helping the Peace Corps to explode some basic myths about America There is the myth that we are too soft for the job This myth has been exploded by the women Peace Corps Volunteers who have successfully completed our training camp in Puerto Rico It was best summed up by an older woman not the one whose name made the headlines recently who entered heartily into our tropical jungle training program She failed to climb a small cliff but an hour later she did scale down the edge of a huge dam She climbed over the facing with rappelling ropes jumped off backwards for a clear drop of about forty feet down the face of the dam Climbing down with one hand on the rope and bouncing off the wall with her feet she landed safely and exclaimed Climbing takes some strength and brawn and I don t have that any more Going over the dam just takes a little self assurance and skill and I believe I have as much as that of these young folks Another myth says that American people especially the young are interested only in the material comforts of life good salary air conditioned cars retirement benefits and annual leave Who has exploded this myth The 26 000 men and women who since March 1 1961 have volunteered to join the Peace Corps Applications are still reaching Washington at the rate of almost 3 000 every month and these people know that there will be no air conditioned automobiles no high salaries and no pension benefits when they join the Peace Corps Another myth Congress is too cynical and to provincial to support a Program like the Peace Corps This myth has been shattered twice last year when the Peace Corps Act was passed in the House by a 3 to 1 vote and in the Senate with only one dissenting vote and again this year when it passed the House by a 4 to 1 vote and the Senate without a single dissenting vote We have destroyed still another myth the myth that Americans cannot serve overseas without financial compensation to accommodate the physical inconveniences In fifteen months Peace Corps Volunteers have demonstrated that the greatest rewards of service abroad are personal rewards not financial rewards They have demonstrated that right attitudes are more important that convenient accommodations One Peace Corps Volunteer for example had to ride a mule in his work in rural Latin America His work was threatened when he discovered that he was allergic to mules and broke out in a rash while riding He went right on working however with a horse provided by the villagers Other Volunteers have overcome isolation homesickness strangeness of food and new living patterns and the bugaboo of culture shock They have done so with patience geed judgment and an indomitable spirit We also exploded the myth that it is impossible to train large numbers of Americans to speak new languages in a short period of time Language abilities of Peace Corps Volunteers have had stimulating results in many countries Earlier this month the Associated Press reported from Malaya A group of American Peace Corps Volunteers astounded Malaya today by speaking Malayan as soon as they arrived for a two year stint in this multi racial Asian country Some Malayans confessed they couldn t speak the language as well as the Americans This government with an English heritage has been trying to make Malayan the national tongue We have also exploded the myth that the Communists are tougher and smarter than we are In Chile for example one Peace Corps Volunteer Tom Scanlon works in a village 40 miles from an Indian community which prides itself on being communist The village is up a Long winding road which Tom traveled four times to see the chief Each time the Chief avoided seeing him On the final try he relented You re not going to talk us out of being communists the chief said I m not trying to do that Tom said only to talk to you about how I can help The Chief looked at him and said In a few weeks the snow will come Then you ll have to park your jeep 20 miles from here and come through five feet of snow on foot The communists are willing to do that We ll see how sincere you are When Father Hesburgh of Notre Dame visited Tom and asked him

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/address-to-the-71st-annual-convention-of-womens-clubs (2015-03-27)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver addresses the Calvin Bullock Forum
    of less than 3 000 43 percent also had net worth under 1 000 and 59 percent had net worth under 5 000 but 25 percent had 10 000 or more 8 percent actually had 25 000 or more This underscores the incompleteness of a simple money income measure of poverty but this has been recognized all the time 2 Although the problem is substantial real progress against poverty has been made In 1947 at the end of World War II 32 percent 11 9 million of our families had money incomes below 3 000 in 1962 prices Now 1962 just under 20 percent have incomes under 3 000 and the number of such low income families is down to 9 3 million even though there has been a 25 percent increase in the total number of families Between 1947 and 1962 median money income of all families climbed from 4 100 to 6 000 in 1962 prices Progress against poverty has been slowed since 1957 by the chronically high rate of unemployment accompanying the reduced rate of economic growth Between 1947 and 1956 when incomes were growing relatively rapidly and unemployment was generally low the number of poor families under 3 000 declined from 11 9 to 9 9 million or from 32 percent to 23 percent of all families But between 1957 and 1962 with slower economic growth and unemployment rates higher the number of families in poverty fell less rapidly to 9 3 million or 20 percent of all families Thus the 12 billion tax cut is a vital weapon in the war on poverty because it will expand employment opportunities 2 3 million additional jobs increase business investment and incomes Who Are The Poor The poor are by no means simply the unemployed In 1962 70 percent of poor families had at least one income earner and 23 percent had 2 or more Their problem is not lack of jobs but lack of skills and productivity and the Economic Opportunity Act is directed at these Lack of education is a significant correlate of poverty Of all families with incomes under 3 000 in 1962 61 percent were headed by persons with 8 years or less of schooling A family headed by a person with so little education has more than one chance in 3 of being poor This is more than 3 times the likelihood that a family headed by a high school graduate will be poor and nearly 5 times the likelihood that a family headed by a person with some college education will be poor Discrimination in employment and education contributes to poverty Even when non whites have the same number of years of schooling as whites the odds are twice as high that the non whites will be poor Even with the same occupation and the same amount of schooling non whites earn significantly less than whites Among elementary school graduates non whites earn 72 percent as much as whites in the occupations

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/address-at-the-calvin-bullock-forum (2015-03-27)
    Open archived version from archive



  •